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CalendarFebruary → 18

Tuesday 18 February 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

February 18 Events

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Calendars: Food holidays, Japan, Unusual Holidays, Wine holidays, Worldwide Holidays

Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2014 – At least 76 people are killed and hundreds are injured in clashes between riot police and demonstrators in Kiev, Ukraine.
  • 2007 – WikiLeaks publishes the first of hundreds of thousands of classified documents disclosed by the soldier now known as Chelsea Manning.
  • 2001 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union. He is ultimately convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • 1983 – Thirteen people die and one is seriously injured in the Wah Mee massacre in Seattle. It is said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in U.S. history.
  • 1977 – The Space Shuttle Enterprise test vehicle is carried on its maiden "flight" on top of a Boeing 747.
  • 1972 – The California Supreme Court in the case of People v. Anderson, (6 Cal.3d 628) invalidates the state's death penalty and commutes the sentences of all death row inmates to life imprisonment.
  • 1970 – The Chicago Seven are found not guilty of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
  • 1955 – Operation Teapot: Teapot test shot "Wasp" is successfully detonated at the Nevada Test Site with a yield of 1.2 kilotons. Wasp is the first of fourteen shots in the Teapot series.
  • 1954 – The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles.
  • 1947 – First Indochina War: The French gain complete control of Hanoi after forcing the Viet Minh to withdraw to mountains.
  • 1930 – Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft.
  • 1930 – While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.
  • 1911 – The first official flight with airmail takes place from Allahabad, United Provinces, British India (now India), when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away.
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: Imperial forces suffer their worst single-day loss of life on Bloody Sunday, the first day of the Battle of Paardeberg.
  • 1885 – Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is published in the United States.
  • 1878 – John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jesse Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Union forces under Major General William T. Sherman set the South Carolina State House on fire during the burning of Columbia.
  • 1861 – In Montgomery, Alabama, Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1791 – Congress passes a law admitting the state of Vermont to the Union, effective 4 March, after that state had existed for 14 years as a de facto independent largely unrecognized state.
  • 1745 – The city of Surakarta, Central Java is founded on the banks of Bengawan Solo River, and becomes the capital of the Sunanate of Surakarta Hadiningrat.

Births

  • 1986 – Robert DeLong, American singer-songwriter. Robert Charles Edward DeLong (born February 18, 1986) is an American electronic musician from Bothell, Washington and currently residing in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1985 – Lee Boyd Malvo, Jamaican-American murderer. Lee Boyd Malvo (born February 18, 1985), also known as John Lee Malvo, is a convicted murderer who, along with John Allen Muhammad, committed murders in connection with the Beltway sniper attacks in the Washington Metropolitan Area over a three-week period in October 2002.
  • 1983 – Jason Maxiell, American basketball player. Jason Dior Maxiell (born February 18, 1983) is an American former professional basketball player best known for his tenure with the Detroit Pistons.
  • 1982 – Juelz Santana, American rapper and actor. LaRon Louis James (born February 18, 1982), known professionally as Juelz Santana, is an American rapper, recording artist and member of East Coast hip hop group The Diplomats, also known as Dipset.
  • 1981 – Alex Ríos, American baseball player. A World Series champion with the Royals in 2015, Rios is a two-time MLB All-Star.
  • 1981 – Larry Sweeney, American wrestler and manager (d. 2011). Whybrow (February 18, 1981 – April 11, 2011) was an American professional wrestler and manager, better known by his ring name Larry Sweeney.
  • 1980 – Regina Spektor, Russian-American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer. Regina Ilyinichna Spektor (/rɪˈdʒiːnə ˈspɛktər/, Russian: Реги́нa Ильи́нична Спе́ктор, IPA: ; born February 18, 1980) is a Russian-born American singer, songwriter and pianist.
  • 1977 – Ike Barinholtz, American actor and comedian. Isaac Barinholtz (born February 18, 1977) is an American comedian, actor, director, producer, and screenwriter.
  • 1977 – Sean Watkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Sean Charles Watkins (born February 18, 1977) is a guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter.
  • 1976 – Chanda Rubin, American tennis player. Rubin achieved a career-high ranking of No. 9 in doubles, winning the Australian Open in 1996 with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario.
  • 1976 – Leilani Munter, American race car driver and environmentalist. She currently lives in Cornelius, North Carolina.
