1974 – The Airbus A300 passenger aircraft first enters service.
1963 – A protest against pro-Catholic discrimination during the Buddhist crisis is held outside South Vietnam's National Assembly, the first open demonstration during the eight-year rule of Ngo Dinh Diem.
1958 – Memorial Day: The remains of two unidentified American servicemen, killed in action during World War II and the Korean War respectively, are buried at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.
1913 – The Treaty of London is signed, ending the First Balkan War; Albania becomes an independent nation.
1911 – At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun in his Marmon Wasp becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race.
1868 – Decoration Day (the predecessor of the modern "Memorial Day") is observed in the United States for the first time (by "Commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic" John A. Logan's proclamation on May 5).
1845 – The Fatel Razack coming from India, lands in the Gulf of Paria in Trinidad and Tobago carrying the first Indians to the country.
1631 – Publication of Gazette de France, the first French newspaper.
1536 – King Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives.
AD 70 – Siege of Jerusalem: Titus and his Roman legions breach the Second Wall of Jerusalem. Jewish defenders retreat to the First Wall. The Romans build a circumvallation, cutting down all trees within fifteen kilometres.
1989 – Ailee, Korean-American singer and songwriter. Amy Lee (born May 30, 1989), known professionally as Ailee, is a Korean-American singer and songwriter based in South Korea.
1984 – Jordan Palmer, American football player. He played college football at UTEP.
1981 – Devendra Banhart, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He began to study at the San Francisco Art Institute in 1998, but dropped out to perform music in Europe, San Francisco and Los Angeles.
1981 – Remy Ma, American rapper. Reminisce Mackie (née Smith; May 30, 1980), known professionally as Remy Ma, is an American rapper.
1979 – Clint Bowyer, American race car driver. Prior to driving for Stewart-Haas Racing, he drove for HScott Motorsports for one year, Michael Waltrip Racing for four years, and Richard Childress Racing for eight years.
1975 – Brian Fair, American singer-songwriter. Brian Fair (born May 30, 1975) is an American musician from Massachusetts, best known as lead vocalist of the heavy metal band Shadows Fall.
1975 – Evan Eschmeyer, American basketball player, was selected by the New Jersey Nets in the second round (34th pick overall) of the 1999 NBA Draft. He spent six years on the Northwestern University Wildcats, (1993-1999) missing the first two due to a foot injury.
1975 – Marissa Mayer, American computer scientist and businesswoman. Mayer formerly served as the president and chief executive officer of Yahoo!, a position she held from July 2012.
1974 – Big L, American rapper (d. 1999), was an American rapper and songwriter. He is regarded as one of the most lyrical rappers.
1974 – CeeLo Green, American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor. Born in Atlanta, Georgia, Green came to initial prominence as a member of the Southern hip hop group Goodie Mob.
1972 – Manny Ramirez, Dominican-American baseball player and coach. Manuel Arístides Ramírez Onelcida (born May 30, 1972) is a Dominican-American former professional baseball outfielder.
1971 – Idina Menzel, American singer-songwriter and actress. Her performance earned her a Tony Award nomination in 1996.
1967 – Sven Pipien, German-American bass player. Sven Pipien (born 30 May 1967, in Hanover, Germany) is a musician best known as the bassist of the hard rock band The Black Crowes.
1966 – Stephen Malkmus, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He currently performs with Stephen Malkmus and the Jicks and as a solo artist.
1965 – Billy Donovan, American basketball player and coach. William John Donovan Jr. (born May 30, 1965) is an American professional basketball coach and former player who is the head coach for the Oklahoma City Thunder of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1965 – Iginio Straffi, Italian animator and producer, founded Rainbow S.r.l. Straffi is the creator of the studio's animated shows Winx Club and Huntik, as well as the co-creator of its comic series Maya Fox.
1964 – Tom Morello, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor. As of 2016, Morello is a member of the supergroup Prophets of Rage.
1964 – Wynonna Judd, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress. Wynonna Ellen Judd (/waɪˈnoʊnə/; born Christina Claire Ciminella; May 30, 1964) is a multi award-winning American country music singer.
1962 – Kevin Eastman, American author and illustrator, co-created the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. Eastman is also the editor and publisher of the magazine Heavy Metal.
1962 – Tonya Pinkins, American actress and singer. Tonya Pinkins (born May 30, 1962) is an American television, film and theater actress and author known for her portrayal of Livia Frye on the soap opera All My Children and for her roles on Broadway.
