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Monday 4 March 2024 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

March 4 Events

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March 4, year 2024; March 4, year 2025 see also: March 4, year 2016; March 4, year 2017; March 4, year 2018; March 4, year 2019; March 4, year 2020; March 4, year 2021; March 4, year 2022; March 4, year 2023 calendar
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Holidays and observances


  • 2015 – At least 34 miners die in a suspected gas explosion at the Zasyadko coal mine in the rebel-held Donetsk region of Ukraine.
  • 2009 – The International Criminal Court (ICC) issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur. Al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state to be indicted by the ICC since its establishment in 2002.
  • 2002 – Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers and 200 Al-Qaeda Fighters are killed as American forces attempt to infiltrate the Shah-i-Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.
  • 1998 – Gay rights: Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc.: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that federal laws banning on-the-job sexual harassment also apply when both parties are the same sex.
  • 1996 – A derailed train in Weyauwega, Wisconsin (USA) causes the emergency evacuation of 2,300 people for 16 days.
  • 1986 – The Soviet Vega 1 begins returning images of Halley's Comet and the first images of its nucleus.
  • 1985 – The Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS infection, used since then for screening all blood donations in the United States.
  • 1980 – Nationalist leader Robert Mugabe wins a sweeping election victory to become Zimbabwe's first black prime minister.
  • 1974 – People magazine is published for the first time in the United States as People Weekly.
  • 1957 – The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90.
  • 1944 – World War II: After the success of Big Week, the USAAF begins a daylight bombing campaign of Berlin.
  • 1941 – World War II: The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands; the first large scale British Commando raid.
  • 1933 – Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, the first female member of the United States Cabinet.
  • 1917 – Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first female member of the United States House of Representatives.
  • 1913 – First Balkan War: The Greek army engages the Turks at Bizani, resulting in victory two days later.
  • 1913 – The United States Department of Labor is formed.
  • 1909 – U.S. President William Taft used what became known as a Saxbe fix, a mechanism to avoid the restriction of the U.S. Constitution's Ineligibility Clause, to appoint Philander C. Knox as U.S. Secretary of State
  • 1882 – Britain's first electric trams run in east London.
  • 1865 – The third and final national flag of the Confederate States of America is adopted by the Confederate Congress.
  • 1861 – The first national flag of the Confederate States of America (the "Stars and Bars") is adopted.
  • 1848 – Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia.
  • 1837 – The city of Chicago is incorporated.
  • 1814 – Americans defeat British forces at the Battle of Longwoods between London, Ontario and Thamesville, near present-day Wardsville, Ontario.
  • 1797 – John Adams is inaugurated as the 2nd President of the United States of America, becoming the first President to begin his presidency on March 4.
  • 1794 – The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is passed by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1791 – Vermont is admitted to the United States as the fourteenth state.
  • 1789 – In New York City, the first Congress of the United States meets, putting the United States Constitution into effect. The United States Bill of Rights is written and proposed to Congress.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army fortifies Dorchester Heights with cannon, leading the British troops to abandon the Siege of Boston.
  • 1681 – Charles II grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania.
  • 1675 – John Flamsteed is appointed the first Astronomer Royal of England.
  • 1628 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter.
  • 852 – Croatian Knez Trpimir I issues a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources.


  • 1993 – Bobbi Kristina Brown, American singer and actress (d. 2015), was an American reality television personality, media personality, and singer. She was the daughter of singers Whitney Houston and Bobby Brown.
  • 1992 – Nick Castellanos, American baseball player. Nicholas Alexander Castellanos (born March 4, 1992) is an American professional baseball right fielder of Cuban descent who is currently a free agent.
  • 1990 – Andrea Bowen, American actress. In 2004, she began playing the role of Julie Mayer on the ABC comedy-drama series Desperate Housewives, a role she played on a regular basis until 2008.
  • 1986 – Margo Harshman, American actress. Margo Cathleen Harshman (born March 4, 1986) is an American actress known for her role as Tawny Dean on Even Stevens, on The Big Bang Theory as Sheldon Cooper's assistant, Alex Jensen, and as Delilah McGee, Timothy McGee's paraplegic wife on NCIS.
  • 1986 – Mike Krieger, Brazilian-American computer programmer and businessman, co-founded Instagram. Under Krieger as CTO, Instagram expanded from a few million users to 1 billion monthly active users.
