1976 – The United States Treasury Department reintroduces the two-dollar bill as a Federal Reserve Note on Thomas Jefferson's 233rd birthday as part of the United States Bicentennial celebration.
1974 – Western Union (in cooperation with NASA and Hughes Aircraft) launches the United States' first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite, Westar 1.
1964 – At the Academy Awards, Sidney Poitier becomes the first African-American male to win the Best Actor award for the 1963 film Lilies of the Field.
1960 – The United States launches Transit 1-B, the world's first satellite navigation system.
1943 – World War II: The discovery of mass graves of Polish prisoners of war killed by Soviet forces in the Katyń Forest Massacre is announced, causing a diplomatic rift between the Polish government-in-exile in London from the Soviet Union, which denies responsibility.
1902 – James C. Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
1873 – The Colfax massacre, in which more than 60 African Americans are murdered, takes place.
1870 – The New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art is founded.
1865 – American Civil War: Raleigh, North Carolina is occupied by Union Forces.
1861 – American Civil War: Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederate forces.
1777 – American Revolutionary War: American forces are ambushed and defeated in the Battle of Bound Brook, New Jersey.
1613 – Samuel Argall captures Native American princess Pocahontas in Passapatanzy, Virginia to ransom her for some English prisoners held by her father; she is brought to Henricus as hostage.
1993 – Tony Wroten, American basketball player. Tony LeonDre Wroten Jr. (born April 13, 1993) is an American professional basketball player for Anwil Włocławek of the Polish Basketball League (PLK).
1991 – Josh Gordon, American football player. Joshua Caleb Gordon (born April 13, 1991), nicknamed Flash, is an American football wide receiver for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League (NFL).
1987 – Allison Weiss, American singer-songwriter. John-Allison Weiss (born April 13, 1987) is a Los Angeles-based indie pop singer, songwriter, and performer known sometimes by the stage name A.W..
1987 – Brandon Hardesty, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Brandon Allan Hardesty (born April 13, 1987) is an American comedic performer and actor Hardesty posts original comedy videos as well as "uncanny" recreations of scenes from movies, playing every part himself.
1986 – Lorenzo Cain, American baseball player. Lorenzo Lamar Cain (born April 13, 1986) is an American professional baseball center fielder for the Milwaukee Brewers of Major League Baseball (MLB).
1986 – Michael Bingham, American-English sprinter. Michael Bingham (born 13 April 1986) is a British 400 m athlete.
1983 – Hunter Pence, American baseball player. Hunter Andrew Pence (born April 13, 1983) is an American professional baseball right fielder and designated hitter who is a free agent.
1982 – Nellie McKay, British-American singer-songwriter, musician, and actress. She made her Broadway debut in The Threepenny Opera (2006).
1981 – Nat Borchers, American soccer player. He won the MLS Cup in 2009 with Real Salt Lake and in 2015 with Portland Timbers.
1980 – Colleen Clinkenbeard, American voice actress, director, producer, and screenwriter. Luffy in the Funimation dub of One Piece; the young Goku and Gohan in Dragon Ball Z Kai; Yuko Ichihara in xxxHolic, Riza Hawkeye in the Fullmetal Alchemist series and Erza Scarlet in Fairy Tail.
1980 – Quentin Richardson, American basketball player. Richardson (born April 13, 1980) is an American retired professional basketball player, formerly was the director of player development for the Detroit Pistons of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1979 – Baron Davis, American basketball player. He was drafted with the third overall pick in the 1999 NBA draft by the Charlotte Hornets.
1979 – Meghann Shaughnessy, American tennis player. Her best doubles ranking was world No. 4.
1978 – Keydrick Vincent, American football player. He played college football at Mississippi.
1976 – Glenn Howerton, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. Bio, as well as the lead role in the short-lived sitcom That '80s Show.
1976 – Jonathan Brandis, American actor (d. 2003). Beginning his career as a child model, Brandis moved on to acting in commercials and subsequently won television and film roles.
