International Day of No Prostitution (IDNP is an awareness day that was first observed in 2002. Locations at which IDNP was observed in its inaugural year included the San Francisco Bay Area of California, United States and Melbourne, Victoria, Australia)
In 2017 astronomers identify C/2017 K2, the most distant comet ever observed in our Solar System, at a distance of 1.5 billion km (0.93 billion mi).
In 2016 scientists identify the maximum human lifespan at an average age of 115, with an absolute upper limit of 125 years old.
The 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded to Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa for the design and synthesis of molecular machines.
1984 – Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space, aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger.
1982 – Chicago Tylenol murders: Johnson & Johnson initiates a nationwide product recall in the United States for all products in its Tylenol brand after several bottles in Chicago are found to have been laced with cyanide, resulting in seven deaths.
1970 – The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is founded.
1962 – Dr. No, the first in the James Bond film series, is released.
1962 – The Beatles' first single, "Love Me Do" backed with "P.S. I Love You", is released in the United Kingdom.
1947 – The first televised White House address is given by U.S. President Harry S. Truman.
1943 – Ninety-eight American POWs are executed by Japanese forces on Wake Island.
1921 – The World Series is the first to be broadcast on radio.
1914 – World War I: First aerial combat resulting in an intentional fatality.
1857 – The City of Anaheim, California is founded.
1813 – Battle of the Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British and kill Shawnee leader Tecumseh.
1665 – The University of Kiel is founded.
2005 – Lulu Wilson, American actress. Wilson is known for her roles in the well-received horror films Ouija: Origin of Evil (2016), Annabelle: Creation (2017), and the 2018 adaptation of The Haunting of Hill House.
1989 – Ify Ibekwe, American basketball player. Ifunanya Debbie "Ify" Ibekwe (born 5 October 1989) is an American professional basketball player for the Virtus Eirene Ragusa.
1988 – Kevin Olusola, American musician, beatboxer, singer-songwriter, rapper, and record producer (Pentatonix). After the group won NBC's The Sing-Off in 2011, they released five albums, which all charted in the top 5 of the Billboard 200 charts, have sold over 2 million records, and have amassed more than two billion views on their YouTube channel.
1987 – Dillon Francis, American DJ and record producer. A native of Los Angeles, he is best known for popularizing the moombahton genre.
1987 – Tim Ream, American soccer player. Timothy Michael Ream (born October 5, 1987) is an American soccer player who plays for Championship club Fulham and the United States national team.
1984 – Naima Adedapo, American singer and dancer. Adedapo placed in the top 11 on the tenth season of American Idol.
1983 – Jesse Eisenberg, American actor and writer. Following his first leading role in the comedy-drama film Roger Dodger (2002), he appeared in the drama film The Emperor's Club (2002), the psychological thriller film The Village (2004), the comedy-drama film The Squid and the Whale (2005), and the drama film The Education of Charlie Banks (2007).
1982 – Michael Roos, Estonian-American football player. Michael Roos (born Mihkel Roos, October 5, 1982), is a former American football offensive tackle who played his entire career for the Tennessee Titans of the National Football League (NFL).
1978 – Morgan Webb, Canadian-American television host and producer. Morgan Ailis Webb (born October 5, 1978) is a former co-host and senior segment producer of the now-canceled G4 show X-Play.
1977 – Vinnie Paz, Italian-American rapper and producer. Vincenzo Luvineri (born October 5, 1977), better known as Vinnie Paz (formerly known as Ikon the Verbal Hologram), is a Sicilian American rapper and the lyricist behind the Philadelphia underground hip hop group Jedi Mind Tricks.
1976 – J. J. Yeley, American race car driver. Nicknamed "J.
1975 – Carson Ellis, American painter and illustrator. Her work is inspired by folk art, art history, and mysticism.
1975 – Monica Rial, American voice actress, director, and screenwriter. She provides voices for English language versions of Japanese anime films and television series.
1974 – Colin Meloy, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Colin Patrick Henry Meloy (born October 5, 1974) is an American musician, singer-songwriter and author best known as the frontman of the Portland, Oregon, indie folk rock band The Decemberists.
1974 – Rich Franklin, American mixed martial artist and actor. As of June 2014, Franklin has been the Vice President of Asian Mixed Martial Arts company ONE Championship.
1972 – Grant Hill, American basketball player and actor. For most of his career, he played the small forward position.
1970 – Audie Pitre, American singer and bass player (d. 1997), was an American bass guitarist. He also added back-up vocals in Acid Bath (1991–1997) and formed another band known as Shrüm (or simply SHRUM) (1995).