  • 1985 – Chinedum Ndukwe, American football player. Chinedum "Nedu" Ndukwe (/ˈtʃɪnəduːm ənˈduːkweɪ/ CHIN-ə-doom ən-DOO-kway; born March 4, 1985) from Powell, Ohio is a former American football safety.
  • 1985 – Whitney Port, American fashion designer and author. In 2006, Port came to prominence after being cast in the reality television series The Hills, which chronicled the personal and professional lives of Port and friends Lauren Conrad, Heidi Montag, and Audrina Patridge.
  • 1984 – Raven Quinn, American singer-songwriter. Quinn released the title track "Not In Vain" from her sophomore album on October 31, 2013, with the full second album Not In Vain seeing release on October 6, 2014.
  • 1984 – Spencer Larsen, American football player. He played college football at Arizona, primarily as a linebacker.
  • 1984 – Zak Whitbread, American-English footballer. Zak Benjamin Whitbread (born March 4, 1984) is an American-English professional footballer who plays as a defender.
  • 1982 – Cate Edwards, American lawyer and author. Edwards is the daughter of former Senator (D-NC) John Edwards and Elizabeth Edwards.
  • 1982 – Landon Donovan, American soccer player and coach. Landon Timothy Donovan (born March 4, 1982) is an American retired professional soccer player who is currently the manager of USL Championship side San Diego Loyal SC.
  • 1980 – Jack Hannahan, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Detroit Tigers, Oakland Athletics, Seattle Mariners, Cleveland Indians and Cincinnati Reds.
  • 1980 – Michael Henrich, American ice hockey player. Henrich is the first Jewish player to be selected in the first round of the NHL Entry Draft, and the only player taken in the first round of the 1998 NHL Entry Draft who did not play a regular season game in the National Hockey League.
  • 1978 – Jean-Marc Pelletier, American ice hockey player. Jean-Marc Pelletier (born March 4, 1978) is a Canadian-American retired professional ice hockey goaltender who played seven National Hockey League (NHL) games over parts of three seasons for the Philadelphia Flyers and Phoenix Coyotes.
  • 1977 – Traver Rains, American fashion designer and photographer. Traver Rains (born March 4, 1977) is an American TV personality, celebrity fashion designer, and photographer.
  • 1975 – Brian McGuire, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter, was a racing driver and constructor from Australia.
  • 1974 – Tommy Phelps, South Korean-American baseball player and coach. Thomas Allen Phelps (born March 4, 1974) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher.
  • 1973 – Len Wiseman, American director, producer, and screenwriter. He is best known for his work on the Underworld series, Live Free or Die Hard, and the 2012 film Total Recall.
  • 1973 – Linus of Hollywood, American singer-songwriter and producer. He is currently a member of Nerf Herder and comedy duo Jarinus.
  • 1973 – Phillip Daniels, American football player and coach. Phillip Bernard Daniels (born March 4, 1973) is a former American football defensive end and is currently the defensive line coach for the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1972 – Katherine Center, American journalist and author. Katherine Sherar Pannill Center (born March 4, 1972) is a contemporary American fiction author.
  • 1967 – Evan Dando, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Evan Griffith Dando (born March 4, 1967) is an American musician and frontman of the Lemonheads.
  • 1966 – Dav Pilkey, American author and illustrator. Pilkey is best known as the author and illustrator of the children's book series Captain Underpants and the children's graphic novel series Dog Man.
  • 1966 – Fiona Ma, American accountant and politician. Fiona Ma (born March 4, 1966) is an American politician and Certified Public Accountant who has been serving as the California State Treasurer since January 7, 2019.
  • 1966 – Grand Puba, American rapper. Maxwell Dixon (born March 4, 1966), known professionally as Grand Puba is an American rapper and emcee, best known as a member of the group Brand Nubian from New Rochelle, New York.
  • 1965 – Khaled Hosseini, Afghan-born American novelist. Following the success of The Kite Runner he retired from medicine to write full-time.
  • 1964 – Tom Lampkin, American baseball player and sportscaster. Thomas Michael Lampkin (born March 4, 1964 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is a former catcher in Major League Baseball who played in 1988, 1990-1993, and 1995-2002.
  • 1963 – Jason Newsted, American heavy metal singer-songwriter and bass player. Jason Curtis Newsted (born March 4, 1963) is an American metal musician, known for being the bassist of the band Metallica from October 1986 until his sudden departure in January 2001.
