French National Holiday in Liege, Belgium (In 1937, the townspeople decided to celebrate this holiday in protest against Belgiumís policy of neutrality regarding the Third Reich and against the denunciation of the French military agreement with the Belgian government)
In 2017 astrophysicists report that tardigrade micro-animals may be one of the most resilient life forms on Earth since they may be able to withstand global mass extinctions due to astrophysical events, such as supernovae, gamma-ray bursts, large asteroid impacts, and passing-by stars.
2015 – NASA's New Horizons probe performs the first flyby of Pluto, and thus completes the initial survey of the Solar System.
1992 – 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz beginning the Open Source operating system revolution. Linus Torvalds releases his Linux soon afterwards.
1969 – The United States $500, $1000, $5000, and $10,000 bills are withdrawn from circulation.
1965 – The Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
1960 – Jane Goodall arrives at the Gombe Stream Reserve in present-day Tanzania to begin her famous study of chimpanzees in the wild.
1957 – Rawya Ateya takes her seat in the National Assembly of Egypt, thereby becoming the first female parliamentarian in the Arab world.
1943 – In Diamond, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
1928 – New Vietnam Revolutionary Party is founded in Huế, providing some of the communist party's most important leaders in its early years.
1865 – First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom die on the descent.
1853 – Opening of the first major US world's fair, the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York City.
1798 – The Sedition Act becomes law in the United States making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
1991 – Shabazz Napier, American basketball player. Shabazz Bozie Napier (born July 14, 1991) is an American professional basketball player for the Minnesota Timberwolves of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1989 – Rolando McClain, American football player. He was selected eighth overall by the Oakland Raiders in 2010 NFL Draft.
1987 – Margus Hunt, Estonian-American football player, discus thrower, and shot putter. Margus Hunt (born July 14, 1987) is an Estonian professional American football defensive tackle for the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League (NFL).
1987 – Ryan Sweeting, Bahamian-American tennis player. Ryan Sweeting (born July 14, 1987) is a former professional tennis player.
1985 – Darrelle Revis, American football player. Darrelle Shavar Revis (born July 14, 1985) is a former American football cornerback who spent the majority of his career with the New York Jets of the National Football League (NFL).
1984 – Erica Blasberg, American golfer (d. 2010), was an American professional golfer who played on the LPGA Tour.
1984 – Renaldo Balkman, American basketball player. Renaldo Miguel Balkman (born July 14, 1984) is a Puerto Rican professional basketball player who last played for the San Miguel Alab Pilipinas of the ASEAN Basketball League (ABL).
1983 – Tito Muñoz, American conductor and academic. He was previously Music Director of the Opéra national de Lorraine and Orchestre symphonique et lyrique de Nancy in Nancy, France, and Ensemble LPR in New York City, as well as Assistant Conductor of The Cleveland Orchestra, the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra and the Aspen Music Festival and School.
1982 – Dmitry Chaplin, Russian-American dancer and choreographer. Dmitry Chaplin (Дмитрий Александрович Чаплин Dmitry Alexandrovich Chaplin) is a Russian dancer and Emmy nominated choreographer, best known for being a Top 10 finalist on the TV show So You Think You Can Dance (Season 2).
1975 – Jamey Johnson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Johnson was dropped from BNA in 2006 and signed to Mercury Nashville Records in March 2008, releasing his second album, the gold-certified That Lonesome Song.
1975 – Tim Hudson, American baseball player. Timothy Adam Hudson (born July 14, 1975) is an American former professional baseball pitcher of Major League Baseball (MLB).
1974 – Erick Dampier, American basketball player. He is a 6 ft 11 in / 265 lb. center.
1973 – Paul Methric, American rapper and producer. Paul Robert Methric (born July 14, 1973) is an American rapper and producer from Detroit, Michigan, well known as Monoxide Child of the rap group Twiztid.
1967 – Jeff Jarrett, American wrestler and promoter, co-founder of Impact Wrestling. Jeffrey Leonard Jarrett (born July 14, 1967) is an American professional wrestler, professional wrestling promoter, and businessman currently signed to WWE as a backstage producer and occasional on-air talent.
