2013 – The Australian Capital Territory becomes the first Australian jurisdiction to legalize same-sex marriage with the Marriage Equality (Same Sex) Act 2013
2008 – India launches its first unmanned lunar mission Chandrayaan-1.
2001 – Grand Theft Auto III was released, popularizing a genre of open-world, action-adventure video games as well as spurring controversy around violence in video games.
1983 – Two correctional officers are killed by inmates at the United States Penitentiary in Marion, Illinois. The incident inspires the Supermax model of prisons.
1981 – The United States Federal Labor Relations Authority votes to decertify the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) for its strike the previous August.
1976 – Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs.
1972 – Vietnam War: In Saigon, Henry Kissinger and South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu meet to discuss a proposed cease-fire that had been worked out between Americans and North Vietnamese in Paris.
1966 – The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain a No. 1 selling album (The Supremes A' Go-Go).
1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy, after internal counsel from Dwight D. Eisenhower, announces that American reconnaissance planes have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he has ordered a naval "quarantine" of the Communist nation.
1957 – Vietnam War: First United States casualties in Vietnam.
1928 – Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus.
1879 – Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric incandescent light bulb (it lasted 13½ hours before burning out).
1878 – The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
1875 – First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
1836 – Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
1797 – André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump from one thousand meters (3,200 feet) above Paris.
1790 – Warriors of the Miami people under Chief Little Turtle defeat United States troops under General Josiah Harmar at the site of present-day Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the Northwest Indian War.
1777 – American Revolutionary War: American defenders of Fort Mercer on the Delaware River repulse repeated Hessian attacks in the Battle of Red Bank.
1992 – 21 Savage, American hip-hop artist, was born in London, England. He moved to Atlanta, Georgia when he was 7 years old.
1992 – Sofia Vassilieva, American actress. Her most notable roles include the children's book character Eloise in Eloise at the Plaza and Eloise at Christmastime, Ariel DuBois in the Emmy-winning TV series Medium, and teenage cancer patient Kate Fitzgerald in the 2009 film adaptation of My Sister's Keeper by Jodi Picoult.
1989 – Marco Restrepo, American musician. Marco Restrepo (born Marco Antonio Restrepo, October 22, 1989) is an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and producer.
1989 – Muhammad Wilkerson, American football player. He played college football at Temple, and was drafted by the New York Jets in the first round of the 2011 NFL Draft.
1985 – Zac Hanson, American singer-songwriter and drummer. Hanson is an American pop rock band from Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States, formed by brothers Isaac (guitar, piano, vocals), Taylor (keyboards, vocals), and Zac (drums, vocals).
1982 – Heath Miller, American football player. Earl Heath Miller Jr. (born October 22, 1982) is a former American football tight end who played professionally for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League (NFL) for 11 seasons from 2005 to 2015.
1981 – Michael Fishman, American actor and producer. Conner on the long-running series Roseanne and its spin-off show, The Conners.
1978 – Dion Glover, American basketball player and coach. Micaiah Diondae "Dion" Glover (born October 22, 1978) is an American former professional basketball player who played in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1976 – Jon Foreman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Jonathan Mark Foreman (born October 22, 1976) is an American musician, the lead singer, guitarist, main songwriter and co-founder of the alternative rock band Switchfoot.
1975 – Jesse Tyler Ferguson, American actor. He is best known for portraying Mitchell Pritchett on the sitcom Modern Family (2009–present), which earned him five consecutive Primetime Emmy Award nominations and four Screen Actors Guild Awards.
1974 – Jeff McInnis, American basketball player. He played in the National Basketball Association (NBA), in Greece (1996–97) and in the Continental Basketball Association (CBA) (1998–99).
1974 – Tim Kinsella, American singer-songwriter. Tim Kinsella is a musician, author, and film director from Chicago, Illinois.
1972 – D'Lo Brown, American wrestler and accountant. Accie Julius Connor (born October 22, 1972) better known by his ring name D'Lo Brown (also formatted as D-Lo Brown), is an American semi-retired professional wrestler.