  • 1974 – Carrie Ann Baade, American painter and academic. Carrie Ann Baade (born 1974 in Louisiana) is an American painter whose work has been described by Curator of Contemporary Art Margaret Winslow as "autobiographical parables combin(ing) fragments of Renaissance and Baroque religious paintings, resulting in surreal landscapes inhabited by exotic flora, fauna, and figures." The context and the compositional building blocks of her work are fragments of historical masterpieces, which Baade reinterprets using her original feminist and autobiographical perspective.
  • 1974 – Jamey Carroll, American baseball player. Jamey Blake Carroll (born February 18, 1974) is an American former professional baseball infielder and currently works as a special assistant to the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • 1974 – Jillian Michaels, American fitness trainer and author. Jillian Michaels (born February 18, 1974) is an American personal trainer, businesswoman, author and television personality from Los Angeles, California.
  • 1974 – Julia Butterfly Hill, American environmentalist and author. Hill lived in the tree, affectionately known as Luna, to prevent Pacific Lumber Company loggers from cutting it down.
  • 1973 – Shawn Estes, American baseball player and sportscaster. Aaron Shawn Estes (born February 18, 1973) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher.
  • 1971 – Merritt Gant, American guitarist. Merritt Gant (born February 18, 1971) is a guitarist originally from Millville, New Jersey.
  • 1970 – James H. Fowler, American political scientist and author. Fowler (born February 18, 1970) is an American social scientist specializing in social networks, cooperation, political participation, and genopolitics (the study of the genetic basis of political behavior).
  • 1970 – Susan Egan, American actress and singer. She is best known for originating the role of Belle in the Broadway musical adaptation of Beauty and the Beast (1994), as well as for providing the voices of Megara in Hercules (1997) and Rose Quartz on Steven Universe.
  • 1969 – Alexander Mogilny, Russian-American ice hockey player. Alexander Gennadevich Mogilny (Russian: Александр Геннадиевич Могильный; born February 18, 1969) is a Russian former professional ice hockey player and the current president of Amur Khabarovsk of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL).
  • 1968 – Molly Ringwald, American actress. She and several other members of the original Facts of Life cast were let go when the show was reworked by the network.
  • 1967 – John Valentin, American baseball player and coach. John William Valentin (born February 18, 1967) is a former shortstop and third baseman in Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1965 – Dr. Dre, American rapper, producer, and actor. Andre Romelle Young:1 (born February 18, 1965), known professionally as Dr.
  • 1964 – Matt Dillon, American actor and director. From the late 1980s onward, Dillon achieved further success, starring in Drugstore Cowboy (1989), Singles (1992), The Saint of Fort Washington (1993), To Die For (1995), Beautiful Girls (1996), In & Out (1997), There's Something About Mary (1998), and Wild Things (1998).
  • 1959 – James Metzger, American businessman and philanthropist. Metzger is a former All-American lacrosse player at Hofstra University.
  • 1959 – Jayne Atkinson, English-American actress. She has also appeared in the CBS drama Criminal Minds as BAU Section Chief Erin Strauss, the CBS drama Madam Secretary as United States Vice President Teresa Hurst, and in the Netflix political drama House of Cards as U.S.
  • 1957 – Vanna White, American model and game show host. Vanna Marie White (née Rosich; born February 18, 1957) is an American television personality and film actress known as the hostess of Wheel of Fortune since 1982.
  • 1955 – Cheetah Chrome, American musician. Eugene Richard O'Connor (born February 18, 1955), better known by his stage name Cheetah Chrome, is an American musician who achieved fame as a guitarist for Rocket From the Tombs and the punk rock band Dead Boys.
  • 1954 – Charlie Fowler, American mountaineer, author, and photographer (d. 2006), was an American mountain climber, writer, and photographer. He was one of North America's most experienced mountain climbers, and successfully climbed many of the world's highest peaks.
  • 1954 – John Travolta, American actor and producer. His acting career declined through the 1980s, but enjoyed a resurgence in the 1990s with his role in Pulp Fiction (1994), and he has since starred in films such as Get Shorty (1995), Broken Arrow (1996), Face/Off (1997), Swordfish (2001), Be Cool (2005), Wild Hogs (2007), Hairspray (2007), Bolt (2008), and The Taking of Pelham 123 (2009).
  • 1952 – Juice Newton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Newton's other awards include a People's Choice Award for "Best Female Vocalist" and the Australian Music Media's "Number One International Country Artist."