  • 1961 – Ray Mancini, American boxer. Raymond Michael Mancini (born March 4, 1961), best known as "Boom Boom" Mancini, is an American former professional boxer who competed professionally from 1979 to 1992 and who has since worked as an actor and sports commentator.
  • 1961 – Steven Weber, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. He had a recurring role on iZombie as Vaughn du Clark.
  • 1958 – Patricia Heaton, American actress. Since 2019, Heaton stars as Dr.
  • 1957 – Mykelti Williamson, American actor and director. Michael T. "Mykelti" Williamson (born March 4, 1957) is an American actor best known for his roles in the films Forrest Gump and Con Air, and the television shows Boomtown, 24, and Justified.
  • 1954 – Catherine O'Hara, Canadian-American actress and comedian. She landed her first significant television role in 1975 starring opposite John Candy and Dan Aykroyd in the main cast of the Canadian sitcom Coming Up Rosie (1975–1978).
  • 1954 – Peter Jacobsen, American golfer and sportscaster. He has won seven events on the PGA Tour and two events on the Champions Tour, both majors.
  • 1953 – Daniel Woodrell, American novelist and short story writer. Reviewers have frequently since used the term to categorize his writing.
  • 1953 – Emilio Estefan, Cuban-American drummer and producer. He first came to prominence as a member of the Miami Sound Machine.
  • 1952 – Ronn Moss, American singer-songwriter and actor. Ronald Montague Moss (born March 4, 1952) is an American actor, musician and singer/songwriter, a member of the band Player, and best known for portraying Ridge Forrester, the dynamic fashion magnate on the CBS soap opera The Bold and the Beautiful from 1987 to 2012.
  • 1952 – Svend Robinson, American-Canadian lawyer and politician. He is noted as the first member of Parliament in Canadian history to come out as gay while in office.
  • 1951 – Sam Perlozzo, American baseball player and manager. Samuel Benedict Perlozzo (born March 4, 1951) is a former second baseman and manager in Major League Baseball, most recently with the Baltimore Orioles.
  • 1951 – Theresa Hak Kyung Cha, South Korean-American author, director, and producer (d. 1982), was an American novelist, producer, director, and artist of South Korean origin, best known for her 1982 novel, Dictee. Cha was considered to be an avant-garde artist.
  • 1950 – Rick Perry, American captain and politician, 47th Governor of Texas. James Richard "Rick" Perry (born March 4, 1950) is an American politician who served as the 14th United States Secretary of Energy from 2017 to 2019.
  • 1949 – Cookie Mueller, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1989), was an American actress, writer, and Dreamlander who starred in many of filmmaker John Waters' early films, including Multiple Maniacs, Pink Flamingos, Female Trouble, and Desperate Living.
  • 1948 – James Ellroy, American writer. Confidential (1990), White Jazz (1992), American Tabloid (1995), The Cold Six Thousand (2001), and Blood's a Rover (2009).
  • 1948 – Jean O'Leary, American nun and activist (d. 2005), was an American lesbian and gay rights activist. She was the founder of Lesbian Feminist Liberation, one of the first lesbian activist groups in the women's movement, and an early member and co-director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force.
  • 1948 – Tom Grieve, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster. Louis Cardinals.
  • 1946 – Danny Frisella, American baseball player (d. 1977), was a Major League Baseball pitcher whose career was cut short when he was killed in a dune buggy accident on New Year's Day in 1977.
  • 1946 – Patricia Kennealy-Morrison, American journalist and author. Her books are evenly divided between the series The Keltiad and The Rock&Roll Murders: The Rennie Stride Mysteries.
  • 1945 – Gary Williams, American basketball player and coach. In 2002, he led Maryland to win the NCAA Tournament Championship.
  • 1944 – Anthony Ichiro Sanda, Japanese-American physicist and academic. Along with Ikaros Bigi, he was awarded the 2004 Sakurai Prize for his work on CP violation and B meson decays.
  • 1944 – Bobby Womack, American singer-songwriter (d. 2014), was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and record producer. Starting in the early 1960s as the lead singer of his family musical group the Valentinos and as Sam Cooke's backing guitarist, Womack's career spanned more than 60 years and multiple styles, including R&B, soul, rock and roll, doo-wop, and gospel.