1970 – Josie Bissett, American actress. Jolyn Christine Heutmaker (born October 5, 1970), known professionally as Josie Bissett, is an American actress best known for her role as Jane Mancini on the television series Melrose Place.
1967 – Rex Chapman, American basketball player and sportscaster. He later served as the vice president of player personnel with the Denver Nuggets.
1966 – Dennis Byrd, American football player, was an American football defensive end and defensive tackle for the New York Jets of the National Football League. He attended college at the University of Tulsa in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
1966 – Sean M. Carroll, American physicist, cosmologist, and academic. Sean Michael Carroll (born October 5, 1966) is a theoretical physicist specializing in quantum mechanics, gravity, and cosmology.
1966 – Terri Runnels, American wrestler and manager. Terri Lynne Boatright Runnels (born October 5, 1966) is an American retired professional wrestling manager, television host, and occasional professional wrestler.
1965 – Trace Armstrong, American football player and agent. Raymond Lester "Trace" Armstrong III (born October 5, 1965), is an American former American football defensive end in the National Football League (NFL) for fifteen seasons from the late 1980s to the early 2000s.
1964 – Dave Dederer, American guitarist and singer. Dave Dederer (born October 5, 1964) is an American guitarist and singer best known as a member of the alternative rock band The Presidents of the United States of America,.
1962 – Michael Andretti, American race car driver. Since his retirement from active racing, Andretti has owned Andretti Autosport, which has won four IndyCar Series championships and five Indianapolis 500 races.
1961 – David Bryson, American guitarist and singer-songwriter (Counting Crows). Prior to forming Counting Crows with Adam Duritz, he produced recordings by Duritz and his band, The Himalayans, from San Francisco, California.
1961 – Sharon Cheslow, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. She has since become an accomplished artist who works between different mediums, mostly sound-based.
1960 – Daniel Baldwin, American actor, director, and producer. He is the second eldest of the four Baldwin brothers, all of whom are actors.
1959 – David Shannon, American author and illustrator. He graduated from the Art Center College of Design and now lives in Los Angeles.
1959 – Kelly Joe Phelps, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Kelly Joe Phelps (born October 5, 1959 in Sumner, Washington, United States) is an American musician and songwriter.
1959 – Maya Lin, American architect and sculptor, designed the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and Civil Rights Memorial. Maya Ying Lin (born October 5, 1959) is an American designer, architect, and artist who works in sculpture and land art.
1958 – Neil deGrasse Tyson, American astrophysicist, cosmologist, and author. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium at the Rose Center for Earth and Space in New York City.
1957 – Bernie Mac, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008), was an American comedian, actor, and voice actor. Born and raised on Chicago's South Side, Mac gained popularity as a stand-up comedian.
1957 – Mark Geragos, American lawyer. Mark John Geragos (born October 5, 1957) is an American criminal defense lawyer and the managing partner of Geragos & Geragos, in Los Angeles.
1951 – Karen Allen, American actress. She also co-starred in Starman (1984) and Scrooged (1988).
1950 – Edward P. Jones, American novelist and short story writer. His 2003 novel The Known World received the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the International Dublin Literary Award.
1950 – James Rizzi, American painter and illustrator (d. 2011), was an American pop artist who was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York.
1950 – Jeff Conaway, American actor and singer (d. 2011), was an American actor and singer known for playing Kenickie in the movie Grease and for his roles in two American television series, Taxi and Babylon 5. Conaway was also featured in the first and second seasons of the reality television series Celebrity Rehab with Dr.
1949 – B. W. Stevenson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1988). Stevenson performed and was taped for the intended pilot of Austin City Limits on October 13, 1974.
1949 – Bill James, American historian and author. George William James (born October 5, 1949) is an American baseball writer, historian, and statistician whose work has been widely influential.
1948 – Carter Cornelius, American singer (d. 1991). Prince Gideon Israel; October 5, 1948 – November 7, 1991) was a rhythm and blues musician.
1948 – Russell Mael, American vocalist. Russell Craig Mael (born October 5, 1948) is an American singer, songwriter and record producer best known as the lead singer and occasional songwriter for the band Sparks which he formed in 1971 with his elder brother, keyboardist and main songwriter Ron Mael.
1948 – Tawl Ross, American guitarist. Lucius "Tawl" Ross (born October 5, 1948, in Wagram, North Carolina) is an American musician.
1946 – Heather MacRae, American actress. Heather MacRae (born October 5, 1946) is an American actress known for her role in the Woody Allen 1972 comedy film Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex* (*But Were Afraid to Ask).
