1984 – STS-41-D: The Space Shuttle Discovery lands after its maiden voyage.
1970 – Vietnam War: Operation Jefferson Glenn begins: The United States 101st Airborne Division and the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division initiate a new operation in Thừa Thiên–Huế Province.
1960 – Poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is the first elected President of Senegal.
1945 – Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japanese American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist Tokyo Rose, is arrested in Yokohama.
1942 – World War II: Japanese high command orders withdrawal at Milne Bay, the first major Japanese defeat in land warfare during the Pacific War.
1927 – The first Oswald the Lucky Rabbit cartoon, Trolley Troubles, produced by Walt Disney, is released by Universal Pictures.
1921 – Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle party in San Francisco ends with the death of the young actress Virginia Rappe: One of the first scandals of the Hollywood community.
1914 – World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins. Northeast of Paris, the French attack and defeat German forces who are advancing on the capital.
1906 – The first legal forward pass in American football is thrown by Bradbury Robinson of St. Louis University to teammate Jack Schneider in a 22–0 victory over Carroll College (Wisconsin).
1905 – Russo-Japanese War: In New Hampshire, United States, the Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, ends the war.
1882 – The first United States Labor Day parade is held in New York City.
1882 – Tottenham Hotspur, a Premier League football club from North London, is founded (as Hotspur F.C.).
1877 – American Indian Wars: Oglala Sioux chief Crazy Horse is bayoneted by a United States soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson in Nebraska.
1862 – American Civil War: The Army of Northern Virginia crosses the Potomac River at White's Ford in the Maryland Campaign.
1836 – Sam Houston is elected as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
1781 – Battle of the Chesapeake in the American Revolutionary War: The British Navy is repelled by the French Navy, contributing to the British surrender at Yorktown.
1774 – First Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia.
1990 – Lance Stephenson, American basketball player. Lance Stephenson Jr. (born September 5, 1990) is an American professional basketball player for the Liaoning Flying Leopards of the Chinese Basketball Association (CBA).
1989 – Elena Delle Donne, American basketball player. Elena Delle Donne (born September 5, 1989) is an American professional basketball player for the Washington Mystics of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA).
1986 – Colt McCoy, American football player. Daniel "Colt" McCoy (born September 5, 1986) is an American football quarterback for the Washington Redskins of the National Football League (NFL).
1985 – Ryan Guy, American soccer player, was last player-coach of USL League Two club SoCal Surf and represented the Guam national team.
1977 – Nazr Mohammed, American basketball player. Nazr Tahiru Kasim Mohammed (/ˈnɑːzi/ NAH-zee; born September 5, 1977) is an American retired professional basketball player who had a journeyman career in the National Basketball Association (NBA), playing for eight different teams in 18 seasons.
1977 – Rosevelt Colvin, American football player and sportscaster. Drafted by the Chicago Bears in the fourth round of the 1999 NFL Draft, he played college football at Purdue.
1975 – Randy Choate, American baseball player. Choate made his MLB debut for the Yankees in 2000, and also pitched for the Arizona Diamondbacks, Tampa Bay Rays, Florida/Miami Marlins, Los Angeles Dodgers, and St.
1975 – Rod Barajas, American baseball player and manager. Rodrigo Richard Barajas (born September 5, 1975) is a Mexican-American former professional baseball catcher and current catching and quality control coach for the San Diego Padres of Major League Baseball (MLB).
1973 – Rose McGowan, American actress. She had her breakthrough in the horror film Scream (1996) and subsequently headlined the films Going All the Way (1997), Devil in the Flesh (1998) and Jawbreaker (1999).
1972 – Shane Sewell, Canadian-American wrestler and referee. Shane Sewell is a fourteen-time World Heavyweight Champion, having won the IWA Undisputed World Unified Heavyweight Championship ten times, the WWC Universal Heavyweight Championship three times, and the WWL World Heavyweight Championship one time.
1969 – Dweezil Zappa, American actor and musician. Dweezil Zappa (born Ian Donald Calvin Euclid Zappa; September 5, 1969) is an American rock guitarist and occasional actor.
