1968 – Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, concluding the 11th with largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during that war.
1922 – Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in India, tried for sedition, and sentenced to six years in prison, only to be released after nearly two years for an appendicitis operation.
1915 – The Battle of Neuve Chapelle begins. This is the first large-scale operation by the British Army in WWI.
1891 – Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the Strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
1876 – The first successful test of a telephone is made by Alexander Graham Bell.
1848 – The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by the United States Senate, ending the Mexican–American War.
1804 – Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, Missouri, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of the Louisiana Territory from France to the United States.
947 – The Later Han is founded by Liu Zhiyuan. He declares himself emperor and establishes the capital in Bian, present-day Kaifeng.
241 BC – First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands: The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.
1995 – Zach LaVine, American basketball player. Zachary LaVine (born March 10, 1995) is an American professional basketball player for the Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1987 – Martellus Bennett, American football player. Bennett also played in the NFL for the New York Giants, Chicago Bears, Green Bay Packers and New England Patriots.
1985 – Casey Dienel, American singer-songwriter and pianist. Dienel has also performed and recorded as White Hinterland, whose first album, titled Phylactery Factory, was released on March 4, 2008, by the independent record label Dead Oceans.
1984 – Olivia Wilde, American actress and producer. In 2017, Wilde made her Broadway debut, playing the role of Julia in 1984.
1983 – Carrie Underwood, American singer-songwriter and actress. Her debut single, "Inside Your Heaven", made her the only country artist to debut at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and the only solo country artist in the 2000s to have a number-one song on the Hot 100.
1983 – Janet Mock, American journalist, author, and activist. Janet Mock (born March 10, 1983) is an American writer, television host, director, producer and transgender rights activist.
1982 – Keke Wyatt, American singer-songwriter and actress. After a number of charting collaborations and solo releases, in 2017 she starred as a cast member in TV One's R&B Divas: Atlanta, which featured the lives of five 1990s chart-topping R&B singers.
1982 – Kwame Brown, American basketball player. Over his career, he has played for the Wizards, Los Angeles Lakers, Memphis Grizzlies, Detroit Pistons, Charlotte Bobcats, Golden State Warriors, and Philadelphia 76ers.
1977 – Robin Thicke, American singer. Robin Alan Thicke (born March 10, 1977) is an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
1974 – Cristián de la Fuente, Chilean-American model, actor, and producer. Cristián de la Fuente (Spanish pronunciation: ; born as Cristián Andrés de la Fuente Sabarots on March 10, 1974 in Santiago de Chile, Chile) is a Chilean–American actor, presenter, model and producer.
1972 – Timbaland, American rapper and producer. Timothy Zachary Mosley (born March 10, 1972), known professionally as Timbaland, is an American record producer, rapper, singer, songwriter, and DJ.
1971 – Jon Hamm, American actor and director. Jonathan Daniel Hamm (born March 10, 1971) is an American actor and comedian best known for playing advertising executive Don Draper in the AMC television drama series Mad Men (2007–2015).
1970 – Matt Barlow, American singer-songwriter. He is Jon Schaffer's brother-in-law.
1966 – Edie Brickell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Edie Arlisa Brickell (born March 10, 1966) is an American singer-songwriter widely known for 1988's Shooting Rubberbands at the Stars, the debut album by Edie Brickell & New Bohemians, which went to No. 4 on the Billboard albums chart.
1966 – Mike Timlin, American baseball player. Michael August Timlin (/ˈtɪmlɪn/; born March 10, 1966) is an American former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB).
1965 – Rod Woodson, American football player, coach, and sportscaster, was a defensive back in the National Football League (NFL) for 17 seasons. He had a 10-year stint with the Pittsburgh Steelers and was a key member of the Baltimore Ravens' Super Bowl XXXV championship team that beat the New York Giants.
1963 – Jeff Ament, American bass player and songwriter. Jeffrey Allen Ament (born March 10, 1963) is an American musician and songwriter who serves as the bassist for the American rock band Pearl Jam.
1963 – Rick Rubin, American record producer, founded Def Jam Recordings. With the Beastie Boys, LL Cool J, Public Enemy, Geto Boys, and Run-DMC, Rubin helped popularize hip hop music.
1962 – Jasmine Guy, American actress, singer, and director. Guy won six consecutive NAACP Image Awards from 1990 through 1995 for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series for her role on the show.
1961 – Bobby Petrino, American football player and coach. He previously held the post from 2003 to 2006.
