2002 – The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox ("Phoenix 0.1") is released.
1986 – Jim Deshaies of the Houston Astros sets a major league record by striking out the first eight batters he faces in a game against the Los Angeles Dodgers.
1950 – Korean War: The Battle of Hill 282: The first US friendly-fire incident on British military personnel since World War II occurs.
1943 – World War II: The Nazi puppet state known as the Italian Social Republic is founded.
1913 – Roland Garros of France becomes the first to fly in an airplane across the Mediterranean (from St. Raphael France to Bizerte, Tunisia).
1911 – Pilot Earle Ovington makes the first official airmail delivery in America under the authority of the United States Post Office Department
1909 – The Phantom of the Opera (original title: Le Fantôme de l'Opéra), a novel by French writer Gaston Leroux, is first published as a serialization in Le Gaulois.
1899 – American Asiatic Squadron destroys a Filipino battery at the Battle of Olongapo.
1889 – Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) is founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
1846 – Astronomers Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier, John Couch Adams and Johann Gottfried Galle collaborate on the discovery of Neptune.
1845 – The Knickerbockers Baseball Club, the first baseball team to play under the modern rules, is founded in New York.
1806 – Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis after exploring the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
1780 – American Revolution: British Major John André is arrested as a spy by American soldiers exposing Benedict Arnold's change of sides.
1779 – American Revolution: John Paul Jones on board the USS Bonhomme Richard wins the Battle of Flamborough Head.
1642 – First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College.
1459 – Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, takes place.
1338 – The Battle of Arnemuiden was the first naval battle of the Hundred Years' War and the first naval battle using artillery, as the English ship Christopher had three cannons and one hand gun.
1993 – Duke Johnson, American football player. Randy "Duke" Johnson Jr. (born September 23, 1993) is an American football running back for the Houston Texans of the National Football League (NFL).
1991 – Melanie Oudin, American tennis player. She was a member of the American Fed Cup team from 2009 to 2011 and winner of the 2011 US Open mixed doubles title, with fellow American player Jack Sock.
1989 – Brandon Jennings, American basketball player. After a year in Italy, he declared for the 2009 NBA draft and was selected 10th overall by the Bucks.
1985 – Brian Brohm, American football player. Brian Joseph Brohm (born September 23, 1985) is an American football coach and a former quarterback who is currently the quarterback coach and co-offensive coordinator for the Purdue Boilermakers.
1985 – Joba Chamberlain, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees, Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Royals and Cleveland Indians.
1984 – Anneliese van der Pol, Dutch-American actress and singer. Van der Pol also has a career as a singer and has recorded several songs for The Walt Disney Company.
1984 – Matt Kemp, American baseball player. Matthew Ryan Kemp (born September 23, 1984) is an American professional baseball outfielder who plays in the Miami Marlins organization.
1983 – Regan Smith, American race car driver. Regan Lee Smith (born September 23, 1983) is an American professional stock car racing driver and a pit reporter for Fox NASCAR.
1983 – Shane del Rosario, American mixed martial artist and kick-boxer (d. 2013), was an American professional mixed martial artist and kickboxer. He competed in the Ultimate Fighting Championship's Heavyweight division, Strikeforce, M-1 Global, ShoXC, and King of the Cage.
1980 – Liz Murray, American inspirational speaker. Elizabeth Murray (born (1980-09-23)September 23, 1980) is an American inspirational speaker who is notable for having been accepted by Harvard University despite being homeless in her high school years.
1979 – Bryant McKinnie, American football player. The Minnesota Vikings drafted him with the seventh overall pick in the 2002 NFL Draft, and he has also played for the Baltimore Ravens and Miami Dolphins of the National Football League (NFL).
1979 – Ricky Davis, American basketball player. Tyree Ricardo Davis (born September 23, 1979) is an American former professional basketball player who played twelve seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1978 – Anthony Mackie, American actor. He has been featured in films, television series and Broadway and Off-Broadway plays, including Ma Rainey's Black Bottom, Drowning Crow, McReele, A Soldier's Play and Carl Hancock Rux's Talk, for which he won an Obie Award in 2002.
1977 – Rachael Yamagata, American singer-songwriter and pianist. Her songs have appeared on numerous television shows and she has collaborated with Jason Mraz, Rhett Miller, Bright Eyes, Ryan Adams, Toots and the Maytals and Ray Lamontagne.
1975 – Layzie Bone, American rapper. Steven Howse (born September 23, 1974) is a rapper known primarily for being a member of the group Bone Thugs-n-Harmony.
