Monday 22 April 2024 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
Holidays and observances
- 2008 – The United States Air Force retires the remaining F-117 Nighthawk aircraft in service.
- 1977 – Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone traffic.
- 1972 – Vietnam War: Increased American bombing in Vietnam prompts anti-war protests in Los Angeles, New York City, and San Francisco.
- 1970 – The first Earth Day is celebrated.
- 1969 – British yachtsman Sir Robin Knox-Johnston wins the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race and completes the first solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world.
- 1944 – The 1st Air Commando Group using Sikorsky R-4 helicopters stage the first use of helicopters in combat with combat search and rescue operations in the China Burma India Theater.
- 1930 – The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
- 1915 – The use of poison gas in World War I escalates when chlorine gas is released as a chemical weapon in the Second Battle of Ypres.
- 1898 – Spanish–American War: The USS Nashville captures a Spanish merchant ship.
- 1876 – The first game in the history of the National League was played at the Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia. This game is often pointed to as the beginning of the MLB.
- 1864 – The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1864 that mandates that the inscription In God We Trust be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
- 1809 – The second day of the Battle of Eckmühl: The Austrian army is defeated by the First French Empire army led by Napoleon and driven over the Danube in Regensburg.
- 1992 – Kenny Stills, American football player. Kenneth Lee Stills Jr. (born April 22, 1992) is an American football wide receiver for the Houston Texans of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1989 – DeJuan Blair, American basketball player. After an outstanding sophomore season, he entered the 2009 NBA draft where he was selected in the second round, 37th overall by the San Antonio Spurs.
- 1988 – Dee Gordon, American baseball player. Devaris "Dee" Gordon (born April 22, 1988) is an American professional baseball second baseman, shortstop, and center fielder for the Seattle Mariners of Major League Baseball (MLB).
- 1986 – Amber Heard, American actress and producer. Her first leading role was in the horror film All the Boys Love Mandy Lane (2006), but it was not released in the United States until 2013 due to distribution problems.
- 1986 – Marshawn Lynch, American football player. Marshawn Terrell Lynch (born April 22, 1986) is an American football running back for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1983 – Remi Ayodele, American football player. Remilekun "Remi" Ayodele (born April 22, 1983) is a former American football defensive tackle in the National Football League for the New Orleans Saints, Dallas Cowboys and Minnesota Vikings.
- 1983 – Sam W. Heads, English-American entomologist and palaeontologist. Heads (born 22 April 1983 in Northumberland, UK) is a British palaeontologist, a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London, a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society and an Officer of the Orthopterists' Society.
- 1982 – Cassidy Freeman, American actress and musician. She is known for her role as Tess Mercer in The CW's superhero drama Smallville and Cady Longmire in Longmire.
- 1982 – David Purcey, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Toronto Blue Jays, Oakland Athletics, Detroit Tigers and Chicago White Sox.
- 1980 – Courtney Friel, American journalist. Courtney Friel (born April 22, 1980) is a news anchor and reporter on television in the U.S.
- 1978 – Jason Stollsteimer, American singer-songwriter and guitarist, was the vocalist and guitarist for the indie rock band The Von Bondies, which disbanded in 2011. Stollsteimer also was the main songwriter and producer of the Von Bondies.
- 1974 – Shavo Odadjian, Armenian-American bass player, songwriter, and producer. Shavarsh "Shavo" Odadjian (Armenian: Շավարշ "Շավո" Օդաջյան; born April 22, 1974) is an Armenian-American musician, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, music video director, and painter.
- 1972 – Willie Robertson, American hunter and businessman. Robertson lives in West Monroe, Louisiana with his wife Korie and his children: John Luke, Sadie, Will, Rowdy, Bella, and Rebecca.
- 1971 – Eric Mabius, American actor. After working in theater productions, Mabius made his film debut in the 1995 independent dark comedy Welcome to the Dollhouse.
- 1968 – Bimbo Coles, American basketball player and coach. He received his nickname from a cousin in reference to a country music song of the same name.
- 1967 – Sherri Shepherd, American actress and talk show panelist. She has appeared in several TV shows in recurring roles, and starred as Ramona Platt on the ABC sitcom Less than Perfect from 2002 to 2006, for which she was well received and was nominated for the BET Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series in 2005.