  • 1952 – Maurice Lucas, American basketball player and coach (d. 2010), was an American professional basketball player. The first two years of his postcollegiate career were spent in the American Basketball Association (ABA) with the Spirits of St.
  • 1952 – Randy Crawford, American jazz and R&B singer. Her only appearance on the Hot 100 chart was in 1979 as a guest vocalist on The Crusaders's top 40 hit "Street Life".
  • 1950 – Cristina Ferrare, American model, actress, author, and television host. Cynthia Cristina Ferrare (born February 18, 1950) is an American former fashion model, actress, author and television talk-show host.
  • 1950 – Cybill Shepherd, American actress and singer. Shepherd's better-known roles include Jacy in The Last Picture Show (1971), Kelly in The Heartbreak Kid (1972), Betsy in Taxi Driver (1976), Maddie Hayes on Moonlighting (1985–1989), Cybill Sheridan on Cybill (1995–1998), Phyllis Kroll on The L Word (2007–2009), Madeleine Spencer on Psych (2008–2013), Cassie in the television film The Client List (2010), and Linette Montgomery on The Client List (2012–2013).
  • 1949 – Gary Ridgway, American criminal, Green River Killer. As part of his plea bargain, another conviction was added, bringing the total number of convictions to 49, making him the second most prolific serial killer in United States history according to confirmed murders.
  • 1948 – Keith Knudsen, American singer-songwriter and drummer (d. 2005), was an American rock drummer, vocalist, and songwriter. Knudsen was best known as a drummer and vocalist for The Doobie Brothers.
  • 1947 – Dennis DeYoung, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player. DeYoung has been credited as the writer of more Styx songs than any other Styx member.
  • 1947 – Eliot Engel, American educator and politician. Eliot Lance Engel (/ˈɛŋɡəl/; born February 18, 1947) is the U.S.
  • 1945 – Judy Rankin, American golfer and sportscaster. A member of the World Golf Hall of Fame, she joined the LPGA Tour in 1962 at age 17 and won 26 tour events.
  • 1944 – Pat Bowlen, American businessman, was the American majority owner of the Denver Broncos of the National Football League (NFL). The Bowlen family, including his two brothers John Bowlen and Bill Bowlen, and sister Marybeth Bowlen, purchased the team from Edgar Kaiser in 1984.
  • 1941 – Herman Santiago, Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter, was previously a member of the vocal group Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers. He (disputedly) co-wrote the group's iconic hit "Why Do Fools Fall in Love".
  • 1941 – Irma Thomas, American singer. She is known as the "Soul Queen of New Orleans".
  • 1936 – Jean M. Auel, American author. Jean Marie Auel (/aʊl/; née Untinen; born February 18, 1936) is an American writer who wrote the Earth's Children books, a series of novels set in prehistoric Europe that explores human activities during this time, and touches on the interactions of Cro-Magnon people with Neanderthals.
  • 1934 – Audre Lorde, American poet, essayist, memoirist, and activist (d. 1992), was an American writer, feminist, womanist, librarian, and civil rights activist. As a poet, she is best known for technical mastery and emotional expression, as well as her poems that express anger and outrage at civil and social injustices she observed throughout her life.
  • 1934 – Skip Battin, American singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2003), was an American singer-songwriter, bassist, performer, and recording artist. He was a member of the Byrds, the New Riders of the Purple Sage, and the Flying Burrito Brothers.
  • 1933 – Yoko Ono, Japanese-American singer-songwriter. Yoko Ono Lennon /oʊnoʊ/ (Japanese: 小野 洋子, romanized: Ono Yōko, usually spelled in katakana ヨーコ・オノ; born February 18, 1933) is a Japanese multimedia artist, singer, songwriter and peace activist.
  • 1932 – Miloš Forman, Czech-American actor, director, and screenwriter, was a Czech-American film director, screenwriter, actor, and professor who rose to fame in his native Czechoslovakia before emigrating to the United States in 1968.
  • 1931 – Bob St. Clair, American football player (d. 2015). Because of his eccentricities, his teammates nicknamed him "The Geek".
  • 1931 – Johnny Hart, American cartoonist, co-created The Wizard of Id (d. 2007), was an American cartoonist noted as the creator of the comic strips B.C. and The Wizard of Id. Brant Parker co-produced and illustrated The Wizard of Id.
