Birken ski festival in Rena, Norway (Birken festival, usually taking place in February in Rena, follows the route that a group of skiers took during Norway’s civil war back in 1200, to carry the young prince Haakon Haakonsøn away from the enemies and to safety)
Education Freedom Day (The first Education Freedom Day was observed on January 17, 2013. The date, however, had to later be changed due to incompatibilities with local holidays such as Chinese New Year and summer holidays when schools are closed. Presently it is observed in March. In 2016, EFD was observed on March 21. Event organization is handled by DFF and volunteers around the world. Volunteers are encouraged to organize events that benefit local educational communities)
International Colour Day (The adoption of an international day of colour was proposed in 2008 by the Portuguese Color Association, whose president, Maria Joao Durao, presented the idea to the International Colour Association. The proposal was agreed in 2009 among the members of this society, which is composed of national associations and members representing more than 30 countries)
Mother's Day in most of the Arab world (Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Lebanon, Mauritania, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen)
2000 – Pope John Paul II makes his first ever pontifical visit to Israel.
1999 – Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.
1986 – Debi Thomas became the first African American to win the World Figure Skating Championships
1983 – The first cases of the 1983 West Bank fainting epidemic begin; Israelis and Palestinians accuse each other of poison gas, but the cause is later determined mostly to be psychosomatic.
1980 – US President Jimmy Carter announces a United States boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet war in Afghanistan.
1970 – The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by Joseph Alioto, Mayor of San Francisco.
1963 – Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary (in California) closes.
1952 – Alan Freed presents the Moondog Coronation Ball, the first rock and roll concert, in Cleveland, Ohio.
1946 – The Los Angeles Rams sign Kenny Washington, making him the first African American player in the American football since 1933.
1928 – Charles Lindbergh is presented with the Medal of Honor for the first solo trans-Atlantic flight.
1919 – The Hungarian Soviet Republic is established becoming the first Communist government to be formed in Europe after the October Revolution in Russia.
1918 – World War I: The first phase of the German Spring Offensive, Operation Michael, begins.
1844 – The Bahá'í calendar begins. This is the first day of the first year of the Bahá'í calendar. It is annually celebrated by members of the Bahá'í Faith as the Bahá'í New Year or Náw-Rúz.
2000 – Jace Norman, American actor. He is known for his starring role as Henry Hart in the Nickelodeon television series Henry Danger.
1990 – Alex Nimo, Liberian-American soccer player. Alexander "Alex" Frank Nimo (born March 21, 1990) is a Liberian-born American soccer player.
1990 – Ryann Krais, American runner and heptathlete. She is a gold and bronze medalist from the 2007 World Youth Championships.
1988 – Erik Johnson, American ice hockey player. Erik Robert Johnson (born March 21, 1988) is an American ice hockey defenseman currently playing and serving as an alternate captain for the Colorado Avalanche in the National Hockey League (NHL).
1985 – Adrian Peterson, American football player. Adrian Lewis Peterson (born March 21, 1985) is an American football running back for the Washington Redskins of the National Football League (NFL).
1985 – Ryan Callahan, American ice hockey player. Callahan (born March 21, 1985) is an American professional ice hockey right winger currently under contract to the Ottawa Senators of the National Hockey League (NHL).
1976 – Rachael MacFarlane, American voice actress and singer. Her voice credits include Hayley Smith on the animated television show American Dad!, Supreme Leader Numbuh 362 in the television series Codename: Kids Next Door and Kate Lockwell in the video game Starcraft II.
1974 – Edsel Dope, American singer-songwriter and producer. Brian Charles Ebejer (born March 21, 1974), known professionally as Edsel Dope, is the lead singer and main songwriter for nu metal/industrial metal band Dope.
1973 – Ananda Lewis, American television host. She was an MTV veejay from the late 1990s until 2001, when she left the network to host her own broadcast syndicated television talk show, The Ananda Lewis Show.
1973 – Large Professor, American rapper and producer. Large Professor is the stage name of William Paul Mitchell (born March 21, 1972), an American hip hop rapper and record producer also known as Large Pro and Extra P.
