Georgia Day (Georgia (U.S. state) On February 12, 1733, James Oglethorpe landed the first settlers in the Ann, at what was to become Georgia's first city (and later the first state capital), Savannah.)
Independence Day in Chile (Día de la Independencia celebrates independence from Spain, declared in 1818. February 12, 1818 Bernardo O'Higgins officially declared independence)
2001 – NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touches down in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros, becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
1999 – United States President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial.
1990 – Carmen Lawrence becomes the first female Premier in Australian history when she becomes Premier of Western Australia.
1954 – Lyons's LEO produces a payroll report. It is the first time in history a computer is used in business.
1946 – African American United States Army veteran Isaac Woodard is severely beaten by a South Carolina police officer to the point where he loses his vision in both eyes. The incident later galvanizes the Civil Rights Movement and partially inspires Orson Welles' film Touch of Evil.
1915 – In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
1825 – The Creek cede the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government by the Treaty of Indian Springs, and migrate west.
1733 – Englishman James Oglethorpe founds Georgia, the 13th colony of the Thirteen Colonies, and its first city at Savannah (known as Georgia Day).
1541 – Santiago, Chile is founded by Pedro de Valdivia.
1990 – Robert Griffin III, American football player. Robert Lee Griffin III (born February 12, 1990), nicknamed RG3 or RGIII, is an American football quarterback for the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League (NFL).
1988 – DeMarco Murray, American football player. A three-time Pro Bowl selection and one-time first team All-Pro, he was the NFL Offensive Player of the Year in 2014 when he led the NFL in both rushing yards and rushing touchdowns.
1988 – Mike Posner, American singer-songwriter and producer. The album includes the US Billboard Hot 100 top 10 single "Cooler than Me" as well as the top 20 single "Please Don't Go".
1984 – Brad Keselowski, American race car driver. He was the owner of Brad Keselowski Racing, which fielded two full-time teams in the NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series.
1984 – Peter Vanderkaay, American swimmer. Peter William Vanderkaay (born February 12, 1984) is an American former competition swimmer who specialized in middle-distance freestyle events and is a four-time Olympic medalist.
1983 – Carlton Brewster, American football player and coach. He played college football at Ferris State University.
1980 – Christina Ricci, American actress and producer. Ricci is the recipient of several accolades, including a National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress and a Satellite Award for Best Actress, as well as Golden Globe, Primetime Emmy, Screen Actors Guild, and Independent Spirit Award nominations.
1980 – Gucci Mane, American rapper. Radric Delantic Davis (born February 12, 1980), known professionally as Gucci Mane, is an American rapper.
1980 – Sarah Lancaster, American actress. She is known for her long-running roles as Rachel Meyers in the NBC series Saved by the Bell: The New Class and Ellie Bartowski in the NBC comedy-spy series Chuck, as well as playing Chloe Grefe in Lovers Lane, Madison Kellner on The WB's Everwood, and Marjorie in ABC's TV series What About Brian.
1979 – Antonio Chatman, American football player. He played college football at Cincinnati.
1977 – Jimmy Conrad, American soccer player and manager. Conrad (born February 12, 1977) is an American retired soccer defender.
1971 – Scott Menville, American voice actor, singer, actor and musician. He is best known for his voice work in animated films and television series.
1970 – Judd Winick, American author and illustrator. Judd Winick (born February 12, 1970) is an American comic book, comic strip and television writer/artist and former reality television personality.
1969 – Darren Aronofsky, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Darren Aronofsky (born February 12, 1969) is an American filmmaker and screenwriter, who is noted for his surreal, melodramatic, and often disturbing films.
1968 – Chynna Phillips, American singer and actress. She is the daughter of The Mamas & the Papas band members John and Michelle Phillips, and the half-sister of Mackenzie Phillips and Bijou Phillips.
1968 – Josh Brolin, American actor. Brolin has appeared in films such as The Goonies (1985), Mimic (1997), Hollow Man (2000), Grindhouse (2007), No Country for Old Men (2007), American Gangster (2007), W. (2008), Milk (2008), True Grit (2010), Men in Black 3 (2012), Inherent Vice (2014), Sicario (2015), Hail, Caesar! (2016), and Deadpool 2 (2018).
1966 – Paul Crook, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. Paul Crook (born February 12, 1966 in Plainfield, New Jersey) is an American guitarist currently recording and performing with Meat Loaf.
