Niue Constitution Day (in honor of the country's independence, self-governing in free association with New Zealand in 1974)
Pharmacy Technician Day (PTDay was first endorsed by Pharmacy Technician Educators Association, American Association of Pharmacy Technicians, Inc. – AAPT and Pharmacy Technician Certification Board in 2015. It has been observed the third Tuesday in October since 1991)
In 2017 NASA announces that the Dawn spacecraft mission around the dwarf planet Ceres would be extended until the hydrazine fuel in the spacecraft runs out, possibly in the second half of 2018; afterwards, the spacecraft is expected to remain in a stable orbit around Ceres indefinitely.
1987 – The United States Navy conducts Operation Nimble Archer, an attack on two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf.
1960 – Cold War: The United States government imposes a near-total trade embargo against Cuba.
1950 – Iran becomes the first country to accept technical assistance from the United States under the Point Four Program.
1944 – United States forces land in the Philippines.
1943 – Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
1914 – The First Battle of Ypres begins.
1904 – Polytechnic University of the Philippines is founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
1900 – Max Planck discovers the law of black-body radiation (Planck's law).
1789 – John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
1386 – The Universität Heidelberg holds its first lecture, making it the oldest German university.
1993 – Abby Sunderland, American sailor. Abigail Jillian Sunderland (born October 19, 1993) is an American former sailor who, in 2010, attempted to become the youngest person to sail solo around the world.
1991 – Colton Dixon, American singer-songwriter and pianist. He placed seventh on the eleventh season of American Idol.
1983 – Cara Santa Maria, American neuroscientist and blogger. Cara Louise Santa Maria (born October 19, 1983) is an American science communicator, journalist, producer, television host, and podcaster.
1982 – Gillian Jacobs, American actress and director. Jacobs had a recurring role as Mimi-Rose Howard on the fourth season of the HBO series Girls and has appeared in films such as Gardens of the Night (2008), The Lookalike (2014), Life Partners (2014), Hot Tub Time Machine 2 (2015), Don't Think Twice (2016), Brother Nature (2016), Life of the Party (2018) and Ibiza (2018).
1980 – Rajai Davis, American baseball player. Rajai Lavae Davis (/ˈrɑːʒeɪ/; born October 19, 1980) is an American professional baseball outfielder who is currently a free agent.
1977 – Jason Reitman, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter. Reitman is a dual citizen of Canada and the United States.
1976 – Desmond Harrington, American actor. Joseph "Joey" Quinn, and appeared in some episodes of Gossip Girl.
1976 – Omar Gooding, American actor and producer. Gooding Sr., also known by his stage name, Big O,(born October 19, 1976) is an American actor, rapper, voice artist, and comedian.
1972 – Keith Foulke, American baseball player. Keith Charles Foulke (/ˈfoʊk/; born October 19, 1972) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher.
1970 – Chris Kattan, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. He is best known for his work as a cast member on Saturday Night Live, his role as Bob on the first four seasons of The Middle, for playing Doug Butabi in A Night at the Roxbury and Bunnicula in Bunnicula.
1969 – John Edward, American psychic and author. John Edward McGee Jr. (born October 19, 1969), known professionally as John Edward, is an American television personality, author and purported psychic medium.
1969 – Trey Parker, American actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter. Parker was interested in film and music as a child and at high school, and attended the University of Colorado, Boulder, where he met Stone.
1968 – Rodney Carrington, American comedian, actor, and singer. His comedy act typically combines stand-up comedy and original songs.
1967 – Amy Carter, American illustrator and activist. Amy Lynn Carter (born October 19, 1967) is the daughter of former U.S.
1966 – David Vann (writer), American novelist and short story writer, was born October 19, 1966 on Adak Island in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. He is a novelist and short story writer, and is currently a professor of creative writing at the University of Warwick in England.
1966 – Jon Favreau, American actor, director, and screenwriter. Jonathan Favreau (/ˈfævroʊ/; born October 19, 1966) is an American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter.
1964 – Ty Pennington, American model, carpenter and television host. Tygert Burton "Ty" Pennington (born Gary Tygert Burton; October 19, 1964) is an American television host, artist, carpenter, author, philanthropist, and former model and actor.
