In 2017 the Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson for "developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution".
The 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to David J. Thouless, F. Duncan M. Haldane and John M. Kosterlitz for discoveries relating to exotic quantum states of matter and topological order.
2004 – SpaceShipOne wins Ansari X Prize for private spaceflight, by being the first private craft to fly into space.
1985 – The Free Software Foundation is founded in Massachusetts, United States.
1965 – Pope Paul VI arrives in New York City, the first Pope to visit the Americas.
1957 – Space Race: Launch of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth.
1904 – IFK Göteborg was founded in Café Olivedal in Gothenburg, Sweden.
1895 – The first U.S. Open Men's Golf Championship administered by the United States Golf Association is played at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island.
1883 – First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
1883 – First run of the Orient Express.
1876 – Texas A&M University opens as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, becoming the first public institution of higher education in Texas.
1795 – Napoleon Bonaparte first rises to national prominence by suppressing armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the National Convention.
1597 – The first Guale uprising begins against the Spanish missions in Georgia.
1535 – The first complete English-language Bible (the Coverdale Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Myles Coverdale.
1989 – Dakota Johnson, American model and actress. Johnson was discouraged from pursuing acting further until she completed high school, after which she began auditioning for roles in Los Angeles.
1988 – Derrick Rose, American basketball player. Derrick Martell Rose (born October 4, 1988) is an American professional basketball player for the Detroit Pistons of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1988 – Melissa Benoist, American actress and singer. She is known for her portrayal of the titular character in the CBS/CW DC Comics–based superhero drama series Supergirl (2015–present).
1983 – Chansi Stuckey, American football player. Stuckey (born October 4, 1983) is a former American football wide receiver who played in the National Football League (NFL).
1983 – Kurt Suzuki, American baseball player. Kurtis Kiyoshi Suzuki (born October 4, 1983) is an American professional baseball catcher for the Washington Nationals of Major League Baseball (MLB).
1982 – Jered Weaver, American baseball player. Weaver was drafted in the first round (12th overall) in the 2004 Major League Baseball draft by the Angels out of Long Beach State.
1980 – Sarah Fisher, American race car driver. Sarah Marie Fisher (born October 4, 1980) is an American retired professional race car driver who competed in the Indy Racing League (IRL) (now IndyCar Series) and the Indianapolis 500 intermittently from 1999 to 2010.
1979 – Rachael Leigh Cook, American actress. She is also the voice behind various characters in Robot Chicken and Tifa Lockhart in the Final Fantasy series, starting with the English version of the film Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children.
1978 – Kyle Lohse, American baseball player. Louis Cardinals, Milwaukee Brewers, and Texas Rangers.
1978 – Phillip Glasser, American actor and producer. He is best known for voice acting the animated character Fievel Mousekewitz in An American Tail and its sequel An American Tail: Fievel Goes West.
1976 – Alicia Silverstone, American actress, producer, and author. She starred in the comedy hit Clueless (1995), which earned her a multimillion-dollar deal with Columbia Pictures, and in the big-budget film Batman & Robin (1997), playing Barbara/Batgirl.
1968 – Tim Wise, American activist and author. Timothy Jacob Wise (born October 4, 1968) is an American anti-racism activist and writer.
1967 – Liev Schreiber, American actor and director. He later became known to a younger generation of audiences for his voice work in My Little Pony: The Movie (2017), Isle of Dogs and Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse (2018).
1965 – Micky Ward, American boxer. George Michael Ward Jr. (born October 4, 1965), often known by his nickname of "Irish" Micky Ward, is an Irish-American former professional boxer who competed from 1985 to 2003.
1965 – Skip Heller, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Although active in many different types of music as a performer, producer, and historian coming out of the Philadelphia jazz scene, and in spite of local critical recognition, he did not make a large mark in his hometown.
1965 – Steve Olin, American baseball player (d. 1993), was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for four seasons in the American League with the Cleveland Indians. Olin was a right-handed submarining relief pitcher for the Cleveland Indians from 1988 to 1992.
1963 – A. C. Green, American basketball player. Green was born in Portland, Oregon.
1962 – Jon Secada, Cuban-American singer-songwriter. He fuses funk, soul music, pop, and Latin percussion.
1960 – Joe Boever, American baseball player. Louis Cardinals, Atlanta Braves, Philadelphia Phillies, Houston Astros, Oakland Athletics, Detroit Tigers, and the Pittsburgh Pirates.
1958 – Barbara Kooyman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Barbara Kooyman (also known as by her stage name Barbara K and formerly Barbara K.
1957 – Bill Fagerbakke, American actor. He also appeared in 12 episodes of the sitcom How I Met Your Mother as Marshall Eriksen's father Marvin.
