In 2017 a study by Imperial College London and the World Health Organisation finds there has been a tenfold increase in childhood and adolescent obesity since 1975, with the number of obese likely to exceed the underweight by 2022.
1985 – United States Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise ship, and force it to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.
1980 – FMLN is founded in El Salvador.
1973 – Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax.
1971 – Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona.
1964 – The opening ceremony of the Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan, is broadcast live in the first Olympic telecast relayed by geostationary satellite.
1957 – The Windscale fire in Cumbria, U.K. is the world's first major nuclear accident.
1953 – A Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington, D.C.
1933 – United Airlines Boeing 247 mid-air explosion: A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history of commercial aviation.
1913 – United States President Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike, ending construction on the Panama Canal.
1903 – The Women's Social and Political Union was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst
1897 – German chemist Felix Hoffmann discovers an improved way of synthesizing acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin).
1846 – Triton, the largest moon of the planet Neptune, is discovered by English astronomer William Lassell.
1845 – In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (later renamed the United States Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipman students and seven professors.
1991 – Michael Carter-Williams, American basketball player. He was named NBA Rookie of the Year in 2014, and he has also played for the Milwaukee Bucks, Chicago Bulls, Charlotte Hornets, Houston Rockets, and Orlando Magic.
1990 – Geno Smith, American football player. Eugene Cyril "Geno" Smith III (born October 10, 1990) is an American football quarterback for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League (NFL).
1989 – Aimee Teegarden, American actress and producer. In 2014, she starred as Emery Whitehill in The CW's short-lived science fiction romantic drama Star-Crossed.
1986 – Andrew McCutchen, American baseball player. Andrew Stefan McCutchen (born October 10, 1986) is an American professional baseball outfielder for the Philadelphia Phillies of Major League Baseball (MLB).
1984 – Lzzy Hale, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. She is best known as the lead singer and rhythm guitarist of the American hard rock band Halestorm, which she co-founded with her brother Arejay Hale in 1997.
1984 – Paul Posluszny, American football player. Paul Michael Posluszny (born October 10, 1984) is a former American football linebacker who played 11 seasons in the National Football League (NFL).
1984 – Troy Tulowitzki, American baseball player. Troy Trevor Tulowitzki (born October 10, 1984), nicknamed "Tulo", is an American former professional baseball shortstop, who played 13 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB), primarily with the Colorado Rockies.
1980 – Casey FitzSimmons, American football player. He played his whole career for the Detroit Lions.
1980 – Tim Maurer, American singer-songwriter. Timothy Robert "Tim" Maurer (born October 10, 1980) is an American singer, best known as the former lead singer of third-wave ska band Suburban Legends.
1979 – Joel Przybilla, American basketball player. Joel Przybilla (/prɪzˈbɪlə/; born October 10, 1979) is an American retired professional basketball player who played the center position for 13 seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1979 – Mýa, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actress. Signed in 1996 with Interscope Records, she released her eponymous debut album in April 1998.
1978 – Jodi Lyn O'Keefe, American model and actress. She is also known for playing Gretchen Morgan on Prison Break (2007–09), and for her roles as Jo Laughlin on The Vampire Diaries (2014–17) and Lionel Davenport on Hit the Floor (2014–18).
1976 – Bob Burnquist, Brazilian-American skateboarder. Robert Dean Silva Burnquist (Portuguese pronunciation: ; born October 10, 1976) is a Brazilian-American professional skateboarder who competed for Brazil throughout his career.
1976 – Pat Burrell, American baseball player. Patrick Brian Burrell (born October 10, 1976), nicknamed "Pat the Bat", is an American former professional baseball outfielder, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Philadelphia Phillies, Tampa Bay Rays, and San Francisco Giants, and won two World Series championships (2008, 2010).
1975 – Plácido Polanco, Dominican-American baseball player. Louis Cardinals, Philadelphia Phillies, Detroit Tigers and Miami Marlins.
1973 – Mario Lopez, American actor, television personality, and producer. He is known for his portrayal of A.C.
1973 – Zach Thornton, American soccer player and coach. Zach Thornton (born October 10, 1973) is a retired goalkeeper who spent 16 seasons in Major League Soccer (MLS) with the New York/New Jersey MetroStars (1996–97), Chicago Fire (1998–2006), Colorado Rapids (2007), New York Red Bulls (2008) and Chivas USA (2008–11).
1972 – Dean Roland, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He is also part of the rock duo Magnets & Ghosts alongside Ryan Potesta.
1969 – Brett Favre, American football player, was a quarterback in the National Football League (NFL), spending the majority of his career with the Green Bay Packers. He was a 20-year veteran of the NFL, having played quarterback for the Atlanta Falcons in 1991, the Packers from 1992 to 2007, the New York Jets in 2008, and the Minnesota Vikings from 2009 to 2010.
