Sunday 27 August 2023 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Environmental Dates
, US Holidays
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Father’s Days
, Food holidays
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, United Kingdom
, Unusual Holidays (Weird and Funny Holidays)
, Women’s Days
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2016 NASA's Juno probe makes a close pass of Jupiter, coming within 4,200 km (2,600 mi) of the cloud tops – the closest any spacecraft has ever approached the gas giant without entering its atmosphere.
- 2011 – Hurricane Irene strikes the United States east coast, killing 47 and causing an estimated $15.6 billion in damage.
- 2003 – The first six-party talks, involving South and North Korea, the United States, China, Japan and Russia, convene to find a peaceful resolution to the security concerns of the North Korean nuclear weapons program.
- 1956 – The nuclear power station at Calder Hall in the United Kingdom was connected to the national power grid becoming the world's first commercial nuclear power station to generate electricity on an industrial scale.
- 1942 – First day of the Sarny Massacre.
- 1939 – First flight of the turbojet-powered Heinkel He 178, the world's first jet aircraft.
- 1933 – The first Afrikaans Bible is introduced during a Bible Festival in Bloemfontein.
- 1918 – Mexican Revolution: Battle of Ambos Nogales: U.S. Army forces skirmish against Mexican Carrancistas in the only battle of World War I fought on American soil.
- 1893 – The Sea Islands hurricane strikes the United States near Savannah, Georgia, killing between 1,000-2,000 people.
- 1859 – Petroleum is discovered in Titusville, Pennsylvania leading to the world's first commercially successful oil well.
- 1832 – Black Hawk, leader of the Sauk tribe of Native Americans, surrenders to U.S. authorities, ending the Black Hawk War.
- 1776 – Battle of Long Island: In what is now Brooklyn, New York, British forces under General William Howe defeat Americans under General George Washington.
- 1992 – Blake Jenner, American actor and singer. He has since had starring and supporting roles in Everybody Wants Some!! (2016), The Edge of Seventeen (2016), American Animals (2018), and What/If (2019).
- 1989 – Juliana Cannarozzo, American figure skater and actress. She won two gold medals on the ISU Junior Grand Prix series.
- 1988 – Alexa PenaVega, American actress and singer. In 2009, she starred as the title character Ruby Gallagher in the ABC Family series Ruby & the Rockits.
- 1987 – Darren McFadden, American football player. He also played for the Dallas Cowboys.
- 1985 – Alexandra Nechita, Romanian-American painter and sculptor. She was dubbed the "Petite Picasso" by the media and the art community and is widely acclaimed for her paintings and vision of art.
- 1979 – Aaron Paul, American actor and producer. This made him one of only two actors to win the latter category three times (2010, 2012, 2014), since its separation into comedy and drama.
- 1975 – Blake Adams, American golfer. Blake Adams (born August 27, 1975) is an American professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour.
- 1975 – Jonny Moseley, Puerto Rican-American skier and television host. Ski Team.
- 1975 – Mase, American rapper, songwriter and pastor. Mason Durell Betha (born August 27, 1975), better known by his mononym Mase (formerly Murda Mase and stylized as Ma$e), is an American rapper, songwriter and minister.
- 1974 – José Vidro, Puerto Rican-American baseball player. He played for the Montreal Expos, Washington Nationals and Seattle Mariners.
- 1972 – Jimmy Pop, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. James Moyer Franks (born August 27, 1972), better known by his stage name Jimmy Pop (originally Jimmy Pop Ali), is an American rapper, musician, singer and composer.
- 1971 – Kyung Lah, South Korean-American journalist. Lah (Korean: 나경, Korean pronunciation: ; born August 27, 1971) is a South Korean-American journalist and correspondent for CNN.
- 1970 – Jim Thome, American baseball player and manager. James Howard Thome (/ˈtoʊmi/; born August 27, 1970) is an American former professional baseball corner infielder and designated hitter, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for 22 seasons (1991–2012).