1961 – Bob Yari, Iranian-American director and producer. Bob Yari (Persian: باب یاری; born May 30, 1961) is an Iranian-born American film producer.
1958 – Michael López-Alegría, Spanish-American captain, pilot, and astronaut. Michael López-Alegría (born May 30, 1958) is an American astronaut; a veteran of three Space Shuttle missions and one International Space Station mission.
1958 – Steve Israel, American lawyer and politician. Representative from New York from 2001 to 2017.
1958 – Ted McGinley, American actor. He was also a late regular on Happy Days, Dynasty and The Love Boat.
1956 – Tim Lucas, American author, screenwriter, and critic. Tim Lucas (born May 30, 1956) is a film critic, biographer, novelist, screenwriter, blogger, and publisher and editor of the video review magazine Video Watchdog.
1952 – Daniel Grodnik, American screenwriter and producer. In 1989, he and partner Tim Matheson took over National Lampoon, becoming its chairman and CEO.
1951 – Stephen Tobolowsky, American actor, singer, and director. He is known for film roles such as annoying insurance agent Ned Ryerson in Groundhog Day and amnesiac Sammy Jankis in Memento, as well as such television characters as Commissioner Hugo Jarry (Deadwood), Bob Bishop (Heroes), Sandy Ryerson (Glee), Stu Beggs (Californication and White Famous), and Action Jack Barker (Silicon Valley).
1949 – P.J. Carlesimo, American basketball player and coach. Peter John Carlesimo (born May 30, 1949) is an American basketball coach, who coached in both the National Basketball Association (NBA) and college basketball for nearly 40 years.
1948 – Michael Piller, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2005), was an American television scriptwriter and producer, who was best known for his contributions to the Star Trek franchise.
1945 – Gladys Horton, American singer (d. 2011), was an American R&B and pop singer, famous for being the founder and lead singer of the popular Motown all-female vocal group The Marvelettes.
1944 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (d. 2000), was an American actress and singer known for her roles as Sally Morrison on My Three Sons (1963–1965) and as Billie Jo Bradley on Petticoat Junction (1966–1970).
1944 – Stav Prodromou, Greek-American engineer and businessman. Stavro Evangelo "Stav" Prodromou (Greek: Σταύρο Εύαγγελο Προδρομου) (born May 30, 1944) is a Greek American businessman, and the founder and former chief executive officer of Poqet Computer Corporation.
1943 – Gale Sayers, American football player and philanthropist. Gale Eugene Sayers (born May 30, 1943) is an American former professional football player who earned acclaim both as a halfback and return specialist in the National Football League (NFL).
1940 – Gilles Villemure, Canadian-American ice hockey player. Villemure was born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec.
1939 – Michael J. Pollard, American actor. Pollard (born Michael John Pollack Jr.; May 30, 1939 – November 20, 2019) was an American character actor and comedian widely known for his role as C.W.
1939 – Tim Waterstone, Scottish businessman, founded Waterstones. He is the founder of Waterstones, the United Kingdom-based bookselling retail chain, the largest in Europe.
1938 – Billie Letts, American author and educator (d. 2014), was an American novelist and educator. She was a professor at Southeastern Oklahoma State University.
1937 – Rick Mather, American-English architect (d. 2013), was an American-born architect working in England. Born in Portland, Oregon and awarded a B.arch. at the University of Oregon in 1961, he came to London in 1963 and worked at the architectural firm Lyons Israel Ellis for two years.
1936 – Keir Dullea, American actor. Keir Atwood Dullea (/ˈkɪər dʊˈleɪ/; born May 30, 1936) is an American actor best known for his portrayals of astronaut David Bowman in the 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey and its 1984 sequel, 2010: The Year We Make Contact.
1935 – Ruta Lee, Canadian-American actress and dancer. She had roles in films including Billy Wilder's crime drama Witness for the Prosecution and Stanley Donen's musical comedy Funny Face and also is remembered for her guest appearance in a 1963 episode of Rod Serling's sci-fi series The Twilight Zone called "A Short Drink from a Certain Fountain".
1932 – Pauline Oliveros, American accordion player and composer (d. 2016), was an American composer, accordionist and a central figure in the development of experimental and post-war electronic art music.
1931 – Larry Silverstein, American real estate magnate. Among his real estate projects, he is the developer of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in lower Manhattan as well as one of New York's tallest residential towers at 30 Park Place, where he owns a home.
1930 – Mark Birley, English businessman, founded Annabel's (d. 2007), was a British entrepreneur known for his investments in the hospitality industry.
