2012 – Erden Eruç completes the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.
2008 – Ram Baran Yadav is declared the first president of Nepal.
1969 – At 02:56 UTC, astronaut Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to walk on the Moon.
1961 – Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 4 Mission: Gus Grissom piloting Liberty Bell 7 becomes the second American to go into space (in a suborbital mission).
1960 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike is elected Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, becoming the world's first female head of government
1959 – Elijah Jerry "Pumpsie" Green becomes the first African-American to play for the Boston Red Sox, the last team to integrate. He came in as a pinch runner for Vic Wertz and stayed in as shortstop in a 2–1 loss to the Chicago White Sox.
1959 – NS Savannah, the first nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship, is launched as a showcase for Dwight D. Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace" initiative.
1954 – First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
1949 – The United States Senate ratifies the North Atlantic Treaty.
1944 – World War II: Battle of Guam: American troops land on Guam, starting a battle that will end on August 10.
1925 – Malcolm Campbell becomes the first man to exceed 150 mph (241 km/h) on land. At Pendine Sands in Wales, he drives a Sunbeam at a two-way average speed of 150.33 mph (242 km/h).
1904 – Louis Rigolly, a Frenchman, becomes the first man to break the 100 mph (161 km/h) barrier on land. He drove a 15-liter Gobron-Brillié in Ostend, Belgium.
1873 – At Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James–Younger Gang pull off the first successful train robbery in the American Old West.
1865 – In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first western showdown.
1861 – American Civil War: First Battle of Bull Run: At Manassas Junction, Virginia, the first major battle of the war begins and ends in a victory for the Confederate army.
1831 – Inauguration of Leopold I of Belgium, first king of the Belgians.
1545 – The first landing of French troops on the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight.
1993 – Aaron Durley, American baseball player. Aaron Durley (born July 21, 1993) is a former Little League World Series baseball player known for his exceptional size, a former all-state high school basketball player, and a former player for Texas Christian University's basketball team (TCU).
1992 – Rachael Flatt, American figure skater. She is the 2008 World Junior champion, a winner of four silver medals on the Grand Prix series, and the 2010 U.S. national champion.
1989 – Rory Culkin, American actor. Rory Hugh Culkin (born July 21, 1989) is an American actor who is known for his roles in Scream 4, Lords Of Chaos, You Can Count on Me and M.
1988 – DeAndre Jordan, American basketball player. Jordan is a three-time All-NBA and two-time NBA All-Defensive Team member, and has twice led the league in rebounding.
1988 – KB, American rapper. KB, kB or kb may stand for:
1986 – Rebecca Ferguson, American-English singer-songwriter. Rebecca Louisa Ferguson Sundström (born 19 October 1983) is a Swedish actress.
1985 – Von Wafer, American basketball player. He played college basketball for the Florida State Seminoles.
1981 – Romeo Santos, American singer-songwriter. Anthony Santos (born July 21, 1981), known professionally as Romeo Santos, is an American singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, and former lead vocalist of the bachata band Aventura.
1980 – CC Sabathia, American baseball player. Carsten Charles Sabathia Jr. (born July 21, 1980) is an American former professional baseball pitcher who played 19 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Cleveland Indians, Milwaukee Brewers, and the New York Yankees.
1980 – Justin Griffith, American football player. Justin Montrel Griffith (born July 21, 1980) is a former Fullback in the National Football League.
1979 – Tamika Catchings, American basketball player. Tamika Devonne Catchings (born July 21, 1979) is an American retired professional basketball player who played her entire 15-year career for the Indiana Fever of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA).
1978 – Josh Hartnett, American actor. He made his feature film debut in 1998 in the slasher film Halloween H20: 20 Years Later, followed by teen roles in films such as the sci-fi horror film The Faculty (1998) and the drama The Virgin Suicides (1999).
1978 – Justin Bartha, American actor. Justin Lee Bartha (born July 21, 1978) is an American actor, known for his roles as Riley Poole in the National Treasure film series, Doug Billings in The Hangover trilogy, and David Sawyer in the NBC comedy series The New Normal.
1975 – Christopher Barzak, American author and educator. In 2007 he published his debut novel, One for Sorrow, which won the 2008 Crawford Award, and was a nominee for the 2008 Great Lakes Book Award as well as Logo TV's NewNowNext Awards.
1975 – Mike Sellers, American football player. He was signed as an undrafted free agent by the NFL's Washington Redskins, and also played for the Cleveland Browns of the NFL.
1974 – Geoff Jenkins, American baseball player and coach. Geoff Jenkins (born July 21, 1974) is a former outfielder in Major League Baseball.
1972 – Korey Cooper, American singer and guitarist. Skillet is an American Christian rock band formed in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1996.
1969 – Emerson Hart, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. He is the lead singer and songwriter of the alternative rock band Tonic.
1968 – Brandi Chastain, American soccer player and sportscaster. Brandi Denise Chastain (born July 21, 1968) is an American retired soccer player, two-time FIFA Women's World Cup champion, two-time Olympic gold-medalist, coach, and sports broadcaster.
1966 – Arija Bareikis, American actress. She is also known for the films Deuce Bigalow: Male Gigolo and The Purge.
