2014 – Michael Brown, an 18-year-old African American male in Ferguson, Missouri, was shot and killed by a Ferguson police officer after reportedly assaulting the officer and attempting to steal his weapon, sparking protests and unrest in the city.
1974 – As a direct result of the Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon becomes the first President of the United States to resign from office. His Vice President, Gerald Ford, becomes president.
1945 – World War II: Nagasaki is devastated when an atomic bomb, Fat Man, is dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar. Thirty-five thousand people are killed outright, including 23,200-28,200 Japanese war workers, 2,000 Korean forced workers, and 150 Japanese soldiers.
1944 – The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters featuring Smokey Bear for the first time.
1914 – Start of the Battle of Mulhouse, part of a French attempt to recover the province of Alsace and the first French offensive of World War I.
1907 – The first Boy Scout encampment concludes at Brownsea Island in southern England.
1892 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
1877 – Indian Wars: Battle of the Big Hole: A small band of Nez Percé Indians clash with the United States Army
1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Cedar Mountain: At Cedar Mountain, Virginia, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson narrowly defeats Union forces under General John Pope.
1842 – The Webster–Ashburton Treaty is signed, establishing the United States–Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.
1810 – Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
1610 – The First Anglo-Powhatan War begins in colonial Virginia.
1329 – Quilon, the first Indian Christian Diocese, is erected by Pope John XXII; the French-born Jordanus is appointed the first Bishop.
1991 – Alexa Bliss, American bodybuilder and wrestler. She is signed to WWE, where she performs on the SmackDown brand under the ring name Alexa Bliss.
1989 – Jason Heyward, American baseball player. Jason Alias Heyward (born August 9, 1989), nicknamed "J-Hey" is an American professional baseball right fielder for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (MLB).
1988 – Anthony Castonzo, American football player. Anthony Salvatore Castonzo (born August 9, 1988) is an American football offensive tackle with the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League (NFL).
1986 – Tyler "Telle" Smith, American singer-songwriter and bass player. Tyler Smith is an American musician.
1985 – Anna Kendrick, American actress and singer. Her first starring role was in the 1998 Broadway musical High Society.
1985 – Chandler Williams, American football player (d. 2013), was an American football wide receiver who last played as a member of the Tampa Bay Storm. He was drafted by the Minnesota Vikings in the seventh round of the 2007 NFL Draft.
1985 – Hayley Peirsol, American swimmer. While at Auburn, Hayley trained under David Marsh, Dorsey Tierney and the late Ralph Crocker.
1985 – JaMarcus Russell, American football player. The Oakland Raiders then selected Russell with the first overall pick in the 2007 NFL Draft.
1982 – Joel Anthony, American basketball player. Joel Vincent Anthony (born August 9, 1982) is a Canadian professional basketball player who plays for San Lorenzo of the Liga Nacional de Básquetbol.
1982 – Tyson Gay, American sprinter. Tyson Gay (born August 9, 1982) is an American track and field sprinter who competes in the 100 and 200 meters dash.
1981 – Jarvis Hayes, American basketball player. Jarvis James Hayes (born August 9, 1981) is an American-Qatari college basketball coach who is currently an assistant coach for the Georgia State Panthers and is a former professional player.
1977 – Adewale Ogunleye, American football player. He played college football at Indiana.
1977 – Chamique Holdsclaw, American basketball player. Chamique Shaunta Holdsclaw (born August 9, 1977) is a former professional basketball player in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) most recently under a contract with the San Antonio Silver Stars.
1977 – Ime Udoka, American basketball player and coach. Ime Sunday Udoka (/ˈiːmeɪ uːˈdoʊkə/ EE-may oo-DOH-kə; born August 9, 1977) is a Nigerian-American former professional basketball player and current assistant coach for the Philadelphia 76ers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1977 – Jason Frasor, American baseball player. He also played in MLB for the Chicago White Sox, Texas Rangers, Kansas City Royals and the Atlanta Braves.
