Tuesday 21 November 2023 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, Smart events
, US Holidays
, United Nations Holidays
, Unusual Holidays (Weird and Funny Holidays)
, Worldwide Holidays
, Health Calendar
Holidays and observances
- 2013 – The first of to become massive protests start in Ukraine after President Viktor Yanukovych suspended signing the Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement.
- 1986 – National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary start to shred documents allegedly implicating them in the Iran–Contra affair.
- 1985 – United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard is arrested for spying after being caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations. He is subsequently sentenced to life in prison.
- 1980 – A deadly fire breaks out at the MGM Grand Hotel in Paradise, Nevada (now Bally's Las Vegas). Eighty-seven people are killed and more than 650 are injured in the worst disaster in Nevada history.
- 1979 – The United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan, is attacked by a mob and set on fire, killing four.
- 1970 – Vietnam War: Operation Ivory Coast: A joint United States Air Force and Army team raids the Sơn Tây prisoner-of-war camp in an attempt to free American prisoners of war thought to be held there.
- 1969 – The first permanent ARPANET link is established between UCLA and SRI.
- 1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: "I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing."
- 1961 – The "La Ronde" opens in Honolulu, first revolving restaurant in the United States.
- 1959 – American disc jockey Alan Freed, who had popularized the term "rock and roll" and music of that style, is fired from WABC-AM radio over allegations he had participated in the payola scandal.
- 1922 – Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first female United States Senator.
- 1916 – Mines from SM U-73 sink the HMHS Britannic, the largest ship lost in the First World War.
- 1902 – The Philadelphia Football Athletics defeated the Kanaweola Athletic Club of Elmira, New York, 39–0, in the first ever professional American football night game.
- 1894 – Port Arthur, China falls to the Japanese, a decisive victory of the First Sino-Japanese War; Japanese troops are accused of massacring the remaining inhabitants.
- 1861 – American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin Secretary of War.
- 1832 – Wabash College is founded in Crawfordsville, Indiana.
- 1789 – North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12th U.S. state.
- 1783 – In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent d'Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight.
- 1676 – The Danish astronomer Ole Rømer presents the first quantitative measurements of the speed of light.
- 1989 – Justin Tucker, American football player. Justin Paul Tucker (born November 21, 1989) is an American football placekicker for the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1988 – Preston Zimmerman, American soccer player. Preston Mark Zimmerman (born November 21, 1988) is an American soccer player.
- 1986 – Ben Bishop, American ice hockey player. Benjamin Manning Bishop III (born November 21, 1986) is an American professional ice hockey goaltender currently playing for the Dallas Stars of the National Hockey League (NHL).
- 1986 – Colleen Ballinger, American comedian, actress, and singer. She created the comically talentless, egotistical and eccentric character to satirize the many YouTube videos featuring people singing badly in hopes of breaking into show business, but who appear unaware of their lack of talent.
- 1984 – Jena Malone, American actress and singer. Her accolades include two Screen Actors Guild Award nominations, a Golden Globe Award nomination, and a Saturn Award.
- 1981 – Wesley Britt, American football player. He played college football at Alabama.
- 1980 – Alec Brownstein, American author and director. He is the Global Executive Creative Director of Dollar Shave Club, and was part of the original creative team that helped turn the startup into a globally recognized brand.
- 1980 – Hank Blalock, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Texas Rangers and Tampa Bay Rays.
- 1979 – Stromile Swift, American basketball player. At 6'10" and 220 lbs, he played the power forward and center positions.
- 1977 – Jonas Jennings, American football player. Jonas Duran Jennings (born November 21, 1977) is a former American football offensive tackle that played in the National Football League (NFL).
- 1972 – Rain Phoenix, American actress and singer. She is the older sister of Joaquin, Liberty and Summer Phoenix and younger sister of River Phoenix.
- 1971 – Michael Strahan, American football player, actor, and talk show host. Michael Anthony Strahan (/ˈstreɪhæn/; born November 21, 1971) is an American former football defensive end who spent his entire 15-year career with the New York Giants of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1969 – Ken Griffey Jr., American baseball player and actor. George Kenneth Griffey Jr. (born November 21, 1969) nicknamed "Junior" and "the Kid", is an American former professional baseball outfielder who played 22 years in Major League Baseball (MLB).
- 1968 – Antonio Tarver, American boxer, sportscaster, and actor. Antonio Deon Tarver (born November 21, 1968) is an American former professional boxer and boxing commentator.
- 1967 – Ken Block, American race car driver. Kenneth Block (born November 21, 1967) is a professional rally driver with the Hoonigan Racing Division, formerly known as the Monster World Rally Team.
- 1967 – Tripp Cromer, American baseball player, was a Major League Baseball utility player. He is an alumnus of the University of South Carolina.
