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CalendarApril → 16

Thursday 16 April 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

April 16 Events

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April 16, year 2020; April 16, year 2021 see also: April 16, year 2016; April 16, year 2017; April 16, year 2018; April 16, year 2019 calendar
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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2012 – The Pulitzer Prize winners were announced, it was the first time since 1977 that no book won the Fiction Prize.
  • 1990 – "Doctor Death", Jack Kevorkian, participates in his first assisted suicide.
  • 1947 – Bernard Baruch first applies the term "Cold War" to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union.
  • 1945 – The United States Army liberates Nazi Sonderlager (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C (better known as Colditz).
  • 1943 – Albert Hofmann accidentally discovers the hallucinogenic effects of the research drug LSD. He intentionally takes the drug three days later on April 19.
  • 1912 – Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel.
  • 1910 – The oldest existing indoor ice hockey arena still used for the sport in the 21st century, Boston Arena, opens for the first time.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: During the Siege of Vicksburg, gunboats commanded by Acting Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter run downriver past Confederate artillery batteries at Vicksburg.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle at Lee's Mills in Virginia.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act, a bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia, becomes law.
  • 1853 – The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
  • 1818 – The United States Senate ratifies the Rush–Bagot Treaty, establishing the border with Canada.
  • 1780 – The University of Münster in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.
  • 1457 BC – Likely date of the Battle of Megiddo between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh, the first battle to have been recorded in what is accepted as relatively reliable detail.

Births

  • 1994 – Albert Almora, American baseball player. Reinaldo Albert Almora Jr. (born April 16, 1994) is an American professional baseball outfielder for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1994 – Will Fuller, American football player. William Vincent "Will" Fuller V (born April 16, 1994) is an American football wide receiver for the Houston Texans of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1993 – Chance the Rapper, American rapper. Chancelor Jonathan Bennett (born April 16, 1993), known professionally as Chance the Rapper, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, actor, and activist.
  • 1993 – Mirai Nagasu, American figure skater. She is a three-time Four Continents medalist (silver in 2016, bronze in 2011 and 2017), the 2007 JGP Final champion, a two-time World Junior medalist (silver in 2007, bronze in 2008), and a seven-time U.S. national medalist (gold in 2008, silver in 2010 and 2018, bronze in 2011 and 2014, pewter in 2016 and 2017).
  • 1991 – Nolan Arenado, American baseball player. Nolan James Arenado (/ˌærəˈnɑːdoʊ/; born April 16, 1991) is an American professional baseball third baseman for the Colorado Rockies of Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1990 – Tony McQuay, American sprinter. Tony McQuay (born April 16, 1990) is an American track and field athlete who specializes in the 400 meters.
  • 1990 – Travis Shaw, American baseball player. Travis Richard Shaw (born April 16, 1990) is an American professional baseball infielder for the Toronto Blue Jays of Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1988 – Kyle Okposo, American ice hockey player. Kyle Henry Erovre Okposo (born April 16, 1988) is an American professional ice hockey right winger for the Buffalo Sabres of the National Hockey League (NHL).
  • 1984 – Teddy Blass, American composer and producer. Teddy Blass (born April 16, 1984 in Dallas) is an American film composer and record producer.
  • 1984 – Tucker Fredricks, American speed skater. He competed at the 2006, 2010, and 2014 Winter Olympics.
  • 1983 – Cat Osterman, American softball player. Catherine Leigh "Cat" Osterman-Ashley (born April 16, 1983) is an American, former collegiate 4-time All-American and 2-time medal winning Olympian, retired 6-time pro All-Star, left-handed softball pitcher and softball Assistant Coach originally from Houston, Texas.
  • 1983 – Marié Digby, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress, was posted on YouTube in 2007 (and has since been viewed over 22 million times). The song was subsequently played on the radio station STAR 98.7, was featured on the highly rated third season opening episode of the MTV show The Hills, and peaked at #10 on the Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles chart.
  • 1982 – Gina Carano, American mixed martial artist and actress. Gina Joy Carano (born April 16, 1982) is an American actress, television personality, fitness model and a former mixed martial artist.
  • 1982 – Jonathan Vilma, American football player. Jonathan Polynice Vilma (born April 16, 1982) is a former American football linebacker and current ESPN college football analyst.