1974 – Matt Hardy, American wrestler. Matthew Moore Hardy (born September 23, 1974) is an American professional wrestler currently signed in WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown brand.
1972 – Jermaine Dupri, American rapper and producer. He has worked with and produced for Kris Kross, Mariah Carey, Usher, Jay-Z, Nelly, Monica, Migos, Da Brat, Xscape, Janet Jackson, TLC, Aretha Franklin, Ludacris, Alicia Keys, Jagged Edge and Bow wow.
1971 – Eric Montross, American basketball player and sportscaster. Born in Indianapolis he played for Lawrence North High School before enrolling at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill to play for the Tar Heels.
1970 – Ani DiFranco, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. DiFranco's music has been classified as folk rock and alternative rock, although it has additional influences from punk, funk, hip hop and jazz.
1970 – Lucia Cifarelli, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player. Lucia Cifarelli (born September 23, 1970) is an American musician, best known for her work with industrial band KMFDM.
1967 – Hilary Andersson, American-English journalist. She has been a correspondent for Panorama since 2006.
1966 – Pete Harnisch, American baseball player and coach. Peter Thomas Harnisch (born September 23, 1966) is a former Major League Baseball right-handed starting pitcher.
1964 – Larry Krystkowiak, American basketball player and coach. Larry Brett Krystkowiak (/krɪsˈkoʊviæk/ kris-KOH-vee-ak; born September 23, 1964) is a retired American professional basketball player, and current head coach of the Utah Utes men's basketball team.
1961 – Chi McBride, American actor. He currently plays in a main role as Captain Lou Grover of the Five-0 taskforce in the CBS drama Hawaii Five-0.
1961 – William C. McCool, American commander, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2003), was an American naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, and NASA astronaut, who was the pilot of Space Shuttle Columbia mission STS-107. He and the rest of the crew of STS-107 were killed when Columbia disintegrated during re-entry into the atmosphere.
1960 – Kurt Beyer, American wrestler. Kurt Beyer (born September 23, 1960) is a semi-retired American professional wrestler who competed in Japanese and international promotions during the 1990s, most notably teaming with his father The Destroyer (Dick Beyer) during his last tour with All Japan Pro Wrestling in 1993.
1959 – Elizabeth Peña, American actress (d. 2014), was an American actress, writer, panelist and musician. Her work in films included Nothing like the Holidays, Batteries Not Included, La Bamba, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, Jacob's Ladder, Rush Hour, The Incredibles, and Lone Star, for which she won the 1996 Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Female and a Bravo Award for Outstanding Actress in a Feature Film.
1959 – Jason Alexander, American actor, singer, and voice artist. Other well-known roles include Phillip Stuckey in the film Pretty Woman (1990) and the title character in the animated series Duckman (1994–1997).
1958 – Larry Mize, American golfer. Lawrence Hogan Mize (born September 23, 1958) is an American professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour and currently plays on the Champions Tour.
1958 – Marvin Lewis, American football player and coach. Previously, Lewis was the head coach of the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League (NFL) for 16 seasons.
1958 – Tony Fossas, Cuban-American baseball player and coach. Emilio Antonio "Tony" Fossas Morejon (born September 23, 1958) is a former left-handed Major League Baseball pitcher during the late 1980s and 1990s.
1957 – Rosalind Chao, American actress. Chao's best-known roles have been in the mid-1980s CBS show AfterMASH portraying Klinger's South Korean wife Soon-Lee, Rose Hsu Jordan in the 1993 movie The Joy Luck Club, and the recurring character Keiko O'Brien on Star Trek: The Next Generation and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine in the 1990s.
1956 – Peter David, American author, actor, and screenwriter. Peter Allen David (born September 23, 1956), often abbreviated PAD, is an American writer of comic books, novels, television, films and video games.
1952 – Dennis Lamp, American baseball player. Dennis Patrick Lamp (born September 23, 1952) is a former professional baseball pitcher in Major League Baseball.
1952 – Mark Bego, American author. Mark Joseph Bego (born 23 September 1952, in Pontiac, Michigan) is an author of biographies in the rock & roll and show business genres.
1951 – Steven Springer, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2012), was an American guitarist and songwriter known for his innovative smooth soft touch guitar style. He was best known for being a member of the Trinidad Tripoli Steel Band and for playing with Sir Lancelot Pinard, Arizona-based band Sanctuary, as well as founding the musical project Tropicooljazz.
1950 – George Garzone, American saxophonist and educator. George Garzone (born September 23, 1950) is a saxophonist and jazz educator from Boston, Massachusetts.
