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CalendarMarch → 18

Wednesday 18 March 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

March 18 Events

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 1990 – Germans in the German Democratic Republic vote in the first democratic elections in the former communist dictatorship.
  • 1969 – The United States begins secretly bombing the Sihanouk Trail in Cambodia, used by communist forces to infiltrate South Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
  • 1948 – Soviet consultants leave Yugoslavia in the first sign of the Tito–Stalin Split.
  • 1942 – The War Relocation Authority is established in the United States to take Japanese Americans into custody.
  • 1892 – Former Governor General Lord Stanley pledges to donate a silver challenge cup, later named after him, as an award for the best hockey team in Canada the Stanley Cup.
  • 1874 – Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trade rights.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States adjourns for the last time.
  • 1850 – American Express is founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo.
  • 1793 – The first modern republic in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
  • 1766 – American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act.
  • 1241 – First Mongol invasion of Poland: Mongols overwhelm Polish armies in Kraków in the Battle of Chmielnik and plunder the city.

Births

  • 1996 – Madeline Carroll, American actress. Madeline Carroll (born March 18, 1996) is an American actress.
  • 1992 – Ryan Truex, American race car driver. Truex's older brother Martin is the 2017 NASCAR Cup Series champion.
  • 1991 – Dylan Mattingly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Dylan Mattingly (born March 18, 1991) is an American composer from Berkeley, California.
  • 1990 – Corey Liuget, American football player. Corey Devon Liuget (born March 18, 1990) is an American football defensive tackle for the Buffalo Bills of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1989 – Lily Collins, English-American actress. Her first screen role was at the age of two in the BBC series Growing Pains.
  • 1987 – Rebecca Soni, American swimmer. Rebecca Soni (born March 18, 1987) is an American former competition swimmer and breaststroke specialist who is a six-time Olympic medalist.
  • 1984 – Rajeev Ram, American tennis player. Rajeev Ram (/rəˈʒiːv ˈrɑːm/ rə-ZHEEV RAHM; born March 18, 1984) is an American professional tennis player.
  • 1984 – Vonzell Solomon, American singer and actress. Vonzell Monique Solomon (born March 18, 1984), nicknamed Baby V, is an American singer and aspiring actress who finished in third place in the fourth season of the televised singing competition American Idol.
  • 1983 – Andy Sonnanstine, American baseball player. Andrew Michael Sonnanstine (born March 18, 1983) is an American former professional baseball starting pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1983 – Ethan Carter III, American wrestler. Michael Hutter (born March 18, 1983) is an American professional wrestler currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the Raw brand under the ring name EC3.
  • 1982 – Adam Pally, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Adam Saul Pally (born March 18, 1982) is an American actor, comedian and writer, most widely known for starring as Max Blum in the ABC comedy series Happy Endings and as Dr.
  • 1982 – Chad Cordero, American baseball player. He currently serves as the bullpen coach for the Billings Mustangs, the Pioneer League rookie affiliate of the Cincinnati Reds.
  • 1981 – Doug Warren, American soccer player. Douglas Patrick "Doug" Warren (born March 18, 1981 in Palatine, Illinois) is an American soccer goalkeeper, who last played for the New England Revolution in Major League Soccer.
  • 1981 – Kasib Powell, American basketball player. Kasib Powell (born March 18, 1981) is an American professional basketball player currently working as an assistant coach for the Sioux Falls Skyforce of the NBA G League.
  • 1979 – Adam Levine, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and television personality. Born and raised in Los Angeles, California, Levine began his musical career in 1994, when he co-founded the band Kara's Flowers, of which he was the lead vocalist and guitarist.
  • 1978 – Brian Scalabrine, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster. Brian David Scalabrine (born March 18, 1978) is an American former professional basketball player who is currently a television analyst for the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1977 – Fernando Rodney, Dominican-American baseball player. He debuted in MLB in 2002, and joined the 300 save club in 2017.
  • 1977 – Terrmel Sledge, American baseball player and coach. Terrmel Sledge (born March 18, 1977) is an American former professional baseball outfielder and the current assistant hitting coach of the Chicago Cubs.