- 1966 – Troy Aikman, American football player and sportscaster, was a quarterback for the Dallas Cowboys in the National Football League (NFL). The first overall pick of the 1989 NFL Draft, Aikman played twelve consecutive seasons as the starting quarterback with the Cowboys, the most number of seasons by any Cowboy quarterback.
- 1965 – Reggie Lewis, American basketball player (d. 1993), was an American professional basketball player for the National Basketball Association's Boston Celtics from 1987 to 1993.
- 1964 – Charles Dunstone, English businessman, co-founded Carphone Warehouse. Sir Charles William Dunstone, CVO (born 21 November 1964) is the British co-founder and former chairman of mobile phone retailer Carphone Warehouse, former chairman of multinational electrical and telecommunications retailer and services company Dixons Carphone (formed on 7 August 2014 by the merger of Dixons Retail and Carphone Warehouse), and executive chairman of the TalkTalk Group.
- 1964 – Olden Polynice, Haitian-American basketball player and coach. He played center for the Seattle SuperSonics, Los Angeles Clippers, Detroit Pistons, Sacramento Kings, and Utah Jazz of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1964 – Shane Douglas, American wrestler and manager. Troy Allan Martin (born November 21, 1964) is an American professional wrestler and promoter, better known by his ring name Shane Douglas.
- 1964 – Stefan Sonnenfeld, American businessman, co-founded Company 3. Stefan Sonnenfeld is a Digital Intermediate (DI) colorist, co-founder and president of post production house Company 3, and president of Deluxe Content Creation Group, which is a division of Deluxe Entertainment Services Group Inc.
- 1960 – Brian McNamara, American actor, director, and producer. He then went on to appear in a few films, such as Short Circuit (1986), Caddyshack II (1988), Arachnophobia (1990) and Mystery Date (1991).
- 1960 – Brian Ritchie, American bass player and songwriter. Brian Ritchie (born 21 November 1960) is the bass guitarist for the alternative rock band Violent Femmes.
- 1956 – Cherry Jones, American actress. She has also won two Emmy Awards, winning Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series in 2009 for her role as Allison Taylor on the FOX television series 24, and then winning Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series in 2019 for her performance in The Handmaid's Tale.
- 1955 – Cedric Maxwell, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster. Nicknamed "Cornbread", he played 11 seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA), and played a key role in two championships with the Boston Celtics.
- 1953 – Tina Brown, English-American journalist and author. Christina Hambley Brown CBE (born 21 November 1953), is a journalist, magazine editor, columnist, talk-show host, and author of The Diana Chronicles, a biography of Diana, Princess of Wales.
- 1952 – Lorna Luft, American actress and singer. She is the daughter of singer and actress Judy Garland and producer Sidney Luft, and half-sister to singer and actress Liza Minnelli.
- 1948 – George Zimmer, American businessman, founded Men's Wearhouse. After leaving his executive position with the company, he continued as the company's spokesperson, until he was fired in June 2013.
- 1945 – Goldie Hawn, American actress, singer, and producer. She rose to fame on the NBC sketch comedy program Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In (1968–70), before going on to receive the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Cactus Flower (1969).
- 1944 – Dick Durbin, American lawyer and politician, was first elected to in 1996. He has been the Senate Democratic Whip since 2005, the second-highest position in the Democratic leadership in the U.S.
- 1944 – Earl Monroe, American basketball player and sportscaster. Both teams have retired Monroe's number.
- 1944 – Harold Ramis, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014), was an American actor, comedian, director and writer. His best-known film acting roles were as Egon Spengler in Ghostbusters (1984) and Ghostbusters II (1989) and Russell Ziskey in Stripes (1981); he also co-wrote those films.
- 1943 – Phil Bredesen, American businessman and politician, 48th Governor of Tennessee. He previously served as the 66th Mayor of Nashville from 1991 to 1999.
- 1941 – Juliet Mills, English-American actress. She is the daughter of actor Sir John Mills and Mary Hayley Bell and the eldest of three siblings; her younger siblings are actress Hayley Mills and director Jonathan Mills.
- 1940 – Dr. John, American singer-songwriter and pianist. Malcolm John Rebennack Jr. (November 20, 1941 – June 6, 2019), better known by his stage name Dr.
- 1940 – Richard Marcinko, American commander and author. Richard "Dick" Marcinko (born November 21, 1940) is a former United States Navy officer.
- 1939 – R. Budd Dwyer, American educator and politician, 30th Treasurer of Pennsylvania (d. 1987), was the 30th State Treasurer of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He served from 1971 to 1981 as a Republican member of the Pennsylvania State Senate representing the state's 50th district.
- 1937 – Marlo Thomas, American actress, producer, and activist. Margaret Julia "Marlo" Thomas (born November 21, 1937) is an American actress, producer, author, and social activist best known for starring on the sitcom That Girl (1966–1971) and her award-winning children's franchise Free to Be...