1949 – Bruce Springsteen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. During a career that has spanned five decades, Springsteen has become known for his poetic and socially conscious lyrics and lengthy, energetic stage performances, earning the nickname "The Boss".
1948 – Dan Toler, American guitarist (d. 2013). A native of Connersville, Indiana, Toler became popular in the late 1970s as a member of Dickey Betts & Great Southern.
1948 – Don Grolnick, American pianist and composer (d. 1996), was an American jazz pianist, composer, and record producer. He was a member of the groups Steps Ahead and Dreams, both with Michael Brecker, and played often with the Brecker Brothers.
1947 – Mary Kay Place, American actress. Her numerous film appearances include Private Benjamin (1980), The Big Chill (1983), Captain Ron (1992) and Francis Ford Coppola's 1997 drama, The Rainmaker.
1943 – Marty Schottenheimer, American football player and coach. Martin Edward Schottenheimer (/ˈʃɒtənhaɪmər/; born September 23, 1943) is a former professional American football player and coach who served as a head coach in the National Football League (NFL) for 21 seasons.
1942 – Sila María Calderón, Puerto Rican-American businesswoman and politician, 12th Secretary of State of Puerto Rico. Prior to serving as governor, Calderón held various positions in the Government of Puerto Rico, including the 12th Secretary of State of Puerto Rico from 1988 to 1989, and Chief of Staff to Governor Rafael Hernández Colón.
1939 – Roy Buchanan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1988), was an American guitarist and blues musician. A pioneer of the Telecaster sound, Buchanan worked as a sideman and as a solo artist, with two gold albums early in his career and two later solo albums that made it to the Billboard chart.
1939 – Sonny Vaccaro, American businessman. John Paul Vincent Vaccaro (born September 23, 1939 in Trafford, Pennsylvania) is an American former sports marketing executive, and lives in Santa Monica, California.
1935 – Les McCann, American soul-jazz singer and pianist. Leslie Coleman McCann (born September 23, 1935) is an American jazz pianist and vocalist.
1933 – Lloyd J. Old, American immunologist and academic (d. 2011), was one of the founders and standard-bearers of the field of cancer immunology. When Old began his career in 1958, tumor immunology was in its infancy.
1931 – Hilly Kristal, American businessman, founded CBGB (d. 2007), was an American club owner, manager and musician who was the owner of the iconic New York City club, CBGB, which opened in 1973 and closed in 2006 over a rent dispute.
1931 – Stan Lynde, American author and illustrator (d. 2013), was an American comic strip artist, painter and novelist.
1930 – Ray Charles, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 2004), was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and composer. Among friends and fellow musicians he preferred being called "Brother Ray".
1928 – Roger Grimsby, American journalist and actor (d. 1995), was an American journalist, television news anchor and actor. Grimsby, who for eighteen years was seen on ABC's flagship station WABC in New York City, is known as one of the pioneers of local television broadcast news.
1926 – John Coltrane, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1967), was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Working in the bebop and hard bop idioms early in his career, Coltrane helped pioneer the use of modes and was at the forefront of free jazz.
1922 – Louise Latham, American actress, was an American actress, perhaps best known for her portrayal of Bernice Edgar in Alfred Hitchcock's 1964 film Marnie.
1920 – Mickey Rooney, American actor, singer, director, and producer (d. 2014), was an American actor, vaudevillian, comedian, producer, and radio personality. In a career spanning nine decades and continuing until shortly before his death, he appeared in more than 300 films and was among the last surviving stars of the silent film era.
1915 – Clifford Shull, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001), was a Nobel Prize-winning American physicist.
1915 – Julius Baker, American flute player and educator (d. 2003), was one of the foremost American orchestral flute players. During the course of five decades he concertized with several of America's premier orchestral ensembles including the Chicago Symphony and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.
1905 – Tiny Bradshaw, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1958), was an American jazz and rhythm and blues bandleader, singer, composer, pianist, and drummer. His biggest hit was "Well Oh Well" in 1950, and the following year he recorded "The Train Kept A-Rollin'", important to the later development of rock and roll; he co-wrote and sang on both records.
1899 – Louise Nevelson, American sculptor (d. 1988), was an American sculptor known for her monumental, monochromatic, wooden wall pieces and outdoor sculptures.
1899 – Tom C. Clark, American lawyer and judge, 59th Attorney General of the United States (d. 1977), was an American lawyer who served as the 59th United States Attorney General from 1945 to 1949. He was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1949 to 1967.