1976 – Patrik Eliáš, Czech-American ice hockey player. Patrik Eliáš (Czech pronunciation: (listen); born 13 April 1976) is a Czech former professional hockey winger who played 20 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the New Jersey Devils.
1972 – Aaron Lewis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Aaron Lewis (born April 13, 1972) is an American singer, songwriter and musician who is best known as the lead vocalist, rhythm guitarist and founding member of the alternative metal band Staind, with whom he released seven studio albums.
1971 – Bo Outlaw, American basketball player. Outlaw was known for his athleticism, tenacious defensive approach and sub-par free-throw shooting (.521 for his career).
1970 – Monty Brown, American football player and wrestler. Brown (born April 13, 1970) is an American former professional wrestler and National Football League linebacker.
1970 – Ricardo Rincón, Mexican-American baseball player. Ricardo Rincón Espinoza (born April 13, 1970) is a former professional baseball relief pitcher.
1970 – Ricky Schroder, American actor. He has continued acting as an adult, usually billed as Rick Schroder, notably as "Newt" on the western miniseries Lonesome Dove (1989) and in the crime-drama series NYPD Blue.
1968 – Ted Washington, American football player. He was originally drafted out of Louisville by the San Francisco 49ers, 25th overall in the 1991 NFL Draft, but also played for the Denver Broncos, Buffalo Bills, Chicago Bears, New England Patriots, Oakland Raiders and Cleveland Browns during his career.
1967 – Dana Barros, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster. Dana Bruce Barros (born April 13, 1967) is an American retired professional basketball player from the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1967 – Michael Eisen, American biologist and academic. He is a leading advocate of open access scientific publishing and is co-founder of Public Library of Science (PLOS).
1967 – Olga Tañón, Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter. Over the course of her career, she has earned two Grammy Awards, three Latin Grammy Awards, and 29 Premio Lo Nuestro Awards.
1966 – Marc Ford, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. Marc is currently performing solo shows as his new project "West Coast Reunion" comes together.
1964 – Davis Love III, American golfer and sportscaster. Davis Milton Love III (born April 13, 1964) is an American professional golfer who has won 21 events on the PGA Tour, including one major championship: the 1997 PGA Championship.
1964 – John Swinney, Scottish businessman and politician, Deputy First Minister of Scotland. He is also the Member of the Scottish Parliament for Perthshire North, having previously represented North Tayside (1999–2011).
1962 – Hillel Slovak, Israeli-American guitarist (d. 1988), was an Israeli-American musician best known as the founding guitarist of the Los Angeles rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers. Slovak recorded two albums with the band, Freaky Styley (1985) and The Uplift Mofo Party Plan (1987).
1961 – Hiro Yamamoto, American bass player and songwriter, was a founding member of grunge band Soundgarden, along with Kim Thayil and Chris Cornell in 1984. He left the band in 1989, and two years later, he started the independent rock band Truly together with Screaming Trees drummer Mark Pickerel and Robert Roth from The Storybook Krooks.
1957 – Amy Goodman, American journalist and author. Amy Goodman (born April 13, 1957) is an American broadcast journalist, syndicated columnist, investigative reporter, and author.
1957 – Saundra Santiago, American actress. Gina Calabrese on 1980s television series Miami Vice.
1956 – Edward Forbes Smiley III, American art thief and map dealer. He was found guilty in 2006 of stealing 97 rare maps originally valued at more than US$3 million and sentenced to 42 months in prison.
1955 – Steve Camp, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Camp (born April 13, 1955) is an American contemporary Christian music artist who has written or co-written 21 No. 1 singles since his debut in 1978 as a solo artist.
1954 – Jimmy Destri, American keyboard player and songwriter. Jimmy Destri (born James Mollica, April 13, 1954, Brooklyn, New York City, United States) is an American musician.
1952 – Sam Bush, American mandolin player. Charles Samuel Bush (born April 13, 1952) is an American mandolinist who is considered an originator of progressive bluegrass music.