1976 – Jessica Capshaw, American actress. She was introduced in Grey's Anatomy's fifth season as an attending surgeon and the new head of pediatric surgery.
1975 – Mike Lamb, American baseball player. Michael Robert Lamb (born August 9, 1975) is an American former professional baseball third baseman and first baseman.
1974 – Derek Fisher, American basketball player and coach. Derek Lamar Fisher (born August 9, 1974) is an American basketball coach and former player who is the head coach for the Los Angeles Sparks of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA).
1974 – Kirill Reznik, American lawyer and politician. Kirill Reznik (born August 9, 1974) is an American politician from Maryland and a member of the Democratic Party.
1973 – Gene Luen Yang, American author and illustrator. Gene Luen Yang (Chinese Traditional: 楊謹倫, Simplified: 杨谨伦, Pinyin: Yáng Jǐnlún; born August 9, 1973) is an American cartoonist.
1970 – Chris Cuomo, American lawyer and journalist. Christopher Charles Cuomo (/ˈkwoʊmoʊ/ KWOH-moh; born August 9, 1970) is an American television journalist, best known as the presenter of Cuomo Prime Time, a weeknight news analysis show on CNN.
1969 – Troy Percival, American baseball player and coach. Troy Eugene Percival (born August 9, 1969) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher and current head coach at UC Riverside.
1968 – Gillian Anderson, American actress and director. Among other honours, Anderson has won a Primetime Emmy Award, a Golden Globe Award and two Screen Actors Guild Awards.
1968 – McG, American director and producer. Joseph McGinty Nichol (born August 9, 1968), known professionally as McG, is an American director, producer, and former record producer.
1968 – Sam Fogarino, American drummer. He has played in bands such as the Holy Terrors, Gus, the Wahoos, Napoleon Solo, the Ton-ups and the Last Night.
1967 – Deion Sanders, American football and baseball player. Deion Luwynn Sanders Sr. (/ˈdiːɒn/; born August 9, 1967), nicknamed "Prime Time" and "Neon Deion", is an American former professional football and baseball player who is a sports analyst.
1966 – Vinny Del Negro, American basketball player and coach. Del Negro is currently an analyst with NBA TV.
1964 – Brett Hull, Canadian-American ice hockey player and manager. He played for the Calgary Flames, St.
1964 – Hoda Kotb, American journalist and television personality. Kotb formerly served as a correspondent for the television news magazine program Dateline NBC.
1963 – Jay Leggett, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013), was an American actor, improvisational comedian, producer, director, and screenwriter.
1963 – Whitney Houston, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress (d. 2012), was an American singer and actress. She was cited as the most awarded female artist of all time by Guinness World Records and remains one of the best-selling music artists of all time with 200 million records sold worldwide.
1962 – John "Hot Rod" Williams, American basketball player (d. 2015), was an American professional basketball player in the National Basketball Association (NBA) from 1986 to 1999.
1962 – Kevin Mack, American football player. James Kevin Mack (born August 9, 1962) is a former professional American football player who played fullback.
1962 – Louis Lipps, American football player and radio host. Louis Adam Lipps (born August 9, 1962 in New Orleans) is a former American football wide receiver in the NFL who played nine seasons in the NFL, eight for the Pittsburgh Steelers and one for the New Orleans Saints.
1961 – Brad Gilbert, American tennis player and sportscaster. Brad Gilbert (born August 9, 1961) is a former professional tennis player and an American tennis coach.
1959 – Kurtis Blow, American rapper, producer, and actor. Kurtis Walker (born August 9, 1959), professionally known by his stage name Kurtis Blow, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record/film producer, b-boy, DJ, public speaker and minister.
1959 – Michael Kors, American fashion designer. Kors was the first women's ready-to-wear designer for the French house Celine, from 1997 to 2003.
