In 2016 researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory demonstrate a working 1 nanometre (nm) transistor.
2007 – Jason Lewis completes the first human-powered circumnavigation of the globe.
1995 – 51 Pegasi is discovered to be the second major star apart from the Sun to have a planet orbiting around it.
1979 – Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit the White House.
1977 – The first prototype of the Mikoyan MiG-29, designated 9-01, makes its maiden flight.
1942 – World War II: The October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal begins as United States Marine Corps forces attack Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.
1927 – Opening of The Jazz Singer, the first prominent "talkie" movie.
1910 – Eleftherios Venizelos is elected Prime Minister of Greece for the first time (seven times in total).
1903 – The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
1898 – Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the largest American music fraternity, is founded at the New England Conservatory of Music by Ossian Everett Mills.
1884 – The Naval War College of the United States Navy is founded in Newport, Rhode Island.
1876 – The American Library Association was founded.
1777 – American Revolutionary War: General Sir Henry Clinton leads British forces in the capture of Continental Army Hudson River defenses in the Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery.
1683 – German immigrant families found Germantown in the colony of Pennsylvania, marking the first major immigration of German people to America.
1988 – Trey Edward Shults, American film director. He is best known as the director and writer of the drama Krisha (2015), and the psychological horror film It Comes at Night (2017).
1986 – Meg Myers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. In 2012, Myers released her first EP, Daughter in the Choir.
1986 – Olivia Thirlby, American actress. In June 2008, Thirlby was described by Vanity Fair as a member of "Hollywood's New Wave".
1985 – Sylvia Fowles, American basketball player. Sylvia Shaqueria Fowles (born October 6, 1985) is an American professional basketball player for the Minnesota Lynx of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA).
1984 – Joanna Pacitti, American singer-songwriter. Joanna Pacitti (born October 6, 1984) is an American singer and former lead vocalist in the band City (Comma) State.
1979 – Richard Seymour, American football player. Richard Vershaun Seymour (born October 6, 1979) is a former American football defensive tackle who played in the National Football League (NFL).
1977 – Jamie Laurie, American singer-songwriter. James Laurie (born in Denver, Colorado, on October 6, 1977) better known by his stage name Jonny 5, is the singer and founder of the American musical group, Flobots.
1977 – Melinda Doolittle, American singer-songwriter. Melinda Marie Doolittle (born October 6, 1977) is an American singer who finished as the third place finalist on the sixth season of American Idol.
1974 – Jeremy Sisto, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. He also starred in the comedy Clueless (1995), the biblical television film Jesus (1999), the drama Thirteen (2003), and the horror film Wrong Turn (2003).
1973 – Jeff B. Davis, American comedian, actor, and singer. He is known for his work as a recurring performer on the improv comedy show Whose Line Is It Anyway? Since July 2016 he has starred as the Goblin Hero Boneweevil on the (formerly) Seeso original production HarmonQuest.
1973 – Rebecca Lobo, American basketball player and sportscaster. Rebecca Rose Lobo-Rushin (born October 6, 1973) is an American television basketball analyst and former women's basketball player in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) from 1997 to 2003.
1970 – Amy Jo Johnson, American Actress. Amy Jo Johnson (born October 6, 1970) is an American Canadian actress, filmmaker, singer-songwriter, and director.
1970 – Darren Oliver, American baseball player. He is a second generation major league player, as his father Bob Oliver played in the major leagues for 9 seasons between 1967 and 1975.
1966 – Jacqueline Obradors, American actress. On television, Obradors is known for her role as Det.
1966 – Tommy Stinson, American singer-songwriter and bass player. Thomas Eugene Stinson (born October 6, 1966) is an American rock musician.
1965 – John McWhorter, American academic and linguist. John Hamilton McWhorter V (/məkˈhwɔːrtər/; born October 6, 1965) is an American academic and linguist who is associate professor of English and comparative literature at Columbia University, where he teaches linguistics, American studies, philosophy, and music history.
1965 – Peg O'Connor, American philosopher and academic. Peg O'Connor, is a Professor of Philosophy and Gender, Women, and Sexuality Studies as well as Chair of the Department of Philosophy at Gustavus Adolphus College.
1965 – Rubén Sierra, Puerto Rican-American baseball player. Rubén Angel Sierra García (born October 6, 1965) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder.
