2004 – Iraq War in Anbar Province: In Fallujah, Iraq, four American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed after being ambushed.
1992 – The USS Missouri, the last active United States Navy battleship, is decommissioned in Long Beach, California.
1985 – The first WrestleMania, the biggest wrestling event from the WWE (then the WWF), takes place in Madison Square Garden in New York City.
1966 – The Soviet Union launches Luna 10 which later becomes the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.
1951 – Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
1945 – World War II: A defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1, the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft, to the Americans, the first to fall into Allied hands.
1933 – The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment in the United States.
1918 – Daylight saving time goes into effect in the United States for the first time.
1917 – The United States takes possession of the Danish West Indies after paying $25 million to Denmark, and renames the territory the United States Virgin Islands.
1906 – The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (later the National Collegiate Athletic Association) is established to set rules for college sports in the United States.
1899 – Malolos, capital of the First Philippine Republic, is captured by American forces.
1854 – Commodore Matthew Perry signs the Convention of Kanagawa with the Tokugawa Shogunate, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade.
1774 – American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed pursuant to the Boston Port Act.
1561 – The city of San Cristóbal, Táchira is founded.
1146 – Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.
1998 – Jakob Chychrun, American-born Canadian ice hockey player. Jakob Chychrun (born March 31, 1998) is a Canadian-American professional ice hockey defenseman currently playing for the Arizona Coyotes of the National Hockey League (NHL).
1990 – George Iloka, American football player. He played college football at Boise State and was drafted by the Cincinnati Bengals in the fifth round of the 2012 NFL Draft.
1988 – DeAndre Liggins, American basketball player. DeAndre Desmond Liggins (born March 31, 1988) is an American professional basketball player who last played for Montakit Fuenlabrada of the Spanish Liga ACB.
1988 – Dorin Dickerson, American football player. He played college football at the University of Pittsburgh.
1987 – Winston Venable, American football player. He also spent time in the NFL with the Chicago Bears.
1985 – Jo-Lonn Dunbar, American football player. He was signed by the New Orleans Saints of the National Football League as an undrafted free agent in 2008.
1985 – Kory Sheets, American football player. Kory Gerren Sheets (born March 31, 1985) is a former American running back.
1982 – Audrey Kawasaki, American painter. Audrey Kawasaki (born March 31, 1982 in Los Angeles, California) is a Los Angeles-based painter, known for her distinctive, erotically charged portrayals of young, adolescent women.
1982 – Bam Childress, American football player. He played college football at Ohio State.
1981 – Ryan Bingham, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He is currently based in Los Angeles, California.
1980 – Kate Micucci, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress. Fox in Unikitty!.
1979 – Charlie Manning, American baseball player. Charles Nelson Manning (born March 31, 1979 in Winter Haven, Florida) is a former professional baseball relief pitcher who last played for the Southern Maryland Blue Crabs.
1979 – Jonna Mendes, American skier. Jonna Mendes (born March 31, 1979) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer from the United States.
1978 – Jarrod Cooper, American football player. Jarrod Alexander Cooper (born March 31, 1978) is a former American football safety with the Oakland Raiders and Carolina Panthers.
1976 – Howard Frier, American basketball player. Howard Fletcher Frier (born March 31, 1976) is a retired American-Estonian basketball player.
1975 – Ryan Rupe, American baseball player. Ryan Kittman Rupe (born March 31, 1975) is a former right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball.
1972 – Andrew Bowen, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. Andrew Bowen (born March 31, 1972) is an American actor and comedian, known most for his appearances on the sketch comedy series MADtv.
1971 – Craig McCracken, American animator, producer, and screenwriter. McCracken has previously served as an art director and storyboard artist for 2 Stupid Dogs and Dexter's Laboratory respectively.
1970 – Samantha Brown, American television host. Samantha Elizabeth Brown (born March 31, 1970), is an American television host, notable for her work as the host of several Travel Channel shows including Girl Meets Hawaii, Great Vacation Homes, Great Hotels, Passport to Europe, Passport to Latin America, Great Weekends, Green Getaways, Passport to China, and Samantha Brown's Asia.
1966 – Nick Firestone, American race car driver. Nicholas Stanley Firestone (born March 31, 1966) is an American former race car driver.
1965 – Patty Fendick, American tennis player and coach. Patty Fendick (born March 31, 1965) is a former professional women's tennis player and is the former women's tennis program head coach at University of Texas.
1965 – Steven T. Seagle, American author and screenwriter. Seagle (born March 31, 1965) is an American writer who works in the comic book, television, film, live theater, video game, and animation, industries.