- 1966 – Jeffrey Dean Morgan, American actor. He is known for his roles as John Winchester in the fantasy horror series Supernatural (2005–2007; 2019), Denny Duquette in the medical drama series Grey's Anatomy (2006–2009), the Comedian in the superhero film Watchmen (2009), Jason Crouse in the political drama series The Good Wife (2015–2016), Negan in the horror drama series The Walking Dead (2016–present), and Harvey Russell in Rampage (2018).
- 1966 – Mickey Morandini, American baseball player and manager. Michael Robert "Mickey" Morandini (born April 22, 1966), is an American former professional baseball second baseman and coach, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago Cubs, and Toronto Blue Jays.
- 1961 – Dewey Nicks, American photographer and director. George Dewey Nicks III is an American photographer and film director.
- 1960 – Randall L. Stephenson, American businessman. He served as National Chair of the Boy Scouts of America from 2016 to 2018.
- 1959 – Ryan Stiles, American-Canadian actor and producer. He also played Herb Melnick on the CBS comedy Two and a Half Men and was a performer on the show Drew Carey's Improv-A-Ganza.
- 1959 – Terry Francona, American baseball player, coach, and manager. Terrence Jon Francona (born April 22, 1959), nicknamed "Tito", is the manager of the Cleveland Indians of Major League Baseball (MLB).
- 1946 – John Waters, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. He wrote and directed the 1988 film Hairspray, which became an international success and turned into a hit Broadway musical which has remained in almost continuous production, and a film adaptation of the Broadway musical was released in July 2007.
- 1946 – Steven L. Bennett, American captain and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1972), was a United States Air Force pilot who posthumously received the Medal of Honor for heroism during the Vietnam War on August 8, 1974.
- 1944 – Joshua Rifkin, American conductor and musicologist. He is famed among classical musicians and aficionados for his increasingly influential theory that most of Bach's choral works were sung with only one singer per choral line.
- 1944 – Steve Fossett, American businessman, pilot, and sailor (d. 2007), was an American businessman and a record-setting aviator, sailor, and adventurer. He was the first person to fly solo nonstop around the world in a balloon and in a fixed-wing aircraft.
- 1943 – Janet Evanovich, American author. The novels in this series have been on The New York Times, USA Today, Wall Street Journal and Amazon bestseller lists.
- 1943 – Keith Crisco, American businessman and politician (d. 2014), was an American businessman and public official from the State of North Carolina.
- 1943 – Louise Glück, American poet. She won the National Book Award for Poetry in 2014 for Faithful and Virtuous Night.
- 1943 – Scott W. Williams, American mathematician and professor. Scott Williams (born April 22, 1943 in Staten Island, New York) is a Professor of Mathematics at the University at Buffalo, SUNY.
- 1939 – Mel Carter, American singer and actor. He is best known for his 1965 million-selling recording, "Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me".
- 1937 – Jack Nicholson, American actor and producer. John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937) is a retired American actor and filmmaker whose career spans more than 50 years.
- 1937 – Jack Nitzsche, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and conductor (d. 2000), was an American musician, arranger, songwriter, composer and record producer. He first came to prominence in the late 1950s as the right-hand-man of producer Phil Spector and went on to work with the Rolling Stones and Neil Young, among others.
- 1936 – Glen Campbell, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 2017), was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter, television host, and actor. He was best known for a series of hit songs in the 1960s and 1970s, and for hosting a music and comedy variety show called The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour on CBS television, from January 1969 until June 1972.
- 1935 – Bhama Srinivasan, Indian-American mathematician and academic. She served as President of the Association for Women in Mathematics from 1981 to 1983.
- 1935 – Paul Chambers, African-American bassist and composer (d. 1969), was a jazz double bassist. A fixture of rhythm sections during the 1950s and 1960s, his importance in the development of jazz bass can be measured not only by the extent of his work in this short period, but also by his impeccable timekeeping and intonation, and virtuosic improvisations.
- 1933 – Anthony Llewellyn, Welsh-American chemist and astronaut (d. 2013), was a Welsh-born American scientist and a former NASA astronaut candidate.
- 1926 – Charlotte Rae, American actress and singer, was an American character actress, comedian, and singer whose career spanned six decades.