1951 – Max Weinberg, American drummer. Max Weinberg (born April 13, 1951) is an American drummer and television personality, most widely known as the longtime drummer for Bruce Springsteen's E Street Band and as the bandleader for Conan O'Brien on Late Night with Conan O'Brien and The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien.
1951 – Peabo Bryson, American singer-songwriter and producer. Peabo Bryson (born Robert Peapo Bryson; April 13, 1951, given name changed from "Peapo " to Peabo c. 1965) is an American R&B and soul singer-songwriter, born in Greenville, South Carolina, United States.
1950 – Ron Perlman, American actor. He played the role of Vincent on the television series Beauty and the Beast (1987–1990), for which he won a Golden Globe Award, the comic book character Hellboy in both Hellboy (2004) and its sequel Hellboy II: The Golden Army (2008), and Clay Morrow on the television series Sons of Anarchy (2008–2013).
1949 – Christopher Hitchens, English-American essayist, literary critic, and journalist (d. 2011), was an English-American author, columnist, essayist, orator, journalist, and social critic. Hitchens was the author, co-author, editor, or co-editor of over 30 books, including five collections of essays on culture, politics, and literature.
1947 – Rae Armantrout, American poet and academic. Rae Armantrout (born April 13, 1947) is an American poet generally associated with the Language poets.
1946 – Al Green, American singer-songwriter, producer, and pastor. Albert Leornes Greene (born April 13, 1946), often known as The Reverend Al Green, is an American singer, songwriter and record producer, best known for recording a series of soul hit singles in the early 1970s, including "Take Me to the River", "Tired of Being Alone", "I'm Still in Love with You", "Love and Happiness", and his signature song, "Let's Stay Together".
1945 – Bob Kalsu, American football player and lieutenant (d. 1970), was an All-American tackle at the University of Oklahoma and an eighth-round selection in the 1968 NFL/AFL draft by the Buffalo Bills of the American Football League. He later joined the U.S.
1945 – Ed Caruthers, American high jumper. Edward Julius "Ed." Caruthers Jr. (born April 13, 1945) is an American former athlete who competed mainly in the men's high jump event during his career.
1945 – Lowell George, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1979), was an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer, who was the primary guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter for the rock band Little Feat.
1945 – Tony Dow, American actor. Tony Lee Dow (born April 13, 1945) is an American film producer, director, sculptor, and television actor.
1944 – Jack Casady, American bass guitarist (Jefferson Airplane). Their singles, including "Somebody to Love" and "White Rabbit", had a more polished style than their other material, and successfully charted in 1967 and 1968.
1943 – Billy Kidd, American skier. William Winston "Billy" Kidd (born April 13, 1943) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer, a member of the U.S.
1942 – Bill Conti, American composer and conductor. William Conti (born April 13, 1942) is an American composer and conductor, best known for his film scores, including Rocky (and four of its sequels), Karate Kid (and all of its sequels), For Your Eyes Only, Dynasty, and The Right Stuff, which earned him an Academy Award for Best Original Score.
1941 – Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Goldstein in 1985 for describing the regulation of cholesterol metabolism.
1940 – Lester Chambers, American singer and musician (The Chambers Brothers). Lester Chambers (born April 13, 1940, Mississippi, United States) is an American recording artist, and member and lead singer of the 1960s soul rock group The Chambers Brothers, who had the hit single, "Time Has Come Today".
1940 – Max Mosley, English race car driver and engineer, co-founded March Engineering, former president of the FIA. Max Rufus Mosley (born 13 April 1940) is the former president of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), a non-profit association that represents the interests of motoring organisations and car users worldwide.
1940 – Ruby Puryear Hearn, African-American biophysicist. Ruby Louise Puryear Hearn (born April 13, 1940) is an African-American biophysicist who has dedicated her career to health policy.
1939 – Paul Sorvino, American actor and singer. Paul Anthony Sorvino (/sɔːrˈviːnoʊ/, Italian: ; born April 13, 1939) is an American actor, opera singer, businessman, writer, and sculptor.