1958 – Amanda Bearse, American actress, comedian and director. Amanda Bearse (born August 9, 1958) is an American actress, director and comedian best known for her role as neighbor Marcy Rhoades/D'Arcy on the Fox sitcom Married... with Children, a sitcom that aired in the United States from 1987 to 1997, and for her performance in the 1985 horror film Fright Night opposite William Ragsdale.
1958 – James Lileks, American journalist and blogger. He is the creator of The Gallery of Regrettable Foods website.
1957 – Melanie Griffith, American actress and producer. She began her career in the 1970s, appearing in several independent thriller films before achieving mainstream success in the mid-1980s.
1955 – John E. Sweeney, American lawyer and politician. He was dubbed "Congressman Kick-Ass" by President George W.
1951 – Steve Swisher, American baseball player and manager. Louis Cardinals, and San Diego Padres from 1974 to 1982.
1949 – Jonathan Kellerman, American psychologist and author. Jonathan Seth Kellerman (born August 9, 1949) is an American novelist, psychologist, and Edgar and Anthony Award-winning author best known for his popular mystery novels featuring the character Alex Delaware, a child psychologist who consults for the Los Angeles police department.
1949 – Ted Simmons, American baseball player and coach. Louis Cardinals (1968–80), the Milwaukee Brewers (1981–85) and the Atlanta Braves (1986–88).
1947 – Barbara Mason, American R&B/soul singer-songwriter. Barbara Mason (born August 9, 1947, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American soul singer with several R&B and pop hits in the 1960s and 1970s, best known for her self-written 1965 hit song "Yes, I'm Ready".
1946 – Jim Kiick, American football player. James Forrest Kiick (born August 9, 1946) is a former professional American football player, a running back for the Miami Dolphins in the American Football League (AFL) from 1968 to 1969 and in the National Football League (NFL) from 1970 through 1977, except for 1975 when he played in the World Football League.
1945 – Barbara Delinsky, American author. Barbara Delinsky (born August 8, 1945, in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. as Barbara Ruth Greenberg.) is an American writer of romance novels, including 19 New York Times bestsellers.
1944 – Patricia McKissack, American soldier, engineer, and author, was a prolific African American children's writer. She was the author of over 100 books, including Dear America books A Picture of Freedom: The Diary of Clotee, a Slave Girl; Color Me Dark: The Diary of Nellie Lee Love, The Great Migration North; and Look to the Hills: The Diary of Lozette Moreau, a French Slave Girl.
1944 – Sam Elliott, American actor and producer. His accolades include an Academy Award nomination, two Golden Globe Award nominations, two Primetime Emmy Award nominations, and a National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor.
1943 – Ken Norton, American boxer and actor (d. 2013), was an American professional boxer who competed from 1967 to 1981, and held the WBC heavyweight title in 1978. He is best known for his fight trilogy with Muhammad Ali, in which Norton won the first by split decision, lost the second by split decision, and lost the final by a controversial unanimous decision.
1942 – Jack DeJohnette, American drummer, pianist, and composer. Jack DeJohnette (born August 9, 1942) is an American jazz drummer, pianist, and composer.
1942 – Tommie Agee, American baseball player (d. 2001), was a Major League Baseball center fielder. He is noted for making two of the greatest catches in World Series history, both of which took place in game three of the 1969 World Series.
1940 – Linda Keen, American mathematician and academic. Linda Jo Goldway Keen (born 9 August 1940 in New York City, New York) is a mathematician and a fellow of the American Mathematical Society.
1939 – Butch Warren, American bassist (d. 2013), was an American jazz bassist who was active during the 1950s and '60s.
1939 – The Mighty Hannibal, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2014), was an American R&B, soul and funk singer, songwriter and record producer. Known for his showmanship, and outlandish costumes often incorporating a pink turban, several of his songs carried social or political themes.
1936 – Julián Javier, Dominican-American baseball player. Manuel Julián (Liranzo) Javier (born August 9, 1936 in San Francisco de Macorís, Dominican Republic), better known as Julián Javier , is a former Major League Baseball second baseman.