  • 1976 – Mike Quackenbush, American wrestler, trainer, and author, founded Chikara wrestling promotion. Michael "Mike" Spillane (born March 18, 1976), is an American author, podcaster, professional wrestling trainer, professional wrestling promoter and professional wrestler, better known by his ring name Mike Quackenbush.
  • 1976 – Scott Podsednik, American baseball player. Scott Eric Podsednik (/pədˈsɛdnɪk/; born March 18, 1976) is an American former professional baseball outfielder in Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1975 – Brian Griese, American football player and sportscaster. Brian David Griese (/ˈɡriːsi/; born March 18, 1975) is a former American football quarterback and current color commentator for ESPN College Football.
  • 1975 – Sutton Foster, American actress, singer, and dancer. Her other Broadway credits include Little Women, The Drowsy Chaperone, Young Frankenstein, Shrek the Musical, and Violet.
  • 1973 – Luci Christian, American voice actress and screenwriter. She has provided many voices for English versions of Japanese anime series and films.
  • 1972 – Dane Cook, American comedian, actor, director, and producer. In 2006, Retaliation became the highest charting comedy album in 28 years and went platinum.
  • 1972 – Reince Priebus, American lawyer and politician. Reinhold Richard "Reince" Priebus (/ˈraɪns ˈpriːbəs/ PREE-bəs; born March 18, 1972) is an American lawyer and politician who served as White House Chief of Staff for President Donald Trump from January 20, 2017, until July 31, 2017.
  • 1971 – Mariaan de Swardt, South African-American tennis player, coach, and sportscaster. In 2006, De Swardt became a U.S. citizen.
  • 1970 – Queen Latifah, American rapper, producer, and actress. Nature of a Sista' (1991) was her second and final album with Tommy Boy Records.
  • 1966 – Jerry Cantrell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Jerry Fulton Cantrell Jr. (born March 18, 1966) is an American musician, singer-songwriter and guitarist best known as the founder, lead guitarist, co-lead vocalist and main songwriter of the rock band Alice in Chains.
  • 1964 – Bonnie Blair, American speed skater. Blair competed for the United States in four Olympics, winning five gold medals and one bronze medal.
  • 1963 – Jeff LaBar, American guitarist. Jeffrey Philip LaBar (born March 18, 1963, in Darby, Pennsylvania) is an American guitarist most famous for playing in the glam rock band Cinderella, in which he replaced original guitarist Michael Smerick, also known as Michael Kelly Smith.
  • 1963 – Vanessa L. Williams, American model, actress, and singer. However, a scandal arose the following year when, a few weeks prior to the end of her reign, Williams learned that Penthouse magazine would be publishing, now "iconic", unauthorized nude photographs of her in an upcoming issue.
  • 1962 – Irene Cara, American singer-songwriter, actress, and producer. What a Feeling" (from the movie Flashdance), for which she won an Academy Award for Best Original Song and a Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance in 1984.
  • 1962 – James McMurtry, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor. James McMurtry (born March 18, 1962 in Fort Worth, Texas) is an American rock and folk rock/americana singer, songwriter, guitarist, bandleader, and occasional actor (Daisy Miller, Lonesome Dove, and narrator of Ghost Town: 24 Hours in Terlingua).
  • 1962 – Thomas Ian Griffith, American actor and martial artist. Thomas Ian Griffith (born March 18, 1962) is an American actor, producer, writer and martial artist who has starred in films and on television.
  • 1961 – Grant Hart, American singer-songwriter and guitarist, was an American musician, best known as the drummer and co-songwriter for the alternative rock and hardcore punk band Hüsker Dü. After the band's breakup in 1988, he formed the alternative rock trio Nova Mob, where he moved to vocals and guitar.
  • 1960 – Richard Biggs, American actor (d. 2004), was an American television and stage actor, known for his roles on the television series Days of Our Lives and Babylon 5.
  • 1959 – Luc Besson, French director, producer, and screenwriter, founded EuropaCorp. Besson is associated with the Cinéma du look film movement.
  • 1956 – Deborah Jeane Palfrey, American madam (d. 2008). Although she maintained that the company's services were legal, she was convicted on April 15, 2008 of racketeering, using the mail for illegal purposes, and money laundering.
