1974 – Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon releases subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the Supreme Court of the United States.
1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 15 Mission: David Scott and James Irwin on the Apollo Lunar Module Falcon land on the Moon with the first Lunar Rover.
1932 – Premiere of Walt Disney's Flowers and Trees, the first cartoon short to use Technicolor and the first Academy Award winning cartoon short.
1930 – In Montevideo, Uruguay wins the first FIFA World Cup.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of the Crater: Union forces attempt to break Confederate lines at Petersburg, Virginia by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
1863 – American Indian Wars: Representatives of the United States and tribal leaders including Chief Pocatello (of the Shoshone) sign the Treaty of Box Elder.
1859 – First ascent of Grand Combin, one of the highest summits in the Alps.
1825 – Malden Island is discovered by captain George Byron, 7th Baron Byron.
1733 – The first Masonic Grand Lodge in the future United States is constituted in Massachusetts.
1619 – In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
1419 – First Defenestration of Prague: A crowd of radical Hussites kill seven members of the Prague city council.
762 – Baghdad is founded.
1993 – Jacob Faria, American baseball player. Jacob Daniel Faria (born July 30, 1993) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Milwaukee Brewers of Major League Baseball (MLB).
1984 – Gabrielle Christian, American actress and singer. Gabrielle Christian (born Gabrielle Christine Horchler; July 30, 1984) is an American actress and singer best known for her portrayal of Spencer Carlin in The N original series South of Nowhere, and her portrayal of Colby Robson in the web series Girltrash! and the film Girltrash: All Night Long.
1984 – Kevin Pittsnogle, American basketball player. He is best known for his collegiate play at West Virginia University.
1981 – Hope Solo, American soccer player. After playing at the collegiate level for the University of Washington, she played professionally for the Philadelphia Charge in the Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA).
1981 – Nicky Hayden, American motorcycle racer (d. 2017), was an American professional motorcycle racer who won the MotoGP World Championship in 2006. Hayden began racing motorcycles at a young age.
1980 – Seth Avett, American folk-rock singer-songwriter and musician. Timothy Seth Avett (born July 30, 1980) is one of the lead singers and founding members of the American folk-rock band The Avett Brothers.
1977 – Bootsy Thornton, American basketball player. Marvis Linwood "Bootsy" Thornton III (born July 30, 1977) is an American former professional basketball player.
1977 – Jaime Pressly, American actress. She has also appeared in films such as Poison Ivy: The New Seduction (1997), Joe Dirt (2001), DOA: Dead or Alive (2006), and I Love You, Man (2009).
1977 – Misty May-Treanor, American volleyball player and coach. She is a three-time Olympic gold medalist, and as of August 2012, the most successful female beach volleyball player with 112 individual championship wins in domestic and international competition.
1975 – Kate Starbird, American basketball player and computer scientist. She is a former professional basketball player in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) and the American Basketball League (ABL).
1974 – Hilary Swank, American actress and producer. She is the recipient of numerous awards for her career, including two Academy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, two Critics' Choice Awards, and a Screen Actors Guild Award.
1973 – Clementa C. Pinckney, American minister and politician (d. 2015), was a Democratic member of the South Carolina Senate, representing the 45th District from 2000 until his death in 2015. He was previously a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1997 through 2000.
1972 – Jim McIlvaine, American basketball player and sportscaster. James Michael McIlvaine (born July 30, 1972) is a retired American professional basketball player who spent seven seasons in the National Basketball Association with the Washington Bullets, Seattle SuperSonics, and New Jersey Nets.
1971 – Elvis Crespo, American-Puerto Rican singer. He has won multiple awards, including a Grammy and a Latin Grammy Award in merengue.
1970 – Christopher Nolan, English-American director, producer, and screenwriter. Christopher Edward Nolan, CBE (/ˈnoʊlən/; born 30 July 1970) is a British-American filmmaker, who is known for making personal, distinctive films within the Hollywood mainstream.
1970 – Dean Edwards, American comedian, actor, and singer. He also appeared in Saturday Night Live Weekend Update Halftime Special as Savion Glover and Don Cheadle, in Tony N' Tina's Wedding as Father Mark, and The Sopranos.
1968 – Terry Crews, American football player and actor. Terry Alan Crews (born July 30, 1968) is an American actor, comedian, activist, artist, and former professional football player.
1964 – Alek Keshishian, Lebanese-American director, producer, and screenwriter. He is best known for his 1991 film Madonna: Truth or Dare which was, at the time, the highest-grossing documentary of all time.