1937 – Lanford Wilson, American playwright, co-founded the Circle Repertory Company (d. 2011). His work, as described by The New York Times, was "earthy, realist, greatly admired widely performed." Wilson helped to advance the Off-Off-Broadway theater movement with his earliest plays, which were first produced at the Caffe Cino beginning in 1964.
1933 – Ben Nighthorse Campbell, American soldier and politician. Senator from Colorado from 1993 to 2005.
1932 – Orlando Letelier, Chilean-American economist and politician, Chilean Minister of National Defense (d. 1976), was a Chilean economist, politician and diplomat during the presidency of Salvador Allende. A refugee from the military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet, Letelier accepted several academic positions in Washington, D.C. following his exit from Chile.
1931 – Dan Gurney, American race car driver and engineer, was an American racing driver, race car constructor, and team owner who reached racing's highest levels starting in 1958.
1931 – Jon Stone, American composer, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1997), was an American writer, director and producer, who was best known for being an original crew member on Sesame Street and is credited with helping develop characters such as Cookie Monster, Oscar the Grouch and Big Bird. Stone won 18 television Emmy Awards.
1929 – Marilynn Smith, American golfer, was an American professional golfer. She was one of the thirteen founders of the LPGA in 1950.
1927 – Antonino Rocca, Italian-American wrestler (d. 1977), was an Italian Argentinian professional wrestler. He tag teamed with partner Miguel Pérez.
1924 – Jack T. Chick, American author, illustrator, and publisher (d. 2016), was an American cartoonist and publisher, best known for his evangelical fundamentalist Christian "Chick tracts". He expressed his perspective on a variety of issues through sequential-art morality plays.
1924 – John T. Biggers, American painter (d. 2001), was an African-American muralist who came to prominence after the Harlem Renaissance and toward the end of World War II. Biggers has worked on creating works critical of racial and economic injustice.
1924 – Stanley Donen, American director and choreographer, was an American film director and choreographer whose most celebrated works are On the Town (1949) and Singin' in the Rain (1952), both of which starred Gene Kelly who co-directed. His other films include Royal Wedding (1951), Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1954), Funny Face (1957), Indiscreet (1958), and Charade (1963).
1923 – Don Adams, American actor and director (d. 2005), was an American actor, comedian and director. In his five decades on television, he was best known as Maxwell Smart (Agent 86) in the television situation comedy Get Smart (1965–70, 1995), which he also sometimes directed and wrote.
1923 – Stanley Tanger, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Tanger Factory Outlet Centers (d. 2010). Tanger founded Tanger Factory Outlet Centers, which began with a single location in Burlington, North Carolina in 1981, and now has 45 shopping centers throughout the United States and Canada as of April 2015.
1919 – Howard Keel, American actor and singer (d. 2004), was an American actor and singer with a rich bass-baritone singing voice. He starred in a number of MGM musicals in the 1950s and in the CBS television series Dallas from 1981–1991.
1919 – Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American activist, founded American Atheists (d. 1995), was an American activist supporting atheism and separation of church and state. In 1963 she founded American Atheists and served as its president until 1986, after which her son Jon Garth Murray succeeded her.
1917 – Bill Clements, American soldier, engineer, and politician, 15th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense (d. 2011), was an American businessman and Republican Party politician who served two non-consecutive terms as Governor of Texas between 1979 and 1991. His terms bookended the sole term served by Mark Wells White, a Democrat who defeated Clements in the 1982 election only to lose his campaign for re-election in 1986.
1917 – Robert Orville Anderson, American businessman, founded Atlantic Richfield Oil Co. (d. 2007), was an American businessman and philanthropist who founded Atlantic Richfield Oil Co. (since 2000 part of BP) through the 1966 merger of the Atlantic and Richfield oil companies and was Arco's chairman for two decades. Anderson used his clout to support an array of major cultural organizations, from the Los Angeles County Museum of Art to Harper's Magazine.
1916 – Phyllis Fraser, Welsh-American actress, journalist, and publisher, co-founded Beginner Books (d. 2006), was an American actress, journalist, and children's book publisher, and co-founder of Beginner Books.