1965 – Steve Scalise, American lawyer and politician. Stephen Joseph Scalise (/skəˈliːs/; born October 6, 1965) is an American politician who is the United States House of Representatives Minority Whip and representative for Louisiana's 1st congressional district, serving since 2008.
1964 – Matthew Sweet, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. His latest albums, Tomorrow Forever and Tomorrow's Daughter, were followed by 2018's Wicked System of Things.
1964 – Ricky Berry, American basketball player (d. 1989), was an American professional basketball player in the National Basketball Association (NBA) for the Sacramento Kings.
1964 – Tom Jager, American swimmer and coach. Thomas Michael Jager (born October 6, 1964) is an American former competition swimmer.
1963 – Elisabeth Shue, American actress. Elisabeth Judson Shue (born October 6, 1963) is an American actress, best known for her starring roles in the films The Karate Kid (1984), Adventures in Babysitting (1987), Cocktail (1988), Back to the Future Part II (1989), Back to the Future Part III (1990), Soapdish (1991), Leaving Las Vegas (1995), The Saint (1997), Hollow Man (2000), and Piranha 3D (2010).
1962 – Rich Yett, American baseball player. He played all or part of six seasons in Major League Baseball from 1985 to 1990.
1959 – Brian Higgins, American politician. Higgins (born October 6, 1959) is the U.S.
1959 – Oil Can Boyd, American baseball player. Dennis Ray "Oil Can" Boyd (born October 6, 1959) is a former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball.
1959 – Walter Ray Williams, Jr., American bowler. Walter Ray Williams Jr. (born October 6, 1959) is an American professional bowler and competitive horseshoes pitcher.
1956 – Kathleen Webb, American author and illustrator. Kathleen Webb (born October 6, 1956) is an American comic book writer and artist and one of the first female writers for Archie Comics.
1955 – Tony Dungy, American football player and coach. Dungy was head coach of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers from 1996 to 2001, and head coach of the Indianapolis Colts from 2002 to 2008.
1954 – Bill Buford, American author and journalist. Buford is the author of the books Among the Thugs and Heat: An Amateur's Adventures as Kitchen Slave, Line Cook, Pasta-Maker, and Apprentice to a Dante-Quoting Butcher in Tuscany.
1954 – Darrell M. West, American political scientist, author, and academic. He holds the Douglas Dillon Chair in governance studies, and has written about technology policy, mass media, and campaigns and elections in the United States.
1954 – David Hidalgo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Hidalgo frequently plays musical instruments such as accordion, violin, 6-string banjo, cello, requinto jarocho, percussion, drums and guitar as a session musician on other artists' releases.
1951 – Kevin Cronin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Kevin Patrick Cronin (born October 6, 1951) is the lead vocalist, rhythm guitarist, and occasional pianist for the American rock band, REO Speedwagon.
1950 – David Brin, American physicist and author. His novel The Postman was adapted as a feature film and starred Kevin Costner in 1997.
1949 – Leslie Moonves, American businessman. Leslie Roy Moonves (/ˈmuːnvɛz/; born October 6, 1949) is an American media executive who served as the Chairman and CEO of CBS Corporation from 2003 until his resignation in September 2018 following numerous allegations of sexual harassment and abuse.
1948 – Glenn Branca, American guitarist and composer, was an American avant-garde composer and guitarist known for his use of volume, alternative guitar tunings, repetition, droning, and the harmonic series. Branca received a 2009 Foundation for Contemporary Arts Grants to Artists Award.
1946 – Eddie Villanueva, Filipino evangelist and politician, founded the ZOE Broadcasting Network. Eduardo "Eddie" Cruz Villanueva (born October 6, 1946), most commonly referred to as "Bro.
1946 – Lloyd Doggett, American lawyer and politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he has represented a district based in the state capital and his hometown, Austin, since 1995, currently numbered as Texas's 35th congressional district.
1942 – Dan Christensen, American painter (d. 2007), was an American abstract painter He is best known for paintings that relate to Lyrical Abstraction, Color field painting and Abstract expressionism.
1942 – Fred Travalena, American comedian and actor (d. 2009), was a U.S. entertainer, specializing in comedy and impressions.
1941 – Paul Popham, American soldier and activist, co-founded Gay Men's Health Crisis (d. 1987), was an American gay rights activist who was a founder of the Gay Men's Health Crisis and served as its president from 1981 until 1985. He also helped found and was chairman of the AIDS Action Council, a lobbying organization in Washington.