1965 – Tom Barrasso, American ice hockey player and coach. Louis Blues.
1965 – William McNamara, American actor and producer. William West McNamara (born March 31, 1965) is an American film and television actor.
1961 – Howard Gordon, American screenwriter and producer. Howard Gordon (born March 31, 1961) is an American television writer and producer.
1953 – Dennis Kamakahi, American guitarist and composer (d. 2014), was a Hawaiian slack key guitarist, recording artist, music composer, and Christian minister. He was a three-time Grammy Award winner, and in 2009 he was inducted into the Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame.
1950 – Ed Marinaro, American football player and actor. He is also known as a regular cast member on Hill Street Blues, playing Officer Joe Coffey for five seasons (1981–1986).
1950 – Sandra Morgen, American anthropologist and academic, was an American feminist anthropologist. At the end of her career, she was a professor of anthropology at the University of Oregon, and previously served as vice provost for graduate studies and associate dean of the Graduate School, and director of the University of Oregon Center for the Study of Women in Society.
1948 – Al Gore, American soldier and politician, 45th Vice President of the United States and Nobel Prize laureate. Near the end of Clinton's second term, Gore was selected as the Democratic nominee for the 2000 presidential election but lost the election in a very close race after a Florida recount.
1948 – Rhea Perlman, American actress. Rhea Jo Perlman (born March 31, 1948) is an American actress and author, best known for her role as head-waitress Carla Tortelli on the sitcom Cheers from 1982 to 1993.
1947 – Augustin Banyaga, Rwandan-American mathematician and academic. He is currently a Professor of Mathematics at Pennsylvania State University.
1947 – Wendy Overton, American tennis player. She is known mostly for her performance in doubles.
1945 – Edwin Catmull, American computer scientist and engineer. Edwin Earl "Ed" Catmull (born March 31, 1945) is a retired American computer scientist and former president of Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios.
1945 – Gabe Kaplan, American actor and comedian. Gabriel Weston Kaplan (born March 31, 1945) is an American comedian, actor and professional poker player.
1944 – Angus King, American politician. Angus Stanley King Jr. (born March 31, 1944) is an American politician and attorney serving as the junior United States Senator from Maine since 2013.
1943 – Christopher Walken, American actor. Christopher Walken (born Ronald Walken, March 31, 1943) is an American actor, singer, comedian, director, producer, screenwriter, and dancer, who has appeared in more than 100 films and television programs, including Annie Hall (1977), The Deer Hunter (1978), The Dogs of War (1980), The Dead Zone (1983), A View to a Kill (1985), Batman Returns (1992), True Romance (1993), Pulp Fiction (1994), Antz (1998), Vendetta (1999), Sleepy Hollow (1999), Joe Dirt (2001), Catch Me If You Can (2002), Hairspray (2007), Seven Psychopaths (2012), the first three Prophecy films, The Jungle Book (2016), and Irreplaceable You (2018).
1942 – Hugh McCracken, American guitarist and producer (d. 2013), was an American rock guitarist and session musician based in New York City, primarily known for his performance on guitar and also as a harmonica player. McCracken was additionally an arranger and producer.
1942 – Michael Savage, American radio host and author. Michael Alan Weiner (born March 31, 1942), known by his professional name Michael Savage, is an American radio host, author, activist, nutritionist, conservative political commentator and conspiracy theorist.
1940 – Barney Frank, American lawyer and politician. House of Representatives from Massachusetts from 1981 to 2013.
1940 – Patrick Leahy, American lawyer and politician, was first elected in 1974. A member of the Democratic Party, Leahy held the position of president pro tempore of the United States Senate from December 17, 2012 to January 6, 2015, and was thus during that time third in the presidential line of succession.
1939 – Israel Horovitz, American actor, director, and screenwriter. He served as artistic director until 2006 and later served on the board, ex officio and as artistic director emeritus until his resignation in November 2017 after The New York Times reported allegations of sexual misconduct.
1939 – Walker David Miller, American lawyer and judge (d. 2013), was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Colorado.
1938 – Arthur B. Rubinstein, American pianist, composer, and conductor, was an American composer. He composed several TV series soundtracks and songs for film scores, including Video Fever and Edge of the World in the 1983 film WarGames.
1936 – Marge Piercy, American poet and novelist. Clarke Award; and Gone to Soldiers, a New York Times Best Seller and sweeping historical novel set during World War II.
1936 – Walter E. Williams, American economist and academic. Olin Distinguished Professor of Economics at George Mason University, as well as a syndicated columnist and author known for his classical liberal and libertarian conservative views.
