Wednesday 19 July 2023 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Dog Holidays and Celebrations
, Food holidays
, Sports and Fitness Special Days
, US Holidays
, Wine holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2017 archaeologists publish evidence that Aboriginal people have been in Australia for at least 65,000 years, suggesting the arrival of humans on the continent was up to 18,000 years earlier than previously thought.
- 1983 – The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
- 1981 – In a private meeting with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, French President François Mitterrand reveals the existence of the Farewell Dossier, a collection of documents showing the Soviet Union had been stealing American technological research and development.
- 1977 – The world's first Global Positioning System (GPS) signal was transmitted from Navigation Technology Satellite 2 (NTS-2) and received at Rockwell Collins in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, at 12:41 a.m. Eastern time (ET).
- 1963 – Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 meters (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international convention.
- 1942 – World War II: Battle of the Atlantic: German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to the effective American convoy system.
- 1940 – Field Marshal Ceremony: First occasion in World War II, that Hitler appointed field marshals due to military achievements.
- 1903 – Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.
- 1900 – The first line of the Paris Métro opens for operation.
- 1863 – American Civil War: Morgan's Raid: At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan's raid into the north is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.
- 1843 – Brunel's steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull and screw propeller, becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.
- 1832 – The British Medical Association is founded as the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association by Sir Charles Hastings at a meeting in the Board Room of the Worcester Infirmary.
- 1817 – Unsuccessful in his attempt to conquer the Kingdom of Hawaii for the Russian-American Company, Georg Anton Schäffer is forced to admit defeat and leave Kauai.
- 1544 – Italian War of 1542–46: The first Siege of Boulogne begins.
- 1988 – Shane Dawson, American comedian and actor. Shane Lee Yaw (born July 19, 1988), known professionally as Shane Dawson, is an American YouTuber, actor, writer, comedian, director, make-up artist and musician.
- 1987 – Jon Jones, American mixed martial artist. Jonathan Dwight Jones (born July 19, 1987) is an American professional mixed martial artist, who is signed with the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC).
- 1985 – LaMarcus Aldridge, American basketball player. Aldridge was selected second overall in the 2006 NBA draft.
- 1984 – Adam Morrison, American basketball player. He was a finalist for the Naismith and the Wooden Award.
- 1982 – Christopher Bear, American drummer. Christopher Bear (born July 19, 1982) is a drummer and multi-instrumentalist member of the Brooklyn-based indie-rock group Grizzly Bear.
- 1982 – Jared Padalecki, American actor. He grew up in Texas and rose to fame in the early 2000s after appearing on the television series Gilmore Girls as well as the films New York Minute and House of Wax.
- 1982 – Phil Coke, American baseball player. Phillip Douglas Coke (born July 19, 1982) is an American professional baseball pitcher who is currently a free agent.
- 1981 – Jimmy Gobble, American baseball player. Billy James Gobble (born July 19, 1981) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher who last played in the Colorado Rockies organization.
- 1979 – Rick Ankiel, American baseball player. Richard Alexander Ankiel (/ˈæŋkiːl/; born July 19, 1979) is an American former professional baseball center fielder and pitcher.
- 1977 – Tony Mamaluke, American wrestler and manager. Charles John Spencer (born July 19, 1977) is a retired American professional wrestler.
- 1974 – Preston Wilson, American baseball player and sportscaster. Preston James Richard Wilson (born July 19, 1974) is an American former professional baseball center fielder.
- 1974 – Vince Spadea, American tennis player. Vincent Spadea (born July 19, 1974) is a former professional tennis player from the United States.
- 1971 – Michael Modest, American wrestler. Cariglio (born July 19, 1971) is an American professional wrestler, better known by his stage name, Michael Modest (sometimes shortened to Mike Modest).
- 1970 – Bill Chen, American poker player and software designer. William "Bill" Chen (born 1970 in Williamsburg, Virginia) is an American quantitative analyst, poker player, and software designer.
- 1970 – Nicola Sturgeon, Scottish lawyer and politician, First Minister of Scotland. Sturgeon has been a member of the Scottish Parliament since 1999, first as an additional member for the Glasgow electoral region from 1999 to 2007 and as the member for Glasgow Southside since 2007 (known as Glasgow Govan from 2007 to 2011).
- 1969 – Matthew Libatique, American cinematographer. Matthew Libatique, ASC (born July 19, 1968) is an American cinematographer who is known for his work with director Darren Aronofsky on the films Pi (1998), Requiem for a Dream (2000), The Fountain (2006), Black Swan (2010), Noah (2014) and Mother! (2017).