  • 1976 – Lukas Haas, American actor and musician. His acting career has spanned four decades, during which he has appeared in more than 50 feature films and a number of television shows and stage productions.
  • 1975 – Keon Clark, American basketball player. Arian Keon Clark (born April 16, 1975) is an American former basketball player in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1973 – Akon, Senegalese-American singer, rapper and songwriter. Aliaune Damala Bouga Time Puru Nacka Lu Lu Lu Badara Akon Thiam (/ˈeɪkɒn/; born April 16, 1973) is a Senegalese-American singer, songwriter, record producer, entrepreneur, philanthropist and actor.
  • 1972 – Conchita Martínez, Spanish-American tennis player. Martínez also was the singles runner-up at the 1998 Australian Open and the 2000 French Open.
  • 1972 – Tracy K. Smith, American poet and educator. She served as the 22nd Poet Laureate of the United States from 2017 to 2019.
  • 1971 – Selena, American singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer (d. 1995), was an American singer, songwriter, spokesperson, model, actress, and fashion designer. Called the Queen of Tejano music, her contributions to music and fashion made her one of the most celebrated Mexican-American entertainers of the late 20th century.
  • 1970 – Walt Williams, American basketball player. A sharpshooting 6'8" forward/guard, Williams attended school at the University of Maryland from 1988 to 1992, and is credited by many for resurrecting the school's basketball program which was going through very difficult times.
  • 1969 – Fernando Viña, American baseball player and sportscaster. Fernando Viña (pronounced VEEN-ya) (born April 16, 1969) is a retired Cuban-American Major League Baseball second baseman and former MLB analyst for ESPN.
  • 1968 – Vickie Guerrero, American wrestler and manager. Vickie Lynn Benson (née Lara, formerly Guerrero; born April 16, 1968) is an American professional wrestling personality and medical administrator who is currently signed to All Elite Wrestling.
  • 1966 – Jeff Varner, American newscaster and reality television personality. Jeffrey Keith Varner (born April 16, 1966) is an American real estate agent and television personality, a former news anchor and reporter, a former entertainment reporter, and a veteran contestant on three seasons of the CBS reality television series, Survivor: The Australian Outback, Survivor: Cambodia and Survivor: Game Changers.
  • 1965 – Jon Cryer, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Jonathan Niven Cryer (born April 16, 1965) is an American actor, comedian and television director.
  • 1965 – Martin Lawrence, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Lawrence came to fame during the 1990s, establishing a Hollywood career as a leading actor, most notably in the Fox television sitcom Martin and the films House Party, Boomerang, Bad Boys, Wild Hogs, Nothing to Lose, Blue Streak, Life, Big Momma's House, and A Thin Line Between Love & Hate.Black knight]]’’
  • 1964 – Dave Pirner, American singer, songwriter and producer (Soul Asylum). David Anthony Pirner (born April 16, 1964) is an American songwriter, singer, and producer best known as the lead vocalist and frontman for the alternative rock band Soul Asylum.
  • 1964 – David Kohan, American screenwriter and producer. Kohan has won an Emmy and a People's Choice Award.
  • 1963 – Jimmy Osmond, American singer (The Osmonds). As a solo artist, Osmond has accumulated six gold records, one platinum record, and two gold albums.
  • 1962 – Douglas Elmendorf, American economist and politician. He previously served as the Director of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) from 2009 to 2015.
  • 1962 – Ian MacKaye, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. MacKaye was also the frontman for the short-lived bands The Teen Idles, Embrace and Pailhead, a collaboration with the band Ministry.
  • 1956 – David M. Brown, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2003), was a United States Navy captain and a NASA astronaut. He died on his first spaceflight, when the Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-107) disintegrated during orbital reentry into the Earth's atmosphere.
  • 1956 – T Lavitz, American keyboard player, composer, and producer (d. 2010), was an American jazz-rock/fusion keyboardist, composer and producer. He is best known for his work with the Dixie Dregs and Jazz Is Dead.
  • 1955 – Bruce Bochy, American baseball player and manager. During his playing career, Bochy was a catcher for the Houston Astros, New York Mets, and San Diego Padres.
