Public School Volunteer Week in USA (it provides a yearly opportunity for schools and families to honor and highlight the powerful contributions parents and caregivers provide at school and home to support student success. Held from Monday of the last full week of April)
World Bicycle Day (The events of the first LSD trip in April 19, 1943, now known as “Bicycle Day”, after the bicycle ride home, proved to Hofmann that he had indeed made a significant discovery: a psychoactive substance with extraordinary potency, capable of causing significant shifts of consciousness in incredibly low doses)
2011 – Fidel Castro resigns as First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba after holding the title since July 1961.
1987 – The Simpsons first appear as a series of shorts on The Tracey Ullman Show, first starting with Good Night.
1975 – India's first satellite Aryabhata launched in orbit from Kapustin Yar, Russia.
1973 – The Portuguese Socialist Party is founded in the German town of Bad Münstereifel.
1971 – Launch of Salyut 1, the first space station.
1861 – American Civil War: Baltimore riot of 1861: A pro-Secession mob in Baltimore attacks United States Army troops marching through the city.
1809 – An Austrian corps is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition. On the same day the Austrian main army is defeated by a First French Empire Corps led by Louis-Nicolas Davout at the Battle of Teugen-Hausen in Bavaria, part of a four-day campaign that ended in a French victory.
1782 – John Adams secures the Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government. The house which he had purchased in The Hague, Netherlands becomes the first American embassy.
1775 – American Revolutionary War: The war begins with an American victory in Concord during the battles of Lexington and Concord.
1990 – Jackie Bradley, Jr., American baseball player. Jackie Bradley Jr. (born April 19, 1990), nicknamed JBJ, is an American professional baseball center fielder who plays for the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball (MLB).
1986 – Candace Parker, American basketball player. Candace Nicole Parker (born April 19, 1986) is an American professional basketball player for the Los Angeles Sparks of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA).
1986 – Gabe Pruitt, American basketball player. Pruitt gained national attention following a catfishing incident that took place in 2006 during his time at USC.
1983 – Alberto Callaspo, Venezuelan-American baseball player. Alberto José Callaspo Brito (/kaɪˈæspoʊ/, Spanish: ; born April 19, 1983) is a Venezuelan professional baseball infielder who is currently a free agent.
1983 – Curtis Thigpen, American baseball player. He played parts of 2 seasons with the Toronto Blue Jays.
1983 – Joe Mauer, American baseball player. Joseph Patrick Mauer (born April 19, 1983), is an American former professional baseball catcher, designated hitter, and first baseman, who spent his entire 15-year Major League Baseball (MLB) career with the Minnesota Twins.
1983 – Zach Duke, American baseball player. Zachary Thomas Duke (born April 19, 1983) is an American professional baseball pitcher who is currently a free agent.
1982 – Ignacio Serricchio, Argentinian-American actor. Other roles include Lifetime's Witches of East End, seasons 9-12 of Bones, and the Netflix reboot of Lost in Space.
1982 – Joseph Hagerty, American gymnast. He was a member of the bronze medal-winning 2008 U.S.
1982 – Samuel C. Morrison, Jr., Liberian-American journalist, producer, and screenwriter. Morrison Jr. (born April 19, 1982) is a Liberian-born screenwriter, director, producer and journalist.
1981 – Troy Polamalu, American football player. Troy Aumua Polamalu (/ˌpoʊləˈmɑːluː/; born Troy Aumua; April 19, 1981) is a former American football strong safety who played his entire twelve-year career for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League (NFL).
1979 – Kate Hudson, American actress. Her other films include How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days (2003), Raising Helen (2004), The Skeleton Key (2005), You, Me and Dupree (2006), Fool's Gold (2008), Bride Wars (2009), Nine (2009), Deepwater Horizon (2016), Mother's Day (2016) and Marshall (2017).
1979 – Rocky Bernard, American football player, was drafted by the Seattle Seahawks in the fifth round of the 2002 NFL Draft. He played college football at Texas A&M.
1978 – Amanda Sage, American-Austrian painter and educator. Amanda Sage (born 19 April 1978) is an American painter who has studied and worked in Vienna, Austria and Los Angeles, California.
1978 – James Franco, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. James Edward Franco (born April 19, 1978) is an American actor, director, screenwriter, comedian, film producer, television producer, academic, painter and writer.
1977 – Joe Beimel, American baseball player. Joseph Ronald Beimel (pronounced "BUY mul") (born April 19, 1977) is an American former professional baseball pitcher.