1969 – Shawn Jamison, American basketball player and coach. Shawn Jamison (born October 10, 1969 in California, United States) is a retired professional basketball player, who last played in England for the Milton Keynes Lions.
1969 – Wendi McLendon-Covey, American actress, was nominated for two Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Actress in a Comedy Series.
1967 – Gavin Newsom, American businessman and politician, 49th Lieutenant Governor of California. He was sworn in as Governor of California on January 7, 2019.
1967 – Jonathan Littell, American-French author and humanitarian. Jonathan Littell (born 10 October 1967) is a writer living in Barcelona.
1967 – Michael Giacchino, American composer. He has received an Academy Award, a Primetime Emmy Award, and three Grammy Awards.
1967 – Mike Malinin, American drummer and producer. Michael Theodore Malinin (born October 10, 1967) is an American musician known for his work as the drummer of the Goo Goo Dolls.
1966 – Bai Ling, Chinese-American model and actress. Bai Ling (Chinese: 白灵, born October 10, 1966) is a Chinese-American actress known for her work in films such as The Crow, Red Corner, Crank: High Voltage, Three...
1966 – Derrick McKey, American basketball player. Derrick Wayne McKey (born October 10, 1966) is an American retired basketball player who played most of his National Basketball Association (NBA) career at the small forward and the power forward positions.
1965 – Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006). He was typically cast as a tough character, featured as a villain or a working-class lug, or in a comic role and was known for his roles in such films as The Wild Life, Reservoir Dogs, The Funeral, Footloose, Rush Hour, Corky Romano, True Romance, Beethoven's 2nd, Short Cuts, The Boys Club, All the Right Moves, At Close Range, Pale Rider, and as ruthless corrupt cop Edward "Eddie" Pulaski in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas.
1965 – Rebecca Pidgeon, American-English singer-songwriter and actress. She is married to American playwright David Mamet.
1964 – Crystal Waters, American singer-songwriter, musician and producer. Crystal Waters (born 1961/62) is an American house and dance music singer and songwriter, best known for her 1990s dance hits "Gypsy Woman", "100% Pure Love" and 2007's "Destination Calabria" with Alex Gaudino.
1963 – Daniel Pearl, American-Israeli journalist (d. 2002), was an American journalist for The Wall Street Journal. He was kidnapped and later beheaded by terrorists in Pakistan.
1961 – Scott Hoffman, American drummer. He is best known for his years playing with Southern rock band 38 Special, from 1992 - 1997.
1960 – Eric Martin, American singer-songwriter. Eric Martin is the name of:
1960 – Paul Thiebaud, American art dealer (d. 2010), was an American art dealer who owned two influential galleries, one in New York City and the other in San Francisco . He exhibited the work of a host of lesser known artists whom he felt it was his role to bring to a wider public audience, in addition to the work of his father, the noted pop painter Wayne Thiebaud.
1959 – Bradley Whitford, American actor and producer, was nominated for three consecutive Primetime Emmy Awards from 2001 to 2003, winning in 2001. This role also earned him three consecutive Golden Globe Award nominations.
1959 – Julia Sweeney, American actress, comedian, producer, and screenwriter. She played Mrs.
1958 – Tanya Tucker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Tanya Denise Tucker (born October 10, 1958) is an American country music artist who had her first hit, "Delta Dawn", in 1972 at the age of 13.
1950 – Nora Roberts, American author. Nora Roberts (born Eleanor Marie Robertson on October 10, 1950) is an American author of more than 225 romance novels.
1949 – Warren Burt, American-Australian composer. Burt often employs elements of improvisation, microtonality, humour, live interaction, and lo-fi electronic techniques into his music.
1948 – Cyril Neville, American R&B percussionist and singer. Cyril Garrett Neville (born October 10, 1948) is an American percussionist and vocalist who first came to prominence as a member of his brother Art Neville's funky New Orleans-based band, The Meters.
1947 – Gary Beach, American actor and singer, was an American actor, of stage, film and television best known for the role of Roger De Bris in both the stage and film productions of The Producers.
1946 – Ben Vereen, American actor, singer, and dancer. Benjamin Augustus Vereen (born October 10, 1946) is an American actor, dancer, and singer who has appeared in numerous Broadway theatre shows.
1946 – John Prine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He has been active as a composer, recording artist, and live performer since the early 1970s, and is known for an often humorous style of country music that has elements of protest and social commentary.