1972 – Chris Candido, American wrestler (d. 2005), was an American professional wrestler. Candido is best remembered for his tenures with promotions such as World Championship Wrestling, Extreme Championship Wrestling, New Japan Pro Wrestling, Total Nonstop Action Wrestling and Smoky Mountain Wrestling, where he performed under his real name, as well as for his appearances in the World Wrestling Federation under the ring name Skip, one-half of the tag team The Bodydonnas.
1970 – Cenk Uygur, Turkish-American political activist. Cenk Kadir Uygur (/ˈdʒɛŋk ˈjuːɡər/; Turkish: ; born March 21, 1970) is a Turkish-American broadcaster, lawyer, businessman, columnist, journalist, activist, and political commentator.
1969 – Jonah Goldberg, American journalist and author. Jonah Jacob Goldberg (born March 21, 1969) is an American conservative syndicated columnist, author, political analyst, and commentator.
1968 – Andrew Copeland, American singer and guitarist. Sister Hazel is an American alternative rock band from Gainesville, Florida, whose style blends elements of jangle pop, folk rock, classic rock and southern rock.
1967 – Carwyn Jones, Welsh lawyer and politician, First Minister of Wales. Jones was first elected Member of the National Assembly (AM) for Bridgend in 1999.
1967 – Mirela Rupic, American costume and fashion designer. She is also known for being the lead costume designer in the 2007 TV series Chuck.
1965 – Thomas Frank, American author, historian and political analyst. Frank has written several books with great impact, most notably What's the Matter with Kansas? (2004) and Listen, Liberal (2016).
1963 – Share Pedersen, American bass player. Sharon June "Share" Ross (formerly Pedersen; born Sharon June Howe; March 21, 1963 in Glencoe, Minnesota) is the bass player of the female hard rock band, Vixen.
1963 – Shawn Lane, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 2003), was an American musician who released two studio albums and collaborated with a variety of musicians including Ringo Starr, Kris Kristofferson, Johnny Cash, Willie Nelson, Waylon Jennings, Reggie Young, Joe Walsh, Jonas Hellborg and many others. After studying the piano, he mastered the guitar, which he played with exceptional speed.
1963 – Shawon Dunston, American baseball player. A shortstop, Dunston played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1985 through 2002.
1962 – Mark Waid, American author. Mark Waid (/weɪd/; born March 21, 1962) is an American comic book writer, known for his work on titles for DC Comics such as The Flash, Kingdom Come and Superman: Birthright, and for his work on Captain America, Fantastic Four, and Daredevil for Marvel Comics.
1962 – Matthew Broderick, American actor. Other films he had starring credits in include WarGames (1983), Glory (1989), The Freshman (1990), The Cable Guy (1996), Godzilla (1998), Election (1999), Inspector Gadget (1999) and You Can Count on Me (2000).
1962 – Rosie O'Donnell, American actress, producer, and talk show host. After a series of television and film roles that introduced her to a larger national audience, O'Donnell hosted her own syndicated daytime talk show, The Rosie O'Donnell Show, between 1996 and 2002, which won several Daytime Emmy Awards.
1961 – Kassie DePaiva, American actress. She is also known for her portrayal of Blair Cramer on ABC's One Life to Live.
1961 – Kim Turner, American hurdler. Kimberly "Kim" Seals (née Turner, formerly McKenzie, born March 21, 1961) is an American former athlete who competed mainly in the 100 meter hurdles.
1958 – Brad Hall, American comedian, director, and screenwriter. He is best known as a Weekend Update news anchor on Saturday Night Live and for creating the sitcoms The Single Guy and Watching Ellie.
1956 – Dick Beardsley, American runner. Dick Beardsley (born March 21, 1956) is an American long-distance runner best known for tying for first place with Inge Simonsen in the inaugural 1981 London Marathon and his close finish with Alberto Salazar in the 1982 Boston Marathon.