1935 – Beverlee McKinsey, American actress (d. 2008). She is best known for her roles on two daytime serials.
1931 – Chuck Essegian, American baseball player and lawyer. Charles Abraham Essegian (born August 9, 1931) is an American former professional baseball left fielder.
1931 – James Freeman Gilbert, American geophysicist and academic (d. 2014), was an American geophysicist, best known for his work with George E. Backus on inverting geophysical data, and also for his role in establishing an international network of long-period seismometers.
1931 – Paula Kent Meehan, American businesswoman, co-founded Redken (d. 2014), was an American businesswoman, executive and philanthropist. She co-founded the Redken hair care products company.
1930 – Milt Bolling, American baseball player and scout (d. 2013), was a shortstop in Major League Baseball who played from 1952 through 1958 for the Boston Red Sox (1952–1957), Washington Senators (1957) and Detroit Tigers (1958). Bolling batted and threw right-handed.
1928 – Bob Cousy, American basketball player and coach. Making his high school varsity squad as a junior, he went on to earn a scholarship to the College of the Holy Cross, where he led the Crusaders to berths in the 1948 NCAA Tournament and 1950 NCAA Tournament, and won NCAA All-American honors for three seasons.
1928 – Camilla Wicks, American violinist and educator. Camilla Wicks (born August 9, 1928) is an American violinist and one of the first female violinists to establish a major international career.
1928 – Dolores Wilson, American soprano and actress (d. 2010), was an American coloratura soprano who had an active international opera career from the late 1940s through the early 1960s. Beginning her career with major theatres in Europe, she performed in six seasons at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City during the 1950s.
1927 – Daniel Keyes, American short story writer and novelist (d. 2014), was an American writer who wrote the novel Flowers for Algernon. Keyes was given the Author Emeritus honor by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America in 2000.
1925 – David A. Huffman, American computer scientist, developed Huffman coding (d. 1999), was an American pioneer in computer science, known for his Huffman coding. He was also one of the pioneers in the field of mathematical origami.
1924 – Frank Martínez, American soldier and painter (d. 2013), was a Puerto Rican politician and senator.
1921 – Ernest Angley, American evangelist and author. Ernest Winston Angley (born August 9, 1921) is an American Christian evangelist, author and television station owner based in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.
1921 – J. James Exon, American soldier and politician, 33rd Governor of Nebraska (d. 2005), was an American Democratic politician. He served as the 33rd Governor of Nebraska from 1971 to 1979, and as a U.S.
1919 – Ralph Houk, American baseball player and manager (d. 2010). Ralph George Houk (/ˈhaʊk/; August 9, 1919 – July 21, 2010), nicknamed The Major, was an American catcher, coach, manager, and front office executive in Major League Baseball.
1918 – Albert Seedman, American police officer (d. 2013). Seedman, (August 9, 1918 – May 17, 2013), was an officer with the New York City Police Department (NYPD) for 30 years.
1918 – Kermit Beahan, American colonel (d. 1989). Beahan (August 9, 1918 – March 9, 1989) was a career officer in the United States Air Force and its predecessor United States Army Air Forces during World War II.
1915 – Mareta West, American astronomer and geologist (d. 1998), was an American astrogeologist who in the 1960s chose the site of the first manned lunar landing, Apollo 11. She was the first female astrogeologist.
1911 – Eddie Futch, American boxer and trainer (d. 2001), was an American boxing trainer. Among the fighters he trained are Joe Frazier, Ken Norton, Larry Holmes, and Trevor Berbick, four of the five men to defeat Muhammad Ali.
1911 – William Alfred Fowler, American astronomer and astrophysicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1996), was an American nuclear physicist, later astrophysicist, who, with Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar won the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is known for his theoretical and experimental research into nuclear reactions within stars and the energy elements produced in the process.