1967 – Patrick J. Kennedy, American politician. He is the founder of the Kennedy Forum, a former member of the President's Commission on Combatting Drug Addiction and the Opioid Crisis, and co-founder of One Mind.
1967 – Robin Ventura, American baseball player and manager. He was also the manager for the White Sox for five seasons.
1966 – Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator. Brian Selznick (born July 14, 1966) is an American illustrator and writer best known as the writer of The Invention of Hugo Cabret (2007) and The Marvels (2015) and Wonderstruck (2011).
1966 – Matt Hume, American mixed martial artist and trainer. Hume has trained numerous world class fighters including Josh Barnett, Tim Boetsch Bob Sapp, Chris Leben, Hayato Sakurai, Akira Shoji, Matt Brown, Rich Franklin, Mario Miranda and Caros Fodor.
1966 – Matthew Fox, American actor. Fox has also performed in ten feature films, including We Are Marshall (2006), Vantage Point (2008), Alex Cross (2012), Emperor (2012) and Bone Tomahawk (2015).
1964 – Igor Shpilband, Russian-American ice dancer and coach. He is the 1983 World Junior champion with former partner Tatiana Gladkova.
1961 – Jackie Earle Haley, American actor. After spending many years as a producer and director of television commercials, he revived his acting career with a supporting role in All the King's Men (2006).
1960 – Jane Lynch, American actress and game show host. She also gained fame in Christopher Guest's improv mockumentary pictures such as Best in Show.
1960 – Kyle Gass, American singer-songwriter, musician, and actor. Kyle Richard Gass (born July 14, 1960) is an American musician and actor best known for being a member of Tenacious D, winner of a Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance, alongside longtime friend Jack Black.
1959 – Aubrey McClendon, American businessman (d. 2016), was an American businessman and the founder and chief executive officer of American Energy Partners, LP. He also co-founded Chesapeake Energy, serving as its CEO and chairman.
1955 – L. Brent Bozell III, American journalist and activist, founded the Media Research Center. In addition, Bozell serves on the board for the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights and has served on the board of directors in the American Conservative Union.
1953 – Martha Coakley, American lawyer and politician, 58th Attorney General of Massachusetts. Prior to serving as Attorney General, she was District Attorney of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, from 1999 to 2007.
1952 – Bob Casale, American guitarist, keyboard player, and producer (d. 2014), was an American multi-instrumentalist, composer, record producer and audio engineer.
1952 – Franklin Graham, American evangelist and missionary. He is currently president and CEO of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association (BGEA) and of Samaritan's Purse, an international Christian relief organization.
1952 – Joel Silver, American actor and producer, co-founded Dark Castle Entertainment. Joel Silver (born July 14, 1952) is an American film producer.
1949 – Tommy Mottola, American businessman and music publisher. Thomas Daniel Mottola (born July 14, 1949) is an American music executive.
1947 – Claudia J. Kennedy, American general. Claudia Jean Kennedy (born July 14, 1947) is a retired lieutenant general in the United States Army.
1942 – Ken Hutcherson, American football player (d. 2013), was an American football linebacker in the National Football League and senior pastor at Antioch Bible Church in Kirkland, Washington, where he had been since 1985. His nickname from his NFL days was "The Hutch".
1941 – Maulana Karenga, American philosopher, author, and activist, created Kwanzaa. Maulana Ndabezitha Karenga, previously known as Ron Karenga, (born Ronald McKinley Everett, July 14, 1941) is an African-American professor of Africana studies, activist and author, best known as the creator of the pan-African and the African-American holiday of Kwanzaa.
1939 – George Edgar Slusser, American scholar and author (d. 2014), was an American scholar, professor and writer. Slusser was a well-known science fiction critic.
1938 – Jerry Rubin, American activist, author, and businessman (d. 1994), was an American social activist, anti-war leader, and counterculture icon during the 1960s and 1970s. During the 1980s, he became a successful businessman.