- 1970 – Tony Kanal, British-American bass player. songwriter, and record producer (No Doubt). Tony Ashwin Kanal (born August 27, 1970) is an American musician, record producer, songwriter, and animal rights activist.
- 1969 – Cesar Millan, Mexican-American dog trainer, television personality, and author. César Felipe Millán Favela (/ˈsiːzər mɪˈlɑːn/; Spanish: ; born August 27, 1969) is a Mexican-American dog trainer with over 25 years of canine experience.
- 1969 – Chandra Wilson, American actress and director. She also played the character of Bailey on Private Practice and Station 19.
- 1968 – Daphne Koller, Israeli-American computer scientist and academic. Daphne Koller (Hebrew: דפנה קולר; born August 27, 1968) is an Israeli-American Professor in the Department of Computer Science at Stanford University and a MacArthur Fellowship recipient.
- 1961 – Tom Ford, American fashion designer. Ford directed the Academy Award-nominated films A Single Man (2009) and Nocturnal Animals (2016).
- 1961 – Yolanda Adams, American singer, producer, and actress. Yolanda Yvette Adams (born August 27, 1961) is an American gospel singer, record producer, actress, and radio host of her own nationally syndicated morning gospel show.
- 1959 – Denice Denton, American engineer and academic (d. 2006), was an American professor of electrical engineering and academic administrator. She was the ninth chancellor of the University of California, Santa Cruz.
- 1957 – Jeff Grubb, American game designer and author. Jeff Grubb (born August 27, 1957) is an author of novels, short stories, and comics and a computer and role-playing game designer in the fantasy genre.
- 1955 – Diana Scarwid, American actress. She earned an Academy Award nomination for her performance in the 1980 film Inside Moves, and an Emmy Award nomination for her work in the television film Truman (1995).
- 1953 – Tom Berryhill, American businessman and politician. He formerly represented the 8th district in the California State Senate and served in the California State Assembly, representing the 25th district from December 2006 to December 2010.
- 1952 – Paul Reubens, American actor and comedian. Paul Reubens (/ˈruːbənz/; né Rubenfeld; born August 27, 1952) is an American actor, writer, film producer, game show host, and comedian, best known for his character Pee-wee Herman.
- 1951 – Buddy Bell, American baseball player and manager. David Gus Bell (born August 27, 1951) is an American former third baseman and manager in Major League Baseball (MLB) currently serving as vice president and senior advisor to the general manager for the Cincinnati Reds.
- 1951 – Mack Brown, American football player and coach. He was recently a college football commentator for ESPN.
- 1951 – Randall Garrison, American-Canadian criminologist and politician. Elected to the House of Commons in the 2011 federal election, he represents the electoral district of Esquimalt—Saanich—Sooke and is a member of the New Democratic Party.
- 1950 – Charles Fleischer, American comedian and actor. Charles Fleischer (born August 27, 1950) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, writer and musician, best known for appearing in films such as A Nightmare on Elm Street, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, The Polar Express, Rango, and We're Back! A Dinosaur's Story.
- 1949 – Jeff Cook, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Cook (born August 27, 1949) is an American musician and songwriter who is best known as one of the founding members of the country band Alabama.
- 1949 – Leah Jamieson, American computer scientist, engineer, and academic. Jamieson (born August 27, 1949, in Trenton, NJ, USA) is an American engineering educator, currently the Ransburg Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University.
- 1948 – John Mehler, American drummer. John Mehler (born August 27, 1948 in Long Beach, California), is a drummer for Love Song, Spirit of Creation, Noah and other bands.
- 1947 – Barbara Bach, American model and actress. Barbara Bach, Lady Starkey (born Barbara Goldbach; August 27, 1947) is an American actress and model, best known for her role as the Bond girl Anya Amasova in The Spy Who Loved Me.
- 1947 – Kirk Francis, American engineer and producer. Francis (born August 27, 1947) is a former production sound mixer in the motion picture industry.