1943 – Frederick Barthelme, American novelist and short story writer. Alongside his personal publishing history, his position as Director of The Center For Writers at The University of Southern Mississippi and Editor of the nationally prominent literary journal Mississippi Review (1977 - 2010) have placed him at the forefront of the contemporary American literary scene. He is currently the editor of New World Writing (formerly Blip Magazine)
1941 – Peter Coyote, American actor, director, and screenwriter. He was also known as the "Voice of Oscar" for the 72nd Academy Awards ceremony, the first Oscars announcer to be seen on-camera.
1939 – Joe Pitts, American captain and politician, was the U.S. Representative for Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district from 1997 to 2017.
1938 – Leroy Hood, American biologist and academic. Leroy "Lee" Edward Hood (born October 10, 1938) is an American biologist who has served on the faculties at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and the University of Washington.
1938 – Lily Tuck, American novelist and short story writer. She is a Guggenheim Fellow.
1935 – Khalil al-Wazir, Palestinian commander, founded Fatah (d. 1988), was a Palestinian leader and co-founder of the nationalist party Fatah. As a top aide of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Chairman Yasser Arafat, al-Wazir had considerable influence in Fatah's military activities, eventually becoming the commander of Fatah's armed wing al-Assifa.
1933 – Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and businessman (d. 1969), was an American celebrity hair stylist, and the founder of the hairstyling corporation Sebring International. Sebring was murdered by members of the Manson Family along with his ex-girlfriend Sharon Tate.
1929 – Bernard Mayes, English-American journalist and academic (d. 2014), was a British broadcaster, university dean and author who founded America's first suicide prevention hotline.
1929 – Herb Levinson, American actor (d. 2012). Levinson (October 10, 1929 – November 19, 2012) was an American television and movie actor.
1927 – Dana Elcar, American actor and director (d. 2005), was an American television and film character actor. Although he appeared in about 40 films, his most memorable role was on the 1980s and 1990s television series MacGyver as Peter Thornton, an administrator working for the Phoenix Foundation.
1927 – Jon Locke, American actor (d. 2013), was an American actor, who often specialized in television and film westerns. His television credits included westerns, including Bonanza, Gunsmoke, and The Virginian, as well as non-western series such as The Bionic Woman,The Dukes of Hazzard, The Mary Tyler Moore Show, and Perry Mason.
1926 – Oscar Brown, American singer-songwriter, playwright, and actor (d. 2005), was an American singer, songwriter, playwright, poet, civil rights activist, and actor. Aside from his career, Brown ran unsuccessfully for office in both the Illinois state legislature and the U.S.
1926 – Richard Jaeckel, American actor (d. 1997), was an American actor of film and television. Jaeckel became a well-known character actor in his career, which spanned six decades.
1924 – Ed Wood, American actor, director, producer, screenwriter (d. 1978), was an American filmmaker, actor, and author.
1924 – James Clavell, Australian-American director, producer, screenwriter, and author (d. 1994), was an Australian (and later naturalized American) novelist, screenwriter, director, and World War II veteran and prisoner of war. Clavell is best known as the author of his Asian Saga novels, a number of which have had television adaptations.
1923 – Louis Gottlieb, American singer and bass player (d. 1996), was bassist and comic spokesman for music trio The Limeliters. He held a Ph.D. in musicology and was considered one of the so-called "new comedy" performers, a new generation of unabashed intellectuals that also included Mort Sahl, Nichols and May, and Lenny Bruce.
1922 – Merv Pregulman, American football player, businessman, and philanthropist (d. 2012). He played football as a tackle and center for the University of Michigan Wolverines from 1941 to 1943 and was selected as a first-team All-American in 1943.
1920 – Gail Halvorsen, American air force pilot known as the "Berlin Candy Bomber.". Colonel Gail Seymour "Hal" Halvorsen (born October 10, 1920) is a retired officer and command pilot in the United States Air Force.
1917 – Thelonious Monk, American pianist and composer (d. 1982), was an American jazz pianist and composer. He had a unique improvisational style and made numerous contributions to the standard jazz repertoire, including "'Round Midnight", "Blue Monk", "Straight, No Chaser", "Ruby, My Dear", "In Walked Bud", and "Well, You Needn't".
1915 – Harry Edison, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1999), was an American jazz trumpeter and a member of the Count Basie Orchestra.
1914 – Ivory Joe Hunter, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1974), was an American rhythm-and-blues singer, songwriter, and pianist. After a series of hits on the US R&B chart starting in the mid-1940s, he became more widely known for his hit recording "Since I Met You Baby" (1956).
1914 – Tommy Fine, American baseball player and businessman (d. 2005), was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball who played in 23 games for the Boston Red Sox (1947) and St. Louis Browns (1950).
1910 – Julius Shulman, American photographer and environmentalist (d. 2009), was an American architectural photographer best known for his photograph "Case Study House #22, Los Angeles, 1960. Pierre Koenig, Architect." The house is also known as the Stahl House.