1964 – Ron Block, American singer-songwriter and banjo player. Ronald Franklin Block is an American banjo player, guitarist, and singer-songwriter, best known as a member of the bluegrass band Alison Krauss & Union Station.
1964 – Vivica A. Fox, American actress. Vivica Anjanetta Fox (born July 30, 1964) is an American actress, producer and television host.
1963 – Chris Mullin, American basketball player and manager. He previously served as special advisor for the Sacramento Kings and general manager of the Golden State Warriors.
1963 – Lisa Kudrow, American actress and producer. Kudrow initially portrayed Phoebe’s twin sister Ursula on the television sitcom Mad About You.
1962 – Alton Brown, American chef, author, and producer. Alton Crawford Brown Jr. (born July 30, 1962) is an American television personality, food show presenter, author, actor, cinematographer, and musician.
1962 – Jay Feaster, American ice hockey player and manager. Jay Harry Feaster' (born July 30, 1962) is a National Hockey League (NHL) executive currently serving as the Executive Director of Community Hockey Development for the Tampa Bay Lightning.
1961 – Laurence Fishburne, American actor and producer. Clean" Miller in the 1979 war film Apocalypse Now, and most recently "The Bowery King" in the John Wick film series.
1960 – Jennifer Barnes, American-English musicologist and academic. She was a Pro-Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor in the University of Cambridge, and the 4th President of Murray Edwards College, Cambridge’ in the United Kingdom.
1960 – Richard Linklater, American director and screenwriter. His films include the observational comedy film Slacker (1990); the coming-of-age comedy film Dazed and Confused (1993); the romantic drama Before trilogy, Before Sunrise (1995), Before Sunset (2004), and Before Midnight (2013); the music-themed comedy School of Rock (2003); the animated films Waking Life (2001) and A Scanner Darkly (2006); the epic coming-of age drama Boyhood (2014); and the comedy film Everybody Wants Some!! (2016).
1957 – Bill Cartwright, American basketball player and coach. He attended Elk Grove High School in Elk Grove, California, and played college basketball at the University of San Francisco.
1957 – Clint Hurdle, American baseball player and manager. Clinton Merrick Hurdle (born July 30, 1957) is an American former professional baseball outfielder and former manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball.
1956 – Anita Hill, American lawyer and academic. She became a national figure in 1991 when she accused U.S.
1956 – Delta Burke, American actress. From 1986 to 1991, she starred as Suzanne Sugarbaker in the CBS sitcom Designing Women, for which she was nominated for two Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series.
1956 – Soraida Martinez, American painter and educator. Soraida Martinez (born July 30, 1956) is an American of Puerto Rican descent known for her contemporary abstract expressionist paintings and social commentary.
1954 – Ken Olin, American actor, director, and producer. He is currently a director and producer of the television series This Is Us.
1950 – Frank Stallone, American singer-songwriter and actor. His song "Far from Over", which appeared in the 1983 film Staying Alive and was also featured in the film's soundtrack, peaked at number ten on the Billboard Hot 100, for which he received Golden Globe and Grammy nominations.
1949 – Duck Baker, American guitarist. Richard Royall "Duck" Baker IV (born July 30, 1949) is an American acoustic fingerstyle guitarist who plays in a variety of styles: jazz, blues, gospel, ragtime, folk, and Irish and Scottish music.
1948 – Billy Paultz, American basketball player. William Edward "Billy" Paultz (born July 30, 1948) is an American retired professional basketball player.
1947 – Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, 38th Governor of California. As of 2019, he is the most recent Republican governor of California.
1947 – Jonathan Mann, American physician and author (d. 1998). Jonathan Mann is the name of:
1947 – William Atherton, American actor and producer. William Atherton Knight Jr. (born July 30, 1947) is an American actor, best known for portraying Richard Thornburg in Die Hard and its sequel and Walter Peck in Ghostbusters.
1946 – Neil Bonnett, American race car driver and sportscaster (d. 1994), was an American NASCAR driver who compiled 18 victories and 20 poles over his 18-year career. The Alabama native currently ranks 45th in all-time NASCAR Cup victories.
1945 – David Sanborn, American saxophonist and composer. He released his first solo album Taking Off in 1975, but has been playing the saxophone since before he was in high school.
1940 – Clive Sinclair, English businessman, founded Sinclair Radionics and Sinclair Research. Sir Clive Marles Sinclair (born 30 July 1940) is an English entrepreneur and inventor, most commonly known for his work in consumer electronics in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
1940 – Patricia Schroeder, American lawyer and politician. Patricia Nell Scott Schroeder (born July 30, 1940) is an American politician who represented Colorado in the United States House of Representatives from 1973–1997.