1957 – Russell Simmons, American businessman, founded Def Jam Recordings and Phat Farm. Russell Wendell Simmons (born October 4, 1957) is an American entrepreneur, record executive, writer, and film producer.
1956 – Charlie Leibrandt, American baseball player. Charles Louis Leibrandt, Jr. (/ˈliːbrænt/; born October 4, 1956) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1979 to 1993 for the Cincinnati Reds, Kansas City Royals, Atlanta Braves, and Texas Rangers.
1956 – Sherri Turner, American golfer. She became a member of the LPGA Tour in 1984 and won three LPGA Tour events, including one major championship, during her career.
1952 – Anita DeFrantz, American rower and sports administrator. Anita Lucette DeFrantz (born October 4, 1952) is an American Olympic rower, member of the International Olympic Committee, and twice Vice-President of International Rowing Federation (FISA).
1952 – Jody Stephens, American rock drummer (Big Star; Golden Smog). After the deaths of Chris Bell in 1978, and both Alex Chilton and Andy Hummel in 2010, Stephens is the last surviving original member of Big Star.
1949 – Armand Assante, American actor and producer. His performance in Gotti earned him a Primetime Emmy Award and nominations for the Golden Globe Award and the Screen Actors Guild Award.
1949 – Stephen Gyllenhaal, American director, producer, and screenwriter. He is the father of actors Jake Gyllenhaal and Maggie Gyllenhaal.
1948 – Duke Robillard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Although Robillard is known as a rock and blues guitarist, he also plays jazz and swing.
1948 – Linda McMahon, American businesswoman and politician. Linda Marie McMahon (née Edwards; born October 4, 1948) is an American former professional wrestling executive who served as the 25th Administrator of the Small Business Administration from 2017 to 2019.
1947 – Jim Fielder, American bass player. Jim Fielder (born October 4, 1947 in Denton, Texas) is an American bassist, best known for his work as an original member of Blood, Sweat & Tears.
1946 – Chuck Hagel, American sergeant and politician, 24th United States Secretary of Defense. Charles Timothy Hagel (/ˈheɪɡəl/ HAY-gəl; born October 4, 1946) is an American military veteran and former politician who served as a United States Senator from Nebraska from 1997 to 2009 and as the 24th United States Secretary of Defense from 2013 to 2015 in the Obama administration.
1946 – Larry Clapp, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013). Clapp served in the Wyoming House of Representatives, as a Democrat, in 1978-1979, on the Casper, Wyoming city council and as mayor in 1988.
1946 – Michael Mullen, American admiral. Michael Glenn Mullen, AO, MSC (born October 4, 1946) is a retired United States Navy admiral, who served as the 17th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from October 1, 2007, to September 30, 2011.
1946 – Susan Sarandon, American actress and activist. Known for her social and political activism, she was appointed a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in 1999 and received the Action Against Hunger Humanitarian Award in 2006.
1945 – Clifton Davis, American singer-songwriter, actor, and minister. Clifton Duncan Davis (born October 4, 1945) is an American actor, songwriter, singer, pastor, and author.
1944 – Eddie Gómez, Puerto Rican-American bass player. Edgar Gómez (born October 4, 1944) is a jazz double bassist born in Santurce, Puerto Rico, known for his work with the Bill Evans Trio from 1966 to 1977.
1944 – Tony La Russa, American baseball player and manager. In November 2019, he joined the Los Angeles Angels as a senior advisor of baseball operations.
1943 – H. Rap Brown, American activist. Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin (born Hubert Gerold Brown; October 4, 1943), formerly known as H.
1943 – Jimy Williams, American baseball player and manager. James Francis "Jimy" Williams (born October 4, 1943) is an American former professional baseball infielder, coach and manager in Major League Baseball (MLB).
1942 – Bernice Johnson Reagon, American singer-songwriter, was a founding member of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee's (SNCC) Freedom Singers in the Albany Movement in Georgia. In 1973, she founded the all-black female a cappella ensemble Sweet Honey in the Rock, based in Washington, D.C.
1942 – Karl W. Richter, American lieutenant and pilot (d. 1967), was an officer in the United States Air Force and an accomplished fighter pilot during the Vietnam War. At the age of 23 he was the youngest pilot in that conflict to shoot down a MiG in air-to-air combat.
1941 – Anne Rice, American author. Anne Rice (born Howard Allen Frances O'Brien, October 4, 1941) is an American author of gothic fiction, Christian literature, and erotic literature.
1941 – Karen Cushman, American author. Karen Cushman (born October 4, 1941)) is an American writer of historical fiction.
1941 – Roy Blount, Jr., American humorist and journalist. Roy Alton Blount Jr. (/ˈblʌnt/; born October 4, 1941) is an American writer, speaker, reporter, and humorist.