- 1923 – Aaron Spelling, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2006), was an American film and television producer. Some of his works include the TV programs Family (1976-1980), Charlie's Angels (1976–81), The Love Boat (1977–86), Hart to Hart (1979–84), Dynasty (1981–89), Beverly Hills, 90210 (1990–2000), 7th Heaven (1996–2007), and Charmed (1998–2006).
- 1923 – Bettie Page, American model and actress (d. 2008), was an American model who gained a significant profile in the 1950s for her pin-up photos. Often referred to as the "Queen of Pinups", her shoulder-length jet-black hair, blue eyes, and trademark bangs have influenced artists for generations.
- 1923 – Peter Kane Dufault, American soldier, pilot, and poet (d. 2013), was an American poet. He was born in New Jersey.
- 1922 – Charles Mingus, American bassist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1979), was an American jazz double bassist, pianist, composer and bandleader. A major proponent of collective improvisation, he is considered to be one of the greatest jazz musicians and composers in history, with a career spanning three decades and collaborations with other jazz legends such as Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Dannie Richmond, and Herbie Hancock.
- 1922 – Richard Diebenkorn, American soldier and painter (d. 1993), was an American painter and printmaker. His early work is associated with abstract expressionism and the Bay Area Figurative Movement of the 1950s and 1960s.
- 1922 – Wolf V. Vishniac, American microbiologist and academic (d. 1973), was an American microbiologist, son of famed photographer Roman Vishniac. Educated at Brooklyn College and Stanford University, he was a professor of biology at the University of Rochester.
- 1919 – Donald J. Cram, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001), was an American chemist who shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Jean-Marie Lehn and Charles J. Pedersen "for their development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity." They were the founders of the field of host–guest chemistry.
- 1918 – Mickey Vernon, American baseball player and coach (d. 2008). James Barton "Mickey" Vernon (April 22, 1918 – September 24, 2008) was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) first baseman who played for the Washington Senators (1939–48, 1950–55), Cleveland Indians (1949–50, 1958), Boston Red Sox (1956–57), Milwaukee Braves (1959), and Pittsburgh Pirates (1960).
- 1918 – William Jay Smith, American poet and academic (d. 2015). He was appointed the nineteenth Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress from 1968 to 1970.
- 1916 – Yehudi Menuhin, American-Swiss violinist and conductor (d. 1999), was an American-born violinist and conductor who spent most of his performing career in Britain. He is widely considered one of the greatest violinists of the 20th century.
- 1914 – Jan de Hartog, Dutch-American author and playwright (d. 2002), was a Dutch playwright, novelist and occasional social critic who moved to the United States in the early 1960s and became a Quaker.
- 1910 – Norman Steenrod, American mathematician and academic (d. 1971), was an American mathematician most widely known for his contributions to the field of algebraic topology.
- 1906 – Eddie Albert, American actor (d. 2005), was an American actor and activist. He was twice nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor; the first nomination came in 1954 for his performance in Roman Holiday, and the second in 1973 for The Heartbreak Kid.
- 1905 – Robert Choquette, American-Canadian author, poet, and diplomat (d. 1991), was a Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat.
- 1904 – J. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist and academic (d. 1967), was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Oppenheimer was the wartime head of the Los Alamos Laboratory and is among those who are credited with being the "father of the atomic bomb" for their role in the Manhattan Project, the World War II undertaking that developed the first nuclear weapons.
- 1892 – Vernon Johns, African-American minister and activist (d. 1965), was an American minister at several black churches in the South and a pioneer in the civil rights movement. He is best known as the pastor 1947–52 of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery Alabama.
- 1891 – Laura Gilpin, American photographer (d. 1979). Gilpin is known for her photographs of Native Americans, particularly the Navajo and Pueblo, and Southwestern landscapes.
- 1891 – Nicola Sacco, Italian-American anarchist (d. 1927). Nicola Sacco (pronounced ; April 22, 1891 – August 23, 1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (pronounced ; June 11, 1888 – August 23, 1927) were two Italian migrant anarchists who were controversially convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the April 15, 1920, armed robbery of the Slater and Morrill Shoe Company in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States.