  • 1931 – Toni Morrison, American novelist and editor, Nobel Prize laureate, was an American novelist, essayist, book editor, and college professor. Her first novel, The Bluest Eye, was published in 1970.
  • 1927 – John Warner, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 61st United States Secretary of the Navy. He currently works for the law firm of Hogan Lovells, where he had previously worked before joining the United States Department of Defense as the Under Secretary of the Navy during the presidency of Richard Nixon in 1969.
  • 1927 – Luis Arroyo, Puerto Rican-American baseball player, manager, and scout (d. 2016), was a major league baseball pitcher from 1955 to 1963. Arroyo was the first Puerto Rican born baseball player to play for the New York Yankees and was a key part of their pennant winning seasons in 1961 and 1962.
  • 1926 – A. R. Ammons, American poet and critic (d. 2001), was an American poet who won the annual National Book Award for Poetry in 1973 and 1993.
  • 1926 – Len Ford, American football player (d. 1972), was an American football player from 1944 to 1958. He played college football for the University of Michigan and professional football for the Los Angeles Dons, Cleveland Browns and Green Bay Packers.
  • 1926 – Wallace Berman, American painter and illustrator (d. 1976), was an American experimental filmmaker, assemblage and collage artist and a crucial figure in the history of post-war California art.
  • 1925 – George Kennedy, American actor (d. 2016), was an American actor who appeared in more than 100 film and television productions. He played "Dragline" opposite Paul Newman in Cool Hand Luke (1967), winning the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the role and being nominated for the corresponding Golden Globe.
  • 1922 – Allan Melvin, American actor (d. 2008), was an American character actor, voice actor and impressionist, who was cast in hundreds of television episodes from the 1950s to the early 1990s, often appearing in recurring roles on various series. Some of those roles and series include portraying various characters on The Andy Griffith Show, as real estate salesman Pete Dudley in My Favorite Martian, as Corporal Henshaw on The Phil Silvers Show, Sergeant Hacker on Gomer Pyle, USMC, Alice's boyfriend Sam the Butcher on The Brady Bunch, and as Archie Bunker's friend Barney Hefner on both All in the Family and Archie Bunker’s Place.
  • 1922 – Connie Wisniewski, American baseball player (d. 1995), was a starting pitcher and outfielder who played from 1944 through 1952 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5' 8", 147 lb., she batted left-handed and threw right-handed.
  • 1922 – Helen Gurley Brown, American journalist and author (d. 2012), was an American author, publisher, and businesswoman. She was the editor-in-chief of Cosmopolitan magazine for 32 years.
  • 1922 – Joe Tipton, American baseball player and soldier (d. 1994), was an American professional baseball player. He played as a catcher in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1948 through 1954 with the Cleveland Indians, Chicago White Sox, Philadelphia Athletics, and the Washington Senators.
  • 1921 – Mary Amdur, American toxicologist and public health researcher (d. 1998), was an American toxicologist and public health researcher who worked primarily on pollution. She was charged with studying the effects of the 1948 Donora smog, so she specifically looked into the effects of inhaling sulfuric acid by experimenting on guinea pigs.
  • 1920 – Bill Cullen, American game show panelist and host (d. 1990), was an American radio and television personality whose career spanned five decades. His biggest claim to fame was as a game show host; over the course of his career, he hosted 23 shows, and earned the nickname "Dean of Game Show Hosts".
  • 1919 – Jack Palance, American boxer and actor (d. 2006), was an American actor of Ukrainian and Polish descent. He was nominated for three Academy Awards, all for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, receiving nominations for his roles in Sudden Fear (1952) and Shane (1953), and winning the Oscar almost 40 years later for his role in City Slickers (1991).
  • 1914 – Pee Wee King, American singer-songwriter and fiddler (d. 2000), was an American country music songwriter and recording artist best known for co-writing "Tennessee Waltz".
  • 1909 – Wallace Stegner, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (d. 1993), was an American novelist, short story writer, environmentalist, and historian, often called "The Dean of Western Writers". He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1972 and the U.S.
  • 1898 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian race car driver and businessman, founded Ferrari (d. 1988), was an Italian motor racing driver and entrepreneur, the founder of the Scuderia Ferrari Grand Prix motor racing team, and subsequently of the Ferrari automobile marque. He was widely known as "il Commendatore" or "il Drake".