1965 – Mike Bordick, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster. Michael Todd Bordick (born July 21, 1965) is an American retired professional baseball shortstop.
1958 – Dave Henderson, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2015), was an American professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Seattle Mariners, Boston Red Sox, San Francisco Giants, Oakland Athletics, and Kansas City Royals during his 14-year career, primarily as an outfielder.
1957 – Jon Lovitz, American comedian, actor, and producer. He starred as Jay Sherman in The Critic and has appeared in numerous other television series and films.
1956 – Michael Connelly, American author. Michael Joseph Connelly (born July 21, 1956) is an American author of detective novels and other crime fiction, notably those featuring LAPD Detective Hieronymus "Harry" Bosch and criminal defense attorney Mickey Haller.
1955 – Dannel Malloy, American lawyer and politician, 88th Governor of Connecticut. On July 1, 2019, he began his tenure as the Chancellor of the University of Maine System.
1955 – Howie Epstein, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 2003), was an American musician best known as a bassist with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers.
1953 – Eric Bazilian, American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, arranger, and producer (The Hooters). Bazilian (born July 21, 1953), is an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, arranger and producer, best known for being a founding member of the rock band The Hooters and for writing "One of Us," made famous by Joan Osborne in 1995.
1952 – John Barrasso, American physician and politician. Thomas, and won a special election in 2008 to fill the remaining four years of Thomas's term.
1951 – Robin Williams, American actor, singer, and producer (d. 2014), was an American actor and comedian. Born in Chicago, Williams began performing stand-up comedy in San Francisco and Los Angeles during the mid-1970s, After rising to fame playing the alien Mork in the sitcom Mork & Mindy, Williams established a career in both stand-up comedy and feature film acting.
1949 – Christina Hart, American playwright and actress. She teaches acting at the Hollywood Court Theater.
1948 – Garry Trudeau, American cartoonist. Garretson Beekman "Garry" Trudeau (born July 21, 1948) is an American cartoonist, best known for creating the Doonesbury comic strip.
1946 – Ken Starr, American lawyer and judge, 39th Solicitor General of the United States. Kenneth Winston Starr (born July 21, 1946) is an American lawyer who has also been a United States circuit judge and U.S. solicitor general.
1946 – Timothy Harris, American author, screenwriter and producer. Timothy Sylvester Harris (born 6 December 1964) is the current Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis, in office since 2015.
1944 – Paul Wellstone, American academic and politician (d. 2002), was an American academic, author, and politician who represented Minnesota in the United States Senate from 1991 until he was killed in a plane crash in Eveleth, Minnesota, in 2002. A member of the Democratic Farmer-Labor Party, Wellstone was a leader of the progressive wing of the national Democratic Party.
1943 – Edward Herrmann, American actor (d. 2014), was an American actor, director, writer, and comedian, best known for his portrayals of Franklin D. Roosevelt on television, Richard Gilmore in Gilmore Girls, a ubiquitous narrator for historical programs on The History Channel and in such PBS productions as Nova, and as a spokesman for Dodge automobiles in the 1990s.
1939 – Jamey Aebersold, American saxophonist and educator. His summer workshops have educated students of all ages since the 1960s.
1939 – John Negroponte, English-American diplomat, 23rd United States Ambassador to the United Nations. Schlesinger Distinguished Professor at the Miller Center for Public Affairs at the University of Virginia.
1939 – Kim Fowley, American singer-songwriter, producer, and manager (d. 2015), was an American record producer, singer, songwriter and musician. He is best known for his role behind a string of novelty and cult pop rock singles in the 1960s, and for managing the Runaways in the 1970s.
1938 – Janet Reno, American lawyer and politician, 79th United States Attorney General (d. 2016), was an American lawyer who served as the Attorney General of the United States from 1993 until 2001. President Bill Clinton nominated Reno on February 11, 1993, and the Senate confirmed her the following month.
1938 – Les Aspin, American captain and politician, 18th United States Secretary of Defense (d. 1995), was a United States Representative from 1971 to 1993, and the United States Secretary of Defense under President Bill Clinton from January 21, 1993 to February 3, 1994. In Congress, Aspin had a reputation as an intellectual who took a middle-of-the-road position on controversial issues.
1935 – Moe Drabowsky, Polish-American baseball player and coach (d. 2006), was an American professional baseball pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Chicago Cubs, Milwaukee Braves, Cincinnati Reds, Kansas City Athletics, Baltimore Orioles, Kansas City Royals, St.
1932 – Kaye Stevens, American singer and actress (d. 2011). Her big break in show business came at the Riviera Hotel in Las Vegas, when the headliner for the night, Debbie Reynolds, became ill and Stevens filled in for the night.
1931 – Plas Johnson, American saxophonist. Plas John Johnson Jr. (born July 21, 1931) is an American soul-jazz and hard bop tenor saxophonist, probably most widely known as the tenor saxophone soloist on Henry Mancini’s "The Pink Panther Theme".
1931 – Sonny Clark, American pianist and composer (d. 1963), was an American jazz pianist who mainly worked in the hard bop idiom.