- 1884 – Otto Rank, Austrian-American psychologist and academic (d. 1939), was an Austrian psychoanalyst, writer, and teacher. Born in Vienna, he was one of Sigmund Freud's closest colleagues for 20 years, a prolific writer on psychoanalytic themes, the editor of two eminent analytic journals of the era, the managing director of Freud's publishing house, and a creative theorist and therapist.
- 1873 – Ellen Glasgow, American author (d. 1945), was an American novelist who won the Pulitzer Prize for the Novel in 1942. A lifelong Virginian who published 20 books including seven novels which sold well (five reaching best-seller lists) as well as gained critical acclaim, Glasgow portrayed the changing world of the contemporary South, differing from the idealistic escapism that characterized Southern literature after Reconstruction.
- 1860 – Ada Rehan, Irish-American actress (d. 1916), was an American actress and comedian who typified the "personality" style of acting in the nineteenth century.
- 1832 – Julius Sterling Morton, American journalist and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Agriculture (d. 1902), was a Nebraska newspaper editor who served as President Grover Cleveland's Secretary of Agriculture. He was a prominent Bourbon Democrat, taking the conservative position on political, economic and social issues, and opposing agrarianism.
- 2017 – Erin Moran, American actress (b. 1960)
- 2014 – Allen Jacobs, American football player and coach (b. 1941)
- 2013 – Dave Gold, American businessman, founded 99 Cents Only Stores (b. 1932)
- 2013 – George Stanley Gordon, American businessman (b. 1926)
- 2013 – Richie Havens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1941)
- 2013 – Robert Suderburg, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1936)
- 2012 – Bill Granger, American author (b. 1941)
- 2012 – Buzz Potamkin, American director and producer (b. 1945)
- 2012 – George Rathmann, American chemist, biologist, and businessman (b. 1927)
- 2011 – Hazel Dickens, American singer-songwriter, bassist and guitarist (b. 1935)
- 2010 – Richard Barrett, American lawyer and activist (b. 1943)
- 2008 – Cameron Argetsinger, American race car driver and lawyer (b. 1921)
- 2007 – Juanita Millender-McDonald, American educator and politician (b. 1938)
- 2006 – Henriette Avram, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1919)
- 2005 – Philip Morrison, American physicist and academic (b. 1915)
- 2004 – Jason Dunham, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)
- 2004 – Pat Tillman, American football player and soldier (b. 1976)
- 2003 – Felice Bryant, American songwriter (b. 1925)
- 2003 – James H. Critchfield, American CIA officer (b. 1917)
- 2003 – Martha Griffiths, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 58th Lieutenant Governor of Michigan (b. 1912)
- 2003 – Mike Larrabee, American runner (b. 1933)
- 1996 – Erma Bombeck, American journalist and author (b. 1927)
- 1996 – Jug McSpaden, American golfer and architect (b. 1908)
- 1995 – Jane Kenyon, American poet and author (b. 1947)
- 1994 – Richard Nixon, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 37th President of the United States (b. 1913)
- 1990 – Albert Salmi, American actor (b. 1928)
- 1989 – Emilio G. Segrè, Italian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
- 1988 – Irene Rich, American actress (b. 1891)
- 1985 – Paul Hugh Emmett, American chemist and academic (b. 1900)
- 1984 – Ansel Adams, American photographer and environmentalist (b. 1902)
- 1983 – Earl Hines, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1903)
- 1980 – Jane Froman, American actress and singer (b. 1907)
- 1978 – Will Geer, American actor (b. 1902)
- 1968 – Stephen H. Sholes, American record producer (b. 1911)
- 1956 – Walt Faulkner, American racing driver (b. 1918)
- 1950 – Charles Hamilton Houston, American lawyer and academic (b. 1895)
- 1949 – Charles Middleton, American actor (b. 1874)
- 1946 – Harlan F. Stone, American lawyer and jurist, 12th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1872)
- 1946 – Lionel Atwill, English-American actor (b. 1885)
- 1933 – Henry Royce, English engineer and businessman, co-founded Rolls-Royce Limited (b. 1863)
- 1896 – Thomas Meik, English engineer, founded Halcrow Group (b. 1812)
- 1877 – James P. Kirkwood, Scottish-American engineer (b. 1807)