French Republican New Year
French Republican New Year is held on September 22. The first day "Grape" in the Month of Vendémiaire. The first day of Miķeļi in ancient Latvia. This event in the third decade of the month September is annual. Help us
The French republican calendar was based on a secular calendar first presented by Pierre-Sylvain Maréchal in 1788. French republican calendar, dating system that was adopted in 1793 during the French Revolution and which was intended to replace the Gregorian calendar with a more scientific and rational system that would avoid Christian associations. The Revolutionary Convention established the calendar on October 5, 1793, setting its beginning (1 Vendémiaire, year I) to a date nearly a year prior (September 22, 1792), when the National Convention had proclaimed France a republic.
The 12 months of the calendar each contained three décades (instead of weeks) of 10 days each; at the end of the year were grouped five (six in leap years) supplementary days. The months in order—beginning with one corresponding to the Gregorian months of September and October—were Vendémiaire (meaning “vintage”), Brumaire (“mist”), Frimaire (“frost”), Nivôse (“snow”), Pluviôse (“rain”), Ventôse (“wind”), Germinal (“seedtime”), Floréal (“blossom”), Prairial (“meadow”), Messidor (“harvest”), Thermidor (“heat”), and Fructidor (“fruits”). The names were the invention of poet Philippe Fabre d’Églantine. Each of the 360 days in the year was named for a seed, tree, flower, fruit, animal, or tool, replacing the saints’-day names and Christian festivals.
Similar holidays and events, festivals and interesting facts
Enkutatash in Ethiopia, Eritrea, Rastafari on September 12 (Celebrated on the first day of Mäskäräm);
Happy Mew Year for Cats Day on January 2 (The founders, Tom and Ruth Roy, wanted cats to have a very special New Year's celebration all to themselves);
Yennayer on January 12 (Berbers, Amazigh New Year);
Traditional Day of Offerings in Bhutan on January 12 (celebrated on the first day of the twelfth month of the Bhutanese calendar. In eastern Bhutan, the first day of the 12th Bhutanese month is celebrated as a New Year);
Azhyrnykhua in Abkhazia on January 14 (Old New Year, and its related observance);
Tu Bishvat on January 24 (the fifteenth day of Shevat. The New Year for trees or ט"וּ בִּשְׁבָט);
Rissun - Early Spring on February 4 (Risshun - リッスン - New Year in Japan)