- 1968 – Robb Flynn, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Robert Conrad "Robb" Flynn (born Lawrence Matthew Cardine; July 19, 1967) is the lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist for the heavy metal band Machine Head.
- 1962 – Anthony Edwards, American actor and director. Mark Greene on the first eight seasons of ER, for which he received a Golden Globe award and six Screen Actors Guild Awards, and was nominated for four consecutive Primetime Emmy Awards.
- 1961 – Campbell Scott, American actor, director, and producer. He is known for his roles as George Tunner on The Sheltering Sky, Boris Kuester von Jurgens-Ratenicz on Royal Pains, Mark Usher on House of Cards, Joseph Tobin on Damages, and Richard Parker in The Amazing Spider-Man and The Amazing Spider-Man 2, as well as numerous stage appearances.
- 1961 – Lisa Lampanelli, American comedian, actress, and author. Much of her material is racy and features ethnic humor, centering on various types of minority groups, most notably racial minorities and the LGBT community.
- 1956 – Mark Crispin, American computer scientist, designed the IMAP (d. 2012). Mark Reed Crispin (July 19, 1956 in Camden, New Jersey – December 28, 2012 in Poulsbo, Washington) is best known as the father of the IMAP protocol, having invented it in 1985 during his time at the Stanford Knowledge Systems Laboratory.
- 1954 – Mark O'Donnell, American playwright (d. 2012), was an American writer and humorist.
- 1954 – Srđa Trifković, Serbian-American journalist and historian. Srđa Trifković (Serbian Cyrillic: Срђа Трифковић, Serbian pronunciation: ; born 19 July 1954), also known as Srdja Trifković and Serge Trifkovic, is a Serbian-American writer on international affairs and foreign affairs editor for the paleoconservative magazine Chronicles.
- 1954 – Steve O'Donnell, American screenwriter and producer. Steve O'Donnell (or Stephen, or Steven) may refer to:
- 1952 – Allen Collins, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1990), was one of the founding members and guitarists of Southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd, and co-wrote many of the band's songs with late frontman Ronnie Van Zant. He was born in Jacksonville, Florida.
- 1952 – Jayne Anne Phillips, American novelist and short story writer, was born in the small town of Buckhannon, West Virginia.
- 1951 – Abel Ferrara, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Abel Ferrara (born July 19, 1951) is an American filmmaker, known for the provocative and often controversial content in his films, his use of neo-noir imagery and gritty urban settings.
- 1950 – Freddy Moore, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Frederick George "Freddy" Moore (born July 19, 1950) is an American rock musician best known for his 1980 song "It's Not A Rumour", which he co-wrote with his wife Demi Moore, and recorded with his band The Nu-Kats.
- 1948 – Keith Godchaux, American keyboard player and songwriter (d. 1980), was a pianist best known for his tenure in the rock group the Grateful Dead from 1971 to 1979.
- 1947 – Bernie Leadon, American guitarist and songwriter. He is a multi-instrumentalist (guitar, banjo, mandolin, steel guitar, dobro) coming from a bluegrass background.
- 1944 – Tim McIntire, American actor and singer (d. 1986), was an American character actor, probably best known for his starring roles as disc jockey Alan Freed in the film American Hot Wax (1978) and as country music singer George Jones in the television movie Stand By Your Man (1981).
- 1941 – Vikki Carr, American singer and actress. Vikki Carr (born Florencia Bisenta de Casillas-Martinez Cardona; July 19, 1941) is an American vocalist who has had a singing career for more than four decades.
- 1938 – Richard Jordan, American actor (d. 1993), was an American stage, screen, and television actor. A long-time member of the New York Shakespeare Festival, he performed in many Off Broadway and Broadway plays.
- 1937 – George Hamilton IV, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014), was an American country musician. He began performing in the late 1950s as a teen idol, switching to country music in the early 1960s.
- 1935 – Nick Koback, American baseball player and golfer (d. 2015), was a Russian American professional baseball player whose career spanned eight seasons, three of which were spent with the Major League Baseball (MLB) Pittsburgh Pirates (1953–55). At the age of 17, Koback signed with the Pirates as a bonus baby out of Hartford Public High School.
- 1932 – Buster Benton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1996), was an American blues guitarist and singer. He played guitar in Willie Dixon's Blues All-Stars and is best known for his solo rendition of Dixon's song "Spider in My Stew." Benton was tenacious, and despite the amputation of parts of both legs in the latter part of his lengthy career, he never stopped playing his own version of Chicago blues.