  • 1942 – Charles C. Krulak, American general. Charles Chandler Krulak (born March 4, 1942) is a retired United States Marine Corps officer who served as the 31st Commandant of the Marine Corps from July 1, 1995 to June 30, 1999.
  • 1942 – Gloria Gaither, American singer-songwriter. Gloria Gaither (born March 4, 1942) is a Christian songwriter, author, speaker, editor, and academic.
  • 1942 – James Gustave Speth, American lawyer, and politician. James Gustave (Gus) Speth (born March 4, 1942 in Orangeburg, South Carolina) is an American environmental lawyer and advocate.
  • 1942 – Lynn Sherr, American journalist and author. Lynn Sherr (born March 4, 1942) is an American broadcast journalist and author, best known as a correspondent for the ABC news magazine 20/20.
  • 1941 – James Zagel, American lawyer and judge. James Block Zagel (born March 4, 1941) is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois and a novelist.
  • 1940 – David Plante, American novelist. David Robert Plante (born March 4, 1940 in Providence, Rhode Island) is an American novelist, diarist, and memoirist.
  • 1939 – Jack Fisher, American baseball player. John Howard "Fat Jack" Fisher (born March 4, 1939) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher with the Baltimore Orioles, San Francisco Giants, New York Mets, Chicago White Sox and Cincinnati Reds between 1959 and 1969.
  • 1938 – Allan Kornblum, American police officer and judge (d. 2010), was a United States federal judge and authored key parts of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. During his career he also served as an adviser to the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, an FBI agent, a Treasury agent, a New York City Police officer, Director of Security for Princeton University, and an officer in the U.S.
  • 1938 – Angus MacLise, American drummer and composer (d. 1979), was an American percussionist, composer, poet, occultist and calligrapher, known as the first drummer for the Velvet Underground who abruptly quit due to disagreements with the band's ethic.
  • 1938 – Don Perkins, American football player and sportscaster. Donald Anthony Perkins (born March 4, 1938) is a former American football fullback in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys.
  • 1938 – Paula Prentiss, American actress. Paula Prentiss (born Paula Ragusa; March 4, 1938) is an American actress best known for her film roles in Where the Boys Are, Man's Favorite Sport?, The Stepford Wives, What's New Pussycat?, In Harm's Way, The Black Marble, and The Parallax View, and the cult television series He & She.
  • 1937 – Leslie H. Gelb, American journalist and author, was a correspondent and columnist for The New York Times, a senior Defense and State Department official, and later the President Emeritus of the Council on Foreign Relations.
  • 1934 – Anne Haney, American actress (d. 2001), was an American actress of stage and screen. She was best known for her roles as Mrs.
  • 1934 – Barbara McNair, American singer and actress (d. 2007), was an American singer and theater, television and film actress. McNair's career spanned over five decades appearing in television, film and stage.
  • 1934 – John Duffey, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1996), was a Washington D.C. based bluegrass musician.
  • 1934 – Mario Davidovsky, Argentinian-American composer and academic, was an Argentine-American composer. Born in Argentina, he emigrated in 1960 to the United States, where he lived for the remainder of his life.
  • 1932 – Ed Roth, American illustrator (d. 2001), was an American artist, cartoonist, illustrator, pinstriper and custom car designer and builder who created the hot rod icon Rat Fink and other characters. Roth was a key figure in Southern California's Kustom Kulture and hot rod movement of the late 1950s and 1960s.
  • 1932 – Frank Wells, American businessman (d. 1994). Wells (March 4, 1932 – April 3, 1994) was an American businessman who served as president of the Walt Disney Company from 1984 until his death in 1994.
  • 1931 – Alice Rivlin, American economist and politician, was an American economist and budget official. She served as Vice Chair of the Federal Reserve, Director of the White House Office of Management and Budget, and founding Director of the Congressional Budget Office.
  • 1931 – Wally Bruner, American journalist and television host (d. 1997). He covered Congress and the Lyndon Johnson administration for ABC News in the 1960s.
  • 1931 – William Henry Keeler, American cardinal, was an American cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Baltimore, Maryland, from 1989 to 2007 and was elevated to the College of Cardinals in 1994.
  • 1929 – Peter Swerling, American theoretician and engineer (d. 2000), was one of the most influential radar theoreticians in the second half of the 20th century. He is best known for the class of statistically "fluctuating target" scattering models he developed at the RAND Corporation in the early 1950s to characterize the performance of pulsed radar systems, referred to as Swerling Targets I, II, III, and IV in the literature of radar.
