1987 – For the first time in military history, a civilian population is targeted for chemical attack when Iraqi warplanes bombed the Iranian town of Sardasht.
1978 – The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.
1973 – Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
1964 – Malcolm X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
1956 – in Poznań, workers from HCP factory go to the streets, sparking one of the first major protests against communist government both in Poland and Europe.
1948 – Boxer Dick Turpin beats Vince Hawkins at Villa Park in Birmingham to become the first black British boxing champion in the modern era.
1895 – The United States Court of Private Land Claims rules James Reavis' claim to Barony of Arizona is "wholly fictitious and fraudulent."
1859 – The first conformation dog show is held in Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
1855 – Sigma Chi fraternity is founded in North America.
1846 – Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone.
1778 – The American Continentals engage the British in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse resulting in standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness.
1776 – The Battle of Sullivan's Island ends with the American victory in the American Revolutionary War leading to the commemoration of Carolina Day.
1098 – Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
1993 – Bradley Beal, American basketball player. Bradley Emmanuel Beal (born June 28, 1993) is an American professional basketball player for the Washington Wizards of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1987 – Terrence Williams, American basketball player. Terrence Deshon Williams (born June 28, 1987) is an American former professional basketball player who last played for Guaiqueríes de Margarita of the Liga Profesional de Baloncesto (LPB).
1986 – Kellie Pickler, American singer-songwriter. Kellie Dawn Pickler (born June 28, 1986) is an American country music artist, actress and television personality.
1985 – Colt Hynes, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the San Diego Padres and Toronto Blue Jays.
1981 – Brandon Phillips, American baseball player. Listed at 6 feet 0 inches (1.83 m) and 211 pounds (96 kg), Phillips both bats and throws right-handed.
1979 – Randy McMichael, American football player. Randy Montez McMichael (born June 28, 1979) is a former American football tight end in the National Football League (NFL) and current Media Member for the Atlanta radio station 92.9 The Game.
1977 – Chris Spurling, American baseball player. Christopher Michael Spurling (born June 28, 1977) is an American former relief pitcher, most recently with the Milwaukee Brewers minor league system.
1977 – Mark Stoermer, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (The Killers). He is best known as the bass guitarist and occasional rhythm guitarist for the rock band The Killers, with whom he has recorded five studio albums.
1972 – Alessandro Nivola, American actor. Alessandro Antine Nivola (born June 28, 1972) is an American actor and producer who has starred in feature films such as Face/Off, Jurassic Park III, American Hustle, A Most Violent Year, and a brief appearance in Selma.
1971 – Bobby Hurley, American basketball player and coach. Robert Matthew Hurley (born June 28, 1971) is an American basketball coach, and a former college and professional player.
1971 – Elon Musk, South African-born American businessman. Elon Reeve Musk FRS (/ˈiːlɒn/; born June 28, 1971) is an engineer, investor, and technology entrepreneur.
1971 – Ron Mahay, American baseball player and scout. After retiring from active play in January 2013, he was named a scout by the Los Angeles Dodgers for the 2014 season.
1970 – Tom Merritt, American journalist. Thomas Andrew Merritt (born June 28, 1970) is a technology journalist, writer, and broadcaster best known as the host of several podcasts.
1969 – Tichina Arnold, American actress and singer. Arnold also played the family matriarch Rochelle on the UPN/CW sitcom Everybody Hates Chris from 2005 to 2009, and portrayed Judi Mann in the TV Land original sitcom Happily Divorced from 2011 to 2013.
1968 – Chayanne, Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter and actor. As a solo artist, Chayanne has released 21 solo albums and sold over 15 million albums worldwide.
1966 – Bobby Bare Jr., American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Robert Joseph Bare Jr. (born June 28, 1966) is an American singer-songwriter and musician.
1966 – John Cusack, American actor and screenwriter. The son of filmmaker Dick Cusack, his sisters are actresses Joan and Ann Cusack.
1966 – Mary Stuart Masterson, American actress. She won the National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in the 1989 film Immediate Family, and was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for the 2003 Broadway revival of Nine.
1965 – Jessica Hecht, American actress. Jessica Hecht (born June 28, 1965) is an American actress and singer, who played Gretchen Schwartz on Breaking Bad, Susan Bunch on Friends and has made numerous Broadway appearances.
1964 – Mark Grace, American baseball player and sportscaster. Mark Eugene Grace (born June 28, 1964) is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) first baseman who spent 16 seasons with the Chicago Cubs and Arizona Diamondbacks of the National League (NL).
1963 – Charlie Clouser, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer. Clouser was nominated for two Grammy Awards for Best Metal Performance in 1997.
1961 – Jeff Malone, American basketball player and coach. He also played for the Utah Jazz, Philadelphia 76ers, and Miami Heat.