1961 – Laurel Clark, American captain, physician, and astronaut (d. 2003), was an American medical doctor, United States Navy Captain, NASA astronaut and Space Shuttle mission specialist. Clark died along with her six fellow crew members in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
1958 – Sharon Stone, American actress and producer. She is the recipient of a Golden Globe Award and has received nominations for an Academy Award, a Primetime Emmy Award, and two Screen Actors Guild Awards.
1958 – Steve Howe, American baseball player (d. 2006). Stephen James Howe (born 8 April 1947) is an English musician, songwriter and producer, best known as the guitarist in the progressive rock band Yes across three stints since 1970.
1957 – Osama bin Laden, Saudi Arabian terrorist, founded al-Qaeda (d. 2011). Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden /oʊˈsɑːmə bɪn ˈlɑːdən/ (Arabic: أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن, Usāmah bin Muḥammad bin ʿAwaḍ bin Lādin; March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011), also rendered Usama bin Ladin, was a founder of the pan-Islamic militant organization al-Qaeda.
1956 – Larry Myricks, American long jumper and sprinter. He also won a bronze medal at the 1988 Seoul Olympics, and bronze medals at the World Championships in 1987 and 1991.
1949 – Barbara Corcoran, American businesswoman and television personality. She is now a television personality as a "Shark" investor on ABC's Shark Tank, a position she has held for 9 seasons.
1948 – Austin Carr, American basketball player and sportscaster. Austin George Carr (born March 10, 1948) is an American former professional basketball player who played for the Cleveland Cavaliers, Dallas Mavericks, and Washington Bullets of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1946 – Jim Valvano, American basketball player and coach (d. 1993), was an American college basketball player, coach, and broadcaster.
1946 – Mike Hollands, Australian animator and director, founded Act3animation. William Michael "Mike" Hollands (born 10 March 1946) is the creative director and founder of Melbourne-based animation house Act3animation.
1945 – Katharine Houghton, American actress and playwright. Katharine Hepburn, who played the mother of Houghton's character in the film was, in real life, Houghton's aunt.
1940 – Chuck Norris, American actor, producer, and martial artist. Carlos Ray "Chuck" Norris (born March 10, 1940) is an American martial artist, actor, film producer and screenwriter.
1940 – David Rabe, American playwright and screenwriter. He won the Tony Award for Best Play in 1972 (Sticks and Bones) and also received Tony award nominations for Best Play in 1974 (In the Boom Boom Room), 1977 (Streamers) and 1985 (Hurlyburly).
1929 – Sam Steiger, American journalist and politician (d. 2012), was an American politician, journalist, political pundit. He served five terms as a member of the U.S.
1928 – James Earl Ray, American criminal; assassin of Martin Luther King Jr. (d. 1999), was an American fugitive and felon convicted of assassinating Martin Luther King Jr. at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968. Ray was convicted on his 41st birthday after entering a guilty plea to forgo a jury trial and subsequently sentenced to 99 years' imprisonment for the murder of King.
1926 – Marques Haynes, American basketball player (d. 2015), was an American professional basketball player and member of the Harlem Globetrotters, notable for his remarkable ability to dribble the ball and keep it away from defenders. According to the 1988 film Harlem Globetrotters: Six Decades of Magic, Haynes could dribble the ball as many as 348 times a minute.
1923 – Val Logsdon Fitch, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015), was an American nuclear physicist who, with co-researcher James Cronin, was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physics for a 1964 experiment using the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron at Brookhaven National Laboratory that proved that certain subatomic reactions do not adhere to fundamental symmetry principles. Specifically, they proved, by examining the decay of K-mesons, that a reaction run in reverse does not retrace the path of the original reaction, which showed that the reactions of subatomic particles are not indifferent to time.
1920 – Alfred Peet, Dutch-American businessman, founded Peet's Coffee & Tea (d. 2007). Peet is widely credited with starting the specialty coffee revolution in the US.
1919 – Marion Hutton, American singer and actress (d. 1987). She is best remembered for her singing with the Glenn Miller Orchestra from 1938–1942.
1917 – Frank Perconte, American soldier (d. 2013). E Company, 2nd Battalion of the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 101st Airborne Division, the "Screaming Eagles,” is a company in the United States Army.
1915 – Harry Bertoia, Italian-American sculptor and furniture designer (d. 1978), was an Italian-born American artist, sound art sculptor, and modern furniture designer.