1943 – Ben Cardin, American lawyer and politician. Benjamin Louis Cardin (born October 5, 1943) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Maryland, first elected to that seat in 2006.
1942 – Richard Street, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013), was an American soul and R&B singer, most notable as a member of Motown vocal group The Temptations from 1971 to 1993. Born and raised in Detroit, Michigan, Street was the first member of the Temptations to actually be a native of the city which served as Motown's namesake and hometown; all of the previous members were born and at least partially raised in the southern United States.
1941 – Roy Book Binder, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Gary Davis, he is equally at home with blues and ragtime.
1940 – John Byrne Cooke, American author and photographer (d. 2017), was an American author, musician, and photographer. He was the son of Alistair Cooke, and the great-grandnephew of Ralph Waldo Emerson.
1939 – Walter Wolf, Austrian-Canadian businessman, founded Walter Wolf Racing. Walter Wolf (born 5 October 1939) is a Canadian oil-drilling equipment supplier who in the early 1970s made a fortune from the North Sea oil business and decided to join the world of Formula One (F1) motor racing.
1938 – Teresa Heinz, Mozambican-American businesswoman and philanthropist. Senator John Heinz and the wife of former U.S.
1937 – Barry Switzer, American football player and coach. He won three national championships at Oklahoma, and led the Cowboys to win Super Bowl XXX against the Pittsburgh Steelers.
1937 – Carlo Mastrangelo, American doo-wop singer (The Belmonts) (d. 2016), was an Italian-American doo-wop and progressive rock singer. Born and raised in The Bronx, he lived in an apartment on the corner of 179th St. and Mapes Ave.
1933 – Billy Lee Riley, American rockabilly musician, singer-songwriter, and record producer (d. 2009). His most memorable recordings include "Rock With Me Baby", "Flyin' Saucers Rock and Roll" and "Red Hot".
1933 – Doug Bailey, American political consultant, founded The Hotline (d. 2013), was an American political consultant and founder of The Hotline, a bipartisan, daily briefing on American politics.
1929 – Bill Wirtz, American businessman (d. 2007), was the chief executive officer and controlling shareholder of the family-owned Wirtz Corporation. He was best known as the owner of the Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League, who are part of Wirtz Corp's holdings.
1929 – Richard F. Gordon Jr., American captain, pilot, and astronaut, was an American naval officer and aviator, chemist, test pilot, and NASA astronaut, and an American football executive. He was one of 24 people to have flown to the Moon, as the Command Module Pilot of the 1969 Apollo 12 mission which orbited the Moon 45 times.
1928 – Louise Fitzhugh, American author and illustrator (d. 1974), was an American writer and illustrator of children's books, known best for the novel Harriet the Spy. Her other novels were two Harriet sequels, The Long Secret and Sport, and Nobody's Family is Going to Change.
1926 – Willi Unsoeld, American mountaineer and educator (d. 1979), was an American mountaineer who was a member of the first American expedition to summit Mount Everest. The American Mount Everest Expedition was led by Norman Dyhrenfurth, and included Unsoeld, Jim Whittaker, Lute Jerstad, Barry Bishop and Tom Hornbein.
1925 – Gail Davis, American actress (d. 1997), was an American actress and singer, best known for her starring role as Annie Oakley in the 1950s television series Annie Oakley.
1925 – Walter Dale Miller, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of South Dakota (d. 2015), was an American politician with the Republican Party. He served as the 29th Governor of South Dakota from 1993 to 1995, having assumed the office upon the death of George S.
1924 – Bill Dana, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2017), was an American comedian, actor, and screenwriter. He often appeared on television shows such as The Ed Sullivan Show, frequently in the guise of a heavily accented Bolivian character named José Jiménez.
1924 – Bob Thaves, American cartoonist (d. 2006), was the creator of the comic strip Frank and Ernest, which began in 1972.
1924 – Frederic Morton, Austrian-American banker, journalist, and author (d. 2015), was an Austrian-born American writer. Born Fritz Mandelbaum in Vienna, Morton was the son of a blacksmith who specialized in forging (manufacturing) imperial medals.
1923 – Philip Berrigan, American priest and activist (d. 2002), was an American peace activist and Roman Catholic priest. He engaged in nonviolence civil disobedience in the cause of peace and nuclear disarmament and was often arrested.
1922 – Bil Keane, American soldier and cartoonist (d. 2011), was an American cartoonist most notable for his work on the newspaper comic The Family Circus. It began in 1960 and continues in syndication, drawn by his son Jeff Keane.
1921 – Bill Willis, American football player and coach (d. 2007), was an American football defensive lineman who played eight seasons for the Cleveland Browns in the All-America Football Conference (AAFC) and the National Football League (NFL). Known for his quickness and strength despite his small stature, Willis was one of the dominant defensive football players of the 1940s and early 1950s.