  • 1954 – Ellen Barkin, American actress. Her breakthrough role was in the 1982 film Diner, and in the following years she had starring roles in films such as Tender Mercies (1983), The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension (1984), The Big Easy (1987), Johnny Handsome and Sea of Love (both 1989).
  • 1953 – Jay O. Sanders, American actor. Jay Olcutt Sanders (born April 16, 1953) is an American actor who has worked in theatre, film, and TV, known for JFK (1991).
  • 1952 – Bill Belichick, American football player and coach. William Stephen Belichick (/ˈbɛlɪtʃɪk/ or /ˈbɛlɪtʃɛk/; born April 16, 1952) is an American football coach who serves as the head coach of the New England Patriots of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1952 – Billy West, American voice actor, singer-songwriter, and comedian. His roles include the titular characters on The Ren & Stimpy Show, Douglas Yancey "Doug" Funnie from Doug, and Philip J.
  • 1950 – David Graf, American actor (d. 2001), was an American actor, known for his role as Sgt. Eugene Tackleberry in the Police Academy series of films.
  • 1947 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, American basketball player and coach. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (born Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor Jr.; April 16, 1947) is an American retired professional basketball player who played 20 seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA) for the Milwaukee Bucks and the Los Angeles Lakers.
  • 1946 – Margot Adler, American journalist and author (d. 2014), was an American author, journalist, lecturer, Wiccan priestess, and New York correspondent for National Public Radio (NPR).
  • 1946 – R. Carlos Nakai, American flute player. He began playing a traditional Native American cedar flute after an accident left him unable to play the trumpet.
  • 1945 – Tom Allen, American lawyer and politician. Thomas Hodge Allen (born April 16, 1945) is an American author and former politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives representing Maine's 1st congressional district, and the Democratic nominee for the U.S.
  • 1942 – Jim Lonborg, American baseball pitcher. James Reynold Lonborg (born April 16, 1942) is an American former professional baseball right-handed starting pitcher, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) with the Boston Red Sox (1965–1971), Milwaukee Brewers (1972), and Philadelphia Phillies (1973–1979).
  • 1941 – Allan Segal, American director and producer (d. 2012), was a BAFTA-winning documentary film maker. He spent the majority of his career working for Granada Television.
  • 1940 – Joan Snyder, American painter. She is a MacArthur Fellow, a Guggenheim Fellow, and a National Endowment for the Arts Fellow.
  • 1938 – Rich Rollins, American baseball player. Richard John Rollins (born April 16, 1938 in Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania) is an American former Major League Baseball third baseman.
  • 1935 – Bobby Vinton, American singer. Stanley Robert Vinton Jr. (born April 16, 1935), known professionally as Bobby Vinton, is an American singer and songwriter who also briefly appeared in films.
  • 1933 – Ike Pappas, American journalist and actor (d. 2008), was a CBS News correspondent for 25 years.
  • 1933 – Perry Botkin Jr., American composer, arranger and musician. Perry Botkin Jr. (born April 16, 1933) is an American composer, producer, arranger, and musician.
  • 1932 – Maury Meyers, American lawyer and politician (d. 2014), was an American politician who served four non-consecutive terms (1978–1980, 1980–1982, 1986–1988 and 1988–1990) as Mayor of Beaumont, Texas. He is well known in the city as a progressive and economic mind, help turning the city of Beaumont into a thriving community.
  • 1930 – Herbie Mann, American flute player and composer (d. 2003), was an American jazz flutist and important early practitioner of world music. Early in his career, he also played tenor saxophone and clarinet (including bass clarinet), but Mann was among the first jazz musicians to specialize on the flute.
  • 1929 – Ed Townsend, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2003), was an American singer, songwriter, producer and attorney. He performed and composed "For Your Love", a rhythm and blues doo wop classic, and co-wrote "Let's Get It On" with Marvin Gaye.
  • 1929 – Roy Hamilton, American singer (d. 1969). By combining semi-classical technique with traditional black gospel feeling, he brought soul to Great American Songbook singing.
  • 1927 – Edie Adams, American actress and singer (d. 2008), was an American comedienne, actress, singer and businesswoman. She was an Emmy Award nominee and Tony Award winner.