- 1944 – Tim Bogert, American singer and bass player. John Voorhis Bogert III (born August 27, 1944 New York City) professionally Tim Bogert is an American musician.
- 1943 – Bob Kerrey, American lieutenant and politician, 35th Governor of Nebraska. Joseph Robert Kerrey (born August 27, 1943) is an American politician and lobbyist who served as the 35th Governor of Nebraska from 1983 to 1987 and as a United States Senator from Nebraska from 1989 to 2001.
- 1943 – Chuck Girard, American singer-songwriter and pianist. He moved to Santa Rosa, California in his young teens and was a member of the Castells and later the surf-rock band The Hondells.
- 1943 – Tuesday Weld, American model and actress. She won a Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Female Newcomer in 1960.
- 1942 – Daryl Dragon, American keyboard player and songwriter, was an American musician and songwriter, known as Captain from the pop musical duo Captain & Tennille with his then-wife, Toni Tennille.
- 1941 – Harrison Page, American actor. Harrison Page (born August 27, 1941) is an American television and film actor who has appeared in many popular series, including Sledge Hammer!, Cold Case, JAG, ER, Ally McBeal, Ultraman: The Ultimate Hero, Melrose Place, Quantum Leap, The Wonder Years, 21 Jump Street, Midnight Caller, Murder, She Wrote, Fame, Gimme a Break!, Benson, Hill Street Blues, Webster, The Dukes of Hazzard, Kung Fu, Kojak, Mannix, Soap, Bonanza, and Columbo.
- 1940 – Fernest Arceneaux, American singer and accordion player (d. 2008), was a French speaking Creole Zydeco accordionist and singer from Louisiana.
- 1940 – Sonny Sharrock, American guitarist (d. 1994), was an American jazz guitarist. He was married to singer Linda Sharrock, with whom he recorded and performed.
- 1939 – Edward Patten, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2005), was an Atlanta, Georgia-born R&B/soul singer, best known as a member of Gladys Knight & the Pips. He was a cousin of Gladys Knight.
- 1939 – William Least Heat-Moon, American travel writer and historian. He is the author of several books which chronicle unusual journeys through the United States, including cross-country trips by boat (River Horse, 1999) and, in his best known work (1982's Blue Highways), about his journey in a 1975 Ford Econoline van.
- 1937 – Alice Coltrane, American pianist and composer (d. 2007), was an American jazz musician and composer, and in her later years a swamini. One of the few harpists in the history of jazz, she recorded many albums as a bandleader, beginning in the late 1960s and early 1970s for Impulse! and other major record labels.
- 1936 – Joel Kovel, American scholar and author, was an American scholar and author, known as a founder of "eco-socialism".
- 1935 – Ernie Broglio, American baseball player, was a professional baseball pitcher. He played for the St.
- 1935 – Frank Yablans, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2014), was an American studio executive, film producer and screenwriter.
- 1931 – Sri Chinmoy, Indian-American guru and poet (d. 2007), was an Indian spiritual leader who taught meditation in the West after moving to New York City in 1964. Chinmoy established his first meditation center in Queens, New York, and eventually had 7,000 students in 60 countries.
- 1929 – Ira Levin, American novelist, playwright, and songwriter (d. 2007). His most noted works include the novels A Kiss Before Dying (1953), Rosemary's Baby (1967), The Stepford Wives (1972), and The Boys from Brazil (1976), as well as the play Deathtrap (1978).
- 1928 – Joan Kroc, American philanthropist (d. 2003). The third wife of McDonald's CEO Ray Kroc, she was also known for her involvement in the McDonald's organization.
- 1926 – George Brecht, American-German chemist and composer (d. 2008), was an American conceptual artist and avant-garde composer, as well as a professional chemist who worked as a consultant for companies including Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, and Mobil Oil. He was a key member of, and influence on, Fluxus, the international group of avant-garde artists centred on George Maciunas, having been involved with the group from the first performances in Wiesbaden 1962 until Maciunas' death in 1978.
