In 2017 a study by the Carnegie Institution for Science finds that wind farms in the North Atlantic could, in theory, provide sufficient energy to meet all of humanity's current needs during wintertime.
In 2016 Nivolumab is shown to more than double the one-year survival rate of patients with head and neck cancer compared with chemotherapy. It also shrinks tumours in advanced kidney cancer patients.
2009 – First lunar impact of the Centaur and LCROSS spacecrafts as part of NASA's Lunar Precursor Robotic Program.
2006 – North Korea conducts its first nuclear test.
1969 – In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection with the trial of the "Chicago Eight" that began on September 24.
1942 – The last day of the October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of the Imperial Japanese Army's 4th Infantry Regiment.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Tom's Brook: Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Toms Brook, Virginia.
1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Santa Rosa Island: Union troops repel a Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens.
1834 – Opening of the Dublin and Kingstown Railway, the first public railway on the island of Ireland.
1831 – Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first head of state of independent Greece is assassinated.
1812 – War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships: HMS Detroit and HMS Caledonia.
1804 – Hobart, capital of Tasmania, is founded.
1635 – Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he speaks out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
1410 – The first known mention of the Prague astronomical clock.
1996 – Bella Hadid, American model. In 2016, she was voted "Model of the Year" by industry professionals for Model.com's Model of the Year Awards.
1993 – Lauren Davis, American tennis player. Davis has also won eight singles titles on the ITF Women's Circuit.
1993 – Scotty McCreery, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Scott Cooke McCreery (born October 9, 1993) is an American country music singer.
1986 – Derek Holland, American baseball player. He is nicknamed "Dutch Oven".
1983 – Gethin Anthony, American actor. Anthony (born 9 October 1983) is an English television and film actor best known for his role as Renly Baratheon in Game of Thrones from 2011 to 2012.
1983 – Stephen Gionta, American ice hockey player. Gionta is the younger brother of Brian Gionta, who played for the Devils from 2001 to 2009.
1981 – Darius Miles, American basketball player. Darius LaVar Miles (born October 9, 1981) is an American former professional basketball player.
1981 – Zachery Ty Bryan, American actor. Zachery Ty Bryan (born October 9, 1981) is an American actor and producer best known for his role as Brad Taylor on the American sitcom Home Improvement.
1979 – Alex Greenwald, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor. He is the lead vocalist of the California rock band Phantom Planet.
1979 – Brandon Routh, American model and actor. Brandon James Routh (born October 9, 1979) is an American actor, appearing on multiple television series throughout the early 2000s.
1979 – Vernon Fox, American football player and coach. He played college football at Fresno State.
1978 – Juan Dixon, American basketball player and coach. Juan Dixon (born October 9, 1978) is an American former professional basketball player and the current head coach for Coppin State University in Baltimore.
1976 – Nick Swardson, American actor and comedian. He is best known for his recurring role as Terry Bernadino in the comedy series Reno 911!, for his work with Adam Sandler's Happy Madison Productions, and for his own personal sketch comedy series Nick Swardson's Pretend Time.
1975 – Sean Lennon, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor. Over the course of his career, he has been a member of the bands Cibo Matto, The Ghost of a Saber Tooth Tiger, The Claypool Lennon Delirium and his parents' group The Plastic Ono Band.
1974 – Shmuel Herzfeld, American Rabbi. He is a teacher, lecturer, activist, and author.
1970 – Steve Jablonsky, American composer. Steve Jablonsky (born October 9, 1970) is an American composer for film, television and video games, best known for his musical scores in the Transformers film series.
1967 – Eddie Guerrero, American wrestler (d. 2005), was an American professional wrestler and a prominent member of the Guerrero wrestling family.
1966 – Christopher Östlund, Swedish publisher, founded Plaza Magazine. Christopher Östlund (born October 9, 1966) is the publisher of Plaza Magazine International, one of the most known magazines in the field of fashion, interior and design on the market today.