1953 – David Wisniewski, English-American author and illustrator (d. 2002). Wisniewski (March 21, 1953 in England – September 11, 2002 in Alexandria, Virginia at age 49), was an American writer and illustrator best known for children's books.
1953 – Paul Martin Lester, American photographer, author, and educator. Paul Martin Lester (born March 21, 1953) is a Clinical Professor at the School of Arts, Technology, and Emerging Communication (ATEC) and a Professor Emeritus from California State University, Fullerton.
1951 – Conrad Lozano, American bass player. Lozano (born March 21, 1951, in Los Angeles, California) is an American musician and the bass player for Los Lobos.
1951 – Russell Thompkins Jr., American soul singer (The Stylistics). Noted for his high tenor, countertenor, and falsetto vocals, Thompkins is the former lead singer of the Philadelphia soul vocal group The Stylistics.
1950 – Ron Oden, American minister and politician, 19th Mayor of Palm Springs. Ron Oden (born March 21, 1950) is an American politician.
1949 – Eddie Money, American singer-songwriter and guitarist, was an American rock singer and songwriter who had success in the 1970s and 1980s with 11 Top 40 songs including "Baby Hold On", "Two Tickets to Paradise", "Think I'm in Love", "Shakin'", "Take Me Home Tonight", "I Wanna Go Back", "Walk on Water", and "The Love in Your Eyes". Money was known as a working-class rocker with a husky voice.
1948 – Scott Fahlman, American computer scientist and academic. During the period when it was standardized, he was recognized as "the leader of Common Lisp." Recently, Fahlman has been engaged in constructing a knowledge base, "Scone", based in part on his thesis work on the NETL Semantic Network.
1945 – Rose Stone, African-American R&B singer and keyboard player (Sly and the Family Stone). She often wore a platinum-colored wig while performing with the band, and was noted for her strong vocals.
1944 – Gaye Adegbalola, African-American singer and guitarist. Gaye Adegbalola (born Gaye Todd, March 21, 1944, Fredericksburg, Virginia, United States) is an American blues singer and guitarist, teacher, lecturer, activist, and photographer.
1944 – Janet Daley, American-English journalist and author. Janet Daley (born 21 March 1944) is an American-born conservative journalist living and working in Britain, who is currently a columnist for The Sunday Telegraph.
1942 – Amina Claudine Myers, African-American singer-songwriter and pianist. Amina Claudine Myers (born March 21, 1942) is an American jazz pianist, organist, vocalist, composer, and arranger.
1940 – Solomon Burke, American singer-songwriter (d. 2010), was an American preacher and singer who shaped the sound of rhythm and blues as one of the founding fathers of soul music in the 1960s. He has been called "a key transitional figure bridging R&B and soul", and was known for his "prodigious output".
1939 – Kathleen Widdoes, American actress. She is best known for her role as Emma Snyder in the television soap opera As the World Turns, which earned her four Daytime Emmy Award nominations.
1937 – Tom Flores, American football player and coach. Thomas Raymond Flores (born March 21, 1937) is an American former professional football coach and player.
1934 – Al Freeman, Jr., American actor and director (d. 2012), was an American actor, director, and educator. A life member of The Actors Studio, Freeman appeared in a wide variety of plays, ranging from Leroi Jones' Slave/Toilet to Joe Papp's revivals of Long Day's Journey Into Night and Troilus and Cressida, and films, including My Sweet Charlie, Finian's Rainbow, and Malcolm X, as well as television series and soap operas, such as One Life to Live, The Cosby Show, Law & Order, Homicide: Life on the Street and The Edge of Night.
1932 – Joseph Silverstein, American violinist and conductor (d. 2015). Known to family, friends and colleagues as "Joey", Silverstein was born in Detroit.
1932 – Walter Gilbert, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate. Walter Gilbert (born March 21, 1932) is an American biochemist, physicist, molecular biology pioneer, and Nobel laureate.
1931 – Al Williamson, American illustrator (d. 2010), was an American cartoonist, comic book artist and illustrator specializing in adventure, Western and science fiction/fantasy.