1913 – Dave Albritton, American high jumper and coach (d. 1994), was an American athlete. He had a long career that spanned three decades and numerous titles and was one of the first high jumpers to use the straddle technique.
1913 – Kermit Tyler, American lieutenant and pilot (d. 2010), was an American Air Force officer. Tyler was assigned as a pilot in the 78th Pursuit Squadron at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the day Japan attacked Pearl Harbor.
1909 – Eudora Welty, American short story writer and novelist (d. 2001), was an American short story writer and novelist who wrote about the American South. Her novel The Optimist's Daughter won the Pulitzer Prize in 1973.
1909 – Stanislaw Ulam, Polish-American mathematician and academic (d. 1984), was a Polish scientist in the fields of mathematics and nuclear physics. He participated in the Manhattan Project, originated the Teller–Ulam design of thermonuclear weapons, discovered the concept of the cellular automaton, invented the Monte Carlo method of computation, and suggested nuclear pulse propulsion.
1907 – Harold Stassen, American lawyer and politician, 25th Governor of Minnesota (d. 2001), was an American politician who was the 25th Governor of Minnesota. He was a leading candidate for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in 1948, considered for a time to be the front-runner.
1906 – Bud Freeman, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1991), was an American jazz musician, bandleader, and composer, known mainly for playing the tenor saxophone, but also able at the clarinet. He had a smooth and full tenor sax style with a heavy robust swing.
1902 – Marguerite Henry, American author (d. 1997), was an American writer of children's books, writing fifty-nine books based on true stories of horses and other animals. She won the Newbery Medal for one of her books about horses and she was a runner-up for two others.
1900 – Sorcha Boru, American potter and ceramic sculptor (d. 2006), was the assumed or studio name of Claire Everett (née Jones) Stewart (13 April 1900 – 30 January 2006), a potter and ceramic sculptor. Most of her works include small items such as figurines, vases, planters, and salt and pepper shakers, mostly done in the art deco style.
1899 – Alfred Mosher Butts, American architect and game designer, created Scrabble (d. 1993), was an American architect, famous for inventing the board game Scrabble in 1938.
1899 – Harold Osborn, American high jumper and decathlete (d. 1975), was a U.S. track athlete. He won a gold medal in Olympic decathlon and high jump in 1924.
1894 – Joie Ray, American runner (d. 1978). Joie Ray is the name of:
1892 – Robert Watson-Watt, Scottish engineer, invented the Radar (d. 1973), was a British pioneer of radio direction finding and radar technology.
1891 – Nella Larsen, Danish/African-American nurse, librarian, and author (d. 1964), was an American novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Working as a nurse and a librarian, she published two novels, Quicksand (1928) and Passing (1929), and a few short stories.
1890 – Frank Murphy, American jurist and politician, 56th United States Attorney General (d. 1949), was a Democratic politician and jurist from Michigan. He was named to the Supreme Court of the United States in 1940 after a political career that included serving as United States Attorney General, Governor of Michigan and Mayor of Detroit.
1889 – Herbert Yardley, American cryptologist and author (d. 1958). He founded and led the cryptographic organization the Black Chamber.
1885 – Vean Gregg, American baseball player (d. 1964), was born April 13, 1885, in Chehalis, Washington. For three years, the left-hander was one of the most dominant pitchers in the major leagues.
1880 – Charles Christie, Canadian-American businessman, co-founded the Christie Film Company (d. 1955). Born in London, Ontario, Canada, Charles and his brother Al left home to pursue a career in the fledgling motion picture industry.
1879 – Edward Bruce, American lawyer and painter (d. 1943), was a younger brother of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots. He supported his brother in the 1306-1314 struggle for the Scottish crown, then pursued his own claims in Ireland.
1875 – Ray Lyman Wilbur, American physician, academic, and politician, 31st United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1949), was an American medical doctor who served as the third president of Stanford University and was the 31st United States Secretary of the Interior.
