All Saints' Day a holy day of obligation (a national holiday in many historically Catholic countries), and its related observance: - Day of the Innocents, The first day of Day of the Dead or El Dia de los Muertos celebration. (Mexico, Haiti)
Arbor Day in Samoa (Date for 2019. Celebrated on the first Friday in November)
Calan Gaeaf, celebrations start at sunset of October 31. (Wales)
Chavang Kut (Mizo people of Northeast India, Bangladesh, Burma)
Christian feast day: - Santa Muerte (Folk Catholicism, Mexico and Southwestern United States)
Day of the Dead in Mexico (celebrated until November 2)
Haryana Foundation Day (Haryana, India)
International Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome Awareness Day
Karnataka Rajyotsava (Karnataka, India)
Kerala Foundation Day (Kerala, India)
Liberty Day (United States Virgin Islands)
Movember in Canada (also Lung Cancer Awareness Month; Osteoporosis Month; Fall Prevention Month; National Domestic Violence Awareness Month)
National Brush Day (United States)
Samhain in the Northern Hemisphere and Beltane in the Southern Hemisphere, celebrations start at sunset of October 31 (Neopagan Wheel of the Year)
Self-Defense Forces Commemoration Day in Japan
Todos Santos in Bolivia (All Saintsí Day, a day in which Bolivian families gather to welcome the returning dead)
1982 – Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of its factory in Marysville, Ohio; a Honda Accord is the first car produced there.
1960 – While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
1954 – The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.
1952 – The United States successfully detonates Ivy Mike, the first thermonuclear device, at the Eniwetok atoll. The explosion had a yield of ten megatons TNT equivalent.
1951 – Operation Buster–Jangle: Six thousand five hundred American soldiers are exposed to 'Desert Rock' atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada. Participation is not voluntary.
1945 – The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name Chongro.
1944 – World War II: A United States Army Air Forces F-13 Superfortress conducted the first flight by an Allied aircraft over the Tokyo region of Japan since the 1942 Doolittle Raid.
1943 – World War II: In the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, United States Marines, the 3rd Marine Division, land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
1942 – World War II: Matanikau Offensive begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends three days later with an American victory.
1941 – American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.
1920 – American fishing schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian fishing schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
1916 – Pavel Milyukov delivers in the State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the government of Boris Stürmer.
1914 – World War I: The first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific, with the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth.
1911 – World's first combat aerial bombing mission takes place in Libya during the Italo-Turkish War. Second Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti of Italy drops several small bombs.
1897 – The first Library of Congress building opens its doors to the public; the library had previously been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol.
1896 – A picture showing the bare breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time.
1894 – Thomas Edison films American sharpshooter Annie Oakley, which is instrumental in her hiring by Buffalo Bill for his Wild West Show.
1870 – In the United States, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast.
1861 – American Civil War: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing General Winfield Scott.
1848 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens.
1800 – John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).
1611 – Shakespeare's play The Tempest is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
1604 – William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
1520 – The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first discovered and navigated by European explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the first recorded circumnavigation voyage.
1512 – The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.
1986 – Penn Badgley, American actor and television personality
1983 – Josh Wicks, American soccer player
1979 – Alex Prager, American photographer and director
1972 – Jenny McCarthy, American actress and model
1966 – Gary Howell, American businessman and politician
1964 – Sophie B. Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1963 – Big Kenny, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1962 – Anthony Kiedis, American singer-songwriter
1961 – Calvin Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1960 – Tim Cook, American businessman and engineer, current CEO of Apple Inc.
1958 – Joe DeRenzo, American drummer, composer, and producer
1957 – Lyle Lovett, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1955 – Beth Leavel, American actress and singer
1953 – Jan Davis, American engineer and astronaut
1951 – Ronald Bell, American singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and producer
1950 – Mitch Kapor, American computer programmer and businessman, founded Lotus Software and Electronic Frontier Foundation
1950 – Robert B. Laughlin, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1949 – Belita Moreno, American actress and acting coach
1949 – Michael D. Griffin, American physicist and engineer
1947 – Jim Steinman, American songwriter and producer
1945 – Narendra Dabholkar, Indian author and activist, founded Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (d. 2013)
1944 – Bobby Heenan, American wrestler, manager, and sportscaster (d. 2017)
1944 – Kinky Friedman, American singer-songwriter and author
1942 – Larry Flynt, American publisher, founded Larry Flynt Publications
1942 – Marcia Wallace, American actress and comedian (d. 2013)
1941 – Robert Foxworth, American actor and director
1940 – Barry Sadler, American sergeant, author, actor, and singer-songwriter (d. 1989)
1940 – Roger Kellaway, American pianist and composer
1937 – Bill Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter
1935 – Edward Said, Palestinian-American theorist, author, and academic (d. 2003)
1930 – A. R. Gurney, American playwright and author (d. 2017)
1930 – Russ Kemmerer, American baseball player and coach (d. 2014)
1929 – Nicholas Mavroules, American lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
1928 – James Bradford, American weightlifter (d. 2013)
1927 – Vic Power, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
1926 – Betsy Palmer, American actress and game show panelist (d. 2015)
1926 – Stephen Antonakos, Greek-American sculptor (d. 2013)
1923 – Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian-American author (d. 2001)
1922 – George S. Irving, American actor (d. 2016)
1921 – John W. Peterson, American pilot and songwriter (d. 2006)
1920 – James J. Kilpatrick, American journalist and author (d. 2010)
1918 – Ken Miles, English-American race car driver (d. 1966)
1917 – Clarence E. Miller, American engineer and politician (d. 2011)
1915 – Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, American painter, poet, and educator, co-founded the DuSable Museum of African American History (d. 2010)
1914 – Moshe Teitelbaum, Romanian-American rabbi (d. 2006)
1907 – Maxie Rosenbloom, American boxer (d. 1976)
1906 – Johnny Indrisano, American boxer (d. 1968)
1904 – Laura LaPlante, American silent film actress (d. 1996)
1898 – Sippie Wallace, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1986)
1888 – George Kenner, German-American painter and illustrator (d. 1971)
1886 – Hermann Broch, Austrian-American author and poet (d. 1951)
1880 – Grantland Rice, American journalist and poet (d. 1954)
1880 – Sholem Asch, Polish-American author and playwright (d. 1957)
1871 – Stephen Crane, American poet, novelist, and short story writer (d. 1900)
1859 – Charles Brantley Aycock, American educator, lawyer, and politician, 50th Governor of North Carolina (d. 1912)
1849 – William Merritt Chase, American painter and educator (d. 1916)
1808 – John Taylor, English-American religious leader, 3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1887)
2015 – Charles Duncan Michener, American entomologist and academic (b. 1918)
2015 – Fred Thompson, American actor, lawyer, and politician (b. 1942)
2015 – Houston McTear, American sprinter (b. 1957)
2015 – Thomas R. Fitzgerald, American lawyer and judge (b. 1941)