1960 – John Elway, American football player and manager. John Albert Elway Jr. (born June 28, 1960) is an American former quarterback who is now the general manager and president of football operations for the Denver Broncos of the National Football League (NFL).
1958 – Donna Edwards, American lawyer and politician. The district includes most of Prince George's County, as well as part of Anne Arundel County.
1957 – Jim Spanarkel, American basketball player and sportscaster. James Gerard Spanarkel (born June 28, 1957 in Jersey City, New Jersey) is an American television analyst for the Brooklyn Nets on the YES Network and College Basketball on CBS and a former professional basketball player for the Philadelphia 76ers and the Dallas Mavericks.
1950 – Chris Speier, American baseball player and coach. He played in Major League Baseball as a shortstop, most notably for the San Francisco Giants and the Montreal Expos.
1949 – Don Baylor, American baseball player and coach. Don Edward Baylor (June 28, 1949 – August 7, 2017) was an American professional baseball player and manager.
1948 – Daniel Wegner, Canadian-American psychologist and academic (d. 2013), was an American social psychologist. He was a professor of psychology at Harvard University and a fellow of both the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
1948 – Kathy Bates, American actress. She is the recipient of numerous accolades, including an Academy Award, two Primetime Emmy Awards, and two Golden Globe Awards.
1948 – Sergei Bodrov, Russian-American director, producer, and screenwriter. In 2003 he was the President of the Jury at the 25th Moscow International Film Festival.
1947 – Laura Tyson, American economist and academic. Laura D'Andrea Tyson (born June 28, 1947) is an American economist and former Chair of the US President's Council of Economic Advisers during the Clinton Administration.
1947 – Mark Helprin, American novelist and journalist. Mark Helprin (born June 28, 1947) is an American novelist, journalist, conservative commentator, Senior Fellow of the Claremont Institute for the Study of Statesmanship and Political Philosophy, Fellow of the American Academy in Rome, and Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
1946 – Bruce Davison, American actor and director. He featured prominently in the X-Men film franchise – through X-Men (2000) and X2 (2003) – as antagonist Senator Robert Kelly.
1946 – Gilda Radner, American actress and comedian (d. 1989), was an American comedian and actress who was one of the seven original cast members for the NBC sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live (SNL). In her routines, Radner specialized in parodies of television stereotypes, such as advice specialists and news anchors, and in 1977, she won an Emmy Award for her performances on the show.
1946 – Robert Asprin, American soldier and author (d. 2008), was an American science fiction and fantasy author and active fan, best known for his humorous MythAdventures and Phule's Company series.
1946 – Robert Xavier Rodríguez, American classical composer. Robert Xavier Rodríguez (born June 28, 1946) is an American classical composer, best known for his eight operas and his works for children.
1943 – Donald Johanson, American paleontologist and academic. He is known for discovering – with Yves Coppens and Maurice Taieb – the fossil of a female hominin australopithecine known as "Lucy" in the Afar Triangle region of Hadar, Ethiopia.
1941 – Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist and academic, developed the OBJ language (d. 2006). He was professor of Computer Science at the University of California and University of Oxford and held research positions at IBM and SRI International.
1938 – John Byner, American actor and comedian. John Byner (born John Biener; June 28, 1938) is an American actor, comedian, and impressionist who has had a lengthy television and movie career.
1938 – Leon Panetta, American lawyer and politician, 23rd United States Secretary of Defense. Leon Edward Panetta (born June 28, 1938) is an American politician who has served in several different public office positions, including the Secretary of Defense, Director of the CIA, White House Chief of Staff, Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and as a U.S.
1937 – Ron Luciano, American baseball player and umpire (d. 1995), was an American Major League Baseball umpire from 1969 to 1979 in the American League. He was known for his flamboyant style, clever aphorisms, and a series of published collections of anecdotes from his colorful career.
1936 – Chuck Howley, American football player. Charles Louis Howley (born June 28, 1936) is a former American football linebacker who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 15 seasons, primarily with the Dallas Cowboys.
1934 – Bette Greene, American journalist and author. Bette Greene (born June 28, 1934) is the author of several books for children and young adults, including Summer of My German Soldier, The Drowning of Stephan Jones, and the Newbery Honor book Philip Hall Likes Me, I Reckon Maybe.
1934 – Carl Levin, American lawyer and politician. Carl Milton Levin (born June 28, 1934) is an American attorney and retired politician who served as a United States Senator from Michigan from 1979 to 2015.
1932 – Pat Morita, American actor (d. 2005), was an American actor and comedian known for his roles as Matsuo "Arnold" Takahashi on Happy Days (1975–1983), Mr. Miyagi in The Karate Kid film series and The Toymaster in Babes in Toyland.
1931 – Junior Johnson, American race car driver, was a NASCAR driver of the 1950s and 1960s. He won 50 NASCAR races in his career before retiring in 1966.