1939 – Eleanor Smeal, American activist, founded the Feminist Majority Foundation. Eleanor Smeal (born Eleanor Marie Cutri; July 30, 1939) is one of the major leaders of the modern-day American feminist movement.
1939 – Peter Bogdanovich, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. He is part of the wave of "New Hollywood" directors, and his most critically acclaimed and well-known film is the drama The Last Picture Show (1971).
1936 – Buddy Guy, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. George "Buddy" Guy (born July 30, 1936) is an American blues guitarist and singer.
1929 – Sid Krofft, Canadian-American puppeteer and producer. He created and produced a wide array of shows and TV series and specials with his brother, Marty, beginning in the 1960s.
1928 – Joe Nuxhall, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2007), was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball, primarily for the Cincinnati Reds. Immediately after retiring as a player, he became a radio broadcaster for the Reds from 1967 through 2004, and continued part-time up until his death in 2007.
1927 – Pete Schoening, American mountaineer (d. 2004). Schoening was a member of the first expedition to climb the Pakistani peak Gasherbrum I in 1958, and was one of the first to summit Mount Vinson in Antarctica in 1966.
1922 – Henry W. Bloch, American banker and businessman, co-founded H&R Block, was an American businessman and philanthropist. He was the co-founder and (since 2000) the chairman emeritus of the American tax-preparation company H&R Block.
1921 – Grant Johannesen, American pianist and educator (d. 2005). Grant was born in Salt Lake City and discovered at the age of five by a teacher who lived across the street.
1913 – Lou Darvas, American soldier and cartoonist (d. 1987). He received the National Cartoonist Society Sports Cartoon Award for 1963 and 1967 for his work.
1910 – Edgar de Evia, Mexican-American photographer (d. 2003), was a Mexican-born American interiors photographer.
1890 – Casey Stengel, American baseball player and manager (d. 1975), was an American Major League Baseball right fielder, and manager, best known as the manager of both the championship New York Yankees of the 1950s and later, of the expansion New York Mets. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966.
1881 – Smedley Butler, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1940). Major General Smedley Darlington Butler (July 30, 1881 – June 21, 1940), nicknamed "Old Gimlet Eye", was a senior United States Marine Corps officer who fought in both the Mexican Revolution and World War I.
1863 – Henry Ford, American engineer and businessman, founded the Ford Motor Company (d. 1947), was an American industrialist and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.
1859 – Henry Simpson Lunn, English minister and humanitarian, founded Lunn Poly (d. 1939), was an English humanitarian and religious figure, and also founder of Lunn Poly, one of the UK's largest travel companies.
1857 – Thorstein Veblen, American economist and sociologist (d. 1929), was an American economist and sociologist, who during his lifetime emerged as a well-known critic of capitalism.
1832 – George Lemuel Woods, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 3rd Governor of Oregon (d. 1890). A member of the Republican Party, Woods served as the third Governor of Oregon from 1866–1870.
1809 – Charles Chiniquy, Canadian-American priest and theologian (d. 1899), was a Canadian Catholic priest who left the Catholic Church and became a Presbyterian minister. He rode the lecture circuit in the United States denouncing the Catholic Church.
2016 – Gloria DeHaven, American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1925)
2015 – Francis Paul Prucha, American historian and academic (b. 1921)
2015 – Lynn Anderson, American singer (b. 1947)
2014 – Dick Smith, American make-up artist (b. 1922)
2014 – Dick Wagner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)
2014 – Robert Drew, American director and producer (b. 1924)
2013 – Cecil Alexander, American architect, designed the State of Georgia Building (b. 1918)
2013 – Harry F. Byrd, Jr., American lieutenant, publisher, and politician (b. 1914)
2013 – Ossie Schectman, American basketball player (b. 1919)
2013 – Robert Neelly Bellah, American sociologist and author (b. 1927)
2012 – Bill Doss, American singer and guitarist (b. 1968)
2012 – Mary Louise Rasmuson, American colonel (b. 1911)
2011 – Bob Peterson, American basketball player (b. 1932)
2009 – Mohammed Yusuf, Nigerian militant leader, founded Boko Haram (b. 1970)
2008 – Anne Armstrong, American businesswoman and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1927)
2006 – Anthony Galla-Rini, American accordion player and composer (b. 1904)
2006 – Murray Bookchin, American philosopher and author (b. 1921)
2005 – Ray Cunningham, American baseball player (b. 1905)
2003 – Sam Phillips, American record producer, founded Sun Records (b. 1923)
1998 – Buffalo Bob Smith, American television host (b. 1917)