In 2016 greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus) found to be the longest-lived vertebrate on Earth, capable of living nearly 400 years.
2003 – NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
1984 – "We begin bombing in five minutes": United States President Ronald Reagan, while running for re-election, jokes while preparing to make his weekly Saturday address on National Public Radio.
1972 – Vietnam War: The last United States ground combat unit leaves South Vietnam.
1962 – Vostok 3 launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome and cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev becomes the first person to float in microgravity.
1942 – Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil receive a patent for a Frequency-hopping spread spectrum communication system that later became the basis for modern technologies in wireless telephones and Wi-Fi.
1934 – The first civilian prisoners arrive at the Federal prison on Alcatraz Island.
1929 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
1898 – Spanish–American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1858 – The Eiger in the Bernese Alps is ascended for the first time by Charles Barrington accompanied by Christian Almer and Peter Bohren.
1804 – Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria.
3114 BC – The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Maya, begins.
1987 – Drew Storen, American baseball player. Drew Patrick Storen (born August 11, 1987) is an American professional baseball relief pitcher who is a free agent.
1980 – Lee Suggs, American football player. Lee Ernest Suggs, Jr. (born August 11, 1980) is a former American football running back for Virginia Tech the Cleveland Browns and Miami Dolphins in the National Football League.
1976 – Ben Gibbard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Gibbard released his debut solo album, Former Lives, in 2012, and a collaborative studio album, One Fast Move or I'm Gone (2009), with Uncle Tupelo and Son Volt's Jay Farrar.
1976 – Bubba Crosby, American baseball player. Richard Stephen "Bubba" Crosby (born August 11, 1976) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder who played with the Los Angeles Dodgers and the New York Yankees.
1976 – Will Friedle, American actor and screenwriter. More recently, he has voiced a number of animated characters such as Terry McGinnis/Batman, the title character of Batman Beyond, and Ron Stoppable of Kim Possible.
1973 – Kristin Armstrong, American cyclist. Kristin Armstrong (born August 11, 1973) is a former professional road bicycle racer and three-time Olympic gold medalist, the winner of the women's individual time trial in 2008, 2012, and 2016.
1968 – Charlie Sexton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Additionally, he performed as a member of Bob Dylan's backing band from 1999 to 2002, 2009 to 2012, and 2013 to present.
1967 – Joe Rogan, American actor, comedian, and television host. Joseph James Rogan (born August 11, 1967) is an American stand-up comedian, mixed martial arts color commentator, podcast host, and former actor and television host.
1965 – Embeth Davidtz, American actress. Her screen roles include movies such as Army of Darkness, Schindler's List, Matilda, Junebug, Mansfield Park, Bicentennial Man, and Fracture, and the television series Californication and Mad Men.
1965 – Viola Davis, American actress. Time magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2012 and 2017.
1964 – Jim Lee, South Korean-American author and illustrator. Jim Lee (Korean 이용철; born August 11, 1964) is a Korean American comic-book artist, writer, editor, and publisher.
1962 – Brian Azzarello, American author. Brian Azzarello (born in Cleveland, Ohio, August 11, 1962) is an American comic book writer and screenwriter.
1962 – Charles Cecil, English video game designer and co-founded Revolution Software. He studied at Bedales School in Hampshire, England.
1962 – Rob Minkoff, American director and producer. Robert Ralph Minkoff (born August 11, 1962) is an American filmmaker.
1961 – Craig Ehlo, American basketball player and coach. He played fifteen seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA) with four teams, amassing career totals of 7,492 points, 2,456 assists and 3,139 rebounds.
1954 – Bryan Bassett, American guitarist. Bryan Bassett (born August 11, 1954) is an American guitarist who has played with several notable bands but is probably best known as a member of Wild Cherry in the 1970s who had a hit with "Play That Funky Music."
1954 – Vance Heafner, American golfer and coach (d. 2012), was an American professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour, the Nationwide Tour and the Champions Tour. He was the son of professional golfer Clayton Heafner.
1953 – Hulk Hogan, American wrestler. Terry Gene Bollea (/bəˈleɪə/, born August 11, 1953), better known by his ring name as Hulk Hogan, is an American former professional wrestler, actor, television personality, entrepreneur, and musician.
1952 – Bob Mothersbaugh, American singer, guitarist, and producer. Robert Leroy Mothersbaugh, Jr. (/ˈmʌðərzbɔː/; born August 11, 1952), or "Bob 1", is an American singer, songwriter, composer and musician.
1952 – Reid Blackburn, American photographer (d. 1980), was an American photographer killed in the 1980 volcanic eruption of Mount St. Helens.
1950 – Erik Brann, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2003), was an American guitarist with the 1960s acid rock band Iron Butterfly. He is featured on the band's greatest hit, the 17-minute In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida (1968), recorded when he was 17.