  • 1927 – Dick Savitt, American tennis player and businessman. Richard Savitt (born March 4, 1927) is a right-handed American former tennis player.
  • 1927 – Phil Batt, American soldier and politician, 29th Governor of Idaho. He is a member of the Republican Party.
  • 1927 – Robert Orben, American magician and author. Robert Orben (born March 4, 1927) is an American professional comedy writer, although he also worked as a magician.
  • 1927 – Thayer David, American actor (d. 1978), was an American film, stage and television actor. He was best known for his work on the ABC serial Dark Shadows (1966–1971), and as the fight promoter Miles Jergens in the film Rocky (1976).
  • 1926 – Richard DeVos, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Amway, was an American billionaire businessman, co-founder of Amway with Jay Van Andel (company restructured as Alticor in 2000), and owner of the Orlando Magic basketball team. In 2012, Forbes magazine listed him as the 60th wealthiest person in the United States, and the 205th richest in the world, with an estimated net worth of $5.1 billion.
  • 1924 – Kenneth O'Donnell, American soldier and politician (d. 1977), was an American political consultant and the special assistant and appointments secretary to President John F. Kennedy from 1961 until Kennedy's assassination in November 1963.
  • 1923 – Russell Freeburg, American journalist and author. Russell W Freeburg (born March 4, 1923) is a former managing editor and Washington bureau chief for the Chicago Tribune.
  • 1922 – Richard E. Cunha, American director and cinematographer (d. 2005), was an American cinematographer and film director. Cunha's father was Albert "Sonny" Cunha, an American songwriter.
  • 1921 – Halim El-Dabh, Egyptian-American composer and educator, was an Egyptian American composer, musician, ethnomusicologist, and educator, who has had a career spanning six decades. He is particularly known as an early pioneer of electronic music.
  • 1919 – Buck Baker, American race car driver (d. 2002), was an American stock car racer. Born in Richburg, South Carolina, Baker began his NASCAR career in 1949 and won his first race three years later at Columbia Speedway.
  • 1918 – Margaret Osborne duPont, American tennis player (d. 2012), was a world No. 1 American female tennis player.
  • 1917 – Clyde McCullough, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1982), was an American catcher in Major League Baseball. After his playing career ended, he also managed in the minor leagues and was a major-league coach.
  • 1916 – William Alland, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1997), was an American film producer and writer, mainly of western and science fiction/monster films, including This Island Earth, It Came From Outer Space, Tarantula, The Deadly Mantis, The Mole People, The Colossus of New York, The Space Children, and the three Creature from the Black Lagoon films. He worked frequently with director Jack Arnold.
  • 1914 – Barbara Newhall Follett, American author (d. 1939), was an American child prodigy novelist. Her first novel, The House Without Windows, was published in January 1927, when she was twelve years old.
  • 1914 – Robert R. Wilson, American physicist, sculptor, and architect (d. 2000), was an American physicist known for his work on the Manhattan Project during World War II, as a sculptor, and as an architect of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), where he was the first director from 1967 to 1978.
  • 1914 – Ward Kimball, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2002), was an animator for Walt Disney Animation Studios. He was one of Walt Disney's team of animators, known collectively as Disney's Nine Old Men.
  • 1913 – John Garfield, American actor and singer (d. 1952), was an American actor who played brooding, rebellious, working-class characters. He grew up in poverty in New York City.
  • 1912 – Carl Marzani, Italian-American activist and publisher (d. 1994), was an Italian-born American political activist and publisher. He was a Communist Party organizer, volunteer soldier in the Spanish Civil War, United States federal intelligence official, documentary filmmaker, author, and publisher.
  • 1909 – George Edward Holbrook, American chemist and engineer (d. 1987), was a noted American chemical engineer and a founding member of the National Academy of Engineering.
  • 1909 – Harry Helmsley, American businessman (d. 1997), was an American real estate billionaire whose company, Helmsley-Spear, became one of the country's biggest property holders, owning the Empire State Building and many of New York's most prestigious hotels. From humble beginnings, Helmsley moved up in property through natural salesmanship, a willingness to delegate, and shrewd acquisition policies that were ahead of their time.