  • 1924 – Henry Mancini, American composer and conductor (d. 1994), was an American composer, conductor, arranger, pianist and flautist. Often cited as one of the greatest composers in the history of film, he won four Academy Awards, a Golden Globe, and twenty Grammy Awards, plus a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1995.
  • 1924 – Rudy Pompilli, American saxophonist (d. 1976), was an American musician best known for playing tenor saxophone with Bill Haley and His Comets. He was usually credited under the alternate spelling Rudy Pompilli and occasionally as Rudy Pell.
  • 1923 – Arch A. Moore, Jr., American sergeant, lawyer, and politician, 28th Governor of West Virginia (d. 2015), was an American lawyer and Republican politician from West Virginia. He began his political career as a state legislator in 1952.
  • 1923 – Warren Barker, American composer (d. 2006), was an American composer known for work in film, radio, and television. He also worked in Las Vegas, Nevada clubs.
  • 1922 – Lawrence N. Guarino, American colonel (d. 2014), was a U.S. Air Force officer, and veteran of three wars.
  • 1921 – Arlin M. Adams, American lawyer and judge (d. 2015), was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. As late as 2013 he served as counsel to Schnader Harrison Segal & Lewis LLP, and was listed as a NAFTA adjudicator.
  • 1919 – Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2009), was an American dancer and choreographer who was at the forefront of American modern dance for more than 50 years. He is also notable for his frequent collaborations with artists of other disciplines, including musicians John Cage, David Tudor, Brian Eno, Radiohead, artists Robert Rauschenberg, Bruce Nauman, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Jasper Johns, and costume designer Rei Kawakubo.
  • 1919 – Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, Mexican architect, designed the Tijuana Cultural Center and National Museum of Anthropology (d. 2013), was a late twentieth century Mexican architect. He was born in Mexico City.
  • 1918 – Hsuan Hua, Chinese-American monk and author (d. 1995), was a monk of Chan Buddhism and a contributing figure in bringing Chinese Buddhism to the United States in the 20th century.
  • 1918 – Juozas Kazickas, Lithuanian-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2014). Juozas Petras Kazickas or Joseph P.
  • 1917 – Barry Nelson, American actor (d. 2007), was an American actor, noted as the first actor to portray Ian Fleming's secret agent James Bond.
  • 1914 – John Hodiak, American actor (d. 1955), was an American actor who worked in radio, stage and film.
  • 1910 – Berton Roueché, American journalist and author (d. 1994), was a medical writer who wrote for The New Yorker magazine for almost fifty years. He also wrote twenty books, including Eleven Blue Men (1954), The Incurable Wound (1958), Feral (1974), and The Medical Detectives (1980).
  • 1907 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier, Canadian inventor and businessman, founded Bombardier Inc. (d. 1964), was a Canadian inventor and businessman who was the founder of Bombardier. His most famous invention was the snowmobile.
  • 1904 – Fifi D'Orsay, Canadian-American vaudevillian, actress, and singer (d. 1983), was a Canadian-born actress.
  • 1903 – Paul Waner, American baseball player and manager (d. 1965), was an American professional baseball right fielder who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for four teams between 1926 and 1945, most notably playing his first 15 seasons with the Pittsburgh Pirates. The greatest Pirate outfielder up to his retirement, he won the 1927 NL Most Valuable Player Award in his second season, collecting a team record 237 hits that year.
  • 1900 – Polly Adler, Russian-American madam and author (d. 1962), was an American madam and author of Russian-Jewish origin, best known for her work A House Is Not a Home, which was posthumously adapted into a film of the same name.
  • 1896 – Robert Henry Best, American journalist (d. 1952), was an American foreign correspondent who covered events in Europe for American media outlets during the Interwar period. Later he became a Nazi supporter and well known broadcaster of Nazi propaganda during World War II.
  • 1895 – Ove Arup, English-Danish engineer and businessman, founded Arup (d. 1988), was a Danish-English engineer who founded Arup Group Limited, a multinational corporation that offers engineering, design, planning, project management, and consulting services for building systems. Ove Arup is considered to be among the foremost architectural structural engineers of his time.
  • 1892 – Howard Mumford Jones, American author, critic, and academic (d. 1980), was an American intellectual historian, literary critic, journalist, poet, and professor of English at the University of Michigan and later at Harvard University.