1962 – Brian Henninger, American golfer. Brian Hatfield Henninger (born October 19, 1962) is an American professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour and the Nationwide Tour.
1962 – Evander Holyfield, American boxer and actor. Nicknamed "The Real Deal", Holyfield is the only four-time world heavyweight champion, having held the unified WBA, WBC, and IBF titles from 1990 to 1992; the WBA and IBF titles again from 1993 to 1994 and between 1996 and 1999; and the WBA title for a fourth time from 2000 to 2001.
1962 – Tracy Chevalier, American-English author. She is best known for her second novel, Girl with a Pearl Earring, which was adapted as a 2003 film starring Scarlett Johansson and Colin Firth.
1960 – Ayuo Takahashi, Japanese-American singer-songwriter. Ayuo Takahashi (born October 19, 1960 in Tokyo, Japan and raised in New York City) is a Japanese-American composer, poet, lyricist, singer and performer of plucked string instruments including guitar, bouzouki, Irish harp, Chinese zheng, Japanese koto, and medieval European psaltery.
1960 – Jennifer Holliday, American actress and singer. She is best known for her debut single, the Dreamgirls number and rhythm-and-blues/pop hit, "And I Am Telling You I'm Not Going", for which she won a Grammy in 1983.
1960 – Susan Straight, American author and academic. She was a National Book Award finalist for the novel Highwire Moon in 2001.
1958 – Michael Steele, American journalist and politician, 7th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland. Michael Stephen Steele (born October 19, 1958) is an American conservative political commentator and former Republican Party politician.
1957 – Dorinda Clark-Cole, American singer-songwriter and pianist. As a member of The Clark Sisters, Clark–Cole has won three Grammy Awards.
1957 – Ray Richmond, American journalist and critic. Ray Richmond (born October 19, 1957 in Whittier, California) is a globally syndicated critic and entertainment/media columnist.
1956 – Grover Norquist, American activist, founded Americans for Tax Reform. Prior to the November 2012 election, the pledge was signed by 95% of all Republican members of Congress and all but one of the candidates running for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination.
1956 – Steve Doocy, American journalist and author. Stephen James "Steve" Doocy (/ˈduːsi/; born October 19, 1956) is host of Fox & Friends on Fox News and an author.
1955 – Dan Gutman, American author. Dan Gutman (born October 19, 1955) is an American writer, primarily of children's fiction.
1954 – Deborah Blum, American journalist and author. Deborah Blum (born October 19, 1954) is an American journalist and the director of the Knight Science Journalism program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
1954 – Joe Bryant, American basketball player and coach. Joseph Washington "Jellybean" Bryant (born October 19, 1954) is an American retired professional basketball player, current coach, and the father of former Los Angeles Lakers guard Kobe Bryant.
1953 – Lionel Hollins, American basketball player and coach. Lionel Eugene Hollins (born October 19, 1953) is an American professional basketball coach and former player who is an assistant coach for the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1951 – Kurt Schrader, American veterinarian and politician. He is a member of the Democratic Party and previously served in both houses of the Oregon Legislative Assembly.
1949 – Lynn Dickey, American football player and radio host. Clifford Lynn Dickey (born October 19, 1949) is a retired National Football League quarterback, who played for the Houston Oilers and the Green Bay Packers in the 1970s and 1980s.
1948 – Dave Mallow, American voice actor and screenwriter. Dave Mallow (born October 19, 1948) is an American voice actor.
1948 – James Howard Kunstler, American author and critic. In The Long Emergency, he argues that when peak oil is reached, oil depletion will result in the end of industrialized society and force Americans to live in smaller-scale, localized, agrarian (or semi-agrarian) communities.
1948 – Patrick Simmons, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Patrick Simmons (born October 19, 1948) is an American musician best known as a founding member of the rock band The Doobie Brothers.
1945 – Angus Deaton, Scottish-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Eisenhower Professor of Economics and International Affairs Emeritus at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and the Economics Department at Princeton University.
1945 – Divine, American drag queen performer, and actor (d. 1988). In religion, divinity or Godhead is the state of things that are believed to come from a supernatural power or deity, such as God, the supreme being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy.
