Holocaust Memorial Day in France
Holocaust Memorial Day in France is held on July 16. This event in the second decade of the month July is annual. Help us
Long concealed in France, the memory of the Holocaust finally resurfaced in the 1990s, and today it occupies a central place in the historical consciousness of our country. As time passed, the Gaullist legend of an entirely resistant country no longer existed. The abuses of the Vichy regime are now recognized. The Vél’d’Hiv’ roundup on July 16, 1942 is one of the symbols of the Collaboration.
President François Mitterrand decided in 1993 to make July 16 a National Day in memory of the victims of racist and anti-Semitic persecutions committed under the de facto authority known as the “French State government” (1940-1944). Two years later, on July 16, 1995, President Jacques Chirac acknowledged France's responsibility in the Vél'd'Hiv' roundup and the deportation of the Jews. In 2000, the commemoration of July 16 became the National Day in memory of the victims of racist and anti-Semitic crimes by the French State and the tribute to the Righteous of France.
On October 18, 2002, European ministers of education adopted the declaration establishing a day of remembrance of the Holocaust and prevention of crimes against humanity. The date was left free to choose for each country. France and Germany chose January 27.
Similar holidays and events, festivals and interesting facts
Day of Commemoration of the Great Upheaval in Canada on July 28 (The Royal Proclamation of 2003 is a document issued in the name of Queen Elizabeth II acknowledging the Great Upheaval (or Great Expulsion or Grand Dérangement), Britain's expulsion of French-speaking Acadians from Nova Scotia, beginning in 1755.);
Roma Holocaust Memorial Day on August 2 (Council of Europe, European Parliament);
Genocide Remembrance Day of the Roma and Sinti in Poland on August 2 (Dzień Pamięci o Zagładzie Romów i Sinti, set on the anniversary of the Roma and Sinti exterminaton at Auschwitz concentration camp, established in 2011);
Assyrian Martyrs Day on August 7 (Assyrian community);