1950 – Gennadiy Nikonov, Russian engineer, designed the AN-94 rifle (d. 2003). His most famous accomplishments were probably as the designer of the AN-94 assault rifle, and the "straight-back bolt." Nikonov held 44 Copyright Certificates, and was awarded the titles of "The Best Designer of the Company" and "The Best Designer of the Ministry." In memory of the outstanding designer, a memorial plaque on the building design and weapons center of "Izhmash" (2003), and at the place of his burial (2007).
1950 – Steve Wozniak, American computer scientist and programmer, co-founded Apple Inc. Stephen Gary Wozniak (/ˈwɒzniæk/; born August 11, 1950),(p18)(p27) known as simply Woz, is an American electronics engineer, programmer, philanthropist, and technology entrepreneur.
1949 – Eric Carmen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He scored numerous hit songs across the 1970s and 1980s, first as a member of the Raspberries (who had a million-selling single with "Go All the Way"), and then with his solo career, including hits such as "All by Myself", "Never Gonna Fall in Love Again", "She Did It", "Hungry Eyes", and "Make Me Lose Control".
1949 – Tim Hutchinson, American lawyer and politician. Young Timothy Hutchinson (born August 11, 1949) is an American Republican politician, lobbyist, and former United States senator from the state of Arkansas.
1946 – John Conlee, American singer-songwriter. His singles include seven #1 hits: "Lady Lay Down," "Backside of Thirty," "Common Man," "I'm Only in It for the Love," "In My Eyes," "As Long As I'm Rockin' with You" and "Got My Heart Set on You." In addition to these, Conlee sent 14 other songs into the Top Ten.
1946 – Marilyn vos Savant, American journalist and author. Since 1986, she has written "Ask Marilyn", a Parade magazine Sunday column where she solves puzzles and answers questions on various subjects.
1944 – Frederick W. Smith, American businessman, founded FedEx. The company is headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee.
1941 – John Ellison, American-Canadian musician and songwriter, was born in Montgomery, West Virginia, and was raised in Landgraff, West Virginia, a small, poverty-stricken coal mining village near Welch, West Virginia, and is a dual citizen of the United States and Canada, receiving his Canadian citizenship in 2006.
1937 – Patrick Joseph McGovern, American businessman, founded International Data Group (d. 2014), was an American businessman, known for being chairman and founder of International Data Group (IDG), a company that includes subsidiaries in technology publishing, research, event management and venture capital.
1936 – Andre Dubus, American short story writer, essayist, and memoirist (d. 1999). Andre Jules Dubus II was born in Lake Charles, Louisiana, the youngest child of Katherine (Burke) and André Jules Dubus, a Cajun-Irish Catholic family.
1936 – Bill Monbouquette, American baseball player and coach (d. 2015), was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) right-handed pitcher. He pitched for the Boston Red Sox (1958–65), Detroit Tigers (1966–67), New York Yankees (1967–68), and the San Francisco Giants (1968).
1936 – Jonathan Spence, English-American historian and academic. His most widely read book is The Search for Modern China, a survey of the last several hundred years of Chinese history based on his popular course at Yale.
1933 – Jerry Falwell, American minister and television host (d. 2007), was an American Southern Baptist pastor, televangelist, and conservative activist. He was the founding pastor of the Thomas Road Baptist Church, a megachurch in Lynchburg, Virginia.
1932 – Izzy Asper, Canadian lawyer, businessman, and politician, founded Canwest (d. 2003), was a Canadian tax lawyer and media magnate. He was the founder and owner of the defunct TV and media company CanWest Global Communications Corp and father to its former CEO and President Leonard Asper, former director and corporate secretary Gail Asper, as well as former Executive Vice President David Asper.
1932 – Peter Eisenman, American architect, designed the City of Culture of Galicia. Considered one of the New York Five, Eisenman is known for his writing and speaking about architecture as well as his designs, which have been called high modernist or deconstructive.
1927 – Stuart Rosenberg, American director and producer (d. 2007), was an American film and television director whose motion pictures include Cool Hand Luke (1967), Voyage of the Damned (1976), The Amityville Horror (1979), and The Pope of Greenwich Village (1984). He was noted for his work with actor Paul Newman.
1925 – Arlene Dahl, American actress, businesswoman and writer. Arlene Carol Dahl (born August 11, 1925) is an American actress and former Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract star, who achieved notability during the 1950s.
1923 – Stan Chambers, American journalist and actor (d. 2015), was an American television reporter who worked for KTLA in Los Angeles from 1947 to 2010.
1922 – John "Mule" Miles, American baseball player (d. 2013). Taylor commented that Miles "hit like a mule kicks".