1873 – John W. Davis, American lawyer and politician, 14th United States Solicitor General (d. 1955), was an American politician, diplomat and lawyer. He served under President Woodrow Wilson as the Solicitor General of the United States and the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom.
1866 – Butch Cassidy, American criminal (d. 1908), was a U.S. train robber and bank robber, and the leader of a gang of criminal outlaws known as the "Wild Bunch" in the American Old West.
1852 – Frank Winfield Woolworth, American businessman, founded the F. W. Woolworth Company (d. 1919), was an American entrepreneur and the founder of F. W.
1851 – Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist (d. 1928), was an American surgeon and pioneer radiologist in New York City. He was born in New York City and educated at the College of the City of New York (S.B., 1871) and Columbia University (M.D., 1874).
1808 – Antonio Meucci, Italian-American engineer (d. 1889), was an Italian inventor and an associate of Giuseppe Garibaldi, a major political figure in the history of Italy. Meucci is best known for developing a voice-communication apparatus that several sources credit as the first telephone.
1743 – Thomas Jefferson, American lawyer and politician, 3rd President of the United States (d. 1826), was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, philosopher, and Founding Father who served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. He previously served as the second vice president of the United States from 1797 to 1801.
1735 – Isaac Low, American merchant and politician, founded the New York Chamber of Commerce (d. 1791), was an American merchant in New York City who served as a member of the Continental Congress and as a delegate to the New York Provincial Congress. Though originally a Patriot, he later joined the Loyalist cause in the American Revolution.
1506 – Peter Faber, French priest and theologian, co-founded the Society of Jesus (d. 1546), was the first Jesuit priest and theologian, who was also a co-founder of the Society of Jesus, along with Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier. Pope Francis announced his canonization on 17 December 2013.
2017 – Dan Rooney, American football executive and former United States Ambassador to Ireland (b. 1932)
2016 – Nera White, American basketball player (b. 1935)
2015 – Gerald Calabrese, American basketball player and politician (b. 1925)
2015 – Herb Trimpe, American author and illustrator (b. 1939)
2014 – Fred Enke, American football player (b. 1924)
2014 – Michael Ruppert, American journalist and author (b. 1951)
2013 – Chi Cheng, American bass player (b. 1970)
2013 – Dean Drummond, American composer and conductor (b. 1949)
2013 – Vincent Montana, Jr., American drummer and composer (b. 1928)
2012 – David S. Smith, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to Sweden (b. 1918)
2012 – William B. Buffum, American soldier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Lebanon (b. 1921)
2009 – Bruce Snyder, American football player and coach (b. 1940)
2009 – Mark Fidrych, American baseball player (b. 1954)
2008 – John Archibald Wheeler, American physicist and academic (b. 1911)
2006 – Bill Baker, American baseball player, coach, and umpire (b. 1911)
2005 – Don Blasingame, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1932)
2005 – Phillip Pavia, American painter and sculptor (b. 1912)
2000 – Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player and manager (b. 1910)
1997 – Bryant Bowles, American soldier and activist, founded the National Association for the Advancement of White People (b. 1920)
1997 – Dorothy Frooks, American author and actress (b. 1896)
1993 – Wallace Stegner, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1909)
1984 – Ralph Kirkpatrick, American harp player and musicologist (b. 1911)
1975 – Larry Parks, American actor and singer (b. 1914)
1962 – Culbert Olson, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of California (b. 1876)
1961 – John A. Bennett, American soldier (b. 1935)
1945 – Ernst Cassirer, Polish-American philosopher and academic (b. 1874)
1941 – Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer and academic (b. 1863)
1911 – George Washington Glick, American lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of Kansas (b. 1827)
1911 – John McLane, Scottish-American politician, 50th Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1852)
1890 – Samuel J. Randall, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 33rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1828)
1886 – John Humphrey Noyes, American religious leader, founded the Oneida Community (b. 1811)
1853 – James Iredell, Jr., American lawyer and politician, 23rd Governor of North Carolina (b. 1788)