1935 – Herb Alpert, American singer-songwriter, trumpet player, and producer. Herb Alpert (born March 31, 1935) is an American jazz musician most associated with the group variously known as Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass, Herb Alpert's Tijuana Brass, or TJB.
1935 – Judith Rossner, Jewish-American author (d. 2005), was an American novelist, best known for her acclaimed best sellers Looking for Mr. Goodbar (1975) and August (1983).
1934 – John D. Loudermilk, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016). Although he had his own recording career during the 1950s and 1960s, he was primarily known as a songwriter.
1934 – Richard Chamberlain, American actor. George Richard Chamberlain (born March 31, 1934) is an American actor and singer, who became a teen idol in the title role of the television show Dr.
1934 – Shirley Jones, American actress and singer. She won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for playing a vengeful prostitute in Elmer Gantry (1960).
1933 – Anita Carter, American singer-songwriter and bassist (d. 1999), was a versatile American singer who experimented with several different types of music and played upright bass with her sisters Helen Carter and June Carter Cash and mother Maybelle Carter as Mother Maybelle and The Carter Sisters. The trio joined the Grand Ole Opry radio show in 1950 (Anita was 17 years old at the time), opened shows for Elvis Presley, and joined The Johnny Cash Show in 1961.
1932 – John Jakes, American author. John William Jakes (born March 31, 1932) is an American writer, best known for American historical fiction.
1931 – Miller Barber, American golfer (d. 2013), was an American professional golfer who enjoyed significant success on the PGA Tour in the 1960s and 1970s, and a greater degree of success on the Senior PGA Tour (now the Champions Tour) in the 1980s.
1930 – Jim Mutscheller, American football player and coach (d. 2015), was an American football player who played tight end for nine seasons for the Baltimore Colts. Mutscheller played football, basketball, and baseball at Beaver Falls High School, and three seasons of varsity football at Notre Dame under coach Frank Leahy from 1949 to 1951, including on the 1949 national championship team.
1930 – Yehuda Nir, Polish Jewish-American psychiatrist (d. 2014), was a Polish-born American Holocaust survivor, psychiatrist and author of The Lost Childhood. Nir posed as a Roman Catholic and learned Latin to escape Nazi persecution in Poland during World War II.
1929 – Bert Fields, American lawyer and author. Fields is also a musician and an author of both fiction and non-fiction books.
1929 – Liz Claiborne, Belgian-American fashion designer, founded Liz Claiborne Inc. (d. 2007), was an American fashion designer and businesswoman. Her success was built upon stylish yet affordable apparel for career women featuring colorfully tailored separates that could be mixed and matched.
1928 – Lefty Frizzell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1975), was an American country music singer-songwriter and honky-tonk singer.
1927 – Cesar Chavez, American labor union leader and activist (d. 1993), was an American labor leader, community organizer, and Latino American civil rights activist. Along with Dolores Huerta, he co-founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), later renamed the United Farm Workers (UFW) union.
1927 – Elmer Diedtrich, American businessman and politician (d. 2013), was an American politician and businessman.
1927 – William Daniels, American actor. Elsewhere, for which he won two Emmy Awards, and as Mr.
1926 – Rocco Petrone, American colonel and engineer (d. 2006), was an American mechanical engineer U.S. Army officer who was the third director of the NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, from 1973 to 1974.
1924 – Charles Guggenheim, American director and producer (d. 2002), was an American film director and producer.
1924 – Leo Buscaglia, American author and academic (d. 1998). Felice Leonardo "Leo" Buscaglia (March 31, 1924 – June 12, 1998), also known as "Dr.
1922 – Richard Kiley, American actor and singer (d. 1999), was an American stage, television, and film actor. He is best known for his distinguished theatrical career in which he twice won the Tony Award for Best Actor In A Musical.
1921 – Lowell Fulson, African-American blues singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1999), was an American blues guitarist and songwriter, in the West Coast blues tradition. He also recorded for contractual reasons as Lowell Fullsom and Lowell Fulsom.
1921 – Peggy Rea, American actress and casting director (d. 2011), was a Los Angeles-born American actress known for her many roles in television, often playing matronly characters.
1919 – Frank Akins, American football player (d. 1993), was an American football running back who played for the Washington Redskins of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Washington State University and was drafted in the 30th round of the 1943 NFL Draft.
1918 – Ted Post, American director (d. 2013), was an American director of film and television. Highly prolific, Post directed numerous episodes of well-known television series including Rawhide, Gunsmoke, and The Twilight Zone as well as blockbuster films such as Beneath the Planet of the Apes and Magnum Force.
1917 – Dorothy DeLay, American violinist and educator (d. 2002), was an American violin instructor, primarily at the Juilliard School, Sarah Lawrence College, and the University of Cincinnati.