1931 – Clark L. Brundin, American-English engineer and academic. Clark Lannerdahl Brundin (born 21 March 1931 in Los Angeles County, California) is a former Vice-Chancellor of the University of Warwick, former President of Templeton College, and currently an Oxford councillor.
1930 – James Coco, American actor (d. 1987), was an American stage and screen actor. He was the recipient of a Primetime Emmy Award, a Drama Desk Award and three Obie Awards, as well as nominations for a Tony Award, an Academy Award and two Golden Globe Awards.
1929 – Maurice Catarcio, American wrestler (d. 2005). He was best known for competing in the then World Wide Wrestling Federation from 1957 to 1960, under the ring-name The Matador.
1927 – Halton Arp, American-German astronomer and critic (d. 2013), was an American astronomer. He was known for his 1966 Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies, which (it was later theorized) catalogues many examples of interacting and merging galaxies, though Arp disputed the idea, claiming apparent associations were prime examples of ejections.
1925 – Harold Ashby, American saxophonist (d. 2003), was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. He worked with Duke Ellington's band, having replaced Jimmy Hamilton in 1968.
1924 – Philip Abbott, American actor (d. 1998), was an American character actor. He appeared in several films and numerous television series, including a lead role as Arthur Ward in the crime series The F.B.I.
1923 – Nirmala Srivastava, Indian religious leader, founded Sahaja Yoga (d. 2011), was the founder of Sahaja Yoga, a simple meditation technique. She said "You cannot know the meaning of your life until you're connected to the power that created you".
1922 – Russ Meyer, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2004), was an American film director, producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, film editor, actor, and photographer. Meyer is known primarily for writing and directing a series of successful sexploitation films that featured campy humor, sly satire and large-breasted women, such as Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill!
1918 – Patrick Lucey, American captain and politician, 38th Governor of Wisconsin (d. 2014), was an American politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 38th Governor of Wisconsin from 1971 to 1977.
1911 – Walter Lincoln Hawkins, African-American scientist and inventor (d. 1992), was an African-American chemist and engineer widely regarded as a pioneer of polymer chemistry. For thirty-four years he worked at Bell Laboratories, where he was instrumental in designing a long-lasting plastic to sheath telephone cables, so assisting the introduction of telephone services to thousands of Americans.
1910 – Julio Gallo, American businessman, co-founded E & J Gallo Winery (d. 1993), was one of two of the founders of the E & J Gallo Winery.
1906 – John D. Rockefeller III, American philanthropist (d. 1978), was a philanthropist and third-generation member of the prominent Rockefeller family. He was the eldest son of the philanthropists John D.
1905 – Phyllis McGinley, American author and poet (d. 1978), was an American author of children's books and poetry. Her poetry was in the style of light verse, specializing in humor, satiric tone and the positive aspects of suburban life.
1902 – Son House, American blues singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1988), was an American delta blues singer and guitarist, noted for his highly emotional style of singing and slide guitar playing.
1897 – Salvador Lutteroth, Mexican wrestling promoter, founded Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (d. 1987), was a Mexican professional wrestling promoter of the mid-twentieth century. Lutteroth's promotion, Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre (EMLL), has been the dominant Mexican promotion since its founding in 1933, until Lutteroth left the company in the 1950s.
1889 – Jock Sutherland, American football player and coach (d. 1948). He coached college football at Lafayette College (1919–1923) and the University of Pittsburgh (1924–1938) and professional football for the Brooklyn Dodgers (1940–1941) and Pittsburgh Steelers (1946–1947).
1886 – Walter Dray, American pole vaulter (d. 1973), was an American track and field athlete who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics. Dray attended Yale University, where he was the captain of the track team.
1884 – George David Birkhoff, American mathematician (d. 1944), was an American mathematician best known for what is now called the ergodic theorem. Birkhoff was one of the most important leaders in American mathematics in his generation, and during his time he was considered by many to be the preeminent American mathematician.
1880 – Broncho Billy Anderson, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1971), was an American actor, writer, film director, and film producer, who is best known as the first star of the Western film genre. He was a founder and star for Essanay studios.