- 1929 – Gaston Glock, Austrian engineer and businessman, co-founded Glock Ges.m.b.H. Gaston Glock (born 19 July 1929) is an Austrian engineer, and founder of the firearms company Glock.
- 1926 – Helen Gallagher, American actress, singer, and dancer. Helen Gallagher (born July 19, 1926) is an American actress, dancer, and singer.
- 1925 – Sue Thompson, American singer. She is best known for the million selling hits "Sad Movies (Make Me Cry)" and "Norman", both pop hits in the 1960s.
- 1924 – Arthur Rankin Jr., American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014), was an American director, producer and writer, who mostly worked in animation. A part of Rankin/Bass Productions with his friend Jules Bass, he created stop-motion animation features such as Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer, Frosty the Snowman, Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town, and the 1977 cartoon animation of The Hobbit.
- 1924 – Pat Hingle, American actor and producer (d. 2009), was an American character actor, who appeared in hundreds of television shows and feature films. His first film was On the Waterfront in 1954.
- 1924 – Stanley K. Hathaway, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 40th United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 2005). Stanley Knapp Hathaway (July 19, 1924 – October 4, 2005) served as 27th Governor of Wyoming from January 2, 1967 to January 6, 1975, and as United States Secretary of the Interior under President Gerald Ford from June to October, 1975.
- 1923 – Lon Simmons, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2015), was an American baseball and football broadcaster, and was broadcasting part-time for the San Francisco Giants at the time of his death. He was born in Vancouver, Washington.
- 1923 – William A. Rusher, American lawyer and journalist (d. 2011), was an American lawyer, author, activist, speaker, debater, and conservative syndicated columnist. He was one of the founders of the conservative movement and was one of its most prominent spokesmen for thirty years as publisher of National Review magazine, which was edited by William F.
- 1922 – George McGovern, American lieutenant, historian, and politician (d. 2012), was an American historian, author, U.S. representative, U.S. senator, and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election.
- 1921 – Elizabeth Spencer, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright. Elizabeth Spencer is the name of:
- 1921 – Harold Camping, American evangelist, author, radio host (d. 2013), was an American Christian radio broadcaster, author and evangelist. Beginning in 1958, he served as president of Family Radio, a California-based radio station group that broadcasts to more than 150 markets in the United States.
- 1921 – Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011), was an American medical physicist, and a co-winner of the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (together with Roger Guillemin and Andrew Schally) for development of the radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique. She was the second woman (the first being Gerty Cori), and the first American-born woman, to be awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine.
- 1920 – Richard Oriani, Salvadoran-American metallurgist and engineer (d. 2015). Oriani (July 19, 1920 – August 11, 2015) was an El Salvador-born American chemical engineer and metallurgist who was instrumental in the study of the effects of hydrogen in metal.
- 1920 – Robert Mann, American violinist, composer, and conductor, was a violinist, composer, conductor, and founding member of the Juilliard String Quartet, as well as a faculty member at the Manhattan School of Music. Mann, the first violinist at Juilliard, served on the school's string quartet for over fifty years until his retirement in 1997.
- 1919 – Patricia Medina, English-American actress (d. 2012). She is perhaps best known for her roles in the films Phantom of the Rue Morgue (1954) and Mr.
- 1917 – William Scranton, American captain and politician, 13th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 2013), was an American Republican Party politician and diplomat. Scranton served as the 38th Governor of Pennsylvania from 1963 to 1967.
- 1916 – Phil Cavarretta, American baseball player and manager (d. 2010). He was known to friends and family as "Phil" and was also called "Philibuck", a nickname bestowed by Cubs manager Charlie Grimm.
- 1914 – Marius Russo, American baseball player (d. 2005), was a starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the New York Yankees (1939–43, 1946). Russo batted right-handed and threw left-handed.
- 1912 – Peter Leo Gerety, American prelate (d. 2016), was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was Archbishop of Newark from 1974 to 1986, having previously served as Bishop of Portland (1969–74).
- 1907 – Isabel Jewell, American actress (d. 1972), was an American actress most active in the 1930s and early 1940s. Some of her most famous films were Ceiling Zero, Marked Woman, A Tale of Two Cities, and Gone with the Wind.
- 1904 – Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, American lawyer and farmer (d. 1985), was an American gentleman farmer known as a great-grandson of Abraham Lincoln. In 1975, he became the last undisputed descendant of Lincoln when his sister, Mary Lincoln Beckwith, died without children.