1940 – Ellen Travolta, American actress. Travolta (born October 6, 1939) is an American actress.
1939 – Jack Cullen, American baseball player. John Patrick Cullen (born October 6, 1939 in Newark, New Jersey) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher.
1939 – John J. LaFalce, American captain, lawyer, and politician. John Joseph LaFalce (born October 6, 1939) is a former congressman from the state of New York; he served from 1975 to 2003.
1939 – Richard Delgado, American lawyer and academic. Richard Delgado (born October 6, 1939) teaches civil rights and critical race theory at University of Alabama School of Law.
1939 – Sheila Greibach, American computer scientist and academic. Sheila Adele Greibach (born 6 October 1939 in New York City) is a researcher in formal languages in computing, automata, compiler theory and computer science.
1936 – Julius L. Chambers, American lawyer, educator, and activist (d. 2013), was an American lawyer, civil rights leader and educator.
1935 – Bruno Sammartino, Italian-American wrestler and trainer, was an Italian-born American professional wrestler, best known for his work with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE). There, he held the WWF World Heavyweight Championship (WWF Heavyweight Championship during his second reign) for more than 11 years (4,040 days) across two reigns, the first of which is the longest single reign in the promotion's history at 2,803 days.
1934 – Marshall Rosenberg, American psychologist and author (d. 2015), was an American psychologist, mediator, author and teacher. Starting in the early 1960s he developed Nonviolent Communication, a process for supporting partnership and resolving conflict within people, in relationships, and in society.
1931 – Riccardo Giacconi, Italian-American astrophysicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate, was an Italian-American Nobel Prize-winning astrophysicist who laid down the foundations of X-ray astronomy. He was a professor at the Johns Hopkins University.
1929 – George Mattos, American pole vaulter (d. 2012). He competed for his native country in two Olympics, 1952 when he finished 9th and 1956 when he finished 4th, both times behind American teammate Bob Richards.
1928 – Barbara Werle, American actress and singer (d. 2013), was an American actress, dancer and singer, best known for her role in Seconds (1966).
1927 – Bill King, American sportscaster (d. 2005), was an American sports announcer. In 2016, the National Baseball Hall of Fame named King recipient of the 2017 Ford C.
1925 – Shana Alexander, American journalist and author (d. 2005). Happy Days: My Mother, My Father, My Sister & Me (1995)
1922 – Teala Loring, American actress (d. 2007), was an American actress who appeared in over 30 films during the 1940s.
1921 – Joseph Lowery, American minister and activist. Joseph Echols Lowery (born October 6, 1921) is an American minister in the United Methodist Church and leader in the Civil Rights Movement.
1917 – Fannie Lou Hamer, American activist and philanthropist (d. 1977), was an American voting and women's rights activist, community organizer, and a leader in the civil rights movement. She was the co-founder and vice-chair of the Freedom Democratic Party, which she represented at the 1964 Democratic National Convention.
1915 – Humberto Sousa Medeiros, Portuguese-American cardinal (d. 1983), was a Portuguese-American clergyman of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Boston from 1970 until his death in 1983, and was created a cardinal in 1973.
1912 – Perkins Bass, American lawyer and politician (d. 2011), was an American elected official from the state of New Hampshire, including four terms as a U.S. Representative from 1955 to 1963.
1910 – Barbara Castle, English journalist and politician, First Secretary of State (d. 2002), was a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament for Blackburn from 1945 to 1979, making her the longest-serving female MP in the history of the House of Commons until that record was broken in 2007 by Gwyneth Dunwoody. She later became the Member of the European Parliament for Greater Manchester from 1979 to 1989 and subsequently a member of the House of Lords, having been granted a life peerage in 1990.
1908 – Carole Lombard, American actress (d. 1942), was an American film actress. She was particularly noted for her energetic, often off-beat roles in the screwball comedies of the 1930s.
1906 – Janet Gaynor, American actress (d. 1984), was an American film, stage and television actress and painter.
1905 – Helen Wills, American tennis player and painter (d. 1998). She became famous around the world for holding the top position in women's tennis for a total of nine years: 1927–33, 1935 and 1938.