1930 – Robert Ryman, American painter, was an American painter identified with the movements of monochrome painting, minimalism, and conceptual art. He was best known for abstract, white-on-white paintings.
1927 – Clint Walker, American actor and singer. He was perhaps best known for his starring role as cowboy Cheyenne Bodie in the ABC/Warner Bros. western series Cheyenne from 1955-63.
1927 – Joan Birman, American mathematician. Joan Sylvia Lyttle Birman (born May 30, 1927 in New York City) is an American mathematician, specializing in low-dimensional topology.
1926 – Johnny Gimble, American country/western swing musician (Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys) (d. 2015), was an American country musician associated with Western swing. Gimble was considered one of the most important fiddlers in the genre.
1924 – Anthony Dryden Marshall, American CIA officer and diplomat (d. 2014), was an American theatrical producer and C.I.A. intelligence officer and ambassador. Marshall died on November 30, 2014, at the age of 90.
1922 – Hal Clement, American author and educator (d. 2003), was an American science fiction writer and a leader of the hard science fiction subgenre. He also painted astronomically oriented artworks under the name George Richard.
1920 – Franklin J. Schaffner, Japanese-American director and producer (d. 1989), was an American film, television, and stage director. He won the Academy Award for Best Director for Patton (1970), and is also known for the films Planet of the Apes (1968), Nicholas and Alexandra (1971), Papillon (1973), and The Boys from Brazil (1978).
1916 – Mort Meskin, American illustrator (d. 1995), was an American comic book artist best known for his work in the 1940s Golden Age of comic books, well into the late-1950s and 1960s Silver Age.
1912 – Joseph Stein, American playwright and author (d. 2010), was an American playwright best known for writing the books for such musicals as Fiddler on the Roof and Zorba.
1912 – Julius Axelrod, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004). He won a share of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1970 along with Bernard Katz and Ulf von Euler.
1912 – Millicent Selsam, American author and academic (d. 1996), was an American children’s author.
1910 – Harry Bernstein, English-American journalist and author (d. 2011), was a British-born American writer. Bernstein lived in Brick Township, New Jersey.
1909 – Benny Goodman, American clarinet player, songwriter, and bandleader (d. 1986), was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader known as the "King of Swing".
1908 – Mel Blanc, American voice actor (d. 1989), was an American voice actor and radio personality. After beginning his over-60-year career performing in radio, he became known for his work in animation as the voices of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, and most of the other characters from the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies theatrical cartoons during the golden age of American animation.
1903 – Countee Cullen, American poet and author (d. 1946), was an American poet, novelist, children's writer, and playwright, particularly well known during the Harlem Renaissance.
1902 – Stepin Fetchit, American actor and dancer (d. 1985), was an American vaudevillian, comedian, and film actor of Jamaican and Bahamian descent, considered to be the first black actor to have a successful film career. His highest profile was during the 1930s in films and on stage, when his persona of Stepin Fetchit was billed as "the Laziest Man in the World".
1901 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American actress and author (d. 1979), was an American author and actress.
1899 – Irving Thalberg, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1936), was an American film producer during the early years of motion pictures. He was called "The Boy Wonder" for his youth and ability to select scripts, choose actors, gather production staff, and make profitable films, including Grand Hotel, China Seas, Camille, Mutiny on the Bounty and The Good Earth.
1896 – Howard Hawks, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1977), was an American film director, producer and screenwriter of the classic Hollywood era. Critic Leonard Maltin called him "the greatest American director who is not a household name."
1887 – Alexander Archipenko, Ukrainian-American sculptor and illustrator (d. 1964), was a Ukrainian-born American avant-garde artist, sculptor, and graphic artist.
1886 – Randolph Bourne, American theorist and author (d. 1918), was a progressive writer and intellectual born in Bloomfield, New Jersey, and a graduate of Columbia University. He is considered to be a spokesman for the young radicals living during World War I.
2015 – Beau Biden, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 44th Attorney General of Delaware (b. 1969)
2013 – Larry Jones, American football player and coach (b. 1933)
2012 – Jack Twyman, American basketball player and sportscaster (b. 1934)
2012 – John Fox, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1957)
2011 – Clarice Taylor, American actress (b. 1917)
2011 – Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)
2006 – Robert Sterling, American actor (b. 1917)
2005 – Alma Ziegler, American baseball player and stenographer (b. 1918)
2000 – Tex Beneke, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1914)
1994 – Ezra Taft Benson, American religious leader, 13th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1899)