1965 – Jimbo Fisher, American football player and coach. Previously, Fisher was the head coach at Florida State University where his team won the 2014 BCS National Championship Game.
1964 – Guillermo del Toro, Mexican-American director, producer, and screenwriter. Guillermo del Toro Gómez (Spanish: ; born October 9, 1964) is a Mexican filmmaker, author, actor, and former special effects makeup artist.
1961 – Ellen Wheeler, American actress, director, and producer. In 1986, she won the Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Younger Actress in a Drama Series for her work as twins Marley and Vicky Love Hudson on Another World.
1960 – Kenny Garrett, American saxophonist and composer. Kenny Garrett (born October 9, 1960) is a Grammy Award-winning American post-bop jazz saxophonist and flautist who gained recognition in his youth as a member of the Duke Ellington Orchestra and of Miles Davis's band.
1959 – Boris Nemtsov, Russian academic and politician, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia (d. 2015), was a Russian physicist and liberal politician. Nemtsov was one of the most important figures in the introduction of capitalism into the Russian post-Soviet economy.
1958 – Al Jourgensen, Cuban-American singer-songwriter and producer. He was also primary musician of several Ministry-related projects, such as Revolting Cocks, Lard, Buck Satan and the 666 Shooters.
1958 – Alan Nunnelee, American lawyer and politician (d. 2015), was an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for Mississippi's 1st congressional district from 2011 until his death in 2015.
1958 – Mike Singletary, American football player and coach. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1998, the same year he coached Kirk Cousins in youth flag football. 3 years prior in 1995, Singletary was inducted into the Texas Sports Hall of Fame.
1957 – Don Garber, American businessman. Don Garber (born October 9, 1957) has served as the Commissioner of Major League Soccer since 1999.
1954 – John O'Hurley, American actor and game show host. John George O'Hurley Jr. (born October 9, 1954) is an American actor, voice actor, singer, comedian, author and television personality.
1954 – Scott Bakula, American actor. For Quantum Leap he received four Emmy Award nominations and a Golden Globe Award.
1953 – Hank Pfister, American tennis player. Hank Pfister (born October 9, 1953) is a former tennis player from the United States, who won two singles titles (1981, Maui and 1982, Newport) during his professional career.
1953 – Tony Shalhoub, American actor and producer. For his work on Broadway, he has four Tony nominations, winning a Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical for his performance as Tewfiq Zakaria in The Band's Visit.
1950 – Brian Downing, American baseball player. Downing spent the majority of his baseball career as a member of the California Angels, helping them win their first American League Western Division title in 1979 and then two more division titles in 1982 and 1986.
1950 – Jody Williams, American academic and activist, Nobel Prize laureate. Jody Williams (born October 9, 1950) is an American political activist known for her work in banning anti-personnel landmines, her defense of human rights (especially those of women), and her efforts to promote new understandings of security in today's world.
1948 – Jackson Browne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. In 2004, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio, and given an honorary doctorate of music by Occidental College in Los Angeles, California.
1947 – Tony Zappone, American photographer and journalist. Tony Zappone (born Anthony N.
1947 – William E. McAnulty Jr., American lawyer and judge (d. 2007), was an American attorney and judge in Louisville, Kentucky who became the first African American justice on the Kentucky Supreme Court. He served on every level court in Kentucky.
1944 – Nona Hendryx, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress. Nona Hendryx (born October 9, 1944), is an American vocalist, record producer, songwriter, musician, author, and actress.
1943 – Douglas Kirby, American psychologist and author (d. 2012), was senior research scientist for ETR Associates in Scotts Valley, California, and one of the world’s leading experts on the effectiveness of school and community programs in the reduction of adolescent sexual risk-taking behaviors. In recent years he had also undertaken research and analysis on the impact of HIV/AIDS prevention programs in Uganda under the auspices of the World Health Organization, USAID, and other organizations.
1943 – Mike Peters, American cartoonist, was an American choreographer.