1965 – Christine Elise, American actress and producer. She will appear as herself in multiple episodes of the 2019 Beverly Hills, 90210 reboot - BH90210.
1958 – Omar Hakim, American drummer, producer, arranger, and composer. He has worked with Weather Report, David Bowie, Sting, Madonna, Dire Straits, Journey, Kate Bush, George Benson, Miles Davis, Daft Punk, Mariah Carey, and Celine Dion.
1958 – Outback Jack, Australian-American wrestler, was a 2004 American reality TV show filmed in outback Australia. It was produced by Nash Entertainment.
1956 – Arsenio Hall, American actor and talk show host. He is best known for hosting The Arsenio Hall Show, a late-night talk show that ran from 1989 until 1994, and again from 2013 to 2014.
1955 – Bill Laswell, American bass player and producer. His music draws from funk, world music, jazz, dub and ambient styles.
1955 – Chet Lemon, American baseball player and coach. Chester Earl Lemon (born February 12, 1955) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder.
1954 – Phil Zimmermann, American cryptographer and programmer. He is also known for his work in VoIP encryption protocols, notably ZRTP and Zfone.
1953 – Joanna Kerns, American actress and director. Joanna Kerns (born February 12, 1953) is an American actress and director best known for her role as Maggie Seaver on the family situation comedy Growing Pains from 1985 to 1992.
1948 – Ray Kurzweil, American computer scientist and engineer. Raymond Kurzweil (/ˈkɜːrzwaɪl/ KURZ-wyle; born February 12, 1948) is an American inventor and futurist.
1945 – David D. Friedman, American economist, physicist, and scholar. Besides The Machinery of Freedom, he has authored several other books and articles, including Price Theory: An Intermediate Text (1986), Law's Order: What Economics Has to Do with Law and Why It Matters (2000), Hidden Order: The Economics of Everyday Life (1996), and Future Imperfect (2008).
1942 – Pat Dobson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2006), was an American right-handed starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Detroit Tigers (1967–69), San Diego Padres (1970), Baltimore Orioles (1971–72), Atlanta Braves (1973), New York Yankees (1973–75) and Cleveland Indians (1976–77). He was best known for being one of four Orioles pitchers to win 20 games in their 1971 season.
1939 – Ray Manzarek, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (d. 2013), was an American musician, singer, producer, film director, and author, best known as a member of The Doors from 1965 to 1973, which he co-founded with singer and lyricist Jim Morrison. Manzarek was notable for performing on a keyboard bass during many live shows and some recordings, taking on a role usually filled by a bass guitar player.
1938 – Judy Blume, Jewish-American author and educator. Judy Blume (born Judith Sussman; February 12, 1938) is an American writer of children's and young adult (YA) fiction.
1935 – Gene McDaniels, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2011), was an African-American singer and songwriter. He had his greatest recording success in the early 1960s, and had continued success as a songwriter with songs including "Compared to What" and Roberta Flack's "Feel Like Makin' Love".
1934 – Anne Osborn Krueger, American economist and academic. She is currently the senior research professor of international economics at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, D.C.
1934 – Bill Russell, American basketball player and coach. William Felton Russell (born February 12, 1934) is an American former professional basketball player who played center for the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association (NBA) from 1956 to 1969.
1932 – Julian Simon, American economist, author, and academic (d. 1998), was an American professor of business administration at the University of Maryland and a Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute at the time of his death, after previously serving as a longtime economics and business professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
1931 – Janwillem van de Wetering, Dutch-American author and translator (d. 2008). Zen / Chán in the USA
1930 – Arlen Specter, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012), was an American lawyer, author, and politician who served as United States Senator for Pennsylvania. Specter was a Democrat from 1951 to 1965, then a Republican from 1965 until 2009, when he switched back to the Democratic Party.
1928 – Vincent Montana, Jr., American drummer and composer (d. 2013), was an American composer, arranger, vibraphonist, and percussionist, best known as a member of MFSB and as the founder of the Salsoul Orchestra. He has been called "the Godfather of disco".
1926 – Charles Van Doren, American academic, was an American writer and editor who was involved in a television quiz show scandal in the 1950s. In 1959 he testified before the United States Congress that he had been given the correct answers by the producers of the show Twenty-One.