1914 – Chandler Harper, American golfer (d. 2004), was an American professional golfer, best known for winning the PGA Championship in 1950. He won seven times on the PGA Tour and played in the Ryder Cup in 1955.
1903 – Bix Beiderbecke, American cornet player, pianist, and composer (d. 1931), was an American jazz cornetist, pianist, and composer.
1903 – Clare Boothe Luce, American playwright, journalist, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Italy (d. 1987), was an American author, politician, U.S. Ambassador and public conservative figure.
1900 – Olive Ann Alcorn, American dancer, model, and silent film actress (d. 1975). She is better remembered today for the numerous nude photographs of her from the era than for her film work.
1892 – Gregory La Cava, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1952), was an American film director of Italian descent best known for his films of the 1930s, including My Man Godfrey and Stage Door, which earned him nominations for Academy Award for Best Director.
1891 – Sam Jaffe, American actor and engineer (d. 1984), was an American actor, teacher, musician, and engineer. In 1951, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in The Asphalt Jungle (1950) and appeared in other classic films such as Ben-Hur (1959) and The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951).
1876 – Anna Hyatt Huntington, American sculptor (d. 1973), was an American sculptor and was once among New York City's most prominent sculptors. At a time when very few women were successful artists, she had a thriving career.
1867 – Hector Guimard, French-American architect, designed the La Bluette (d. 1942), was a French architect, who is now the best-known representative of the Art Nouveau style of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
1867 – Lillian Wald, American nurse, humanitarian, and author, founded the Henry Street Settlement (d. 1940). She was known for contributions to human rights and was the founder of American community nursing.
1849 – Hallie Quinn Brown, African-American educator, writer and activist (d. 1949). Originally of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, while quite young, her parents moved to a farm near Chatham, Canada.
1846 – Edward Baker Lincoln, American son of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1850), was the second son of Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln. He was named after Lincoln's friend Edward Dickinson Baker.
1749 – Lorenzo Da Ponte, Italian-American priest and poet (d. 1838), was an Italian, later American opera librettist, poet and Roman Catholic priest. He wrote the libretti for 28 operas by 11 composers, including three of Mozart's most celebrated operas, Don Giovanni, The Marriage of Figaro and Così fan tutte.
1745 – John Gunby, American general (d. 1807), was an American planter and soldier from Somerset County, Maryland who is considered by many to be "one of the most gallant officers of the Maryland Line under Gen. Smallwood".
2017 – Joni Sledge, American singer and songwriter (b. 1956)
2015 – Richard Glatzer, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1952)
2014 – Don Ingalls, American writer and producer (b. 1918)
2014 – Joe McGinniss, American journalist and author (b. 1942)
2014 – Samuel W. Lewis, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to Israel (b. 1930)
2013 – Robert Chrisman, American poet, scholar, and critic, co-founded The Black Scholar (b. 1937)
2012 – Bert R. Bulkin, American engineer (b. 1929)
2012 – Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1927)
2011 – Bill Blackbeard, American author and illustrator (b. 1926)
2007 – Ernie Ladd, American football player and wrestler (b. 1938)
2006 – Anna Moffo, American soprano (b. 1932)
1998 – Lloyd Bridges, American actor and director (b. 1913)
1997 – LaVern Baker, American singer and actress (b. 1929)
1996 – Ross Hunter, American film producer (b. 1926)
1989 – Kermit Beahan, American colonel and pilot (b. 1918)
1986 – Ray Milland, Welsh-American actor and director (b. 1905)
1985 – Bob Nieman, American baseball player and scout (b. 1927)
1982 – Minoru Shirota, Japanese physician and microbiologist, invented Yakult (b. 1899)
1977 – E. Power Biggs, English-American organist and composer (b. 1906)
1965 – Archibald Frazer-Nash, English engineer, founded Frazer Nash (b. 1889)
1948 – Zelda Fitzgerald, American author, poet, and dancer (b. 1900)
1942 – Wilbur Scoville, American pharmacist and chemist (b. 1865)
1925 – Myer Prinstein, Polish-American jumper and lawyer (b. 1878)
1913 – Harriet Tubman, American nurse and activist (b. 1820)
1898 – Marie-Eugénie de Jésus, French nun and saint, founded the Religious of the Assumption (b. 1817)
1895 – Charles Frederick Worth, English-French fashion designer, founded the House of Worth (b. 1826)