1941 – Brian Lamb, American broadcaster, founded C-SPAN. Brian Patrick Lamb (/læm/; born October 9, 1941) is an American journalist and the founder, executive chairman, and now retired CEO of C-SPAN; an American cable network which provides coverage of the U.S.
1941 – Trent Lott, American lawyer and politician. He entered Congress as one of the first of a wave of Republicans winning seats in Southern states that had been solidly Democratic.
1940 – Gordon J. Humphrey, American soldier, pilot, and politician. Gordon John Humphrey (born October 9, 1940) is an American politician from New Hampshire who served two terms in the U.S.
1940 – Joe Pepitone, American baseball player and coach. Joseph Anthony Pepitone (born October 9, 1940) is a former Major League Baseball first baseman and outfielder who played the bulk of his career for the New York Yankees.
1939 – O. V. Wright, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1980). V." Wright (October 9, 1939 – November 16, 1980) was an American singer who is generally regarded as a blues artist by African-American fans in the Deep South; he is also regarded as one of Southern soul's most authoritative and individual artists.
1930 – Hank Lauricella, American football player, lieutenant, and politician (d. 2014). Louis Lauricella Elizabeth Lauricella McStravick Marc Lauricella
1922 – Olga Guillot, Cuban-American singer (d. 2010), was a Cuban singer who was known as the "queen of bolero." She was a native of the Cuban city of Santiago de Cuba.
1920 – Jason Wingreen, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2015). From the early 1960s Wingreen was a voting member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
1920 – Yusef Lateef, American saxophonist, composer, and educator (d. 2013), was an American jazz multi-instrumentalist, composer, and prominent figure among the Ahmadiyya Community in America.
1918 – E. Howard Hunt, American CIA officer and author (d. 2007). Everette Howard Hunt Jr. (October 9, 1918 – January 23, 2007), better known as E.
1915 – Belva Plain, American author (d. 2010), was a best-selling American author of mainstream fiction. She was born in New York City.
1915 – Clifford M. Hardin, American academic and politician, 17th United States Secretary of Agriculture (d. 2010), was an American politician and was the Chancellor of the University of Nebraska. He served as the United States Secretary of Agriculture from 1969 to 1971 under President Richard Nixon.
1914 – Edward Andrews, American actor (d. 1985), was an American stage, film and television actor. Andrews was one of the most recognizable character actors on television and films from the 1950s into the 1980s.
1911 – Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (d. 2006), was an American photographer who received the Pulitzer Prize for his iconic World War II photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, taken during the Battle of Iwo Jima. His picture became one of the best-known photographs of the war.
1908 – Lee Wiley, American singer (d. 1975), was an American jazz singer during the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s.
1906 – J. R. Eyerman, American photographer and journalist (d. 1985). Wharton Eyerman (9 October 1906—4 December 1985) was an American photographer and photojournalist.
1903 – Walter O'Malley, American lawyer and businessman (d. 1979), was an American sports executive who owned the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers team in Major League Baseball from 1950 to 1979. In 1958, as owner of the Dodgers, he brought major league baseball to the West Coast, moving the Dodgers from Brooklyn to Los Angeles despite the Dodgers being the second most profitable team in baseball from 1946–1956, and coordinating the move of the New York Giants to San Francisco at a time when there were no teams west of Kansas City, Missouri.
1900 – Joseph Friedman, American inventor, invented the bendy straw (d. 1982). Friedman (October 9, 1900 in Cleveland, Ohio – June 21, 1982) was an independent American inventor with a broad range of interests and ideas.
1900 – Joseph Zubin, Lithuanian-American psychologist and academic (d. 1990), was a Lithuanian born American educational psychologist and an authority on schizophrenia who is commemorated by the Joseph Zubin Awards.
1899 – Bruce Catton, American historian and author (d. 1978), was an American historian and journalist, known best for his books concerning the American Civil War. Known as a narrative historian, Catton specialized in popular history, featuring interesting characters and historical vignettes, in addition to the basic facts, dates, and analyses.