- 1925 – Carter Stanley, American bluegrass singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1966), was a bluegrass music lead singer, songwriter, and rhythm guitar player. He formed The Stanley Brothers and The Clinch Mountain Boys band with his younger brother Ralph Stanley.
- 1924 – Rosalie E. Wahl, American lawyer and jurist (d. 2013), was an American lawyer and judge from Minnesota. She was the first woman in state history named to the Minnesota Supreme Court.
- 1921 – Leo Penn, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1998), was an American actor and director and the father of musician Michael Penn and actors Sean Penn and Chris Penn.
- 1920 – Baptiste Manzini, American football player (d. 2008), was a professional American football center and high school football coach.
- 1919 – Murray Grand, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2007), was an American singer, songwriter, lyricist, and pianist best known for the song "Guess Who I Saw Today".
- 1919 – Pee Wee Butts, American baseball player and coach (d. 1972), was an American baseball player who played in the Negro leagues.
- 1917 – Peanuts Lowrey, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1986), was an American outfielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago Cubs (1942–43; 1945–49), Cincinnati Reds (1949–50), St. Louis Cardinals (1950–54) and Philadelphia Phillies (1955).
- 1916 – Gordon Bashford, English engineer, co-designed the Range Rover (d. 1991), was a British car design engineer. Bashford played a significant part in the design of most post-war Rover cars, including the Land Rover.
- 1916 – Martha Raye, American actress and comedian (d. 1994), was an American comic actress and singer who performed in movies, and later on television. She also acted in plays, including Broadway.
- 1915 – Norman Foster Ramsey Jr., American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011), was an American physicist who was awarded the 1989 Nobel Prize in Physics, for the invention of the separated oscillatory field method, which had important applications in the construction of atomic clocks. A physics professor at Harvard University for most of his career, Ramsey also held several posts with such government and international agencies as NATO and the United States Atomic Energy Commission.
- 1909 – Lester Young, American saxophonist and clarinet player (d. 1959), was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and occasional clarinetist.
- 1908 – Lyndon B. Johnson, American commander and politician, 36th President of the United States (d. 1973), was an American politician who served as the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969. Formerly the 37th vice president from 1961 to 1963, he assumed the presidency following the assassination of President John F.
- 1906 – Ed Gein, American murderer and body snatcher, The Butcher of Plainfield (d. 1982), was an American convicted murderer and body snatcher. His crimes, committed around his hometown of Plainfield, Wisconsin, gathered widespread notoriety after authorities discovered Gein had exhumed corpses from local graveyards and fashioned trophies and keepsakes from their bones and skin.
- 1904 – John Hay Whitney, American businessman, publisher, and diplomat, founded J.H. Whitney & Company (d. 1982), was U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, publisher of the New York Herald Tribune, and president of the Museum of Modern Art.
- 1896 – Léon Theremin, Russian physicist and engineer, invented the Theremin (d. 1993), was a Russian and Soviet inventor, most famous for his invention of the theremin, one of the first electronic musical instruments and the first to be mass-produced. He also devised the interlace technique for improving the quality of a video signal, still widely used in video and television technology.
- 1890 – Man Ray, American-French photographer and painter (d. 1976), was an American visual artist who spent most of his career in Paris. He was a significant contributor to the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each were informal.
- 1877 – Charles Rolls, English engineer and businessman, co-founded Rolls-Royce Limited (d. 1910), was a Welsh motoring and aviation pioneer. With Henry Royce, he co-founded the Rolls-Royce car manufacturing firm.
- 1875 – Katharine McCormick, American biologist, philanthropist, and activist (d. 1967), was a U.S. suffragist, philanthropist and, after her husband's death, heir to a substantial part of the McCormick family fortune. She funded most of the research necessary to develop the first birth control pill.
- 1871 – Theodore Dreiser, American novelist and journalist (d. 1945), was an American novelist and journalist of the naturalist school. His novels often featured main characters who succeeded at their objectives despite a lack of a firm moral code, and literary situations that more closely resemble studies of nature than tales of choice and agency.