1945 – Gloria Jones, American singer-songwriter. Gloria Richetta Jones (born October 19, 1945) is an American singer and songwriter from Los Angeles, California, who first found success in the UK, being recognized there as "The Queen of Northern Soul".
1945 – Jeannie C. Riley, American singer. Riley (born Jeanne Carolyn Stephenson; October 19, 1945) is an American country music and gospel singer.
1945 – John Lithgow, American actor. John Arthur Lithgow (/ˈlɪθɡoʊ/ LITH-goh; born October 19, 1945) is an American actor, musician, poet, author, and singer.
1945 – Patricia Ireland, American lawyer and activist. Patricia Ireland (born October 19, 1945 in Oak Park, Illinois) is a U.S. administrator and feminist.
1944 – George McCrae, American singer. George Warren McCrae, Jr. (born October 19, 1944) is an American soul and disco singer, most famous for his 1974 hit "Rock Your Baby".
1943 – L. E. Modesitt, Jr., American author and poet. E. (Leland Exton) Modesitt Jr. (/ˈmɒdɪsɪt/; born 19 October 1943) is an American science fiction and fantasy author who has written over 70 novels.
1942 – Andrew Vachss, American lawyer and author. Andrew Henry Vachss (born October 19, 1942) is an American crime fiction author, child protection consultant, and attorney exclusively representing children and youths.
1940 – Larry Chance, American singer-songwriter. Larry Chance (born October 19, 1940) is an American musical artist, and the lead singer of the popular 1960s doo wop group Larry Chance and the Earls, originally known as The Earls.
1937 – Peter Max, German-American illustrator. Peter Max (born Peter Max Finkelstein, October 19, 1937) is a German-American artist known for using bright colours in his work.
1936 – James Bevel, American civil rights activist and minister (d. 2008), was a minister and a leader of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States. As the Director of Direct Action and of Nonviolent Education of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), he initiated, strategized, directed, and developed SCLC's three major successes of the era: the 1963 Birmingham Children's Crusade, the 1965 Selma voting rights movement, and the 1966 Chicago open housing movement.
1935 – Don Ward, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2014). Don Ward is the name of:
1934 – Dave Guard, American folk music singer-songwriter, arranger, and musician (d. 1991), was an American folk singer, songwriter, arranger and recording artist. Along with Nick Reynolds and Bob Shane, he was one of the founding members of The Kingston Trio.
1932 – Robert Reed, American actor (d. 1992). He played Kenneth Preston on the legal drama The Defenders from 1961 to 1965 alongside E.
1931 – Ed Emberley, American author and illustrator. Edward Randolph Emberley (born October 19, 1931) is an American artist and illustrator, best known for children's picture books.
1928 – Lou Scheimer, American animator, producer, and voice actor, co-founded the Filmation Company (d. 2013), was an American producer, one of the original founders of Filmation, an animation company, and also credited as an executive producer of many of its cartoons.
1926 – Joel Feinberg, American philosopher and academic (d. 2004), was an American political and legal philosopher. He is known for his work in the fields of ethics, action theory, philosophy of law, and political philosophy as well as individual rights and the authority of the state.
1926 – Marjorie Tallchief, American ballerina. She is the younger sister of the late prima ballerina, Maria Tallchief, and was the first Native American to be named "première danseuse étoile" in the Paris Opera Ballet.
1926 – Vladimir Shlapentokh, Ukrainian-American sociologist, historian, political scientist, and academic (d. 2015), was a Soviet-born American sociologist, historian, political scientist, and university professor, notable for his work on Soviet and Russian society and politics as well as theoretical work in sociology.
1923 – Ruth Carter Stevenson, American art collector, founded the Amon Carter Museum of American Art (d. 2013), was an American patron of the arts and founder of the Amon Carter Museum of American Art, which opened in Fort Worth, Texas, in January 1961.
1921 – George Nader, American actor (d. 2002), was an American actor and writer. He appeared in a variety of films from 1950 through 1974, including Sins of Jezebel (1953), Congo Crossing (1956), and The Female Animal (1958).
1920 – LaWanda Page, American actress (d. 2002), was an American actress and comedian best known for her role as Esther "Aunt Esther" Anderson in the popular television sitcom Sanford and Son which originally aired from 1972 until 1977. Page later reprised this role in the short-lived television shows Sanford Arms (1976–1977) and Sanford (1980–1981).