  • 1891 – Dorothy P. Lathrop, American author and illustrator (d. 1980), was an American writer and illustrator of children's books.
  • 1890 – Gertrude Chandler Warner, American author and educator (d. 1979), was an American author, mainly of children's stories. She was most famous for writing the original book of The Boxcar Children and for the next eighteen books in the series.
  • 1886 – Michalis Dorizas, Greek-American football player and javelin thrower (d. 1957), was a Greek athlete who competed in throwing events at the 1906, 1908 and 1912 Summer Olympics. He won a silver medal in the javelin throw in 1908 and a bronze in the stone throw in 1906.
  • 1882 – Seth Bingham, American organist and composer (d. 1972), was an American organist and prolific composer.
  • 1867 – Wilbur Wright, American inventor (d. 1912). The Wright brothers – Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912) – were two American aviation pioneers generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.
  • 1864 – Rose Talbot Bullard, American medical doctor and professor (d. 1915), was an American physician and medical school professor, who was elected president of the Los Angeles County Medical Association in 1902.
  • 1847 – Hans Auer, Swiss-Austrian architect, designed the Federal Palace of Switzerland (d. 1906), was a Swiss-Austrian architect best known for his design of the Swiss Bundeshaus (1894–1902) in Bern.
  • 1808 – Caleb Blood Smith, American journalist, lawyer, and politician, 6th United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1864), was a United States Representative from Indiana, the 6th United States Secretary of the Interior and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Indiana.
  • 1682 – John Hadley, English mathematician, invented the octant (d. 1744), was an English mathematician, and laid claim to the invention of the octant, two years after Thomas Godfrey claimed the same.
  • 1646 – Jules Hardouin-Mansart, French architect, designed the Château de Dampierre and Grand Trianon (d. 1708), was a French Baroque architect and builder whose major work included the Place des Victoires (1684-1690); Place Vendôme (1690); the domed chapel of Les Invalides (1690), and the Grand Trianon of the Palace of Versailles. His monumental work was designed to glorify the reign of Louis XIV of France.

Deaths

  • 2014 – Ernst Florian Winter, Austrian-American historian and political scientist (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – George Beverly Shea, Canadian-American singer-songwriter (b. 1909)
  • 2013 – Pat Summerall, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, Mexican architect, designed the Tijuana Cultural Center and National Museum of Anthropology (b. 1919)
  • 2011 – Sol Saks, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1910)
  • 2010 – Daryl Gates, American police officer, created the D.A.R.E. Program (b. 1926)
  • 2008 – Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Robert Urich, American actor (b. 1946)
  • 2002 – Ruth Fertel, American businesswoman, founded Ruth's Chris Steak House (b. 1927)
  • 2001 – Michael Ritchie, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1938)
  • 1999 – Skip Spence, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1946)
  • 1998 – Alberto Calderón, Argentinian-American mathematician and academic (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – Lucille Bremer, American actress and dancer (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Ralph Ellison, American novelist and critic (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – Neville Brand, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1989 – Jocko Conlan, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Khalil al-Wazir, Palestinian commander, founded Fatah (b. 1935)
  • 1985 – Scott Brady, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1980 – Morris Stoloff, American composer (b. 1898)
  • 1978 – Lucius D. Clay, American officer and military governor in occupied Germany (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Richard Neutra, Austrian-American architect, designed the Los Angeles County Hall of Records (b. 1892)
  • 1968 – Edna Ferber, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright (b. 1885)
  • 1968 – Fay Bainter, American actress (b. 1893)
  • 1961 – Carl Hovland, American psychologist and academic (b. 1912)
  • 1946 – Arthur Chevrolet, Swiss-American race car driver and engineer (b. 1884)
  • 1937 – Jay Johnson Morrow, American military engineer and politician, 3rd Governor of the Panama Canal Zone (b. 1870)
  • 1928 – Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founded Henry Birks and Sons (b. 1840)
  • 1915 – Nelson W. Aldrich, American businessman and politician (b. 1841)
  • 1914 – George William Hill, American astronomer and mathematician (b. 1838)
  • 1850 – Marie Tussaud, French-English sculptor, founded the Madame Tussauds Wax Museum (b. 1761)
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