1926 – Joe Garagiola, Sr., American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2016), was an American professional baseball catcher, later an announcer and television host, popular for his colorful personality.
1925 – Joan Mitchell, American-French painter (d. 1992), was an American "second generation" abstract expressionist painter and printmaker. She was a member of the American abstract expressionist movement, even though much of her career took place in France.
1919 – Forrest Tucker, American actor (d. 1986), was an American actor in both movies and television who appeared in nearly a hundred films. Tucker worked as a vaudeville straight man at the age of only fifteen years old.
1918 – Julian Schwinger, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994), was a Nobel Prize winning American theoretical physicist. He is best known for his work on quantum electrodynamics (QED), in particular for developing a relativistically invariant perturbation theory, and for renormalizing QED to one loop order.
1918 – Norman Farberow, American psychologist and academic (d. 2015), was an American psychologist, and one of the founding fathers of modern suicidology. He was among the three founders in 1958 of the Los Angeles Suicide Prevention Center, which became a base of research into the causes and prevention of suicide.
1917 – Dom DiMaggio, American baseball player (d. 2009), was an American Major League Baseball center fielder. He played his entire 11-year baseball career for the Boston Red Sox (1940–1953).
1916 – Joseph Alioto, American lawyer and politician, 36th Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1998), was the 36th mayor of San Francisco, California, from 1968 to 1976.
1915 – Andrew Goodpaster, American general (d. 2005), was an American Army General. He served as NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR) from July 1, 1969 and Commander in Chief of the United States European Command (CINCEUR) from May 5, 1969 until his retirement December 17, 1974.
1915 – Lorne Greene, Canadian-American actor (d. 1987), was a Canadian actor, radio personality and singer.
1915 – Olivia Hooker, African-American sailor, was an American psychologist and professor. She was one of the last known survivors of the Tulsa race riots of 1921, and the first African-American woman to enter the U.S.
1914 – Tex Beneke, American singer, saxophonist, and bandleader (d. 2000), was an American saxophonist, singer, and bandleader. His career is a history of associations with bandleader Glenn Miller and former musicians and singers who worked with Miller.
1907 – Joseph Kearns, American actor (d. 1962), was an American actor, who is best remembered for his role as George Wilson ("Mr. Wilson") in the CBS television series Dennis the Menace from 1959 until his death in 1962, and for providing the voice of the Doorknob in the 1951 animated Disney film, Alice in Wonderland.
1903 – Chick Hafey, American baseball player and manager (d. 1973), was an American player in Major League Baseball (MLB). Playing for the St.
1900 – Roger J. Traynor, American lawyer and jurist, 23rd Chief Justice of California (d. 1983), was the 23rd Chief Justice of California (1964-1970) and an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of California from 1940 to 1964. Previously, he also had served as a Deputy Attorney General of California under Earl Warren, and an Acting Dean and Professor of UC Berkeley School of Law.
1898 – Wallace Ford, English-American actor and singer (d. 1966), was an English-born naturalized American vaudevillian, stage, film and television actor. Usually playing wise-cracking characters, he combined a tough but friendly faced demeanor with a small but powerful stocky physique.
1897 – Lincoln LaPaz, American astronomer and academic (d. 1985), was an American astronomer from the University of New Mexico and a pioneer in the study of meteors.
1893 – Omar Bradley, American general (d. 1981), was a senior officer of the United States Army during and after World War II. Bradley was the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and oversaw the U.S. military's policy-making in the Korean War.
1885 – Julius Streicher, German publisher, founded Der Stürmer (d. 1946), was a member of the Nazi Party. He was the founder and publisher of the virulently antisemitic newspaper Der Stürmer, which became a central element of the Nazi propaganda machine.
1884 – Alice Roosevelt Longworth, American author (d. 1980), was an American writer and prominent socialite. She was the eldest child of U.S.
1880 – John L. Lewis, American miner and union leader (d. 1969), was an American leader of organized labor who served as president of the United Mine Workers of America (UMW) from 1920 to 1960. A major player in the history of coal mining, he was the driving force behind the founding of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), which established the United Steel Workers of America and helped organize millions of other industrial workers in the 1930s.
1837 – Thomas Moran, British-American painter and printmaker of the Hudson River School (d. 1926), was an American painter and printmaker of the Hudson River School in New York whose work often featured the Rocky Mountains. Moran and his family, wife Mary Nimmo Moran and daughter Ruth, took residence in New York where he obtained work as an artist.