  • 1955 – Francis G. Slay, American lawyer and politician, 45th Mayor of St. Louis. Louis, Missouri from 2001 to 2017.
  • 1953 – Franz Wright, Austrian-American poet and translator (d. 2015). He and his father James Wright are the only parent/child pair to have won the Pulitzer Prize in the same category.
  • 1952 – Mike Webster, American football player (d. 2002), was an American football player who played as a center in the National Football League (NFL) from 1974 to 1990 with the Pittsburgh Steelers and Kansas City Chiefs. He is a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, class of 1997.
  • 1952 – Will Durst, American journalist and actor. Will Durst (born March 18, 1952) is an American political satirist; he has been called a modern mix of Mort Sahl and Will Rogers.
  • 1951 – Bill Frisell, American guitarist and composer. He went on to work in a variety of contexts, notably as a member of the New York City Downtown Scene where he formed a long partnership with John Zorn.
  • 1951 – Timothy N. Philpot, American lawyer, author, and judge. He previously served as a Republican member of the Kentucky Senate from 1993 to 1998 and as the president of Christian Business Men's Connection from 1996 to 2003.
  • 1950 – Brad Dourif, American actor. He is also known for his roles as the voice of Chucky in the Child's Play franchise (1988–2017), and Gríma Wormtongue in The Lord of the Rings series (2002–2003).
  • 1950 – James Conlon, American conductor and educator. He was the long serving director of the two-week Cincinnati May Festival from 1979 through 2016.
  • 1945 – Michael Reagan, American journalist and radio host. Michael Edward Reagan (born John Charles Flaugher; March 18, 1945) is an American television personality, political commentator, Republican strategist, former radio talk show host, and author.
  • 1945 – Susan Tyrrell, American actress (d. 2012), was an American character actress. Tyrrell's career began in theater in New York City in the 1960s in Broadway and off Broadway productions.
  • 1944 – Frank McRae, American football player and actor. Frank McRae (born March 18, 1944) is an American film and television actor, and a former professional football player.
  • 1943 – Dennis Linde, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006), was an American music songwriter based in Nashville who has had over 250 of his songs recorded. Rarely working with co-writers, he wrote both words and music for most of his songs.
  • 1942 – Kathleen Collins, African-American filmmaker and playwright (d. 1988), was an African-American poet, playwright, writer, filmmaker, director, civil rights activist, and educator from Jersey City, New Jersey. Her two feature narratives—The Cruz Brothers and Miss Malloy (1980) and Losing Ground (1982)—furthered the range of Black women's films.
  • 1941 – Wilson Pickett, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006). A major figure in the development of American soul music, Pickett recorded over 50 songs which made the US R&B charts, many of which crossed over to the Billboard Hot 100.
  • 1938 – Carl Gottlieb, American actor and screenwriter. He is probably best known for co-writing the screenplay for Jaws and its first two sequels, as well as directing the 1981 film Caveman.
  • 1938 – Charley Pride, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Charley Frank Pride (born March 18, 1934) is an American singer, musician, guitarist, business owner, and former professional baseball player.
  • 1937 – Mark Donohue, American race car driver (d. 1975), was an American racecar driver known for his ability to set up his own race car as well as driving it to victories.
  • 1935 – Frances Cress Welsing, American psychiatrist and author (d. 2016), was an American Afrocentrist psychiatrist. Her 1970 essay, The Cress Theory of Color-Confrontation and Racism (White Supremacy), offered her interpretation on the origins of what she described as white supremacy culture.
  • 1933 – Unita Blackwell, American activist and politician, was an American civil rights activist who was the first African American woman to be elected mayor in the U.S. state of Mississippi. Blackwell was a project director for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and helped organize voter drives for African Americans across Mississippi.
  • 1932 – John Updike, American novelist, short story writer, and critic (d. 2009), was an American novelist, poet, short-story writer, art critic, and literary critic. One of only three writers to win the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction more than once (the others being Booth Tarkington and William Faulkner), Updike published more than twenty novels, more than a dozen short-story collections, as well as poetry, art and literary criticism and children's books during his career.