1909 – Robert F. Boyle, American production designer and art director (d. 2010), was an American film art director and production designer.
1908 – Johnny Green, American conductor and composer (d. 1989), was an American songwriter, composer, musical arranger, conductor and pianist. He was given the nickname "Beulah" by colleague Conrad Salinger.
1906 – Paul Creston, American composer and educator (d. 1985), was an Italian American composer of classical music.
1903 – Vernon Duke, Russian-American composer and songwriter (d. 1969), was an American composer/songwriter, who also wrote under his original name, Vladimir Dukelsky. He is best known for "Taking a Chance on Love" with lyrics by Ted Fetter and John Latouche (1940), "I Can't Get Started" with lyrics by Ira Gershwin (1936), "April in Paris" with lyrics by E.
1900 – Helen Hayes, American actress (d. 1993), was an American actress whose career spanned 80 years. She eventually received the nickname "First Lady of American Theatre" and was one of 15 people who have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, and a Tony Award (an EGOT).
1898 – Lilly Daché, French-American fashion designer (d. 1989), was a European-born American milliner and fashion designer.
1877 – William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, English businessman and philanthropist, founded Morris Motors (d. 1963), was a British textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist associated with the British Arts and Crafts Movement. He was a major contributor to the revival of traditional British textile arts and methods of production.
1864 – T. Frank Appleby, American businessman and politician (d. 1924), was an American Republican Party politician who represented New Jersey's 3rd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1921 to 1923. He was the father of Stewart Hoffman Appleby, who also became a congressman from New Jersey.
1858 – Maurice Prendergast, American painter and academic (d. 1924), was an American Post-Impressionist artist who worked in oil, watercolor, and monotype. He exhibited as a member of The Eight, though the delicacy of his compositions and mosaic-like beauty of his style differed from the artistic intentions and philosophy of the group.
1837 – Robert Gould Shaw, American colonel (d. 1863), was an American officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Born into a prominent Boston abolitionist family, he accepted command of the first all-black regiment (54th Massachusetts) in the Northeast.
1828 – Samuel J. Randall, American captain, lawyer and politician, 33rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1890), was an American politician from Pennsylvania who served as a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives for Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district from 1863 to 1875 and from Pennsylvania's 3rd congressional district from 1875 to 1890. He served as the 29th Speaker of the House from 1876 to 1881 and was twice a contender for his party's nomination for President of the United States.
1794 – William Whiting Boardman, American judge and politician (d. 1871), was a politician and United States Representative from Connecticut.
2016 – Donn Fendler, American author and speaker (b. 1926)
2015 – Richard F. Heck, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1931)
2015 – Steve Mackay, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1949)
2015 – Sybil Stockdale, American activist, co-founded the National League of Families (b. 1924)
2014 – Lari Ketner, American football and basketball player (b. 1977)
2013 – Cal Smith, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
2013 – Jay Conrad Levinson, American author and educator (b. 1933)
2013 – Scott Carpenter, American commander, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1925)
2012 – Alex Karras, American football player, wrestler, and actor (b. 1935)
2012 – Basil L. Plumley, American sergeant (b. 1920)
2012 – Mark Poster, American philosopher and educator (b. 1941)
2012 – Sam Gibbons, American captain and politician (b. 1920)
2010 – Solomon Burke, American singer-songwriter and preacher (b. 1940)
2005 – Wayne C. Booth, American educator and critic (b. 1921)
2004 – Arthur H. Robinson, American geographer and cartographer (b. 1915)
2004 – Christopher Reeve, American actor, producer, and activist (b. 1952)
2004 – Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (b. 1963)
2003 – Eugene Istomin, American pianist (b. 1925)
2001 – Eddie Futch, American boxer and trainer (b. 1911)
1998 – Clark Clifford, American captain, lawyer, and politician 9th United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1906)
1998 – Marvin Gay, Sr., American minister (b. 1914)
1997 – Michael J. S. Dewar, Indian-born American theoretical chemist who developed the Dewar-Chatt-Duncanson model (b. 1918)
1990 – Tom Murton, American penologist and activist (b. 1928)
1985 – Orson Welles, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1915)
1978 – Ralph Marterie, Italian-American trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1914)
1978 – Ralph Metcalfe, American sprinter and politician (b. 1910)
1973 – Ludwig von Mises, Ukrainian-American economist and sociologist (b. 1881)
1964 – Eddie Cantor, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (b. 1892)
1949 – Chikuhei Nakajima, Japanese engineer, businessman, and politician, founded Nakajima Aircraft Company (b. 1884)
1948 – Ted Horn, American race car driver (b. 1910)
1940 – Berton Churchill, Canadian-American actor and singer (b. 1876)
1927 – Gustave Whitehead, German-American pilot and engineer (b. 1874)