1917 – Allen Ludden, American television personality and game show host (d. 1981), was an American television personality, actor, emcee and game show host, perhaps best known for having hosted various incarnations of the game show Password between 1961 and 1980.
1916 – Stetson Kennedy, American author and activist (d. 2011), was an American author, folklorist, and human rights activist. One of the pioneer folklore collectors during the first half of the 20th century, he's remembered for having infiltrated the Ku Klux Klan in the 1940s, exposing its secrets to authorities and the outside world.
1913 – Eugene B. Fluckey, American admiral, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2007), was a United States Navy rear admiral who received the Medal of Honor and four Navy Crosses during his service as a submarine commander in World War II.
1909 – Tony Malinosky, American baseball player and soldier (d. 2011), was a third baseman and shortstop in Major League baseball who played 35 games for the Brooklyn Dodgers in the 1937 season. Listed at 5' 10", Weight: 165 lb., he batted and threw right-handed.
1908 – Joshua Logan, American director and screenwriter (d. 1988), was an American stage and film director. He shared a Pulitzer Prize for co-writing the musical South Pacific and was involved in writing other musicals.
1907 – Mrs. Miller, American novelty singer (d. 1997). Elva Ruby Miller (October 5, 1907 – July 5, 1997), who recorded under the name "Mrs.
1907 – Ragnar Nurkse, Estonian-American economist and academic (d. 1959), was an Estonian international economist and policy maker mainly in the fields of international finance and economic development.
1905 – Harriet E. MacGibbon, American actress (d. 1987), was an American stage, film, and television actress best known for her role as the insufferably snobbish, "blue-blooded Bostonian" Mrs. Margaret Drysdale in the CBS sitcom The Beverly Hillbillies.
1905 – John Hoyt, American actor (d. 1991). He began his acting career on Broadway, later appearing in numerous films and television series.
1903 – M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist and academic (d. 1989), was an American geologist and geophysicist. He worked at the Shell research lab in Houston, Texas.
1902 – Larry Fine, American comedian (d. 1975), was an American actor, comedian, violinist, and boxer, who is best known as a member of the comedy act the Three Stooges.
1902 – Ray Kroc, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1984), was an American fast-food tycoon. He joined the California company McDonald's in 1954, after the McDonald brothers had franchised 6 locations out from their original 1940 operation in San Bernardino.
1901 – John Alton, Austrian-American director and cinematographer (d. 1996), was an American cinematographer. Alton won an Academy Award for the cinematography of An American in Paris (1951), becoming the first Hungarian-born person to do so in the cinematography category.
1899 – Elda Anderson, American physicist and health researcher (d. 1961). During World War II, she worked on the Manhattan Project at Princeton University and the Los Alamos National Laboratory, where she prepared the first sample of pure uranium-235 at the laboratory.
1892 – Remington Kellogg, American zoologist and paleontologist (d. 1969), was an American naturalist and a director of the United States National Museum.
1888 – Mary Fuller, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1973), was an American stage and silent film actress and screenwriter.
1882 – Robert H. Goddard, American physicist, engineer, and academic (d. 1945), was an American engineer, professor, physicist, and inventor who is credited with creating and building the world's first liquid-fueled rocket. Goddard successfully launched his rocket on March 16, 1926, ushering in an era of space flight and innovation.
1879 – Francis Peyton Rous, American pathologist and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970), was an American Nobel Prize-winning virologist.
1878 – Louise Dresser, American actress (d. 1965). She is perhaps best known for her roles in the many films in which she played the wife of Will Rogers, including State Fair and David Harum.
1858 – Helen Churchill Candee, American journalist and author (d. 1949), was an American author, journalist, interior decorator, feminist, and geographer. Today, she is best known as a survivor of the sinking of RMS Titanic in 1912, and for her later work as a travel writer and explorer of southeast Asia.
1829 – Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States (d. 1886), was an American attorney and politician who served as the 21st president of the United States from 1881 to 1885. He previously was the 20th vice president of the United States, and he succeeded to the presidency upon the death of President James A.
1824 – Henry Chadwick, English-American historian and author (d. 1908). Henry Chadwick is the name of:
1820 – David Wilber, American lawyer and politician (d. 1890), was a United States Representative from New York.
2016 – Brock Yates, American journalist and author (b. 1933)
2015 – Grace Lee Boggs, American philosopher, author, and activist (b. 1915)
2014 – David Chavchavadze, English-American CIA officer and author (b. 1924)