1968 – Brad Wilk, American singer-songwriter and drummer. Wilk (born September 5, 1968) is an American musician, actor, and activist.
1964 – Ken Norman, American basketball player. Norman was elected to the "Illinois Men's Basketball All-Century Team" in 2004.
1964 – Thomas Mikal Ford, American actor, was an American actor and comedian. He was best known for his role as Thomas "Tommy" Strong on the FOX sitcom Martin which originally aired from 1992 until 1997.
1963 – Jeff Brantley, American baseball player and sportscaster. Jeffrey Hoke Brantley (born September 5, 1963), is an American former professional baseball relief pitcher, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for 14 seasons, from 1988 to 2001.
1963 – Juan Alderete, American bass player and songwriter. Juan Alderete de la Peña (born September 5, 1963) is an American musician, best known as the longtime bassist of Racer X and the Mars Volta.
1963 – Terry Ellis, American R&B singer–songwriter (En Vogue) and actress. Ellis is best known as a founding member of the R&B/Pop vocal group En Vogue.
1954 – Frederick Kempe, American journalist and author. Frederick Kempe ("Fred") is president and chief executive officer of the Atlantic Council, a foreign policy think tank and public policy group based in Washington, D.C.
1953 – Victor Davis Hanson, American historian and journalist. He is a professor emeritus of Classics at California State University, Fresno, the Martin and Illie Anderson Senior Fellow in classics and military history at Stanford University's Hoover Institution, and visiting professor at Hillsdale College.
1951 – Jamie Oldaker, American drummer and percussionist. He is married to Mary Billings Oldaker.
1951 – Michael Keaton, American actor and producer. Mom (1983), Johnny Dangerously (1984), and Beetlejuice (1988).
1950 – Cathy Guisewite, American cartoonist, created Cathy. The strip focused on a career woman facing the issues and challenges of eating, work, relationships and having a mother—or as the character put it in one strip, "the four basic guilt groups."
1947 – Buddy Miles, American singer-songwriter and drummer (d. 2008), was an American rock drummer, vocalist, composer, and producer. He was a founding member of the Electric Flag (1967), a member of Jimi Hendrix's Band of Gypsys (1969–1970), founder and leader of the Buddy Miles Express and later, the Buddy Miles Band.
1947 – Chip Davis, American pianist, songwriter, and producer. Louis F. "Chip" Davis Jr. (born September 5, 1947 in Hamler, Ohio) is the founder and leader of the music group Mannheim Steamroller, and has also written and made other albums such as Day Parts and written several books.
1946 – Dennis Dugan, American actor and director. Dennis Barton Dugan (born September 5, 1946) is an American director, actor, writer, artist and comedian.
1946 – Loudon Wainwright III, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor. He is the father of musicians Rufus Wainwright, Martha Wainwright, and Lucy Wainwright Roche.
1940 – Raquel Welch, American actress and singer. Raquel Welch (born Jo Raquel Tejada; September 5, 1940) is an American actress and singer.
1939 – Claudette Colvin, American nurse and activist, was a pioneer of the 1950s civil rights movement. On March 2, 1955, she was arrested at the age of 15 in Montgomery, Alabama, for refusing to give up her seat to a white woman on a crowded, segregated bus.
1939 – William Devane, American actor, director, and screenwriter. William Joseph Devane (born September 5, 1939) is an American film, television and theatre actor, known for his role as Greg Sumner on the primetime soap opera Knots Landing (1983–1993) and as James Heller on the Fox serial drama 24 (2005–2007), the role he reprised in Live Another Day (2014).
1936 – Bill Mazeroski, American baseball player and coach. William Stanley Mazeroski (born September 5, 1936) is an American former baseball second baseman who played 17 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Pittsburgh Pirates, from 1956–1972.
1936 – John Danforth, American politician and diplomat, 24th United States Ambassador to the United Nations. John Claggett Danforth (born September 5, 1936) is a retired American politician who began his career in 1968 as the Attorney General of Missouri and served three terms as United States Senator from Missouri.