1972 – Saffron Burrows, English-American actress. On TV she has starred as Lorraine Weller on Boston Legal, Dr.
1970 – Amy Redford, American actress, director, and producer. Amy Hart Redford (born October 22, 1970) is an American actress, director, and producer.
1969 – Spike Jonze, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Adam Spiegel (born October 22, 1969), known professionally as Spike Jonze (pronounced "Jones"), is an American filmmaker, photographer, and actor, whose work includes music videos, commercials, film and television.
1968 – Jay Johnston, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. Jay Johnston (born October 22, 1968) is an American actor and comedian best known for his work as a writer and cast member on the HBO sketch comedy series Mr.
1968 – Shelby Lynne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. She released a Dusty Springfield tribute album called Just a Little Lovin' in 2008.
1968 – Stephanie Cutter, American lawyer and political consultant. The New York Times described her as "a popular but polarizing face of (Obama's) campaign", and a "soldier who says the things the candidate can’t (or won’t) say."
1967 – Carlos Mencia, Honduran-American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter. He is best known as the host of the Comedy Central show Mind of Mencia which produced four seasons before being cancelled in 2008.
1964 – TobyMac, American singer-songwriter and producer. Toby McKeehan (born Kevin Michael McKeehan; October 22, 1964), better known by his stage name TobyMac (styled tobyMac or TOBYMAC), is a Christian hip hop recording artist, music producer, songwriter and author.
1963 – Brian Boitano, American figure skater. National Champion.
1962 – Bob Odenkirk, American actor and comedian. Show with Bob and David, which he co-created and starred in with fellow comic and friend David Cross.
1961 – Barbara Potter, American tennis player. Barbara Potter (born October 22, 1961) is a former tennis player from the United States, who competed professionally on the WTA Tour between 1978 and 1989, winning six singles titles and 19 doubles titles.
1960 – Cris Kirkwood, American singer-songwriter and bass player. Christopher "Cris" Kirkwood (born October 22, 1960) is an American musician who is the bassist and a founding member of the Meat Puppets, an alternative punk rock band.
1960 – Darryl Jenifer, American bass player. Darryl Jenifer (born October 22, 1960) is the bassist for the hardcore punk band Bad Brains and for the rap-rock group The White Mandingos.
1959 – Marc Shaiman, American composer and songwriter. Marc Shaiman (/ʃeɪmən/; born October 22, 1959) is an American composer and lyricist for films, television, and theatre, best known for his collaborations with lyricist and director Scott Wittman.
1956 – Frank DiPino, American baseball player and coach. Frank Michael DiPino (born October 22, 1956) is a retired Major League pitcher who played for the Milwaukee Brewers, Houston Astros, Chicago Cubs, St.
1952 – Jeff Goldblum, American actor and producer. He has starred in some of the highest-grossing films of his era, such as Jurassic Park (1993) and Independence Day (1996), as well as their respective sequels, The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997) and Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018), and Independence Day: Resurgence (2016).
1952 – Julie Dash, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Rebellion.
1949 – Stiv Bators, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1990), was an American punk rock vocalist and guitarist from Girard, Ohio. He is best remembered for his bands Dead Boys and The Lords of the New Church.
1948 – Debbie Macomber, American author. Debbie Macomber (born October 22, 1948 in Yakima, Washington) is an American author of romance novels and contemporary women's fiction.
1947 – Deepak Chopra, Indian-American physician and author. Deepak Chopra (/ˈdiːpɑːk ˈtʃoʊprə/; Hindi: ; born October 22, 1946) is an Indian-born American author and alternative-medicine advocate.
1947 – Haley Barbour, American lawyer and politician, 62nd Governor of Mississippi. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as chairman of the Republican National Committee from 1993 to 1997.
1946 – Eddie Brigati, American singer-songwriter. Prior to his stint with The Young Rascals (who later shortened their name to The Rascals), Brigati had been a member of Joey Dee and the Starliters (having replaced his brother, original Starliter David Brigati, in that group).