1976 – Scott Padgett, American basketball player, coach, and radio host. He played for the NBA's Utah Jazz, Houston Rockets, New Jersey Nets, and Memphis Grizzlies.
1972 – Jeff Wilkins, American football player. Jeffrey Allen Wilkins (born April 19, 1972), nicknamed "Money", is a former American football placekicker for the San Francisco 49ers, Philadelphia Eagles and St.
1969 – Andrew Carnie, Canadian-American linguist, author, and academic. He was born in Calgary, Alberta.
1969 – Susan Polgar, Hungarian-American chess player. Polgár was Women's World Champion from 1996 to 1999.
1968 – Ashley Judd, American actress and activist. Her acting career has spanned more than three decades, and she has also become increasingly involved in global humanitarian efforts and political activism.
1967 – Dar Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Hendrik Hertzberg of The New Yorker has described Williams as "one of America’s very best singer-songwriters."
1967 – Steven H Silver, American journalist and author. Steven H Silver (born April 19, 1967 in Hinsdale, Illinois) is an American science fiction fan and bibliographer, publisher, author, and editor.
1965 – Suge Knight, American record producer, co-founded Death Row Records. Marion Hugh "Suge" Knight Jr. (/ʃʊɡ/; born April 19, 1965) is an American former record producer, music executive, professional football player and convicted felon.
1964 – Kim Weaver, American astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic. As a five-year-old girl she was impressed by pictures of planets and galaxies as well as the 300 foot antenna dish of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia.
1962 – Al Unser Jr., American race car driver. Alfred Unser Jr. (born April 19, 1962), nicknamed "Little Al", "Al Junior", or simply "Junior", is a retired American race car driver and two-time Indianapolis 500 winner.
1961 – Alan Kirschenbaum, American producer and writer (d. 2012), was an American television sitcom producer and writer.
1961 – Spike Owen, American baseball player and coach. Spike Dee Owen (born April 19, 1961) is an American former shortstop in Major League Baseball who played for the Seattle Mariners (1983–86), Boston Red Sox (1986–88), Montreal Expos (1989–92), New York Yankees (1993) and California Angels (1994–95).
1960 – Frank Viola, American baseball player and coach. Frank John Viola Jr. (born April 19, 1960) is an American former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Minnesota Twins (1982–1989), New York Mets (1989–1991), Boston Red Sox (1992–1994), Cincinnati Reds (1995), and Toronto Blue Jays (1996).
1960 – John Schweitz, American basketball player and coach. He played in two NBA seasons, for the Seattle SuperSonics and Detroit Pistons.
1958 – Denis O'Brien, Irish businessman, founded BT Ireland. His business interests also extend to aircraft leasing (Aergo Capital), utilities support (Actavo), petroleum (Topaz Energy, until 2016), and football (soccer), being a minority shareholder of Celtic F.C..
1958 – Steve Antin, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Steven Howard "Steve" Antin (born April 19, 1958) is an American actor, stunt performer, screenwriter, producer, and director.
1958 – Stevie B, American singer-songwriter and record producer, was influential in the freestyle and Hi-NRG dance music scene of the late 1980s, mostly in Miami. Stevie B had a 1990 number-one hit ballad "Because I Love You (The Postman Song)".
1953 – Rod Morgenstein, American drummer. He is best known for his work with the rock band Winger and with the jazz fusion band Dixie Dregs.
1953 – Ruby Wax, British-based American comedian, actress, and screenwriter. Ruby Wax OBE (née Ruby Wachs; 19 April 1953) is an American actress, comedian, mental health campaigner, lecturer, and author who has resided in the United Kingdom since the 1970s.
1952 – Tony Plana, Cuban-American actor and director. He is known for playing Betty Suarez's father, Ignacio Suarez, on the ABC television show Ugly Betty and also for voicing Manuel "Manny" Calavera in the video game Grim Fandango.
1951 – Barry Brown, American actor and playwright (d. 1978). Barry Brown is the name of:
1949 – Larry Walters, American truck driver and pilot (d. 1993). On July 2, 1982, Larry Walters made a 45-minute flight in a homemade airship made of an ordinary patio chair and 45 helium-filled weather balloons.
1947 – Mark Volman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Mark Volman (born April 19, 1947) is an American rock and roll guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter, best known as a founding member of the Turtles.
1947 – Murray Perahia, American pianist and conductor. Murray David Perahia (/pəˈraɪə/), KBE (born April 19, 1947) is an American pianist and conductor.