1900 – Vivion Brewer, American activist and desegregationist (d. 1991), was an American desegregationist, most notable for being a founding member of the Women's Emergency Committee to Open Our Schools (WEC) in 1958 during the desegregation of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
1897 – Florence B. Seibert, American biochemist and academic (d. 1991). Trudeau Medal, National Tuberculosis Association (1938)
1895 – Caroline Gordon, American author and critic (d. 1981), was a notable American novelist and literary critic who, while still in her thirties, was the recipient of two prestigious literary awards, a 1932 Guggenheim Fellowship and a 1934 O. Henry Award.
1887 – Le Corbusier, Swiss-French architect and painter, designed the Philips Pavilion and Saint-Pierre, Firminy (d. 1965), was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930.
1874 – Frank G. Allen, American merchant and politician, 51st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1950), was an American businessman and politician from Massachusetts. He was president of a successful leathergoods business in Norwood, Massachusetts, and active in local and state politics.
1866 – Reginald Fessenden, Canadian engineer and academic, invented radiotelephony (d. 1932), was a Canadian-born inventor, who did a majority of his work in the United States and also claimed U.S. citizenship through his American-born father. During his life he received hundreds of patents in various fields, most notably ones related to radio and sonar.
1862 – Albert J. Beveridge, American historian and politician (d. 1927), was an American historian and US senator from Indiana. He was an intellectual leader of the Progressive Era and a biographer of Chief Justice John Marshall and President Abraham Lincoln.
1846 – George Westinghouse, American engineer and businessman, founded the Westinghouse Air Brake Company (d. 1914), was an American entrepreneur and engineer based in Pennsylvania who invented the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry, gaining his first patent at the age of 19. Westinghouse saw the potential in alternating current as an electricity distribution system in the early 1880s and put all his resources into developing and marketing it, a move that put his business in direct competition with the Edison direct current system.
1744 – James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded McGill University (d. 1813), was a Scottish businessman and philanthropist best known for being the founder of McGill University, Montreal. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada for Montreal West in 1792 and was appointed to the Executive Council of Lower Canada in 1793.
1732 – John Broadwood, Scottish businessman, co-founded John Broadwood and Sons (d. 1812), was the Scottish founder of the piano manufacturer Broadwood and Sons.
1510 – John Caius, English physician and academic, co-founded the Gonville and Caius College (d. 1573), was an English physician, and second founder of the present Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.
2015 – Vladimir Shlapentokh, Ukrainian-American sociologist, historian, political scientist, and academic (b. 1926)
2014 – Marian Seldes, American actress (b. 1928)
2014 – Vic Braden, American tennis player and coach (b. 1929)
2013 – Rift Fournier, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1936)
2013 – Ulysses Curtis, American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1926)
2012 – Joseph Meyer, American lawyer and politician, 19th Secretary of State of Wyoming (b. 1941)
2012 – Nick Curran, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1977)
2006 – Buck O'Neil, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
2006 – Wilson Tucker, American author and critic (b. 1914)
2001 – Arne Harris, American director and producer (b. 1934)
2000 – Richard Farnsworth, American actor and stuntman (b. 1920)
1999 – Gorilla Monsoon, American wrestler and sportscaster (b. 1937)
1998 – Mark Belanger, American baseball player (b. 1944)
1997 – Johnny Vander Meer, American baseball player and manager (b. 1914)
1993 – Larry Walters, American truck driver and pilot (b. 1949)
1993 – Nejat Eczacıbaşı, Turkish chemist, businessman, and philanthropist, founded Eczacıbaşı (b. 1913)
1989 – Bette Davis, American actress (b. 1908)
1985 – Nelson Riddle, American composer, conductor, and bandleader (b. 1921)
1983 – Terence Cooke, American cardinal (b. 1921)
1979 – Elizabeth Bishop, American poet and short-story writer (b. 1911)
1973 – Margaret Wilson, American missionary and author (b. 1882)
1973 – Sidney Blackmer, American actor (b. 1895)
1969 – Walter Hagen, American golfer (b. 1892)
1962 – Tod Browning, American actor, director, screenwriter (b. 1880)
1959 – Bernard Berenson, American historian and author (b. 1865)
1951 – Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-American physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1884)
1951 – Will Keith Kellogg, American businessman, founded the Kellogg Company (b. 1860)
1829 – Pierre Derbigny, French-American politician, 6th Governor of Louisiana (b. 1769)
1101 – Bruno of Cologne, German-Italian monk and saint, founded Carthusian Order (b. 1030)
1014 – Samuel of Bulgaria, Tsar of the First Bulgarian Empire (b. 958)