1928 – Harold Evans, English-American historian and journalist, was editor of The Sunday Times from 1967 to 1981.
1927 – Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012), was an American Nobel laureate and a professor of chemistry at the University of California, Irvine. His research was on atmospheric chemistry and chemical kinetics.
1926 – Mel Brooks, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Mel Brooks (born Melvyn Kaminsky; June 28, 1926) is an American director, writer, actor, comedian, producer and composer.
1926 – Robert Ledley, American academic and inventor (d. 2012). Robert Steven Ledley (June 28, 1926 – July 24, 2012), professor of physiology and biophysics and professor of radiology at Georgetown University School of Medicine, pioneered the use of electronic digital computers in biology and medicine.
1923 – Pete Candoli, American trumpet player (d. 2008), was an American jazz trumpeter and the brother of trumpeter Conte Candoli. He played with the big bands of Woody Herman, Stan Kenton, and many others, and worked extensively in the studios of the recording and television industries.
1920 – A. E. Hotchner, American author and playwright. He co-founded, with Paul Newman, the charity food company Newman's Own.
1919 – Joseph P. Lordi, American government official (d. 1983). Lordi (June 28, 1919 – October 21, 1983) was an American law enforcement official who served as the Essex County, New Jersey prosecutor and as the first Chairman of the New Jersey Casino Control Commission.
1907 – Jimmy Mundy, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1983), was an American jazz tenor saxophonist, arranger, and composer, best known for his arrangements for Benny Goodman, Count Basie, and Earl Hines.
1906 – Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Polish-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1972), was a German-born American theoretical physicist, and Nobel laureate in Physics for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus. She was the second woman to win a Nobel Prize in physics, the first being Marie Curie.
1902 – Richard Rodgers, American playwright and composer (d. 1979), was an American composer, known largely for his work in musical theater. With 43 Broadway musicals and over 900 songs to his credit, Rodgers was one of the most significant American composers of the 20th century, and his compositions had a significant impact on popular music.
1894 – Francis Hunter, American tennis player (d. 1981), was an American tennis player who won an Olympic gold medal.
1891 – Carl Andrew Spaatz, American general (d. 1974), was an American World War II general. As commander of Strategic Air Forces in Europe in 1944, he successfully pressed for the bombing of the enemy's oil production facilities as a priority over other targets.
1891 – Esther Forbes, American historian and author (d. 1968), was an American novelist, historian and children's writer who received the Pulitzer Prize and the Newbery Medal. She was the first woman elected to membership in the American Antiquarian Society.
1742 – William Hooper, American physician, lawyer, and politician (d. 1790), was an American lawyer, politician, and a member of the Continental Congress representing North Carolina from 1774 through 1777. Hooper was also a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, along with fellow North Carolinians Joseph Hewes and John Penn.
2016 – Buddy Ryan, American football coach (b. 1931)
2016 – Pat Summitt, American women's college basketball head coach (b. 1952)
2014 – Jim Brosnan, American baseball player (b. 1929)
2014 – Seymour Barab, American cellist and composer (b. 1921)
2013 – David Rubitsky, American sergeant (b. 1917)
2013 – F. D. Reeve, American author and academic (b. 1928)
2013 – Ted Hood, American sailor and architect (b. 1927)
2012 – Doris Sams, American baseball player (b. 1927)
2012 – Leontine T. Kelly, American bishop (b. 1920)
2012 – Richard Isay, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1934)
2010 – Robert Byrd, American lawyer and politician (b. 1917)
2009 – Billy Mays American TV Personality (b. 1958)
2007 – Eugene B. Fluckey, American admiral, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1913)
2006 – Jim Baen, American publisher, founded Baen Books (b. 1943)
2005 – Brenda Howard, American activist (b. 1946)
2005 – Michael P. Murphy, American lieutenant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1976)
2003 – Joan Lowery Nixon, American journalist and author (b. 1927)
2001 – Mortimer J. Adler, American philosopher and author (b. 1902)
1985 – Lynd Ward, American author and illustrator (b. 1905)
1975 – Rod Serling, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1924)
1965 – Red Nichols, American cornet player, bandleader, and composer (b. 1905)
1962 – Cy Morgan, American baseball player (b. 1878)
1962 – Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player and manager (b. 1903)
1960 – Jake Swirbul, American businessman, co-founded the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation (b. 1898)
1936 – Alexander Berkman, American author and activist (d. 1870)
1889 – Maria Mitchell, American astronomer and academic (b. 1818)
1880 – Texas Jack Omohundro, American soldier and hunter (b. 1846)
1836 – James Madison, American academic and politician, 4th President of the United States (b. 1751)
1834 – Joseph Bové, Russian architect, designed the Triumphal Arch of Moscow (b. 1784)