  • 1908 – T. R. M. Howard, American surgeon and activist (d. 1976). Howard was born in 1908 in Murray, Kentucky to Arthur Howard, a tobacco twister, and Mary Chandler, a cook for Will Mason, a prominent local white doctor and member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.
  • 1908 – Thomas Shaw, American singer and guitarist (d. 1977). Thomas Shaw is the name of:
  • 1906 – Avery Fisher, American violinist and engineer, founded Fisher Electronics (d. 1994), was an amateur violinist, pioneer in the field of sound reproduction, and founder of once prestigious Fisher Electronics. He served on the board for Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, the New York Philharmonic, Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, and the Marlboro Festival.
  • 1906 – Meindert DeJong, Dutch-American soldier and author (d. 1991), was a Dutch-born American writer of children's books. He won the international Hans Christian Andersen Award in 1962 for his contributions as a children's writer.
  • 1904 – George Gamow, Ukrainian-American physicist and cosmologist (d. 1968), was a Soviet-American theoretical physicist and cosmologist. He was an early advocate and developer of Lemaître's Big Bang theory.
  • 1903 – Dorothy Mackaill, English-American actress and singer (d. 1990), was a British-American actress, most notably of the silent-film era and into the early 1930s.
  • 1903 – John Scarne, American magician and author (d. 1985), was an American magician and author who was particularly adept at playing card manipulation. He became known as an expert on cards and other games, and authored a number of popular books on cards, gambling, and related topics.
  • 1903 – Malcolm Dole, American chemist and academic (d. 1990), was an American chemist known for the Dole Effect in which he proved that the atomic weight of oxygen in air is greater than that of oxygen in water and for his work on electrospray ionization, polymer chemistry, and electrochemistry.
  • 1903 – William C. Boyd, American immunologist and chemist (d. 1983), was an American immunochemist. In the 1930s, with his wife Lyle, he made a worldwide survey of the distribution of blood types.
  • 1902 – Russell Reeder, American soldier and author (d. 1998), was a United States Army officer and author.
  • 1901 – Charles Goren, American bridge player and author (d. 1991), was an American bridge player and writer who significantly developed and popularized the game. He was the leading American bridge personality in the 1950s and 1960s – or 1940s and 1950s, as "Mr.
  • 1901 – Wilbur R. Franks, Canadian scientist, invented the g-suit (d. 1986), was a Canadian scientist, notable as the inventor of the anti-gravity suit or G-suit, and for his work in cancer research.
  • 1900 – Herbert Biberman, American director and screenwriter (d. 1971). He was one of the Hollywood Ten and directed Salt of the Earth (1954), a film barely released in the United States, about a zinc miners' strike in Grant County, New Mexico.
  • 1897 – Lefty O'Doul, American baseball player and manager (d. 1969), was an American Major League Baseball player who went on to become an extraordinarily successful manager in the minor leagues. He was also a vital figure in the establishment of professional baseball in Japan.
  • 1895 – Milt Gross, American animator, director, and screenwriter (d. 1953), was an American cartoonist and animator. His work is noted for its exaggerated cartoon style and Yiddish-inflected English dialogue.
  • 1893 – Charles Herbert Colvin, American engineer, co-founded the Pioneer Instrument Company (d. 1985), was an aeronautical engineer who was the co-founder of the Pioneer Instrument Company in Brooklyn, with Brice Herbert Goldsborough and Morris M. Titterington.
  • 1891 – Dazzy Vance, American baseball player (d. 1961), was an American professional baseball player. He played as a pitcher for five different franchises in Major League Baseball (MLB) in a career that spanned twenty years.
  • 1889 – Oren E. Long, American soldier and politician, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawaii (d. 1965), was an American politician who served as the tenth Territorial Governor of Hawaii from 1951 to 1953. A member of the Democratic Party of Hawaii, Long was appointed to the office after the term of Ingram Stainback.
  • 1889 – Pearl White, American actress (d. 1938), was an American stage and film actress. White began her career on the stage at the age of six, and later moved on to silent films appearing in a number of popular serials.
  • 1889 – Robert William Wood, English-American painter (d. 1979), was an American landscape painter. He was born in England, emigrated to the United States and rose to prominence in the 1950s with the sales of millions of his color reproductions.
  • 1888 – Jeff Pfeffer, American baseball player (d. 1972), was a pitcher for the St. Louis Browns (1911), Brooklyn Dodgers/Robins (1913–21), St.