1936 – Robert F. Overmyer, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1996), was an American test pilot, naval aviator, aeronautical engineer, physicist, United States Marine Corps officer and USAF/NASA astronaut. Overmyer was selected by the Air Force as an astronaut for its Manned Orbiting Laboratory in 1966.
1932 – Del Reeves, American country singer-songwriter (d. 2007), was an American country music singer, best known for his "girl-watching" novelty songs of the 1960s including "Girl on the Billboard" and "The Belles of Southern Bell". He is also known for his 1968 trucker's anthem, "Looking at the World Through a Windshield", which demonstrated he was capable of more than just novelty songs.
1932 – Rosey Grier, American football player and actor. Roosevelt Grier (born July 14, 1932) is an American actor, singer, Protestant minister, and former professional football player.
1930 – Polly Bergen, American actress and singer (d. 2014), was an American actress, singer, television host, writer and entrepreneur.
1928 – Nancy Olson, American actress. She co-starred with William Holden in four films, and also later appeared in Disney's The Absent-Minded Professor (1961) and its sequel, Son of Flubber (1963), as well as the disaster film Airport 1975 (1974).
1927 – John Chancellor, American journalist (d. 1996), was an American journalist and who spent most of his career with NBC News. He is considered a pioneer in TV news.
1926 – Harry Dean Stanton, American actor, musician, and singer (d. 2017). In a career that spanned more than six decades, Stanton played supporting roles in the films Cool Hand Luke (1967), Kelly's Heroes (1970), Dillinger (1973), The Godfather Part II (1974), Alien (1979), Escape from New York (1981), Christine (1983), Repo Man (1984), Pretty in Pink (1986), The Last Temptation of Christ (1988), Wild at Heart (1990), The Straight Story (1999), The Green Mile (1999), Alpha Dog (2006) and Inland Empire (2006).
1926 – Wallace Jones, American basketball player and coach (d. 2014), was an American professional basketball player. He played in the National Basketball Association from 1949 to 1952 with the Indianapolis Olympians.
1924 – Warren Giese, American football player, coach, and politician (d. 2013), was a state legislator in South Carolina and a college football coach. He served as the head football coach for the South Carolina Gamecocks for five years at the University of South Carolina.
1923 – Dale Robertson, American actor (d. 2013), was an American actor best known for his starring roles on television. He played the roving investigator Jim Hardie in the television series Tales of Wells Fargo and Ben Calhoun, the owner of an incomplete railroad line in The Iron Horse.
1923 – Robert Zildjian, American businessman, founded Sabian (d. 2013), was the founder of Sabian Cymbals, the second-largest manufacturer of cymbals in the world.
1922 – Robin Olds, American general and pilot (d. 2007), was an American fighter pilot and general officer in the U.S. Air Force.
1921 – Sixto Durán Ballén, American-Ecuadorian architect and politician, 48th President of Ecuador (d. 2016), was an Ecuadorian political figure and architect. He served as Mayor of Quito between 1970 and 1978.
1920 – Marijohn Wilkin, American country and gospel songwriter (d. 2006), was an American songwriter, famous in country music for writing a number of hits. Wilkin won numerous awards over the years and was referred to as "The Den Mother of Music Row," as chronicled in her 1978 biography Lord, Let Me Leave a Song (authored with Darryl E.
1918 – Arthur Laurents, American director, screenwriter, and playwright (d. 2011), was an American playwright, stage director and screenwriter.
1918 – Jay Wright Forrester, American computer engineer and systems scientist (d. 2016). He was a professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management.
1913 – Gerald Ford, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 38th President of the United States (d. 2006), was an American politician who served as the 38th president of the United States from August 1974 to January 1977. Before his accession to the presidency, Ford served as the 40th vice president of the United States from December 1973 to August 1974.
1912 – Buddy Moreno, American musician (d. 2015), was an American musician during the swing era and radio and television personality.
1912 – Woody Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1967), was an American singer-songwriter, one of the most significant figures in American western folk music; his music, including songs, such as "This Land Is Your Land", has inspired several generations both politically and musically. He wrote hundreds of country, folk, and children's songs, along with ballads and improvised works.