1940 – Alberto Vilar, American businessman and philanthropist. Albert Vilar, (born October 4, 1940) is an American former investment manager who became particularly known as a patron of opera companies, performing arts organizations, and educational institutions.
1940 – Steve Swallow, American bass player and composer. Steve Swallow (born October 4, 1940) is a jazz bassist and composer noted for his collaborations with Jimmy Giuffre, Gary Burton, and Carla Bley.
1938 – Norman D. Wilson, American actor (d. 2004), was a Toronto-based transportation engineer who designed the Toronto subway, and created a design of a subway for Winnipeg in the late 1950s.
1937 – David Crocker, American philosopher and academic. Crocker (born 4 October 1937), is Research Professor in the School of Public Policy, at the University of Maryland, he is also the founder and former president of the International Development Ethics Association (IDEA).
1937 – Gail Gilmore, Canadian-American actress and dancer (d. 2014), was a Canadian television and film actress and ballet dancer. She was from Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
1937 – Jackie Collins, English-American author and actress (d. 2015), was an English romance novelist. She moved to Los Angeles in the 1960s and spent most of her career there.
1937 – Lloyd Green, American steel guitar player. Green is most notable for his session work, having played on records with artists such as The Byrds, Johnny Cash, Alan Jackson, The Monkees, Jean Stafford, Lynn Anderson, Don Williams, Paul McCartney, Charley Pride, Bob Dylan, Johnny Paycheck, George Hamilton IV and many others.
1934 – Sam Huff, American football player, coach, and sportscaster. Robert Lee "Sam" Huff (born October 4, 1934) is a former professional American football linebacker in the National Football League (NFL) for the New York Giants and the Washington Redskins.
1931 – Richard Rorty, American philosopher and author (d. 2007). Educated at the University of Chicago and Yale University, he had strong interests and training in both the history of philosophy and contemporary analytic philosophy, the latter of which came to comprise the main focus of his work at Princeton University in the 1960s.
1929 – John E. Mack, American psychiatrist and author (d. 2004), was an American psychiatrist, writer, and professor and the head of the department of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. In 1976, Mack won the Pulitzer Prize for his book A Prince of Our Disorder on T.E.
1929 – Leroy Van Dyke, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Leroy Frank Van Dyke (born October 4, 1929) is an American country music singer and guitarist, best known for his hits "The Auctioneer" (1956) and "Walk On By" (1961).
1929 – Scotty Beckett, American actor and singer (d. 1968). He began his career as a child actor in the Our Gang shorts and later costarred on Rocky Jones, Space Ranger.
1928 – Alvin Toffler, German-American journalist and author (d. 2016), was an American writer, futurist, and businessman known for his works discussing modern technologies, including the digital revolution and the communication revolution, with emphasis on their effects on cultures worldwide. He is regarded as one of the world’s outstanding futurists.
1928 – Torben Ulrich, Danish-American tennis player. Torben Ulrich (born October 4, 1928) is a Danish writer, musician, filmmaker, painter, director, performer and former professional tennis player.
1927 – Wolf Kahn, American painter and academic. Wolf Kahn (born October 4, 1927) is a German-born American painter.
1926 – Raymond Watson, American businessman (d. 2012). Watson (October 4, 1926 - October 20, 2012) was the former president of the Irvine Company, and served as chief planner during the 1960s and 1970s.
1924 – Donald J. Sobol, American soldier and author (d. 2012). Sobol (October 4, 1924 – July 11, 2012) was an American writer best known for his children's books, especially the Encyclopedia Brown mystery series.
1923 – Charlton Heston, American actor, director and gun rights activist (d. 2008), was an American actor and political activist.
1922 – Don Lenhardt, American baseball player and coach (d. 2014), was an American outfielder, first baseman, third baseman, scout and coach in American Major League Baseball. In his playing days, he stood 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) tall, weighed 195 pounds (88 kg), and threw and batted right-handed.
1922 – Shin Kyuk-ho, South Korean-Japanese businessman, founded Lotte Group. Shin Kyuk-ho (born 4 October 1921), known in Japan as Takeo Shigemitsu, is a South Korean businessman who is known for being the founder of the Korean conglomerate Lotte Corporation.
1916 – George Sidney, American director and producer (d. 2002), was an American film director and film producer who worked primarily at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
1916 – Jan Murray, American comedian, actor, and game show host (d. 2006), was an American stand-up comedian, actor, and game show host who originally made his name on the Borscht Belt and later was known for his frequent television appearances over several decades.
1914 – Brendan Gill, American journalist and essayist (d. 1997). Brendan Gill (October 4, 1914 – December 27, 1997) wrote for The New Yorker for more than 60 years.
1910 – Frankie Crosetti, American baseball player and coach (d. 2002). As a player and third base coach for the Yankees, Crosetti was part of seventeen World Championship teams and 23 World Series participants overall, from 1932 to 1964, the most of any individual.