- 1865 – Charles G. Dawes, American general and politician, 30th Vice President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1951), was an American banker, general, diplomat, composer, and Republican politician who was the 30th vice president of the United States from 1925 to 1929. For his work on the Dawes Plan for World War I reparations, he was a co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1925.
- 1865 – James Henry Breasted, American archaeologist and historian (d. 1935), was an American archaeologist, Egyptologist, and historian. After completing his PhD at the University of Berlin in 1894, he joined the faculty of the University of Chicago.
- 1845 – Ödön Lechner, Hungarian architect, designed the Museum of Applied Arts and the Church of St Elisabeth (d. 1914), was a Hungarian architect, one of the early representatives of the Hungarian Secession movement, called szecesszió in Hungarian, which was related to Art Nouveau in the rest of Europe. He decorated his buildings with Zsolnay tile patterns inspired by old Magyar and Turkic folk art.
- 1809 – Hannibal Hamlin, American publisher and politician, 15th Vice President of the United States (d. 1891), was an American attorney and politician from the state of Maine. In a public service career that spanned over 50 years, he served as the 15th vice president of the United States.
- 1803 – Edward Beecher, American minister and theologian (d. 1895), was a noted theologian, the son of Lyman Beecher and the brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe and Henry Ward Beecher.
- 1724 – John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-American pastor, planter, and politician (d. 1781), was a Swiss-born American pastor, planter, and statesman during the American Revolution. Although a delegate for Georgia to the Continental Congress in 1775, he resisted independence from Great Britain and became a Loyalist.
- 2015 – Darryl Dawkins, American basketball player and coach (b. 1957)
- 2012 – Art Heyman, American basketball player (b. 1941)
- 2012 – Malcolm Browne, American journalist and photographer (b. 1931)
- 2010 – Luna Vachon, Canadian-American wrestler and manager (b. 1962)
- 2006 – Jesse Pintado, Mexican-American guitarist (b. 1969) (Napalm Death)
- 2004 – Willie Crawford, American baseball player (b. 1946)
- 2002 – Edwin Louis Cole, American religious leader and author (b. 1922)
- 2001 – Michael Dertouzos, Greek-American computer scientist and academic (b. 1936)
- 1996 – Greg Morris, American actor (b. 1933)
- 1990 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1954) (Double Trouble)
- 1980 – Douglas Kenney, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1947)
- 1978 – Gordon Matta-Clark, American painter and illustrator (b. 1943)
- 1971 – Bennett Cerf, American publisher, co-founded Random House (b. 1898)
- 1971 – Margaret Bourke-White, American photographer and journalist (b. 1906)
- 1965 – Le Corbusier, Swiss-French architect and urban planner, designed the Philips Pavilion (b. 1887)
- 1964 – Gracie Allen, American actress and comedian (b. 1895)
- 1963 – W. E. B. Du Bois, American sociologist, historian, and activist (b. 1868)
- 1958 – Ernest Lawrence, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
- 1948 – Charles Evans Hughes, American lawyer and politician, 11th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1862)
- 1945 – Hubert Pál Álgyay, Hungarian engineer, designed the Petőfi Bridge (b. 1894)
- 1935 – Childe Hassam, American painter and academic (b. 1859)
- 1931 – Francis Marion Smith, American miner and businessman (b. 1846)
- 1931 – Frank Harris, Irish-American journalist and author (b. 1856)
- 1891 – Samuel C. Pomeroy, American businessman and politician (b. 1816)
- 1875 – William Chapman Ralston, American businessman and financier, founded the Bank of California (b. 1826)
- 1871 – William Whiting Boardman, American lawyer and politician (b. 1794)
- 1857 – Rufus Wilmot Griswold, American anthologist, poet, and critic (b. 1815)
- 1782 – John Laurens, American Revolutionary and Congressman (b.1754)