  • 1930 – James J. Andrews, American mathematician and academic (d. 1998). Andrews (c. 1829 – June 7, 1862) was a Kentucky civilian who worked for the Union Army during the early years of the American Civil War.
  • 1929 – Samuel Pisar, Polish-American lawyer and author (d. 2015), was a Polish-born American lawyer, author, and Holocaust survivor.
  • 1927 – George Plimpton, American journalist and actor (d. 2003), was an American journalist, writer, literary editor, actor and occasional amateur sportsman. He is widely known for his sports writing and for helping to found The Paris Review, as well as his patrician demeanor and accent.
  • 1927 – John Kander, American pianist and composer. John Harold Kander (born March 18, 1927) is an American composer, known largely for his work in the musical theater.
  • 1927 – Lillian Vernon, German-American businesswoman and philanthropist, founded the Lillian Vernon Company (d. 2015). Lillian Vernon Corporation is an American catalog merchant and online retailer that sells household, children's and fashion accessory products.
  • 1926 – Peter Graves, American actor and director (d. 2010), was an American film and television actor. He was best known for his role as Jim Phelps in the CBS television series Mission: Impossible from 1967 to 1973 (original) and from 1988 to 1990 (revival).
  • 1923 – Andy Granatelli, American auto racer and businessman (d. 2013), was an American businessman, most prominent as the CEO of STP as well as a major figure in automobile racing events.
  • 1922 – Fred Shuttlesworth, American activist, co-founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (d. 2011), was a U.S. civil rights activist who led the fight against segregation and other forms of racism as a minister in Birmingham, Alabama. He was a co-founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, initiated and was instrumental in the 1963 Birmingham Campaign, and continued to work against racism and for alleviation of the problems of the homeless in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he took up a pastorate in 1961.
  • 1922 – Seymour Martin Lipset, American sociologist and academic (d. 2006). His major work was in the fields of political sociology, trade union organization, social stratification, public opinion, and the sociology of intellectual life.
  • 1915 – Richard Condon, American author and screenwriter (d. 1996), was a prolific and popular American political novelist. Though his works were satire, they were generally transformed into thrillers or semi-thrillers in other media, such as cinema.
  • 1912 – Art Gilmore, American voice actor and announcer (d. 2010), was an American actor and announcer heard on radio and television programs, children's records, movies, trailers, radio commercials, and documentary films. He also appeared in several television series and a few feature films.
  • 1911 – Smiley Burnette, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1967), was an American country music performer and a comedic actor in Western films and on radio and TV, playing sidekick to Gene Autry, Roy Rogers, and other B-movie cowboys. He was also a prolific singer-songwriter who could play as many as 100 musical instruments, some simultaneously.
  • 1909 – Ernest Gallo, American businessman, co-founded the E & J Gallo Winery (d. 2007). Gallo co-founded the E & J Gallo Winery in Modesto, California.
  • 1905 – Thomas Townsend Brown, American physicist and engineer (d. 1985), was an American inventor whose research into odd electrical effects led him to believe he had discovered a connection between strong electric fields and gravity, a type of antigravity effect. Instead of being an antigravity force, what Brown observed has generally been attributed to electrohydrodynamics, the movement of charged particles that transfers their momentum to surrounding neutral particles in air, also called "ionic drift" or "ionic wind".
  • 1886 – Edward Everett Horton, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1970), was an American character actor. He had a long career in film, theater, radio, television, and voice work for animated cartoons.
  • 1877 – Edgar Cayce, American mystic and psychic (d. 1945). Edgar Cayce (/ˈkeɪsiː/; March 18, 1877 – January 3, 1945) was an American self-professed clairvoyant who answered questions on subjects as varied as healing, reincarnation, wars, Atlantis, and future events while allegedly asleep.
  • 1863 – William Sulzer, American lawyer and politician, 39th Governor of New York (d. 1941), was an American lawyer and politician, nicknamed Plain Bill Sulzer. He was the 39th Governor of New York and a long-serving congressman from the same state.
  • 1858 – Rudolf Diesel, German engineer, invented the Diesel engine (d. 1913), was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the Diesel engine, and for his suspicious death at sea. Diesel was the namesake of the 1942 film Diesel.