1906 – Mary Celine Fasenmyer, American mathematician (d. 1996). She is most noted for her work on hypergeometric functions and linear algebra.
1903 – John Vincent Atanasoff, American physicist and academic, invented the Atanasoff–Berry computer (d. 1995), was an American physicist and inventor, best known for being credited with inventing the first electronic digital computer.
1895 – Buster Keaton, American film actor, director, and producer (d. 1966), was an American actor, comedian, film director, producer, screenwriter, and stunt performer. He is best known for his silent films, in which his trademark was physical comedy with a consistently stoic, deadpan expression that earned him the nickname "The Great Stone Face".
1890 – Alan L. Hart, American physician and author (d. 1962). Hart (October 4, 1890 – July 1, 1962) was an American physician, radiologist, tuberculosis researcher, writer and novelist.
1888 – Lucy Tayiah Eads, American tribal chief (d. 1961), was elected the first female tribal chief of the Kaw Indians in 1922. She was the first chief of the Kaws since 1908.
1880 – Damon Runyon, American newspaperman and short story writer. (d. 1946). He was best known for his short stories celebrating the world of Broadway in New York City that grew out of the Prohibition era.
1876 – Florence Eliza Allen, American mathematician and suffrage activist (d. 1960), was an American mathematician and women's suffrage activist. In 1907 she became the second woman to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, and the fourth Ph.D. overall from that department.
1862 – Edward Stratemeyer, American author and publisher (d. 1930). He was one of the most prolific writers in the world, producing in excess of 1,300 books himself, selling in excess of 500 million copies.
1861 – Frederic Remington, American painter, sculptor, and illustrator (d. 1909), was an American painter, illustrator, sculptor and writer who specialized in depictions of the American Old West. A member of the second generation of Hudson River School artists, Remington's works are known for depicting the Western United States in the last quarter of the 19th-century, featuring such images as cowboys, American Indians, and the U.S.
1861 – Walter Rauschenbusch, American pastor and theologian (d. 1918), was an American theologian and Baptist pastor who taught at the Rochester Theological Seminary. Rauschenbusch was a key figure in the Social Gospel and single tax movements that flourished in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
1835 – Jenny Twitchell Kempton, American opera singer and educator (d. 1921), was an American contralto opera solo singer who had an active career spanning over fifty years starting in 1850. She sang in hundreds of performances across the United States and Europe during her long career.
1822 – Rutherford B. Hayes, American general, lawyer, and politician, 19th President of the United States (d. 1893), was the 19th president of the United States from 1877 to 1881, having served in the United States House of Representatives and as governor of Ohio. Hayes, a lawyer and staunch abolitionist, defended refugee slaves in court proceedings in the antebellum years.
2015 – Dave Pike, American vibraphone player and songwriter (b. 1938)
2015 – Neal Walk, American basketball player (b. 1948)
2015 – William A. Culpepper, American general, lawyer, and judge (b. 1916)
2014 – Jewel Joseph Newman, American sergeant and politician (b. 1921)
2013 – Nicholas Oresko, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1917)
2011 – Doris Belack, American actress (b. 1926)
2005 – Stanley K. Hathaway, American lawyer and politician, 40th United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1924)
2004 – Gordon Cooper, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1927)
2003 – Sid McMath, American lawyer and politician, 34th Governor of Arkansas (b. 1912)
2001 – Blaise Alexander, American race car driver (b. 1976)
2001 – John Collins, American guitarist (b. 1913)
1999 – Art Farmer, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1928)
1994 – Danny Gatton, American guitarist (b. 1945)
1981 – Freddie Lindstrom, American baseball player and coach (b. 1905)
1980 – Pyotr Masherov, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Byelorussia (b. 1918)
1975 – Joan Whitney Payson, American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1903)
1974 – Anne Sexton, American poet and author (b. 1928)
1970 – Janis Joplin, American singer-songwriter (b. 1943)
1951 – Henrietta Lacks, American medical patient (b. 1920)
1946 – Barney Oldfield, American race car driver and actor (b. 1878)
1944 – Al Smith, American lawyer and politician, 42nd Governor of New York (b. 1873)
1904 – Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor, designed the Statue of Liberty (b. 1834)
1890 – Catherine Booth, English theologian and saint, co-founded The Salvation Army (b. 1829)
1867 – Francis Xavier Seelos, German-American priest and missionary (b. 1819)
1859 – Karl Baedeker, German publisher, founded Baedeker (b. 1801)
1852 – James Whitcomb, American lawyer and politician, 8th Governor of Indiana (b. 1795)
1821 – John Rennie the Elder, Scottish engineer, designed the Waterloo Bridge (b. 1761)
1680 – Pierre-Paul Riquet, French engineer, designed the Canal du Midi (b. 1609)