1936 – Jonathan Kozol, American sociologist, author, and educator. Jonathan Kozol (born September 5, 1936) is an American writer, educator, and activist, best known for his books on public education in the United States.
1935 – Werner Erhard, American author and philanthropist, founded Werner Erhard and Associates and The Hunger Project. Werner Hans Erhard (born John Paul Rosenberg; September 5, 1935:7) is an American author and lecturer known for founding est, which operated from 1971 to 1984.:xiv He has written, lectured, and taught on self improvement.
1934 – Dennis Letts, American actor and educator (d. 2008), was an American college professor and actor. He originated the role of Beverly Weston in the production of his son Tracy's Pulitzer- and Tony-winning play August: Osage County.
1932 – Carol Lawrence, American actress and singer. Carol Lawrence (born Carolina Maria Laraia; September 5, 1932) is an American actress, who has appeared in musical theatre and on television.
1932 – Robert H. Dennard, American electrical engineer and inventor. Robert Dennard (born September 5, 1932) is an American electrical engineer and inventor.
1929 – Bob Newhart, American comedian and actor. George Robert Newhart (born September 5, 1929) is an American stand-up comedian and actor, noted for his deadpan and slightly stuttering delivery.
1927 – Paul Volcker, American economist and academic. He was Chairman of the Federal Reserve under U.S. presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan from August 1979 to August 1987.
1925 – Justin Kaplan, American author (d. 2014), was an American writer and editor. The general editor of Bartlett's Familiar Quotations (16th and 17th eds.), he was best known as a biographer, particularly of Samuel Clemens, Lincoln Steffens, and Walt Whitman.
1924 – Paul Dietzel, American football player and coach (d. 2013), was an American football player, coach, and college athletics administrator. He served as the head coach at Louisiana State University (1955–1961), the United States Military Academy (1962–1965), and the University of South Carolina (1966–1974), compiling a career record of 109–95–5.
1921 – Jack Valenti, American businessman, created the MPAA film rating system (d. 2007), was a Special Assistant to U.S. President Lyndon B.
1920 – Peter Racine Fricker, English-American composer and educator (d. 1990), was an English composer who lived in the US for the last thirty years of his life.
1917 – Pedro E. Guerrero, American photographer (d. 2012). Guerrero (September 5, 1917 – September 13, 2012) was a Mexican-American Photographer known for his extraordinary access to Frank Lloyd Wright, he was one of the most sought-after architectural photographers of the 1950s.
1916 – Frank Yerby, American novelist (d. 1991), was an American writer, best known for his 1946 historical novel The Foxes of Harrow.
1914 – Gail Kubik, American violinist, composer, and educator (d. 1984), was an American composer, music director, violinist, and teacher.
1912 – John Cage, American composer and theorist (d. 1992), was an American composer, music theorist, artist, and philosopher. A pioneer of indeterminacy in music, electroacoustic music, and non-standard use of musical instruments, Cage was one of the leading figures of the post-war avant-garde.
1908 – Joaquín Nin-Culmell, German-American pianist and composer (d. 2004), was a Cuban-Spanish composer, internationally known concert pianist, and emeritus professor of music at the University of California, Berkeley.
1906 – Ralston Crawford, American painter, lithographer, and photographer (d. 1978), was an American abstract painter, lithographer, and photographer.
1906 – Sunnyland Slim, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1995), was an American blues pianist who was born in the Mississippi Delta and moved to Chicago, helping to make that city a center of postwar blues. The Chicago broadcaster and writer Studs Terkel said Sunnyland Slim was "a living piece of our folk history, gallantly and eloquently carrying on in the old tradition."
1902 – Darryl F. Zanuck, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1979), was an American film producer and studio executive; he earlier contributed stories for films starting in the silent era. He played a major part in the Hollywood studio system as one of its longest survivors (the length of his career was rivaled only by that of Adolph Zukor).
1902 – Jean Dalrymple, American playwright, producer, manager, and publicist (d. 1998), was an American theater producer, manager, publicist, and playwright. She was instrumental in the founding of New York City Center, and is best known for her productions there.