1916 – John H. Wood, Jr., American lawyer and judge (d. 1979), was an American lawyer and judge from Texas. He served as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas before being assassinated by Charles Harrelson outside Wood's home in San Antonio, in 1979.
1916 – Lucille Bliss, American voice actress (d. 2012), was an American actress, known in the Bay Area and in Hollywood as the Girl With a Thousand Voices.
1916 – Tommy Bolt, American golfer (d. 2008), was an American professional golfer.
1913 – Etta Baker, Afrian-American singer and guitarist (d. 2006), was an American Piedmont blues guitarist and singer from North Carolina.
1912 – William Lederer, American soldier and author (d. 2009), was an American author and naval officer.
1911 – Freddie Green, American guitarist (d. 1987), was an American swing jazz guitarist who played rhythm guitar with the Count Basie Orchestra for almost fifty years.
1908 – Red Norvo, American vibraphone player and composer (d. 1999), was one of jazz's early vibraphonists, known as "Mr. Swing".
1895 – Vardis Fisher, American author and academic (d. 1968), was an American writer from Idaho best known for his popular historical novels of the Old West. After studying at the University of Utah and the University of Chicago, Fisher taught English at the University of Utah and then at the Washington Square College of New York University until 1931.
1891 – Victor Varconi, Hungarian-American actor and director (d. 1976), was a Hungarian actor who initially found success in his native country, as well is in Germany and Austria, in silent films before relocating to the United States, where he continued to appear in films throughout the sound era. Varconi also appeared in British and Italian films.
1890 – Ben Adams, American jumper (d. 1961). Benjamin Edward Stephen Adams (born 22 November 1981) is an English singer and songwriter, best known as a member of the boy band a1.
1885 – Pascin, Sephardi Jewish Bulgarian-American painter and illustrator (d. 1930), was a Bulgarian artist known for his paintings and drawings. He later became an American citizen.
1884 – Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer and academic (d. 1946), was a Dutch–American astronomer.
1872 – Sergei Diaghilev, Russian ballet manager and critic, founded the Ballets Russes (d. 1929), was a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes, from which many famous dancers and choreographers would arise.
1855 – Alfred E. Hunt, American businessman (d. 1899), was a 19th-century American metallurgist and industrialist best known for founding the company that would eventually become Alcoa, the world's largest producer and distributor of aluminum.
1823 – Mary Boykin Chesnut, American author (d. 1886), was an American author noted for a book published as her Civil War diary, a "vivid picture of a society in the throes of its life-and-death struggle." She described the war from within her upper-class circles of Southern planter society, but encompassed all classes in her book. She was married to a lawyer who served as a United States senator and Confederate officer.
1794 – Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American lawyer and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1852), was a 19th-century politician and lawyer who served briefly as United States Secretary of the Interior under President Millard Fillmore.
2016 – Zaha Hadid, Iraqi-born English architect and academic, designed the Bridge Pavilion (b. 1950)
2015 – Riccardo Ingram, American baseball player and coach (b. 1966)
2014 – Charles Keating, American lawyer, businessman, and criminal (b. 1923)
2013 – Bob Clarke, American illustrator (b. 1926)
2013 – Helena Carroll, Scottish-American actress (b. 1928)
2012 – Bernard O. Gruenke, American stained glass artist (b. 1914)
2012 – Dale R. Corson, American physicist and academic (b. 1914)
2012 – Halbert White, American economist and academic (b. 1950)
2012 – Jerry Lynch, American baseball player (b. 1930)
2011 – Gil Clancy, American boxer and trainer (b. 1922)
2011 – Henry Taub, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1927)
2008 – Bill Keightley, American equipment manager (b. 1926)
2008 – Jules Dassin, American director, producer, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1911)
2007 – Paul Watzlawick, Austrian-American psychologist and philosopher (b. 1921)
2006 – Jackie McLean, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1931)
2005 – Frank Perdue, American businessman (b. 1920)
2005 – Stanley J. Korsmeyer, American oncologist and academic (b. 1951)
2004 – Scott Helvenston, American soldier (b. 1965)
2003 – Anne Gwynne, American actress (b. 1918)
2001 – Clifford Shull, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
1998 – Bella Abzug, American lawyer, activist, and politician (b. 1920)
1998 – Joel Ryce-Menuhin, American pianist (b. 1933)
1998 – Tim Flock, American race car driver (b. 1924)
1996 – Jeffrey Lee Pierce, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1958)
1995 – Selena, American singer-songwriter (b. 1971)
1993 – Brandon Lee, American actor and martial artist (b. 1965)