1910 – William Hanna, American animator, director, producer, and actor, co-founded Hanna-Barbera (d. 2001), was an American animator, director, producer, voice actor, cartoon artist, and musician whose film and television cartoon characters entertained millions of people for much of the 20th century.
1906 – Tom Carvel, Greek-American businessman, founded Carvel (d. 1990), was a Greek-born American businessman and entrepreneur known for the invention and promotion of soft ice cream in the northeastern United States. He was the founder of the Carvel brand and franchise.
1906 – William H. Tunner, American general (d. 1983), was a general officer in the United States Air Force and its predecessor, the United States Army Air Forces. Tunner was known for his expertise in the command of large-scale military airlift operations, first in Air Transport Command (ATC) during World War II, commanding The Hump operation, and later in Military Air Transport Service (MATS) during the Berlin Airlift in 1949–1951.
1903 – Irving Stone, American author and educator (d. 1989), was an American writer, chiefly known for his biographical novels of noted artists, politicians and intellectuals; among the best known are Lust for Life (1934), about the life of Vincent van Gogh, and The Agony and the Ecstasy (1961), about Michelangelo.
1901 – George Tobias, American actor (d. 1980), was an American film and television actor. He had character parts in several major films of Hollywood's Golden Age, but today he is probably best known for his role as Abner Kravitz on the TV sitcom Bewitched.
1898 – Happy Chandler, American lawyer and politician, 49th Governor of Kentucky, second Commissioner of Baseball (d. 1991), was an American politician from Kentucky. He represented Kentucky in the U.S.
1894 – Dave Fleischer, American animator, director, and producer (d. 1979), was an American film director and producer, best known as a co-owner of Fleischer Studios with his older brother Max Fleischer. He was a native of New York City.
1893 – Clarence J. Brown, American publisher and politician, 36th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio (d. 1965), was an American newspaper publisher and politician; he represented Ohio as a Republican in the United States House of Representatives from 1939 until his death in Bethesda, Maryland in 1965. Long representing conservative views, near the end of his life, he helped gain passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided enforcement of the right to vote for all citizens.
1865 – Arthur Capper, American journalist and politician, 20th Governor of Kansas (d. 1951), was an American politician from Kansas. He was the 20th Governor of Kansas (the first born in the state) from 1915 to 1919 and a United States Senator from 1919 to 1949.
1861 – Kate M. Gordon, American activist (d. 1931). Gordon (14 July 1861– 24 August 1932) was an American suffragist, civic leader, and one of the leading advocates of women's voting rights in the Southern United States.
1785 – Mordecai Manuel Noah, American journalist, playwright, and diplomat (d. 1851), was an American sheriff, playwright, diplomat, journalist, and utopian. He was born in a family of Portuguese Sephardic ancestry.
2015 – Masao Horiba, Japanese businessman, founded Horiba (b. 1924)
2014 – Alice Coachman, American high jumper (b. 1923)
2014 – John Victor Parker, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (b. 1928)
2013 – Bill Warner, American motorcycle racer (b. 1969)
2013 – Dennis Burkley, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1945)
2013 – Herbert M. Allison, American lieutenant and businessman (b. 1943)
2013 – Matt Batts, American baseball player and coach (b. 1921)
2012 – Don Brinkley, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
2012 – Frank R. Burns, American football player and coach (b. 1928)
2012 – King Hill, American football player (b. 1936)
2005 – Joe Harnell, American pianist and composer (b. 1924)
2000 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (b. 1944)
2000 – William Roscoe Estep, American historian and academic (b. 1920)
1998 – Richard McDonald, American businessman, co-founded McDonald's (b. 1909)
1996 – Jeff Krosnoff, American race car driver (b. 1964)
1986 – Raymond Loewy, French-American industrial designer (b. 1893)
1984 – Ernest Tidyman, American author and screenwriter (b. 1928)
1974 – Carl Andrew Spaatz, American general (b. 1891)
1970 – Preston Foster, American actor (b. 1900)
1965 – Adlai Stevenson II, American soldier and politician, 5th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1900)
1937 – Julius Meier, American businessman and politician, 20th Governor of Oregon (b. 1874)