1945 – Buzz Potamkin, American director and producer, founded Buzzco Associates (d. 2012), was an American television producer.
1945 – Leslie West, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Leslie West (born Leslie Weinstein; October 22, 1945) is an American rock guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter.
1943 – Allen Coage, American-Canadian wrestler and coach (d. 2007), was an American-Canadian judoka and professional wrestler. He won medals for the United States at several international judo competitions, including the heavyweight bronze medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics, and later appeared in professional wrestling promotions such as the World Wrestling Federation, New Japan Pro Wrestling and Stampede Wrestling under the ring names Bad News Brown, Buffalo Allen, and Bad News Allen.
1943 – Catherine E. Coulson, American actress (d. 2015), was an American stage and screen actress who worked behind the scenes on various studio features, magazine shows and independent films as well as acting in theater and film since the age of 15. She is best known for her role as Margaret Lanterman, the enigmatic Log Lady, in the David Lynch TV series Twin Peaks.
1942 – Annette Funicello, American actress and singer (d. 2013). Funicello began her professional career as a child performer at the age of twelve.
1938 – Christopher Lloyd, American actor, comedian and producer. He made his acting debut in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975), and he gained widespread recognition as Jim Ignatowski in the comedy series Taxi (1978–1983), for which he won two Emmy Awards.
1931 – Ann Rule, American police officer and author (d. 2015), was an American author of true crime books and articles. She is best known for The Stranger Beside Me (1980), about the serial killer Ted Bundy with whom Rule worked and whom she considered a friend, but was later revealed to be a murderer.
1929 – Dory Previn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012), was an American lyricist, singer-songwriter and poet.
1928 – Clare Fischer, American pianist, composer and arranger (d. 2012), was an American keyboardist, composer, arranger, and bandleader. After graduating from Michigan State University (from which, five decades later, he would receive an honorary doctorate), he became the pianist and arranger for the vocal group the Hi-Lo's in the late 1950s.
1925 – Robert Rauschenberg, American painter and illustrator (d. 2008), was an American painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the pop art movement. Rauschenberg is well known for his "combines" of the 1950s, in which non-traditional materials and objects were employed in various combinations.
1925 – Slater Martin, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012), was an American professional basketball player and coach who was a playmaking guard for 11 seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA). He was born in Elmina, Walker County, Texas and played in seven NBA All-Star Games.
1920 – Timothy Leary, American psychologist and author (d. 1996). Timothy Francis Leary (October 22, 1920 – May 31, 1996) was an American psychologist and writer known for advocating the exploration of the therapeutic potential of psychedelic drugs under controlled conditions.
1919 – Kathleen Ankers, English-American actress and set designer (d. 2001), was an American scenic designer, best known for her work on The Rosie O'Donnell Show and the Late Show with David Letterman.
1918 – Lou Klein, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1976). Louis Cardinals, Cleveland Indians and Philadelphia Athletics, and was known as one of the players who "jumped" to the Mexican League in 1946.
1917 – Joan Fontaine, British-American actress (d. 2013), was a British-American actress who is best known for her starring roles in cinema during the Classical Hollywood era. Fontaine appeared in more than 45 feature films in a career that spanned five decades.
1913 – Robert Capa, Hungarian-American photographer and journalist (d. 1954), was a Hungarian-born American war photographer and photojournalist as well as the companion and professional partner of photographer Gerda Taro. He is considered by some to be the greatest combat and adventure photographer in history.
1912 – George N. Leighton, American soldier and judge, was an American jurist who served as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois.
1908 – John Gould, American journalist and author (d. 2003), was an English ornithologist and bird artist. He published a number of monographs on birds, illustrated by plates that he produced with the assistance of his wife, Elizabeth Gould, and several other artists including Edward Lear, Henry Constantine Richter, Joseph Wolf and William Matthew Hart.