  • 1892 – Wendell Willkie, American captain, lawyer, and politician (d. 1944), was an American lawyer, corporate executive and the 1940 Republican nominee for President. Willkie appealed to many convention delegates as the Republican field's only interventionist: although the U.S. remained neutral prior to Pearl Harbor, he favored greater U.S. involvement in World War II to support Britain and other Allies.
  • 1890 – Adolphe Menjou, American actor (d. 1963). His career spanned both silent films and talkies.
  • 1871 – Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948), was an English metallurgist, credited with the invention of "rustless steel" (later to be called "stainless steel" in the anglophone world). Based in Sheffield, his invention brought affordable cutlery to the masses, and saw an expansion of the city’s traditional cutlery trade.
  • 1870 – William Laurel Harris, American painter and author (d. 1924), was an American muralist, educator, editor and arts organizer.
  • 1862 – Charles M. Schwab, American businessman, co-founded Bethlehem Steel (d. 1939), was an American steel magnate. Under his leadership, Bethlehem Steel became the second-largest steel maker in the United States, and one of the most important heavy manufacturers in the world.
  • 1855 – Jean Jules Jusserand, French historian, author, and diplomat, French Ambassador to the United States (d. 1932), was a French author and diplomat. He was the French Ambassador to the United States during World War I.
  • 1848 – Louis Comfort Tiffany, American stained glass artist (d. 1933), was an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts and is best known for his work in stained glass. He is the American artist most associated with the Art Nouveau and Aesthetic movements.
  • 1817 – Lewis Armistead, American general (d. 1863). Lewis Addison Armistead (February 18, 1817 – July 5, 1863) was a career United States Army officer who became a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
  • 1814 – Samuel Fenton Cary, American lawyer and politician (d. 1900), was a congressman from Ohio and significant temperance movement leader in the 19th century. Cary became well-known nationally as a prohibitionist author and lecturer.
  • 1745 – Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist, invented the battery (d. 1827), was an Italian physicist, chemist, and pioneer of electricity and power who is credited as the inventor of the electric battery and the discoverer of methane. He invented the Voltaic pile in 1799, and reported the results of his experiments in 1800 in a two-part letter to the President of the Royal Society.

Deaths

  • 2017 – Clyde Stubblefield, American drummer (b. 1943)
  • 2017 – Norma McCorvey, American abortion rights activist; Plaintiff, Roe vs. Wade (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Cass Ballenger, American lawyer and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Jerome Kersey, American basketball player and coach (b. 1962)
  • 2014 – Maria Franziska von Trapp, Austrian-American singer (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Jerry Buss, American chemist and businessman (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Bill Cowsill, American singer and guitarist (b. 1948)
  • 2001 – Dale Earnhardt, American stock car racer and team owner
  • 2001 – Eddie Mathews, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1931)
  • 1998 – Harry Caray, American sportscaster (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Emily Hahn, American journalist and author (b. 1905)
  • 1995 – Bob Stinson, American guitarist (b. 1959)
  • 1995 – Eddie Gilbert, American wrestler (b. 1961)
  • 1989 – Mildred Burke, American wrestler and trainer (b. 1915)
  • 1981 – Jack Northrop, American engineer and businessman, founded the Northrop Corporation (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Maggie McNamara, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 1977 – Andy Devine, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Wallace Berman, American painter and illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 1973 – Frank Costello, Italian-American gangster (b. 1891)
  • 1967 – J. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist and academic (b. 1904)
  • 1966 – Robert Rossen, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 1964 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier, Canadian inventor and businessman, founded Bombardier Inc. (b. 1907)
  • 1957 – Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer, astrophysicist, and academic (b. 1877)
  • 1942 – Albert Payson Terhune, American journalist and author (b. 1872)
  • 1938 – David King Udall, American missionary and politician (b. 1851)
  • 1933 – James J. Corbett, American boxer and actor (b. 1866)
  • 1931 – Louis Wolheim, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1915 – Frank James, American soldier and criminal (b. 1843)
  • 1906 – John Batterson Stetson, American businessman, founded the John B. Stetson Company (b. 1830)
  • 1902 – Charles Lewis Tiffany, American businessman, founded Tiffany & Co. (b. 1812)
  • 1893 – Serranus Clinton Hastings, American lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Justice of California (b. 1814)
  • 1873 – Vasil Levski, Bulgarian activist, founded the Internal Revolutionary Organization (b. 1837)
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