1930 – Helen Merrill, American singer. Helen Merrill (born Jelena Ana Milcetic July 21, 1930) is an American jazz vocalist.
1929 – Bob Orton, American wrestler (d. 2006), was an American professional wrestler.
1924 – Don Knotts, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2006), was an American actor and comedian, best known for his role as Deputy Sheriff Barney Fife on The Andy Griffith Show, a 1960s sitcom for which he earned five Emmy Awards, and for his role as Ralph Furley on the highly rated sitcom Three's Company from 1979 to 1984. He also starred in multiple comedic films, including playing Luther Heggs in The Ghost and Mr.
1923 – Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Rudolph Arthur Marcus (born July 21, 1923) is a Canadian-born chemist who received the 1992 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems".
1922 – Kay Starr, American singer (d. 2016), was an American pop and jazz singer who enjoyed considerable success in the late 1940s and 1950s.
1921 – James Cooke Brown, American sociologist and author (d. 2000). He is notable for creating the artificial language Loglan and for designing the Parker Brothers board game Careers.
1908 – Jug McSpaden, American golfer and architect (d. 1996), was an American professional golfer, and golf course architect.
1903 – Roy Neuberger, American businessman and financier, co-founded Neuberger Berman (d. 2010), was an American financier who contributed money to raise public awareness of modern art through his acquisition of pieces he deemed worthy. He was a co-founder of the investment firm Neuberger Berman.
1900 – Isadora Bennett, American theatre manager and modern dance publicity agent (d. 1980), was a publicity agent for modern dance theatre. Her work has been considered significant for establishing modern dance.
1899 – Ernest Hemingway, American novelist, short story writer, and journalist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1961), was an American journalist, novelist, short-story writer, and sportsman. His economical and understated style—which he termed the iceberg theory—had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his adventurous lifestyle and his public image brought him admiration from later generations.
1899 – Hart Crane, American poet (d. 1932). Finding both inspiration and provocation in the poetry of T.
1898 – Sara Carter, American singer-songwriter (d. 1979), was an American country music musician, singer, and songwriter. Remembered mostly for her deep, distinctive, mature singing voice, she was the lead singer on most of the recordings of the historic Carter Family act in the 1920s and 1930s.
1863 – C. Aubrey Smith, English-American cricketer and actor (d. 1948), was an English Test cricketer who became a stage and film actor, acquiring a niche as the officer-and-gentleman type, as in the first sound version of The Prisoner of Zenda (1937). In Hollywood, he organised British actors into a cricket team, much intriguing local spectators.
1816 – Paul Reuter, German-English journalist, founded Reuters (d. 1899), was a German-born, British entrepreneur who was a pioneer of telegraphy and news reporting. He was a reporter and media owner, and the founder of Reuters News Agency, which became part of the Thomson Reuters conglomerate in 2008.
2017 – John Heard, American film and television actor (b. 1946)
2016 – Dennis Green, American football player and coach (b. 1949)
2015 – E. L. Doctorow, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright (b. 1931)
2015 – Nicholas Gonzalez, American physician (b. 1947)
2014 – Dan Borislow, American businessman, invented the magicJack (b. 1961)
2014 – Louise Abeita, Isleta Pueblo (Native American) writer, poet, and educator (b. 1926)
2013 – Fred Taylor, American football player and coach (b. 1920)
2012 – Alexander Cockburn, Scottish-American journalist and author (b. 1941)
2012 – James D. Ramage, American admiral and pilot (b. 1916)
2012 – Marie Kruckel, American baseball player (b. 1924)
2010 – Ralph Houk, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1919)
2006 – Mako Iwamatsu, Japanese-American actor and singer (b. 1933)
2005 – Lord Alfred Hayes, English-American wrestler and manager (b. 1928)
2004 – Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
2004 – Jerry Goldsmith, American composer and conductor (b. 1929)
2002 – Esphyr Slobodkina, Russian-American author and illustrator (b. 1908)
2000 – Marc Reisner, American environmentalist and author (b. 1948)
1998 – Alan Shepard, American admiral, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1923)
1982 – Dave Garroway, American journalist and actor (b. 1913)
1977 – Lee Miller, American model and photographer (b. 1907)
1972 – Ralph Craig, American sprinter and sailor (b. 1889)
1970 – Bob Kalsu, American football player and lieutenant (b. 1945)
1968 – Ruth St. Denis, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1878)
1967 – Basil Rathbone, South African-American actor and singer (b. 1892)
1967 – Jimmie Foxx, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1907)
1966 – Philipp Frank, Austrian-American physicist, mathematician, and philosopher, Vienna Circle member (b. 1884)
1948 – Arshile Gorky, Armenian-American painter and illustrator (b. 1904)
1943 – Charley Paddock, American runner and actor (b. 1900)
1938 – Owen Wister, American lawyer and author (b. 1860)
1932 – Bill Gleason, American baseball player (b. 1858)
1899 – Robert G. Ingersoll, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1833)
1889 – Nelson Dewey, American lawyer and politician, 1st Governor of Wisconsin (b. 1813)
1880 – Hiram Walden, American general and politician (b. 1800)