- 1934 – Laurence Luckinbill, American actor, director, and playwright. He is probably best known for penning and starring in one-man shows based upon the lives of United States President Theodore Roosevelt, author Ernest Hemingway, and famous American defense attorney Clarence Darrow; starring in a one-man show based upon the life of US President Lyndon Baines Johnson; and for his portrayal of Spock's half-brother Sybok in the film Star Trek V: The Final Frontier.
- 1933 – Etta Zuber Falconer, American educator and mathematician (d. 2002), was an educator and mathematician the bulk of whose career was spent at Spelman College, where she eventually served as department head and associate provost. She was one of the earlier African-American women to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics.
- 1933 – Henry Hartsfield, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2014), was a United States Air Force officer and a USAF and NASA astronaut who logged over 480 hours in space.
- 1931 – Lewis Binford, American archaeologist and academic (d. 2011), was an American archaeologist known for his influential work in archaeological theory, ethnoarchaeology and the Paleolithic period. He is widely considered among the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century, and is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.
- 1929 – Marilyn French, American author and academic (d. 2009), was a radical feminist American author.
- 1927 – Georgia Frontiere, American businesswoman (d. 2008), was an American businesswoman and entertainer. She was the majority owner and chairperson of the Los Angeles/St.
- 1926 – William Wakefield Baum, American cardinal (d. 2015), was an American cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Springfield-Cape Girardeau (1970–73) and Archbishop of Washington (1973–80) before serving in the Roman Curia as Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education (1980–90) and Major Penitentiary (1990–2001).
- 1924 – Joseph Campanella, American actor, was an American character actor. He appeared in more than 200 television and film roles from the early 1950s to 2009.
- 1922 – Abe Lemons, American basketball player and coach (d. 2002), was an American college basketball player and coach. As a head coach at Oklahoma City University, Pan American University and the University of Texas at Austin, he compiled a record of 594–343 in 34 seasons.
- 1921 – Donald Sheldon, American pilot (d. 1975), was a famous Alaskan bush pilot who pioneered the technique of glacier landings on Mount McKinley (now Denali) during the 1950s and 1960s.
- 1920 – Ralph Meeker, American actor (d. 1988), was an American film, stage, and television actor. He first rose to prominence for his roles in the Broadway productions of Mister Roberts (1948–1951) and Picnic (1953), the former of which earned him a Theatre World Award for his performance.
- 1920 – Stan Musial, American baseball player and manager (d. 2013), was an American baseball outfielder and first baseman. He spent 22 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) playing for the St.
- 1919 – Paul Bogart, American director and producer (d. 2012), was an American television director and producer. Bogart directed episodes of the television series ‘’Way Out’’ in 1961, Coronet Blue in 1967, Get Smart, The Dumplings in 1976, All In The Family from 1976 to 1979, and four episodes of the first season of The Golden Girls in 1985.
- 1916 – Sid Luckman, American football player and soldier (d. 1998). Sidney Luckman (November 21, 1916 – July 5, 1998) was an American football quarterback for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL) from 1939 through 1950.
- 1912 – Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (d. 1982), was an American dancer and actress. Best remembered for her tap dance numbers in musical films in the 1930s and 1940s, Powell began studying ballet aged six and began dancing at nightclubs in Atlantic City before she was a teenager.
- 1908 – Elizabeth George Speare, American author and educator (d. 1994), was an American writer of children's books, best known for historical novels including two Newbery Medal winners. She has been called one of America's 100 most popular writers for children and some of her work has become mandatory reading in many schools throughout the nation.
- 1908 – Leo Politi, Italian-American author and illustrator (d. 1996), was an American artist and author who wrote and illustrated some 20 children's books, as well as Bunker Hill, Los Angeles (1964), intended for adults. His works often celebrated cultural diversity, and many were published in both English and Spanish.
- 1904 – Coleman Hawkins, American saxophonist and clarinet player (d. 1969), was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. One of the first prominent jazz musicians on his instrument, as Joachim E.
- 1902 – Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-American novelist and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991), was a Polish-American writer in Yiddish, awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1978. The Polish form of his birth name was Icek Hersz Zynger.
- 1899 – Jobyna Ralston, American actress (d. 1967), was an American stage and film actress. She had a featured role in the first Oscar-winning film, Wings in 1927, but is perhaps best remembered today for her on-screen chemistry with Harold Lloyd, with whom she appeared in seven movies.
- 1897 – Mollie Steimer, Russian-American activist (d. 1980), was born as Marthe Alperine in Tsarist Russia. She immigrated to the United States with her family at the age of 15.
- 1894 – Cecil M. Harden, American politician (d. 1984), was an American educator who became a Republican politician and an advocate of women's rights. She served five terms in the U.S.