1898 – Joe Sewell, American baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame(d. 1990), was a Major League Baseball infielder for the Cleveland Indians and New York Yankees. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1977.
1890 – Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist, founded the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel (d. 1944), was a Canadian-American Pentecostal evangelist and media celebrity in the 1920s and 1930s, famous for founding the Foursquare Church. McPherson pioneered the use of modern media in religious services, using radio to draw on the growing appeal of popular entertainment and incorporating stage techniques into her weekly sermons at Angelus Temple, an early megachurch.
1888 – Irving Cummings, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1959), was an American movie actor, director, producer and writer.
1886 – Rube Marquard, American baseball player and manager (d. 1980), was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball in the 1910s and early 1920s. He achieved his greatest success with the New York Giants.
1880 – Charlie Faust, American baseball player (d. 1915), was an American Major League Baseball pitcher. Regarded as a good-luck charm, Faust helped the New York Giants win the 1911 National League championship.
1873 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, American pharmacist and businessman, founded Walgreens (d. 1939), was an American businessman who founded Walgreens.
1863 – Edward Bok, Dutch-American journalist and author (d. 1930), was a Dutch-born American editor and Pulitzer Prize-winning author. He was editor of the Ladies' Home Journal for 30 years (1889-1919).
1858 – Mihajlo Pupin, Serbian-American physicist and chemist (d. 1935). Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin, Ph.D., LL.D. (Serbian Cyrillic: Михајло Идворски Пупин, pronounced ; 9 October 1858 – 12 March 1935), also known as Michael I.
1837 – Francis Wayland Parker, American theorist and academic (d. 1902), was a pioneer of the progressive school movement in the United States. He believed that education should include the complete development of an individual — mental, physical, and moral.
1201 – Robert de Sorbon, French minister and theologian, founded the Collège de Sorbonne (d. 1274), was a French theologian, the chaplain of Louis IX of France, and founder of the Sorbonne college in Paris.
2015 – Ray Duncan, American businessman (b. 1930)
2014 – Carolyn Kizer, American poet and academic (b. 1925)
2014 – Jan Hooks, American actress and comedian (b. 1957)
2014 – Peter A. Peyser, American soldier and politician (b. 1921)
2014 – Rita Shane, American soprano and educator (b. 1936)
2012 – Harris Savides, American cinematographer (b. 1957)
2012 – Kenny Rollins, American basketball player (b. 1923)
2009 – John Daido Loori, American Zen Buddhist monastic and teacher (b. 1931)
2009 – Stuart M. Kaminsky, American author and educator (b. 1934)
2007 – Carol Bruce, American actress and singer (b. 1919)
2007 – Enrico Banducci, American businessman, founded hungry i (b. 1922)
2005 – Louis Nye, American actor (b. 1913)
2003 – Carolyn Gold Heilbrun, American author and academic (b. 1926)
2002 – Charles Guggenheim, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
2001 – Herbert Ross, American director, producer, and choreographer (b. 1927)
2000 – David Dukes, American actor (b. 1945)
1999 – Milt Jackson, American vibraphone player and composer (b. 1923)
1996 – Walter Kerr, American author, composer, and critic (b. 1913)
1989 – Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (b. 1940)
1988 – Felix Wankel, German engineer, invented the Wankel engine (b. 1902)
1987 – Clare Boothe Luce, American author, playwright, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Italy (b. 1903)
1987 – William P. Murphy, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
1972 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (b. 1902)
1967 – Joseph Pilates, German-American fitness trainer, developed Pilates (b. 1883)
1956 – Marie Doro, American actress (b. 1882)
1953 – James Finlayson, Scottish-American actor (b. 1887)
1946 – Frank Castleman, American football player, baseball player, and coach (b. 1877)
1941 – Helen Morgan, American singer and actress (b. 1900)
1940 – Wilfred Grenfell, English-American physician and missionary (b. 1865)
1808 – John Claiborne, American lawyer and politician (b. 1777)
1806 – Benjamin Banneker, American astronomer and surveyor (b. 1731)