1944 – Bernie Worrell, American keyboard player and songwriter (d. 2016), was an American keyboardist and composer best known as a founding member of Parliament-Funkadelic and for his work with Talking Heads. He is a member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, inducted in 1997 with fifteen other members of Parliament-Funkadelic.
1944 – James Heckman, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. James Joseph Heckman (born 1944) is a Nobel Prize winning American economist who is currently at the University of Chicago, where he is The Henry Schultz Distinguished Service Professor in Economics and the College; Professor at the Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies; Director of the Center for the Economics of Human Development (CEHD); and Co-Director of Human Capital and Economic Opportunity (HCEO) Global Working Group.
1944 – Keith Erickson, American basketball player and sportscaster. Keith Raymond Erickson (born April 19, 1944) is an American former basketball player.
1942 – Bas Jan Ader, Dutch-American photographer and director (d. 1975), was a Dutch conceptual and performance artist, and photographer. His work was in many instances presented as photographs and film of his performances.
1942 – Jack Roush, American businessman, founded Roush Fenway Racing. Jack Roush (born Jackson Earnest Roush on April 19, 1942) is the founder, CEO, and co-owner of Roush Fenway Racing, a NASCAR team headquartered in Concord, North Carolina, and is Chairman of the Board of Roush Enterprises.
1942 – Maarten van den Bergh, American-Dutch businessman. Maarten Albert van den Bergh (born 19 April 1942 in New York City) is a Dutch businessman.
1941 – Bobby Russell, American singer-songwriter (d. 1992). Between 1966 and 1973, he had five singles on the Hot Country Songs charts, including the crossover pop hit "Saturday Morning Confusion." Russell was also married to singer and actress Vicki Lawrence from 1972 to 1974.
1939 – E. Clay Shaw, Jr., American accountant, judge, and politician (d. 2013), was an American politician who was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1981 until 2007. He represented the 22nd District of Florida until he was defeated by Ron Klein in the 2006 midterm election.
1938 – Stanley Fish, American theorist, author, and scholar. Cardozo School of Law in New York City.
1937 – Elinor Donahue, American actress. Mary Eleanor Donahue (born April 19, 1937), credited as Elinor Donahue, is an American actress, best remembered today for playing the role of Betty Anderson, the eldest child of Jim and Margaret Anderson (Robert Young and Jane Wyatt), on the 1950s American sitcom Father Knows Best.
1936 – Jack Pardee, American football player and coach (d. 2013), was an American football linebacker and the only head coach to helm a team in college football, the National Football League (NFL), the United States Football League (USFL), the World Football League (WFL), and the Canadian Football League (CFL). Pardee was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 1986.
1935 – Justin Francis Rigali, American cardinal. Louis from 1994 to 2003.
1934 – Dickie Goodman, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1989), was an American music and record producer born in Brooklyn, New York. He is best known for inventing and using the technique of the "break-in", an early precursor to sampling, that used brief clips of popular records and songs to "answer" “comedic” questions posed by voice actors on his novelty records.
1933 – Jayne Mansfield, American model and actress (d. 1967), was an American film, theater, and television actress. She was also a nightclub entertainer and a singer, and one of the early Playboy Playmates.
1925 – Hugh O'Brian, American actor (d. 2016), was an American actor and humanitarian, best known for his starring roles in the ABC western television series The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp (1955–1961) and the NBC action television series Search (1972–1973), as well as films including the Agatha Christie adaptation Ten Little Indians (1965); he also had a notable supporting role in John Wayne's last film, The Shootist (1976).
1921 – Anna Lee Aldred, American jockey (d. 2006), was an American jockey and trick rider in rodeos. She was the first woman in the United States to receive a jockey's license.
1921 – Leon Henkin, American logician (d. 2006), was a logician at the University of California, Berkeley. He was principally known for "Henkin construction", his version of the proof of the semantic completeness of standard systems of first-order logic.
1920 – Gene Leis, American guitarist, composer, and producer (d. 1993), was an American jazz guitarist, teacher, bandleader, composer, producer and entrepreneur. He was known primarily for his publications and recorded guitar courses in the 1960s.
1920 – Marian Winters, American actress (d. 1978), was an American dramatist and actress of stage, film, and television.