1897 – Walter Pidgeon, Canadian-American actor and singer (d. 1984). He earned two Academy Award for Best Actor nominations for his roles in Mrs.
1895 – Johnny Mokan, American baseball player (d. 1985), was a Major League Baseball outfielder. He batted and threw right-handed.
1889 – Walter Lippmann, American journalist and publisher, co-founded The New Republic (d. 1974), was an American writer, reporter, and political commentator famous for being among the first to introduce the concept of Cold War, coining the term "stereotype" in the modern psychological meaning, and critiquing media and democracy in his newspaper column and several books, most notably his 1922 book Public Opinion.
1867 – John Lomax, American teacher, musicologist, and folklorist (d. 1948), was an American teacher, a pioneering musicologist, and a folklorist who did much for the preservation of American folk music. He was the father of Alan Lomax (also a distinguished collector of folk music) and Bess Lomax Hawes.
1863 – Mary Church Terrell, American author and activist (d. 1954). Founding member of National Association of Colored Women
1861 – Robert Bosch, German engineer and businessman, founded Robert Bosch GmbH (d. 1942), was a German industrialist, engineer and inventor, founder of Robert Bosch GmbH.
1852 – James Carroll Beckwith, American painter and academic (d. 1917), was an American landscape, portrait and genre painter whose Naturalist style led to his recognition in the late nineteenth and very early twentieth century as a respected figure in American art.
1852 – William Stewart Halsted, American physician and surgeon (d. 1922), was an American surgeon who emphasized strict aseptic technique during surgical procedures, was an early champion of newly discovered anaesthetics, and introduced several new operations, including the radical mastectomy for breast cancer. Along with William Osler (Professor of Medicine), Howard Atwood Kelly (Professor of Gynecology) and William H.
1851 – Ellen Hayes, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1930). She was a controversial character for not only being a female professor, but also embracing many radical causes.
1838 – Victoria Woodhull, American journalist and activist (d. 1927), was an American leader of the women's suffrage movement. In 1872, she ran for President of the United States.
1800 – William Holmes McGuffey, American author and academic (d. 1873), was a college professor and president who is best known for writing the McGuffey Readers, the first widely used series of elementary school-level textbooks. More than 120 million copies of McGuffey Readers were sold between 1836 and 1960, placing its sales in a category with the Bible and Webster's Dictionary.
2014 – A. W. Davis, American basketball player and coach (b. 1943)
2014 – Al Suomi, American ice hockey player and referee (b. 1913)
2014 – Don Manoukian, American football player and wrestler (b. 1934)
2014 – Irven DeVore, American anthropologist and biologist (b. 1934)
2013 – Gil Dozier, American captain, lawyer, and politician (b. 1934)
2013 – Ruth Patrick, American botanist and immunologist (b. 1907)
2012 – Sam Sniderman, Canadian businessman, founded Sam the Record Man (b. 1920)
2009 – Paul B. Fay, American sailor and politician, United States Secretary of the Navy (b. 1918)
2008 – Loren Pope, American journalist and author (b. 1910)
2006 – Etta Baker, American singer and guitarist (b. 1913)
2004 – Billy Reay, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1918)
2000 – Carl Rowan, American journalist and author (b. 1925)
2000 – Raoul Berger, American attorney and law professor (b. 1901)
1999 – Ivan Goff, Australian-American screenwriter and producer (b. 1910)
1998 – Mary Frann, American actress (b. 1943)
1997 – Natalie Savage Carlson, American author (b. 1906)
1994 – Jerry Barber, American golfer (b. 1916)
1994 – Robert Bloch, American author and screenwriter (b. 1917)
1992 – Glendon Swarthout, American author and academic (b. 1918)
1992 – James Van Fleet, American general (b. 1892)
1987 – Bob Fosse, American actor, dancer, choreographer, and director (b. 1927)
1978 – Lyman Bostock, American baseball player (b. 1950)
1974 – Cliff Arquette, American actor and comedian (b. 1905)
1971 – James Waddell Alexander II, American mathematician and topologist (b. 1888)
1950 – Sam Barry, American basketball player and coach (b. 1892)
1940 – Hale Holden, American businessman (b. 1869)
1900 – William Marsh Rice, American businessman, founded Rice University (b. 1816)
1851 – Émilie Gamelin, Canadian nun, founded the Sisters of Providence (b. 1800)
1789 – John Rogers, American lawyer and politician (b. 1723)
1675 – Valentin Conrart, French author, founded the Académie française (b. 1603)