1901 – Florence Eldridge, American actress (d. 1988). She was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Lead Actress in Play in 1957 for her performance in Long Day's Journey into Night.
1899 – Humphrey Cobb, American author and screenwriter (d. 1944), was an Italian-born, Canadian-American screenwriter and novelist. He is known for writing the novel Paths of Glory (1935), which was made into an acclaimed 1957 film Paths of Glory by Stanley Kubrick.
1897 – Arthur Nielsen, American market analyst, founded ACNielsen (d. 1980), was an American businessman, electrical engineer and market research analyst who founded the ACNielsen company, a market research company.
1897 – Morris Carnovsky, American actor (d. 1992), was an American stage and film actor. He was one of the founders of the Group Theatre (1931-1940) in New York City and had a thriving acting career both on Broadway and in films until, in the early 1950s, professional colleagues told the House Un-American Activities Committee that Carnovsky had been a Communist Party member.
1874 – Nap Lajoie, American baseball player and manager (d. 1959). Napoleon Lajoie (/ˈlæʒəweɪ/; September 5, 1874 – February 7, 1959), also known as Larry Lajoie and nicknamed "The Frenchman", was an American professional baseball second baseman and player-manager.
1873 – Cornelius Vanderbilt III, American general and engineer (d. 1942), was an American military officer, inventor, engineer, and yachtsman. He was a member of the Vanderbilt family.
1867 – Amy Beach, American pianist and composer (d. 1944), was an American composer and pianist. She was the first successful American female composer of large-scale art music.
1856 – Thomas E. Watson, American lawyer, publisher, and politician (d. 1922), was an American politician, attorney, newspaper editor and writer from Georgia. In the 1890s Watson championed poor farmers as a leader of the Populist Party, articulating an agrarian political viewpoint while attacking business, bankers, railroads, Democratic President Grover Cleveland, and the Democratic Party.
1847 – Jesse James, American outlaw (d. 1882), was an American outlaw, bank and train robber, guerrilla, and leader of the James–Younger Gang. Raised in the "Little Dixie" area of western Missouri, James and his family maintained strong Southern sympathies.
1833 – George Huntington Hartford, American businessman (d. 1917). George Huntington Hartford (September 5, 1833 – August 29, 1917) headed The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company (A&P) from 1878 to 1917.
1829 – Lester Allan Pelton, American inventor (d. 1908), was an American inventor who contributed significantly to the development of hydroelectricity and hydropower in the American Old West as well as world-wide. In the late 1870s, he invented the Pelton water wheel, at that time the most efficient design of the impulse water turbine.
2016 – Hugh O'Brian, American actor (b. 1925)
2016 – Phyllis Schlafly, American lawyer, writer, and political activist (b. 1924)
2015 – Chester Stranczek, American baseball player and businessman (b. 1929)
2015 – Goh Eng Wah, Malaysian-Singaporean businessman, founded Eng Wah Global (b. 1923)
2014 – Bruce Morton, American journalist (b. 1930)
2013 – Edwin Bideau, American lawyer and politician (b. 1950)
2013 – Isamu Jordan, American journalist and academic (b. 1975)
2012 – Victoria Fyodorova, Russian-American actress and author (b. 1946)
2007 – D. James Kennedy, American pastor and author (b. 1930)
2007 – Paul Gillmor, American lawyer and politician (b. 1939)
2003 – Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian-American singer and actress (b. 1927)
2002 – David Todd Wilkinson, American cosmologist and astronomer (b. 1935)
1999 – Allen Funt, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1914)
1998 – Leo Penn, American actor and director (b. 1921)
1997 – Leon Edel, American author and critic (b. 1907)
1992 – Fritz Leiber, American author and poet (b. 1910)
1990 – Jerry Iger, American cartoonist and publisher, co-founded Eisner & Iger (b. 1903)
1984 – Jane Roberts, American psychic and author (b. 1929)
1973 – Jack Fournier, American baseball player and coach (b. 1889)
1948 – Richard C. Tolman, American physicist and chemist (b. 1881)