1918 – Robert Schwarz Strauss, American lawyer and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (d. 2014), was a figure in American politics and diplomacy whose service dated back to future president Lyndon Johnson’s first congressional campaign in 1937. By the 1950s, he was associated in Texas politics with the conservative faction of the Democratic Party led by Johnson and John Connally.
1918 – Russell Kirk, American theorist and author (d. 1994), was an American political theorist, moralist, historian, social critic, and literary critic, known for his influence on 20th-century American conservatism. His 1953 book The Conservative Mind gave shape to the amorphous post–World War II conservative movement.
1917 – Walter Munk, Austrian-American oceanographer, author, and academic, was an American physical oceanographer. He was a professor of geophysics at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego in La Jolla.
1917 – William Joel Blass, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012), was an American war veteran, attorney, educator, and politician.
1916 – Minoru Yasui, American soldier, lawyer, and activist (d. 1986), was an American lawyer from Oregon. Born in Hood River, Oregon, he earned both an undergraduate degree and his law degree at the University of Oregon.
1914 – Juanita Moore, American actress (d. 2014), was an American film, television, and stage actress.
1910 – Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-American astrophysicist, astronomer, and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995), was an American astrophysicist of Indian origin who spent his professional life in the United States. He was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics with William A.
1907 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader and composer (d. 1962), was an American jazz and popular musician, composer, bandleader (Roger Wolfe Kahn and His Orchestra) and an aviator.
1901 – Arleigh Burke, American admiral (d. 1996), was an admiral of the United States Navy who distinguished himself during World War II and the Korean War, and who served as Chief of Naval Operations during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations.
1896 – Bob O'Farrell, American baseball player and manager (d. 1988). Louis Cardinals and the New York Giants.
1895 – Frank Durbin, American soldier (d. 1999). Durbin (October 19, 1895 – April 25, 1999) was one of the last surviving American veterans of the First World War.
1895 – Lewis Mumford, American historian, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1990), was an American historian, sociologist, philosopher of technology, and literary critic. Particularly noted for his study of cities and urban architecture, he had a broad career as a writer.
1885 – Charles E. Merrill, American banker and philanthropist, co-founded Merrill Lynch Wealth Management (d. 1956), was an American philanthropist, stockbroker, and co-founder, with Edmund C. Lynch, of Merrill Lynch (previously called Charles E.
1879 – Emma Bell Miles, American writer, poet, and artist (d. 1919), was a writer, poet, and artist whose works capture the essence of the natural world and the culture of Southern Appalachia.
1876 – Mordecai Brown, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1945). Mordecai Peter Centennial Brown (October 19, 1876 – February 14, 1948), nicknamed Three Finger or Miner, was an American Major League Baseball pitcher and manager during the first two decades of the 20th century (known as the "dead-ball era").
1873 – Bart King, American cricketer (d. 1965), was an American cricketer, active in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. King was part of the Philadelphia team that played from the end of the 19th century until the outbreak of World War I.
1868 – Bertha Knight Landes, American academic and politician, Mayor of Seattle (d. 1943), was the first female mayor of a major American city, serving as mayor of Seattle, Washington from 1926 to 1928. After years of civic activism, primarily with women's organizations, she was elected to the Seattle City Council in 1922 and became council president in 1924.
1850 – Annie Smith Peck, American mountaineer and academic (d. 1935), was an American mountaineer and adventurer. The northern peak of the Peruvian Cordillera Blanca mountain chain, Huascarán was named Cumbre Aña Peck in Peck's honor.
1720 – John Woolman, American-English preacher, journalist, and activist (d. 1772), was a North American merchant, tailor, journalist, and itinerant Quaker preacher, and an early abolitionist in the colonial era. Based in Mount Holly, New Jersey, near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he traveled through frontier areas of British North America to preach Quaker beliefs, and advocate against slavery and the slave trade, cruelty to animals, economic injustices and oppression, and conscription.
2016 – Phil Chess, Czech-American record producer, co-founded Chess Records (b. 1921)
2015 – Leon Bramlett, American football player and politician (b. 1923)