1921 – Alex Haley, American historian and author (d. 1992), was an American writer and the author of the 1976 book Roots: The Saga of an American Family. ABC adapted the book as a television miniseries of the same name and aired it in 1977 to a record-breaking audience of 130 million viewers.
1920 – Mike Douglas, American singer and talk show host (d. 2006), was an American "Big Band" era singer, entertainer, television talk show host (The Mike Douglas Show), and actor.
1919 – Luis Olmo, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and manager (d. 2017), was a major league baseball outfielder and right-handed batter. Olmo played in the majors with the Brooklyn Dodgers (1943–45, 1949) and Boston Braves (1950–51).
1915 – Morris Weiss, American author and illustrator (d. 2014). Weiss (August 11, 1915 – May 18, 2014) was an American comic book and comic strip artist and writer.
1913 – Bob Scheffing, American baseball player and manager (d. 1985). Scheffing threw and batted right-handed; he was listed as 6 feet 2 inches (1.88 m) tall and 180 pounds (82 kg).
1912 – Raphael Blau, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1996), was an American screenwriter who co-wrote the story for Bedtime for Bonzo (1951), among other film productions.
1908 – Don Freeman, American author and illustrator (d. 1978), was an American painter, printmaker, cartoonist, and an illustrator and writer of children's books. He was active from the 1930s to the 1970s and often used Times Square as the backdrop of his memorable works.
1905 – Erwin Chargaff, Austrian-American biochemist and academic (d. 2002), was an Austro-Hungarian biochemist who immigrated to the United States during the Nazi era and was a professor of biochemistry at Columbia University medical school. Through careful experimentation, Chargaff discovered two rules that helped lead to the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA.
1902 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor (d. 1985), was an American film and television actor. Among his many roles, Nolan is remembered for originating the role of private investigator Michael Shayne in a series of 1940s B movies.
1897 – Louise Bogan, American poet and critic (d. 1970). She was appointed the fourth Poet Laureate to the Library of Congress in 1945, and was the first woman to hold this title.
1877 – Adolph M. Christianson, American lawyer and judge (d. 1954). Christianson (August 11, 1877 – February 11, 1954) was an attorney and a justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court.
1833 – Robert G. Ingersoll, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 1899), was an American writer and orator during the Golden Age of Free Thought, who campaigned in defense of agnosticism. He was nicknamed "The Great Agnostic".
1808 – William W. Chapman, American lawyer and politician (d. 1892), was an American politician and lawyer in Oregon and Iowa. He was born and raised in Virginia.
1807 – David Rice Atchison, American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1886). David Rice Atchison (August 11, 1807 – January 26, 1886) was a mid-19th century Democratic United States Senator from Missouri.
1794 – James B. Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869), was an American portraitist and engraver, and the fourth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1844 until his death. Longacre is best known for designing the Indian Head cent, which entered commerce in 1859, and for the designs of the Shield nickel, Flying Eagle cent and other coins of the mid-19th century.
2015 – Richard Oriani, Salvadoran-American metallurgist and engineer (b. 1920)
2014 – Robin Williams, American actor and comedian (b. 1951)
2012 – Michael Dokes, American boxer (b. 1958)
2012 – Red Bastien, American wrestler, trainer, and promoter (b. 1931)
2009 – Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist, founded the Special Olympics (b. 1921)
2008 – George Furth, American actor and playwright (b. 1932)
2006 – Mike Douglas, American singer and talk show host (b. 1920)
2003 – Armand Borel, Swiss-American mathematician and academic (b. 1923)
2003 – Herb Brooks, American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1937)
2002 – Galen Rowell, American photographer and mountaineer (b. 1940)
1995 – Phil Harris, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1904)
1991 – J. D. McDuffie, American race car driver (b. 1938)
1988 – Anne Ramsey, American actress (b. 1929)
1984 – Alfred A. Knopf Sr., American publisher, founded Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. (b. 1892)
1984 – Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian–American chemist and chess player (b. 1916)
1982 – Tom Drake, American actor and singer (b. 1918)
1977 – Frederic Calland Williams, British co-inventor of the Williams-Kilborn tube, used for memory in early computer systems (b. 1911)
1972 – Max Theiler, South African-American virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
1963 – Otto Wahle, Austrian-American swimmer and coach (b. 1879)
1961 – Antanas Škėma, Lithuanian-American author, playwright, actor, and director (b. 1910)
1956 – Jackson Pollock, American painter (b. 1912)
1937 – Edith Wharton, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1862)
1921 – Mary Sumner, English philanthropist, founded the Mothers' Union (b. 1828)
1919 – Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Carnegie Steel Company and Carnegie Hall (b. 1835)
1903 – Eugenio María de Hostos, Puerto Rican-American sociologist, philosopher, and lawyer (b. 1839)