  • 1888 – Knute Rockne, American football player and coach (d. 1931), was a Norwegian-American football player and coach at the University of Notre Dame.
  • 1888 – Rafaela Ottiano, Italian-American actress (d. 1942), was an Italian-American stage and film actress.
  • 1884 – Red Murray, American baseball player (d. 1958), was an American outfielder in Major League Baseball.
  • 1883 – Maude Fealy, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1971), was an American stage and silent film actress whose career survived into the sound era.
  • 1883 – Sam Langford, Canadian-American boxer (d. 1956), was a Black Canadian boxing standout of the early part of the 20th century. Called the "Greatest Fighter Nobody Knows", by ESPN, many boxing historians consider Langford to be one of the greatest fighters of all time.
  • 1881 – Richard C. Tolman, American physicist and chemist (d. 1948), was an American mathematical physicist and physical chemist who was an authority on statistical mechanics. He also made important contributions to theoretical cosmology in the years soon after Einstein's discovery of general relativity.
  • 1881 – Thomas Sigismund Stribling, American lawyer and author (d. 1965), was an American writer and lawyer who published under the name T.S. Stribling.
  • 1878 – Egbert Van Alstyne, American pianist and songwriter (d. 1951), was an American songwriter and pianist. Van Alstyne was the composer of a number of popular and ragtime tunes of the early 20th century.
  • 1877 – Garrett Morgan, African-American inventor (d. 1963), was an African American inventor and businessman as well as an influential political leader. His most notable inventions were the three position traffic signal and smoke hood.
  • 1876 – Theodore Hardeen, Hungarian-American magician (d. 1945), was a Hungarian magician and escape artist who was the younger brother of Harry Houdini. Hardeen, who usually billed himself as the "brother of Houdini", was the founder of the Magician's Guild.
  • 1873 – Guy Wetmore Carryl, American journalist and poet (d. 1904), was an American humorist and poet.
  • 1873 – John H. Trumbull, American colonel and politician, 70th Governor of Connecticut (d. 1961), was an American politician who served as the 70th Governor of Connecticut.
  • 1867 – Jacob L. Beilhart, American activist, founded the Spirit Fruit Society (d. 1908). Beilhart believed that jealousy, materialism, and the fear of losing another's love were at the root of much of the illness in the world.
  • 1864 – David W. Taylor, American admiral, architect, and engineer (d. 1940), was a U.S. naval architect and an engineer of the United States Navy. He served during World War I as Chief Constructor of the Navy, and Chief of the Bureau of Construction and Repair.
  • 1863 – John Henry Wigmore, American academic and jurist (d. 1943), was an American jurist and expert in the law of evidence. After teaching law at Keio University in Tokyo (1889–1892), he was the dean of Northwestern Law School (1901 to 1929).
  • 1861 – Arthur Cushman McGiffert, American theologian and author (d. 1933), was born in Sauquoit, New York, the son of a Presbyterian clergyman of Scots-Irish descent.
  • 1826 – John Buford, American general (d. 1863), was a United States Army cavalry officer. He fought for the Union as a brigadier general during the American Civil War.
  • 1826 – Theodore Judah, American engineer, founded the Central Pacific Railroad (d. 1863), was an American railroad and civil engineer who was a central figure in the original promotion, establishment, and design of the First Transcontinental Railroad. He found investors for what became the Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR).
  • 1817 – Edwards Pierrepont, American lawyer and politician, 34th United States Attorney General (d. 1892), was an American attorney, reformer, jurist, traveler, New York U.S. Attorney, U.S.
  • 1792 – Isaac Lea, American conchologist, geologist, and publisher (d. 1886), was an American conchologist, geologist, and publisher, who was born in Wilmington, Delaware.
  • 1781 – Rebecca Gratz, American educator and philanthropist (d. 1869), was a preeminent Jewish American educator and philanthropist in 19th-century America.
  • 1745 – Casimir Pulaski, Polish-American general (d. 1779), was a Polish nobleman, soldier and military commander who has been called, together with his counterpart Michael Kovats de Fabriczy, "the father of the American cavalry".
  • 1706 – Lauritz de Thurah, Danish architect, designed the Hermitage Hunting Lodge and Gammel Holtegård (d. 1759), was a Danish architect and architectural writer. He became the most important Danish architect of the late baroque period.