- 1898 – Herbert Marcuse, German-American sociologist and philosopher (d. 1979), was a German-American philosopher, sociologist, and political theorist, associated with the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory. Born in Berlin, Marcuse studied at the Humboldt University of Berlin and then at Freiburg, where he received his PhD.
- 1896 – Bob Meusel, American baseball player and sailor (d. 1977), was an American baseball left and right fielder who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for eleven seasons from 1920 through 1930, all but the last for the New York Yankees. He was best known as a member of the Yankees' championship teams of the 1920s, nicknamed the "Murderers' Row", during which time the team won its first six American League (AL) pennants and first three World Series titles.
- 1894 – Percy Spencer, American physicist and inventor of the microwave oven (d. 1969). He became known as the inventor of the microwave oven.
- 1883 – Max Fleischer, Austrian-American animator and producer (d. 1972), was an American animator, inventor, film director and producer and studio founder and owner. Born in Kraków, Fleischer emigrated to the US where he became a pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon and served as the head of Fleischer Studios, which he co-founded with his younger brother Dave.
- 1876 – Joseph Fielding Smith, American religious leader, 10th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1972), was an American religious leader and writer who served as the tenth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1970 until his death in 1972. He was the son of former church president Joseph F.
- 1868 – Florence Foster Jenkins, American soprano and educator (d. 1945), was an American socialite and amateur soprano who was known, and mocked, for her flamboyant performance costumes and notably poor singing ability. Stephen Pile ranked her "the world's worst opera singer ...
- 1865 – Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon, founded the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939), was an American medical practitioner and was one of the founders of the Mayo Clinic along with his brother, William James Mayo, Augustus Stinchfield, Christopher Graham, E. Star Judd, Henry Stanley Plummer, Melvin Millet, and Donald Balfour.
- 1860 – Lizzie Borden, American woman, tried and acquitted for the murders of her parents in 1892 (d. 1927), was an American woman who was the main suspect in the August 4, 1892, axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts. Borden was tried and acquitted of the murders.
- 1842 – Frederic T. Greenhalge, English-American lawyer and politician, 38th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896), was a British-born lawyer and politician in the United States state of Massachusetts. He served in the United States House of Representatives and was the state's 38th governor.
- 1814 – Samuel Colt, American businessman, founded the Colt's Manufacturing Company (d. 1862), was an American inventor, industrialist, businessman and hunter. He initiated Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company (now Colt's Manufacturing Company) and made the mass production of revolvers viable commercially.
- 2016 – Garry Marshall, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1934)
- 2015 – Carmino Ravosa, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1930)
- 2015 – Van Alexander, American composer and conductor (b. 1915)
- 2014 – David Easton, Canadian-American political scientist and academic (b. 1917)
- 2014 – James Garner, American actor (b. 1928)
- 2014 – John Winkin, American baseball player, coach, and journalist (b. 1919)
- 2014 – Paul M. Fleiss, American pediatrician and author (b. 1933)
- 2013 – Geeto Mongol, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer (b. 1931)
- 2013 – Phil Woosnam, Welsh-American soccer player and manager (b. 1932)
- 2012 – Sylvia Woods, American businesswoman, co-founded Sylvia's Restaurant of Harlem (b. 1926)
- 2012 – Tom Davis, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1952)
- 2009 – Frank McCourt, American author and educator (b. 1930)
- 2006 – Jack Warden, American actor (b. 1920)
- 2005 – Edward Bunker, American author and screenwriter (b. 1933)
- 2004 – Francis A. Marzen, American priest and journalist (b. 1924)
- 2003 – Bill Bright, American evangelist and author, founded the Campus Crusade for Christ (b. 1921)
- 2002 – Alan Lomax, American historian, scholar, and activist (b. 1915)
- 2002 – Dave Carter, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1952)
- 1998 – Elmer Valo, Polish-American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1921)
- 1990 – Eddie Quillan, American actor (b. 1907)
- 1982 – Hugh Everett III, American physicist and mathematician (b. 1930)
- 1980 – Hans Morgenthau, German-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1904)
- 1980 – Margaret Craven, American journalist and author (b. 1901)
- 1975 – Lefty Frizzell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1928)
- 1974 – Ernő Schwarz, Hungarian-American soccer player and coach (b. 1904)
- 1967 – Odell Shepard, American poet and politician, 66th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (b. 1884)
- 1939 – Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet and author (b. 1850)
- 1896 – Abraham H. Cannon, American publisher and religious leader (b. 1859)
- 1850 – Margaret Fuller, American journalist and critic (b. 1810)