1920 – Marvin Mandel, American lawyer and politician, 56th Governor of Maryland (d. 2015), was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 56th Governor of Maryland from January 7, 1969 to January 17, 1979, including a one-and-a-half-year period when Lt. Governor Blair Lee III served as the state's acting Governor in Mandel's place from June 1977 to January 15, 1979.
1919 – Sol Kaplan, American pianist and composer (d. 1990), was an American film and television music composer.
1912 – Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999), was an American chemist whose involvement in the synthesis, discovery and investigation of ten transuranium elements earned him a share of the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. His work in this area also led to his development of the actinide concept and the arrangement of the actinide series in the periodic table of the elements.
1903 – Eliot Ness, American law enforcement agent (d. 1957), was an American Prohibition agent, famous for his efforts to bring down Al Capone and enforce Prohibition in Chicago, Illinois, and the leader of a famous team of law enforcement agents from Chicago, nicknamed The Untouchables. His co-authorship of a popular autobiography, The Untouchables, which was released shortly after his death, launched several television and motion picture portrayals that established Ness's posthumous fame as an incorruptible crime fighter.
1898 – Constance Talmadge, American actress and producer (d. 1973), was an American silent film star. She was the sister of actresses Norma and Natalie Talmadge.
1894 – Elizabeth Dilling, American author and activist (d. 1966), was an American writer and political activist. In 1934, she published The Red Network—A Who's Who and Handbook of Radicalism for Patriots, which catalogs over 1,300 suspected communists and their sympathizers.
1883 – Henry Jameson, American soccer player (d. 1938), was an American amateur soccer player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
1883 – Richard von Mises, Austrian-American mathematician and physicist (d. 1953), was an Austrian scientist and mathematician who worked on solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, aerodynamics, aeronautics, statistics and probability theory. He held the position of Gordon McKay Professor of Aerodynamics and Applied Mathematics at Harvard University. He described his work in his own words shortly before his death as being on
1877 – Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American engineer, invented the outboard motor (d. 1934), was an American entrepreneur, known for the invention of the first outboard motor with practical commercial application.
1806 – Sarah Bagley, American labor organizer (d. c. 1888), was a labor leader in New England during the 1840s; an advocate of shorter workdays for factory operatives and mechanics, she campaigned to make ten hours of labor per day the maximum in Massachusetts.
1787 – Deaf Smith, American soldier (d. 1837), was an American frontiersman noted for his part in the Texas Revolution and the Army of the Republic of Texas. He fought in the Grass Fight and the Battle of San Jacinto.
1721 – Roger Sherman, American lawyer and politician (d. 1793), was an early American statesman and lawyer, as well as a Founding Father of the United States. He is the only person to have signed all four great state papers of the United States: the Continental Association, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution.
2017 – Aaron Hernandez, American football player (b. 1989)
2016 – Milt Pappas, American baseball player (b. 1939)
2015 – William Price Fox, American journalist and author (b. 1926)
2014 – Lindy Berry, American football player (b. 1927)
2013 – Al Neuharth, American journalist, author, and publisher, founded USA Today (b. 1924)
2013 – Allan Arbus, American actor and photographer (b. 1918)
2013 – E. L. Konigsburg, American author and illustrator (b. 1930)
2012 – Levon Helm, American singer-songwriter, drummer, guitarist, instrumentalist, and actor (b. 1940)
2008 – John Marzano, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1963)
2006 – Albert Scott Crossfield, American engineer, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1921)
2005 – Clement Meadmore, Australian-American sculptor and author (b. 1929)
2005 – Ruth Hussey, American actress (b. 1911)
2004 – Norris McWhirter, English author and activist co-founded the Guinness World Records (b. 1925)
2002 – Reginald Rose, American writer (b. 1920)
2001 – Meldrim Thomson, Jr.. American publisher and politician, 73rd Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1912)
1993 – David Koresh, American religious leader (b. 1959)
1993 – George S. Mickelson, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 28th Governor of South Dakota (b. 1941)
1987 – Hugh Brannum, American vocalist, arranger, and composer (b. 1910)
1975 – Percy Lavon Julian, American chemist and academic (b. 1899)
1960 – Beardsley Ruml, American economist and statistician (b. 1894)
1937 – William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist and zoologist (b. 1865)
1916 – Ephraim Shay, American engineer, designed the Shay locomotive (b. 1839)
1914 – Charles Sanders Peirce, American mathematician and philosopher (b. 1839)
1901 – Alfred Horatio Belo, American publisher, founded The Dallas Morning News (b. 1839)
1813 – Benjamin Rush, American physician and educator (b. 1745)