  • 2017 – Clayton Yeutter, American politician (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Bud Collins, American journalist and sportscaster (b. 1929)
  • 2016 – Pat Conroy, American author (b. 1945)
  • 2015 – Ray Hatton, English-American runner, author, and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Jack Kinzler, American engineer (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Lillian Cahn, Hungarian-American businesswoman, co-founded Coach, Inc. (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Mickey Moore, Canadian-American actor and director (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Toren Smith, Canadian businessman, founded Studio Proteus (b. 1960)
  • 2012 – Don Mincher, American baseball player (b. 1938)
  • 2011 – Ed Manning, American basketball player and coach (b. 1943)
  • 2011 – Vivienne Harris, English journalist and publisher, co-founded the Jewish Telegraph (b. 1921)
  • 2010 – Raimund Abraham, Austrian architect and educator, designed the Austrian Cultural Forum New York (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – George McAfee, American football player (b. 1918)
  • 2009 – Horton Foote, American playwright and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 2008 – Gary Gygax, American game designer, co-created Dungeons & Dragons (b. 1938)
  • 2008 – Leonard Rosenman, American composer and conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Thomas Eagleton, American lawyer and politician, 38th Lieutenant Governor of Missouri (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – John Reynolds Gardiner, American author and engineer (b. 1944)
  • 2001 – Fred Lasswell, American cartoonist (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Harold Stassen, American educator and politician, 25th Governor of Minnesota (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Jim Rhodes, American businessman and politician, 61st Governor of Ohio (b. 1909)
  • 1999 – Del Close, American actor and educator (b. 1934)
  • 1999 – Harry Blackmun, American lawyer and judge (b. 1908)
  • 1997 – Robert H. Dicke, American physicist and astronomer (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – John Sauer, American football player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1925)
  • 1996 – Minnie Pearl, American entertainer (b. 1912)
  • 1995 – Matt Urban, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)
  • 1993 – Art Hodes, Ukrainian-American pianist and composer (b. 1904)
  • 1992 – Art Babbitt, American animator and director (b. 1907)
  • 1992 – Pare Lorentz, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Hank Gathers, American basketball player (b. 1967)
  • 1989 – Tiny Grimes, American guitarist (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Albert L. Lehninger, American biochemist and academic (b. 1917)
  • 1981 – Torin Thatcher, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1979 – Willi Unsoeld, American mountaineer and educator (b. 1926)
  • 1978 – Joe Marsala, American clarinet player and songwriter (b. 1907)
  • 1978 – Wesley Bolin, American businessman and politician, 15th Governor of Arizona (b. 1909)
  • 1977 – William Paul, American lawyer and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1976 – John Marvin Jones, American judge and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1974 – Adolph Gottlieb, American painter and sculptor (b. 1903)
  • 1972 – Charles Biro, American author and illustrator (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Nicholas Schenck, Russian-American businessman (b. 1881)
  • 1963 – William Carlos Williams, American poet, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Herbert O'Conor, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 51st Governor of Maryland (b. 1896)
  • 1945 – Lucille La Verne, American actress (b. 1872)
  • 1945 – Mark Sandrich, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1944 – Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and activist (b. 1855)
  • 1944 – Louis Buchalter, American mob boss (b. 1897)
  • 1944 – Louis Capone, Italian-American gangster (b. 1896)
  • 1940 – Hamlin Garland, American novelist, poet, essayist, and short story writer (b. 1860)
  • 1938 – George Foster Peabody, American banker and philanthropist (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Jack Taylor, American baseball player (b. 1874)
  • 1927 – Ira Remsen, American chemist and academic (b. 1846)
  • 1925 – John Montgomery Ward, American baseball player and manager (b. 1860)
  • 1915 – William Willett, English inventor, founded British Summer Time (b. 1856)
  • 1906 – John Schofield, American general and politician, 28th United States Secretary of War (b. 1831)
  • 1888 – Amos Bronson Alcott, American philosopher and educator (b. 1799)
  • 1883 – Alexander H. Stephens, American lawyer and politician, Vice President of the Confederate States of America (b. 1812)
  • 1866 – Alexander Campbell, Irish-American minister and theologian (b. 1788)
  • 1864 – Thomas Starr King, American minister and politician (b. 1824)
  • 1858 – Matthew C. Perry, American naval commander (b. 1794)
  • 1807 – Abraham Baldwin, American minister, lawyer, and politician (b. 1754)
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