1907 – Jimmie Foxx, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1967), was an American professional baseball first baseman who played 20 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Philadelphia Athletics, Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs, and Philadelphia Phillies. His most productive years were with the Philadelphia Athletics and the Boston Red Sox, where he hit 30 or more home runs in 12 consecutive seasons and drove in more than 100 runs in 13 consecutive years.
1904 – Constance Bennett, American actress, singer, and producer (d. 1965), was an American stage, film, radio and television actress. She was a major Hollywood star during the 1920s and 1930s and for a time during the early 1930s, she was the highest-paid actress in Hollywood, as well as one of the most popular.
1903 – Curly Howard, American comedian and vaudevillian (d. 1952), was an American vaudevillian comedian and actor. He was best known as a member of the American farce comedy team the Three Stooges, which also featured his elder brothers Moe and Shemp Howard and actor Larry Fine.
1903 – George Wells Beadle, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1989). In 1958 he shared one-half of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Edward Tatum for their discovery of the role of genes in regulating biochemical events within cells.
1896 – Charles Glen King, American biochemist and academic (d. 1988), was an American biochemist who was a pioneer in the field of nutrition research and who isolated vitamin C at the same time as Albert Szent-Györgyi. A biography of King states that many feel he deserves equal credit with Szent-Györgyi for the discovery of this vitamin.
1882 – N. C. Wyeth, American painter and illustrator (d. 1945). Newell Convers Wyeth (October 22, 1882 – October 19, 1945), known as N.
1881 – Clinton Davisson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958), was an American physicist who won the 1937 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of electron diffraction in the famous Davisson-Germer experiment. Davisson shared the Nobel Prize with George Paget Thomson, who independently discovered electron diffraction at about the same time as Davisson.
1821 – Collis Potter Huntington, American businessman (d. 1900), was one of the Big Four of western railroading (along with Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker) who invested in Theodore Judah's idea to build the Central Pacific Railroad as part of the first U.S. transcontinental railroad. Huntington then helped lead and develop other major interstate lines such as the Southern Pacific Railroad and the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway (C&O), which he was recruited to help complete.
1809 – Volney Howard, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, Texas Attorney General (d. 1889), was an American lawyer, statesman, and jurist.
2015 – Arnold Klein, American dermatologist and author (b. 1945)
2015 – Joshua Wheeler, American sergeant (b. 1975)
2015 – Murphy Anderson, American illustrator (b. 1926)
2014 – John-Roger Hinkins, American religious leader and author (b. 1934)
2013 – James Robinson Risner, American general and pilot (b. 1925)
2012 – Betty Binns Fletcher, American lawyer and judge (b. 1923)
2012 – Gabrielle Roth, American dancer, singer, and author (b. 1941)
2009 – Don Lane, American-Australian actor, singer, and talk show host (b. 1933)
2009 – Soupy Sales, American comedian and actor (b. 1926)
2005 – Arman, French-American painter and sculptor (b. 1928)
2005 – Tony Adams, Irish-American actor and producer (b. 1953)
2002 – Richard Helms, American intelligence agent and diplomat, 8th Director of Central Intelligence (b. 1913)
1995 – Mary Wickes, American actress and singer (b. 1910)
1992 – Cleavon Little, American actor (b. 1939)
1992 – Red Barber, American sportscaster (b. 1908)
1989 – Jacob Wetterling, American kidnapping victim (b. 1978)
1988 – Cynthia Freeman, American author (b. 1915)
1986 – Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian-American physiologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1893)
1986 – Jane Dornacker, American actress and singer (b. 1947)
1982 – Richard Hugo, American poet (b. 1923)
1969 – Tommy Edwards, American singer-songwriter (b. 1922)
1934 – Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (b. 1904)
1917 – Bob Fitzsimmons, English-American boxer (b. 1863)
1883 – Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American soldier and author (b. 1818)
1755 – Elisha Williams, American minister, academic, and jurist (b. 1694)