1880 – Hans Hofmann, German-American painter and academic (d. 1966), was a German-born American painter, renowned as both an artist and teacher. His career spanned two generations and two continents, and is considered to have both preceded and influenced Abstract Expressionism.
1878 – Morris H. Whitehouse, American architect (d. 1944), was an American architect whose work included the design of the Gus Solomon United States Courthouse in Portland, Oregon.
1876 – Walter Tewksbury, American runner and hurdler (d. 1968), was an American track and field athlete. At the 1900 Summer Olympics, he won five medals, including two golds.
1867 – Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr., American director and producer (d. 1932), was an American Broadway impresario, notable for his series of theatrical revues, the Ziegfeld Follies (1907–1931), inspired by the Folies Bergère of Paris. He also produced the musical Show Boat.
1866 – Antonia Maury, American astronomer and astrophysicist (d. 1952), was an American astronomer who published an important early catalog of stellar spectra. Maury was part of the Harvard Computers, a group of female astronomers and Human Computers at the Harvard College Observatory.
1865 – George Owen Squier, American general (d. 1934), was born in Dryden, Michigan, United States. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in the Class of 1887 and received a Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University in 1893.
1859 – Daria Pratt, American golfer (d. 1938), was an American golfer who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
1752 – Mary Dixon Kies, American inventor (d. 1837). On May 5, 1809, her patent for a new technique of weaving straw with silk and thread to make hats was signed by President James Madison.
1713 – Francis Lewis, Welsh-American merchant and politician (d. 1803), was a merchant and signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New York.
2017 – Chuck Barris, American game show host and producer (b. 1929)
2017 – Martin McGuinness, Irish republican and deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland (2007–2017) (b. 1950)
2015 – Chuck Bednarik, American lieutenant and football player (b. 1925)
2015 – James C. Binnicker, American sergeant (b. 1938)
2014 – Bill Boedeker, American football player and soldier (b. 1924)
2014 – Jack Fleck, American golfer (b. 1921)
2014 – James Rebhorn, American actor (b. 1948)
2013 – Harlon Hill, American football player and coach (b. 1932)
2013 – Rick Hautala, American author and screenwriter (b. 1949)
2012 – Irving Louis Horowitz, American sociologist, author, and academic (b. 1929)
2012 – Ron Erhardt, American football player and coach (b. 1931)
2011 – Loleatta Holloway, American singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
2011 – Pinetop Perkins, American singer and pianist (b. 1913)
2008 – Denis Cosgrove, English-American geographer and academic (b. 1948)
2007 – Drew Hayes, American author and illustrator (b. 1969)
2005 – Barney Martin, American police officer and actor (b. 1923)
2005 – Bobby Short, American singer and pianist (b. 1924)
2002 – Herman Talmadge, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 70th Governor of Georgia (b. 1913)
2001 – Chung Ju-yung, South Korean businessman, founded Hyundai (b. 1915)
1994 – Lili Damita, French-American actress and singer (b. 1904)
1994 – Macdonald Carey, American actor (b. 1913)
1992 – Natalie Sleeth, American pianist and composer (b. 1930)
1991 – Leo Fender, American businessman, founded Fender Musical Instruments Corporation (b. 1909)
1980 – Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (b. 1888)
1978 – Louis Cottrell, Jr., American saxophonist and clarinet player (b. 1911)
1975 – Joe Medwick, American baseball player and coach (b. 1911)
1958 – Cyril M. Kornbluth, American soldier and author (b. 1923)
1953 – Ed Voss, American basketball player (b. 1922)
1943 – Cornelia Fort, American soldier and pilot (b. 1919)
1934 – Lilyan Tashman, American actress (b. 1896)
1915 – Frederick Winslow Taylor, American golfer, tennis player, and engineer (b. 1856)
1891 – Joseph E. Johnston, American general (b. 1807)
1884 – Ezra Abbot, American scholar and academic (b. 1819)
1863 – Edwin Vose Sumner, American general (b. 1797)