  • 1848 – Nathanael Greene Herreshoff, American architect and engineer (d. 1938), was an American naval architect, mechanical engineer, and yacht design innovator. He produced a succession of undefeated America's Cup defenders between 1893-1920.
  • 1846 – Kicking Bear, Native American tribal leader (d. 1904), was an Oglala Lakota who became a band chief of the Miniconjou Lakota Sioux. He fought in several battles with his brother, Flying Hawk and first cousin, Crazy Horse during the War for the Black Hills, including Battle of the Greasy Grass.
  • 1837 – Grover Cleveland, American lawyer and politician, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (d. 1908), was an American politician and lawyer who was the 22nd and 24th president of the United States, the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office (1885–1889 and 1893–1897). He won the popular vote for three presidential elections—in 1884, 1888, and 1892—and was one of two Democrats (with Woodrow Wilson) to be elected president during the era of Republican political domination dating from 1861 to 1933.
  • 1814 – Jacob Bunn, American businessman (d. 1897), was an American corporate leader, financier, industrialist, and personal friend of Abraham Lincoln, whose work and leadership involved a broad range of institutions ranging from Midwestern railroads, international finance, and Republican Party politics, to corporate consultation, globally significant manufacturing, and the various American stock exchanges. He was of great historical importance in the commercial, civic, political, and industrial development and growth of the state of Illinois and the American Midwest, during both the nineteenth century and the twentieth century.
  • 1798 – Francis Lieber, German-American jurist and philosopher (d. 1872), was a German-American jurist, gymnast and political philosopher. He edited an Encyclopaedia Americana.
  • 1782 – John C. Calhoun, American lawyer and politician, 7th Vice President of the United States (d. 1850), was an American statesman and political theorist from South Carolina who served as the seventh vice president of the United States from 1825 to 1832. He is remembered for strongly defending slavery and for advancing the concept of minority rights in politics, which he did in the context of protecting the interests of the white South when it was outnumbered by Northerners.
  • 1701 – Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Swedish East India Company (d. 1776), was a Swedish merchant and philanthropist.
  • 1597 – Jérôme le Royer de la Dauversière, French religious leader, founded the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal (d. 1659), was a French nobleman who spent his life in serving the needs of the poor. A founder of the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal, he also helped to establish the French colony of Montreal.

Deaths

  • 2017 – Chuck Berry, American guitarist, singer and songwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Tray Walker, American football player (b. 1992)
  • 2015 – Thomas Hopko, American priest and theologian (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Lucius Shepard, American author and critic (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – Clay Ford, American lawyer and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Henry Bromell, American novelist, screenwriter, and director (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – Furman Bisher, American journalist and author (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – William G. Moore Jr., American general (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – William R. Charette, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
  • 2011 – Warren Christopher, American lawyer and politician, 63rd United States Secretary of State (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Fess Parker, American actor and businessman (b. 1924)
  • 2009 – Natasha Richardson, English-American actress (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman, co-founded McCain Foods (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Adam Osborne, Thai-English engineer and businessman, founded the Osborne Computer Corporation (b. 1939)
  • 2002 – R. A. Lafferty, American soldier and author (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Kenneth E. Boulding, English-American economist and activist (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Robin Harris, American comedian (b. 1953)
  • 1988 – Billy Butterfield, American trumpet player and cornet player (b. 1917)
  • 1986 – Bernard Malamud, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1914)
  • 1984 – Charley Lau, American baseball player and coach (b. 1933)
  • 1978 – Leigh Brackett, American author and screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1978 – Peggy Wood, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1962 – Walter W. Bacon, American accountant and politician, 60th Governor of Delaware (b. 1880)
  • 1956 – Louis Bromfield, American environmentalist and author (b. 1896)
  • 1947 – William C. Durant, American businessman, co-founded General Motors and Chevrolet (b. 1861)
  • 1939 – Henry Simpson Lunn, English businessman, founded Lunn Poly (b. 1859)
  • 1918 – Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, American architect, designed the Plaza Hotel (b. 1847)
  • 1898 – Matilda Joslyn Gage, American author and activist (b. 1826)
  • 1845 – Johnny Appleseed, American gardener and missionary (b. 1774)
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