1901 – Charles Farrell, American actor and singer (d. 1990), was an American film actor of the 1920s silent era and into the 1930s, and later a television actor. Farrell is probably best recalled for his onscreen romances with actress Janet Gaynor in more than a dozen films, including 7th Heaven, Street Angel, and Lucky Star.
1861 – Dorothea Klumpke, American astronomer and academic (d. 1942). She was Director of the Bureau of Measurements at the Paris Observatory and was made a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur.
1788 – Adoniram Judson, American missionary and lexicographer (d. 1850), was an American Congregationalist and later Particular Baptist missionary, who served in Burma for almost forty years. At the age of 25, Adoniram Judson was sent from North America to preach in Burma.
1757 – Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, American humanitarian; wife of Alexander Hamilton (d. 1854), was the wife of American founding father Alexander Hamilton, a defender of his works, a mother and co-founder and deputy director of Graham Windham, the first private orphanage in New York City. Eliza is recognized as an early American philanthropist in regards to her work with the Orphan Asylum Society.
1757 – Thomas Telford, Scottish architect and engineer, designed the Menai Suspension Bridge (d. 1834), was a Scottish civil engineer, architect and stonemason, and road, bridge and canal builder. After establishing himself as an engineer of road and canal projects in Shropshire, he designed numerous infrastructure projects in his native Scotland, as well as harbours and tunnels.
1674 – František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect, designed the Veltrusy Mansion (d. 1766), was a Czech architect and builder.
2015 – Frank Gifford, American football player, sportscaster, and actor (b. 1930)
2015 – John Henry Holland, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1929)
2014 – Arthur G. Cohen, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Arlen Realty and Development Corporation (b. 1930)
2014 – Ed Nelson, American actor (b. 1928)
2013 – Harry Elliott, American baseball player and coach (b. 1923)
2013 – William Lynch, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1947)
2012 – Al Freeman, Jr., American actor, director, and educator (b. 1934)
2012 – Carl Davis, American record producer (b. 1934)
2012 – Carmen Belen Richardson, Puerto Rican-American actress (b. 1930)
2012 – David Rakoff, Canadian-American actor and journalist (b. 1964)
2012 – Gene F. Franklin, American engineer, theorist, and academic (b. 1927)
2012 – Mel Stuart, American director and producer (b. 1928)
2010 – Calvin "Fuzz" Jones, American singer and bass player (b. 1926)
2010 – Ted Stevens, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1923)
2008 – Bernie Mac, American comedian, actor, screenwriter, and producer (b. 1957)
2006 – James Van Allen, American physicist and academic (b. 1914)
2005 – Judith Rossner, American author (b. 1935)
2004 – David Raksin, American composer and educator (b. 1912)
2004 – Tony Mottola, American guitarist and composer (b. 1918)
2003 – Gregory Hines, American actor, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1946)
2000 – John Harsanyi, Hungarian-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
2000 – Nicholas Markowitz, American murder victim (b. 1984)
1996 – Frank Whittle, English soldier and engineer, invented the jet engine (b. 1907)
1995 – Jerry Garcia, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)
1980 – Jacqueline Cochran, American pilot (b. 1906)
1979 – Raymond Washington, American gang leader, founded the Crips (b. 1953)
1979 – Walter O'Malley, American businessman (b. 1903)
1978 – James Gould Cozzens, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1903)
1974 – Bill Chase, American trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1934)
1969 – Sharon Tate, American model and actress (b. 1943)
1969 – Wojciech Frykowski, Polish-American actor and author (b. 1936)
1963 – Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, American son of John F. Kennedy (b. 1963)
1949 – Edward Thorndike, American psychologist and academic (b. 1874)
1948 – Hugo Boss, German fashion designer, founded Hugo Boss (b. 1885)
1945 – Harry Hillman, American runner and coach (b. 1881)
1910 – Huo Yuanjia, Chinese martial artist, co-founded the Chin Woo Athletic Association (b. 1868)