1824 – Dayananda Saraswati, Indian monk and philosopher, founded Arya Samaj (d. 1883), was an Indian philosopher, social leader and founder of the Arya Samaj, a reform movement of the Vedic dharma. He was the first to give the call for Swaraj as "India for Indians" in 1876, a call later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak.
1819 – William Wetmore Story, American sculptor, architect, poet and editor, was an American sculptor, art critic, poet, and editor.
1809 – Abraham Lincoln, American lawyer and politician, 16th President of the United States (d. 1865), was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis.
1791 – Peter Cooper, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Cooper Union (d. 1883), was an American industrialist, inventor, philanthropist, and politician. He designed and built the first American steam locomotive, the Tom Thumb, founded the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, and served as the Greenback Party's candidate in the 1876 presidential election.
1775 – Louisa Adams, English-American wife of John Quincy Adams, 6th First Lady of the United States (d. 1852), was the First Lady of the United States from 1825 to 1829. Born in London, she was the first First Lady to be born outside the United States, or the preceding Thirteen Colonies—a distinction that would not be shared until 192 years later by Melania Trump.
1663 – Cotton Mather, English-American minister and author (d. 1728), was a New England Puritan minister, prolific author, and pamphleteer. He left a scientific legacy due to his hybridization experiments and his promotion of inoculation for disease prevention, though he is most frequently remembered today for his involvement in the Salem witch trials.
1606 – John Winthrop the Younger, English-American lawyer and politician, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1676), was an early governor of the Connecticut Colony, and he played a large role in the merger of several separate settlements into the unified colony.
2017 – Al Jarreau, American singer (b. 1940)
2016 – Johnny Lattner, American football player and coach (b. 1932)
2015 – Gary Owens, American radio host and voice actor (b. 1934)
2015 – Movita Castaneda, American actress and singer (b. 1916)
2014 – Sid Caesar, American actor and comedian (b. 1922)
2012 – John Severin, American illustrator (b. 1921)
2012 – Zina Bethune, American actress, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1945)
2011 – Betty Garrett, American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1919)
2011 – Kenneth Mars, American actor and comedian (b. 1935)
2009 – victims of Colgan Air Flight 3407: - Alison Des Forges, American historian and activist (b. 1942)
2009 – victims of Colgan Air Flight 3407: - Beverly Eckert, American activist (b. 1951)
2009 – victims of Colgan Air Flight 3407: - Coleman Mellett, American guitarist (b. 1974)
2009 – victims of Colgan Air Flight 3407: - Gerry Niewood, American saxophonist (b. 1943)
2008 – David Groh, American actor (b. 1939)
2007 – Peggy Gilbert, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1905)
2005 – Dorothy Stang, American-Brazilian nun and missionary (b. 1931)
2000 – Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist, created Peanuts (b. 1922)
2000 – Tom Landry, American football player and coach (b. 1924)
1998 – Gardner Ackley, American economist and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Italy (b. 1915)
1995 – Philip Taylor Kramer, American bass player (b. 1952)
1994 – Donald Judd, American painter and sculptor (b. 1928)
1991 – Roger Patterson, American bass player (b. 1968)
1985 – Nicholas Colasanto, American actor and director (b. 1924)
1984 – Anna Anderson, Polish-American woman, who claimed to be Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia (b. 1896)
1983 – Eubie Blake, American pianist and composer (b. 1887)
1982 – Victor Jory, Canadian-American actor (b. 1902)
1980 – Muriel Rukeyser, American poet and activist (b. 1913)
1976 – Sal Mineo, American actor (b. 1939)
1971 – James Cash Penney, American businessman and philanthropist, founded J. C. Penney (b. 1875)
1970 – Clare Turlay Newberry, American author and illustrator (b. 1903)
1949 – Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian educator, founded the Muslim Brotherhood (b. 1906)
1947 – Moses Gomberg, Ukrainian-American chemist and academic (b. 1866)
1942 – Grant Wood, American painter and academic (b. 1891)
1886 – Randolph Caldecott, English-American painter and illustrator (b. 1846)
1789 – Ethan Allen, American farmer, general, and politician (b. 1738)
1624 – George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist, founded George Heriot's School (b. 1563)