- 1870 – Alexander Berkman, Lithuanian-American activist and author (d. 1936), was a leading member of the anarchist movement in the early 20th century, famous for both his political activism and his writing.
- 1835 – Hetty Green, American businesswoman and financier (d. 1916), was an American businesswoman and financier known as "the richest woman in America" during the Gilded Age. She was known for her wealth and was named by the Guinness Book of World Records as the "greatest miser".
- 1818 – Lewis H. Morgan, American lawyer, anthropologist, and theorist (d. 1881), was a pioneering American anthropologist and social theorist who worked as a railroad lawyer. He is best known for his work on kinship and social structure, his theories of social evolution, and his ethnography of the Iroquois.
- 1787 – Samuel Cunard, Canadian businessman, founded the Cunard Line (d. 1865), was a Canadian shipping magnate, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, who founded the Cunard Line. He was the son of a master carpenter and timber merchant who had fled the American Revolution and settled in Halifax.
- 1785 – William Beaumont, American surgeon, "Father of Gastric Physiology" (d. 1853), was a surgeon in the U.S. Army who became known as the "Father of Gastric Physiology" following his research on human digestion.
- 1760 – Joseph Plumb Martin, American sergeant (d. 1850). Joseph Plumb Martin also spelled as Joseph Plum Martin in military records and recorded as Joseph P.
- 1729 – Josiah Bartlett, American physician and politician, 6th Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1795). Josiah Bartlett (December 2, 1729 [O.S.
- 1567 – Anne de Xainctonge, French saint, founded the Society of the Sisters of Saint Ursula of the Blessed Virgin (d. 1621), was the founder of the Society of the Sisters of Saint Ursula of the Blessed Virgin, the first non-cloistered women's religious community. She was declared Venerable by the Roman Catholic Church in 1991.
- 2015 – Joseph Silverstein, American violinist and conductor (b. 1932)
- 2014 – J. C. Gilbert, American soldier, farmer, and politician (b. 1922)
- 2014 – John H. Land, American soldier and politician (b. 1920)
- 2013 – Dimitri Mihalas, American astronomer and author (b. 1939)
- 2013 – Fred Kavli, Norwegian-American businessman and philanthropist, founded The Kavli Foundation (b. 1927)
- 2013 – John Egerton, American journalist and author (b. 1935)
- 2013 – Maurice Vachon, Canadian-American wrestler (b. 1929)
- 2013 – Vern Mikkelsen, American basketball player and coach (b. 1928)
- 2012 – Austin Peralta, American pianist (b. 1990)
- 2012 – Emily Squires, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1941)
- 2010 – Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, American painter and author, co-founded the DuSable Museum of African American History (b. 1917)
- 2010 – Norris Church Mailer, American author (b. 1949)
- 2007 – Tom Johnson, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1928)
- 2005 – Hugh Sidey, American journalist and academic (b. 1927)
- 2002 – Hadda Brooks, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1916)
- 1994 – Willem Jacob Luyten, Dutch-American astronomer and academic (b. 1899)
- 1993 – Bill Bixby, American actor (b. 1934)
- 1992 – Ricky Williams, American singer-songwriter and drummer (b. 1956)
- 1991 – Sonny Werblin, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1907)
- 1989 – Margot Zemach, American author and illustrator (b. 1931)
- 1988 – Carl Hubbell, American baseball player and scout (b. 1903)
- 1986 – Jerry Colonna, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1904)
- 1984 – Ben Wilson, American basketball player (b. 1967)
- 1981 – Harry von Zell, American actor and comedian (b. 1906)
- 1974 – John B. Gambling, American radio host (b. 1897)
- 1973 – Thomas Pelly, American lawyer and politician (b. 1902)
- 1967 – C. M. Eddy, Jr., American author (b. 1896)
- 1963 – Robert Stroud, American ornithologist and author (b. 1890)
- 1958 – Mel Ott, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (b. 1909)
- 1957 – Francis Burton Harrison, American general and politician, 6th Governor-General of the Philippines (b. 1873)
- 1953 – Larry Shields, American clarinet player and composer (b. 1893)
- 1945 – Al Davis, American boxer (b. 1920)
- 1945 – Alexander Patch, American general (b. 1889)
- 1945 – Ellen Glasgow, American author (b. 1873)
- 1945 – Robert Benchley, American humorist, newspaper columnist, and actor (b. 1889)
- 1941 – Henrietta Vinton Davis, American actress and playwright (b. 1860)
- 1938 – Leopold Godowsky, Polish-American pianist and composer (b. 1870)
- 1926 – Edward Cummins, American golfer (b. 1886)
- 1899 – Garret Hobart, American lawyer and politician, 24th Vice President of the United States (b. 1844)